Add this Tag for questions on information theory applied to physics, especially in the fields of statistical mechanics and thermodynamics, the black hole information paradox, complexity of dynamical and physical systems and questions to do with whether information is conserved by physical systems. ...

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0answers
71 views

How can physics claim that information cannot be destroyed? [duplicate]

I watched a video featuring Leonard Susskind in which he took a small bowl of water and added three drops of food coloring. He swirled it around. At first you could tell where the drops must have ...
2
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1answer
314 views

If distant observers never see a black hole form in finite time how can the information paradox be a problem?

So, at least as reported in the media, the physics community is still struggling with the problem of resolving the impossibility of retrieving information from beyond the event horizon of a black hole ...
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2answers
403 views

Restrictions on defining microstates (Entropy)

If we have an isolated system $Sb$ with thermodynamic entropy $Eb=X$ (and growing by the 2nd law of thermodynamics), we could define an abstract system $Sa$ (containing the system $Sb$) but define ...
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4answers
302 views

Is amount of entropy subjective?

From all sources I have seen it follows that the proof you can't decrease the amount of entropy in the Universe is given only statistically - the order is just one of the many ways how things can be ...
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3answers
321 views

Are communications between computers faster by electrical signals via copper cables or electromagnetic signals?

Assume that there are two computers which are connected with a copper cable, e.g. Ethernet. Also, there is a radio connection between them, e.g. AM radio, in order to exchange data. When we try to ...
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1answer
155 views

Quantum violation of Newton's Third Law? [closed]

From this site: http://www.learning-mind.com/5-thought-provoking-quantum-experiments-showing-that-reality-is-an-illusion/ I gained the knowledge that a group of scientists, upon measuring a tiny ...
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3answers
309 views

Speed of heat / quantification of heat and other magnitudes

Is the speed of heat infinite? When solving the heat equation in a semi-infinite bar, we can see that a pulse in the finite end draws an immediate change in every point of the bar. So, at any given ...
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3answers
162 views

Is there a minimum energy content of information, other than 0 Joules?

Lets say I want to send the bit string 010110 to someone. Is there a theoretical lower bound on the energy needed to do this?
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2answers
100 views

How do we represent 'smell' and 'taste' as signals?

I was wondering if we could represent 'smell' and 'taste' as signals like we do for audio. How do we mathematically represent them? Is there any research papers related to it? Can someone give me ...
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3answers
365 views

Quantum entanglement: does it necessarily imply superluminal information transfer? [duplicate]

From what I understand, information is communicated instantly between two quantum-entangled particles regardless of the spatial distance between them. However, does this necessarily imply superluminal ...
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2answers
124 views

How irreversible processes are possible?

Susskind says that all laws of mechanics are reversible and any valid mechanic law most be reversible: you can always determine the previous state of any physically valid system. However, the simplest ...
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3answers
278 views

If a star were to suddenly dissapear, would it still have gravity?

I am wondering whether or not literally anything can travel faster than the speed of light. For example, if gravity from a star immediately ceases to have an effect if it suddenly and magically ...
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1answer
43 views

Reference for statistical mechanics from information theoretic view

I am interested in knowing if some one here knows book/notes for statistical mechanics from the information theoretic viewpoint.
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1answer
175 views

What is the information content of a human being?

How much memory would we need to represent a human? How would each atom be stored as? Bytes? Something more complex?
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1answer
317 views

Do laws of thermodynamics have a place in Theory of Everything? [closed]

I am having a difficulty understanding why second law of thermodynamics is still a valid universally accepted concept. I understand it works on paper for describing isolated heat systems. However, I ...
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1answer
114 views

Understanding the delayed choice quantum eraser from a quantum information stand point

A continuation of Understanding the quantum eraser from a quantum information stand point What quantum circuit would correspond to delayed choice? In particular, the decision of whether to not to ...
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2answers
1k views

can we transfer data via quantum entanglement (likewise we communicate today) to a specific target

Today we rely on electromagnetic field for communication. I'm a entrepreneur, I want to know why we can't transfer data with this technology to transfer data from one place to another place. It can ...
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1answer
201 views

What does “Information” and Virtual Particles mean?

I've read that attraction and repulsion between particles is caused by the exchange of virtual photons, and that virtual photons carry information. I don't understand how a virtual photon actually ...
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1answer
161 views

Information loss

First time poster! I just burnt a piece of paper containing a 5 digit number I made up randomly and as far as I am concerned no one else will ever be able to retrieve the information contained on ...
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1answer
341 views

An explanation for the Landauer's principle

Has anyone understood the Landauer's principle? What is the current status? In specific, is there a theoretical derivation of the Landauer's Principle?(not the heuristic one based on Salizard's ...
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1answer
141 views

Waves and information

I'm looking to transfer very simple information using audio waves. One of the approaches I'm looking into is using different frequencies. For example, "command 1" will be transmitted using 500Hz wave, ...
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2answers
96 views

Does information paradox in the Many Worlds interpretation cause a problem? [closed]

I'm taking a philosophy of time travel class. In one of the lectures, the teacher was discussing problems with the Many Worlds interpretation. He talked about how since anything that can possibly ...
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1answer
107 views

Information in twisted light

New Scientist has a story on the use of twisted light to store multiple bits of information per photon. What is this technology, and what are the information density limits per photon? "MOZART and ...
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1answer
74 views

How does information about charges propagate through the electromagnetic field

I understand how the wave equation works, and therefore how light moves through the EMF; this question is not about that mechanism. But when a charge moves in space, information about its location ...
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1answer
213 views

OAM states for wireless communications

Can someone give me an overview of how OAM states are used in communications? Using Orbital Angular Momentum States seems like a hot topic for communications. I read a few articles about the basic ...
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0answers
21 views

What are some good books on foundations of Thermodynamics [duplicate]

I am not looking for some introductory texts, graduate text, etc. I am looking for something that addresses to foundational problems in thermodynamics and statistical mechanics.
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0answers
39 views

Best introduction to the link between information and thermodynamics

I have a solid understanding of classical thermodynamics, as well as a reasonable understanding of statistical mechanics and some of the philosophical issues regarding entropy. However, I've never ...
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0answers
45 views

Does Time-Reversal Violation imply a microscopic Arrow of Time?

I have a questions regarding the relation of time reversal violation and existence of a microscopic direction of time. It seems to me that the following definition for T-symmetry and arrow of time ...
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1answer
58 views

Is it possible to calculate the information content of matter? How?

I know the Bekestein bound is the upper bound for the information content of a region of space, but is it possible to actually calculate that information content (number of bits, not the bits ...
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0answers
77 views

Black Hole Entropy Calculation

I was watching "Leonard Susskind on The World As Hologram" ( youtube ). At one point he describes the way Bekenstein calculates the entropy of a black hole. Paraphrasing: Take a minimally sized black ...
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1answer
35 views

Can data be transmitted from one object to another one during electrostatic discharge (ESD)?

Did this ever happen to you?, after you touch something (or someone) 'Ouch'! you get a static electric shock. Can (any kind of) information be transmitted between two people during accidental ...
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0answers
114 views

Do black holes exist? [duplicate]

Do black holes exist from our point of reference? From our point of reference nothing actually goes inside the event horizon right? So is there anything inside the event horizon from our reference? If ...
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0answers
42 views

Information-theoretic limits in observational astronomy

It seems to me that with ever larger and better telescopes and powerful statistical methods, humans are gleaning surprising amounts of information from observations of distant stars. I am especially ...
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1answer
253 views

Maxwell's Demon bug, trapdoor space and time

What about the size of the door (space) and how long has it to be opened (time)? I think Maxwell's demon would have a problem with space, if the door is too wide (more than one particle size), then ...
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3answers
200 views

Is Bekenstein entropy limit inconsistent with universal continuity?

It is unknown whether the universe is discrete or continuous in its intricate quantum level structure. See for example: Can universal continuity be experimentally falsified? Is the universe finite ...
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2answers
201 views

How can Maxwell's Demon erase information while a black hole can not?

It is stated, that information can't disappear even in black holes. On the other hand, it is stated, that mystic beings, like Maxwell demons, can easily erase any information if they just pay with ...
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1answer
67 views

The simulation hypothesis and the halting problem [closed]

I have a basic knowledge of classical and quantum information which isn't remotely enough to make me an expert on the subject. That being said, reading some questions about the simulation hypothesis ...
0
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2answers
239 views

Is Information a potential or kinetic kind of energy?

It is said that the law of least action is that nature tries to convert potential energy into kinetic one as fast as possible. Information can't be thought without a physical realisation, see here. ...
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2answers
90 views

Does quantum entangled particle release energy when its “twin” is measured? [closed]

So I was just thinking a bit, and I came up with a couple of questions. As we all know the scenario: We have two quantum entangled particles. Let's call them A and B. We like to measure the state of ...
0
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1answer
290 views

Is omniscience impossible?

I remember reading a brief note in Scientific American years ago about a mathematician/physicist who had published a paper that formally stated that no entity could both participate in a given system ...
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1answer
45 views

What is the unit of information as defined by information theory?

It appears to be defined by probability; however, does it have some unit that indicates its 'information level' in terms of probability?
0
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1answer
101 views

Information faster than light? [duplicate]

Imagine that you have two typewriters on the other side of the galaxy. Their typebars are connected by ropes (stretched to the maximum), so anything you type will instantly appear at the second ...
0
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3answers
254 views

Can matter be converted to information?

I know that matter can be converted to energy through E=mc^2. I also know that engery can be and has been converted to information through Landauer's principle (with Maxwell's demons). Does this ...
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2answers
177 views

From what we know about QM and Elements could we simulate the Universe in a Computer?

From what we know now about Quantum Mechanics and Elements, could we simulate life the Universe at a Quantum to Element level? If we can't assume enough to create a sim, what fundamentals are we ...
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1answer
69 views

What gives a particle its identity?

A lot of very smart people have stitched together the standard model, and I accept it. I don't understand it, but I assume there should be a mechanism of sorts that gives a particle some fundamental ...
0
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1answer
85 views

Can a system be PERFECTLY simulated by a quantum (and classical) computer? [closed]

This is a thought experiment, and as such will assume some crazy things. Let's say I decide to perfectly simulate my university as it is right now. I use a magic machine to instantly scan the entire ...
0
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1answer
130 views

Change of variables in calculating the integral of multivariable differential entropy

I have already asked this question in math.SX but here might be more proper. So I decided to put a copy here and delete the one which is not the one that got an answer: I know that for one ...
0
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1answer
137 views

Discord for partially decohered bell state

To illustrate discord and its use, Zurek in his paper on discord (NB pdf) gives example of a partially decohered bell state i.e. $$\rho_{AB}=\frac{1}{2}(|00\rangle\langle 00|+|11\rangle\langle 11|) + ...
0
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1answer
103 views

Why are waves, the means, of information transfer over long distances, excluding difusion or contact of info stored in matter

Practical long distance communication, which does not rely on the movement of encoded configurations of matter, from source to destination(odor,books,DNA,floppy disk), always involves waves (EM, ...
0
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1answer
239 views

Question on communication between universes in a level 1 multiverse

Can matter, energy, or information travel from one universe to another in a Level I Multiverse? That is, is there any communication between Hubble volumes in an eternal inflation-induced multiverse?