Add this Tag for questions on information theory applied to physics, especially in the fields of statistical mechanics and thermodynamics, the black hole information paradox, complexity of dynamical and physical systems and questions to do with whether information is conserved by physical systems. ...

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1answer
31 views

What processes create or destroy information?

From a classical standpoint, it seems pretty clear that information can be easily lost. If you knock over a bookshelf and the books fall out, it seems like their initial order on the shelf cannot be ...
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1answer
27 views

Is there a way to prove information entropy?

Information entropy is a very general term involving everything from the tendency of material to decay (in all the 3 meanings) to the fact that you need energy to sort your books alphabetically. ...
5
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1answer
50 views

Holevo Information and Quantum Mutual Information

This question is about the difference between Quantum Mutual Information and Holevo Information of quantum channels. From http://arxiv.org/pdf/1004.2495.pdf equation 7 we know that the sum of quantum ...
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0answers
21 views

Deterministic universe vs Law of Conservation of information

Simply put Can Law of Conservation of information hold along side presence of truly random events in the universe? Say for example if event of a particle decay is a really truly random process which ...
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2answers
63 views

Can a non-entangled qubit be teleported by entangling it?

Let's say I have a qubit that is not entangled in state $\psi$. I want to teleport this qubit by entangling it with another qubit but still getting $\psi$ back in the end. Is this possible, or would ...
3
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1answer
34 views

About the holographic principle

I read at a book this quote "As the degrees of freedom of a particle are the product of all the degrees of freedom of its sub-particles, were a particle to have infinite subdivisions into ...
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1answer
83 views

Can a system be PERFECTLY simulated by a quantum (and classical) computer? [closed]

This is a thought experiment, and as such will assume some crazy things. Let's say I decide to perfectly simulate my university as it is right now. I use a magic machine to instantly scan the entire ...
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1answer
40 views

Shannon entropy and information function

I'm trying to solve a exercise about Shannon entropy. I've tried some things but I can't solve it, and couldn't find information on the internet. Let's see. We have the Shannon entropy, and a system ...
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0answers
47 views

Deriving an upper limit to the information in a human brain

For this question I am presuming that the human brain works deterministically and all information in a human brain is, once you get down to the lowest level, stored through the arrangement and other ...
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0answers
20 views

What are some good books on foundations of Thermodynamics [duplicate]

I am not looking for some introductory texts, graduate text, etc. I am looking for something that addresses to foundational problems in thermodynamics and statistical mechanics.
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0answers
38 views

How many atoms do we need to store a bit?

And which kind of storage (HDD, flash, blue-ray, etc) has the most efficient atoms/bit ratio?
4
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2answers
172 views

Maxwell demon with memory storage

Let's consider a classical Maxwell demon as described in wiki https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maxwell%27s_demon. It spends energy for measuring velocities and coordinates of some particles and uses the ...
13
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2answers
306 views

Did merging Black Holes in GW150914 give up entropy and information to the gravitational waves, since they lost 3 solar masses?

Since the final Black Hole (BH) had 3 solar masses less of mass than the original binary BH, it seems the 2 BHs lost mass, and with it event surface area, entropy, and information. If that came from ...
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0answers
64 views

Can Observation change entropy?

I don't know whether this even makes any sense, but if 'observation' can be considered as 'recieving and reading information', can an act of observation (of a system) change (increase or decrease) its ...
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1answer
40 views

Reference for statistical mechanics from information theoretic view

I am interested in knowing if some one here knows book/notes for statistical mechanics from the information theoretic viewpoint.
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1answer
40 views

Is total order and total chaos equal?

Imagine an ideal gas which possesses maximum entropy. It´s not difficult to describe the state of the system because once you know some part of the system you can say how the whole system looks like. ...
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0answers
45 views

Can a massive imploding sphere smash the holographic principle and conservation of information into oblivion?

Let $\text{BH}_1$ be a black hole of mass $M_1$, zero charge and angular momentum, and event horizon radius $R_1=\frac{2GM_1}{c^2}$. Alice is loitering at distance (all distances here are from the ...
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2answers
83 views

Does quantum entangled particle release energy when its “twin” is measured? [closed]

So I was just thinking a bit, and I came up with a couple of questions. As we all know the scenario: We have two quantum entangled particles. Let's call them A and B. We like to measure the state of ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Understanding the delayed choice quantum eraser from a quantum information stand point

A continuation of Understanding the quantum eraser from a quantum information stand point What quantum circuit would correspond to delayed choice? In particular, the decision of whether to not to ...
3
votes
1answer
141 views

Understanding the quantum eraser from a quantum information stand point

Is there a way to understand the quantum eraser experiment in terms of quantum information? In particular, is there a quantum circuit that would function as a quantum eraser experiment? The issue I'm ...
2
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1answer
52 views

Quantification of uncertainty, or information loss, when modeling a physical system?

Say I have a physical circuit (say a battery, wires and an incandescent lamp) that I want to model. To model it I could perhaps use: traditional circuit theory some kind of finite element analysis ...
0
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1answer
68 views

Why doesn't the quantum eraser violate the no-deletion theorem?

In the quantum eraser experiment and its variants, you basically have a double slit experiment, where you detect which slit the photon went through, but then forget this information. My question is, ...
0
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1answer
37 views

Is the information that a human brain (and body) “contains” superflorous to the information contained within the atoms of the body?

Layman here. I recently watched this video talking about Stephen Hawking's theory of hairy black holes. The speaker mentions, as I've heard before, that once "something" has entered a blackhole its ...
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0answers
40 views

Thermodynamic reversibility, Landauer's principle, and Maxwell's demon

A lot of the literature surrounding Landauer's principle (and relating it to Maxwell's demon) talks about whether or not a logically irreversible process can be thermodynamically reversible. But why ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Infinite bits to describe a qubit

In the Quantum Computation book by Nielsen and Chuang, the authors write in the context of quantum teleportation "Even if she (Alice) did know the state |w> , describing it precisely takes an ...
3
votes
4answers
196 views

Is it possible to learn about an event that occurred outside of your observable universe?

I have mixed intuitions about this. On one hand, nothing can travel faster than the speed of light and if there is enough space between you and an event then a signal will get stuck in the middle of ...
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0answers
39 views

Best introduction to the link between information and thermodynamics

I have a solid understanding of classical thermodynamics, as well as a reasonable understanding of statistical mechanics and some of the philosophical issues regarding entropy. However, I've never ...
0
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1answer
64 views

Rotation on the surface of the Bloch sphere?

I have two questions. Is rotation of a state by an angle $\theta$ about the $\hat{n}$ axis of the Bloch sphere the same as the rotation of the sphere about $\hat{n}$ axis by an angle $\theta$? I ...
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3answers
191 views

Is Bekenstein entropy limit inconsistent with universal continuity?

It is unknown whether the universe is discrete or continuous in its intricate quantum level structure. See for example: Can universal continuity be experimentally falsified? Is the universe finite ...
2
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1answer
43 views

What information do we lose when we increase whale songs to our hearing range?

TV documentaries on marine life often feature the evocative sounds of whales communicating with each other (apparently), over very long distances. The frequency of baleen whale sounds ranges from 10 ...
4
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3answers
105 views

The speed of information

Does this expression have any rigorous meaning? Intuitively ,I feel that information about an event or a system in my environment propagates to me at a certain "speed". Does this correspond to ...
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1answer
65 views

The simulation hypothesis and the halting problem [closed]

I have a basic knowledge of classical and quantum information which isn't remotely enough to make me an expert on the subject. That being said, reading some questions about the simulation hypothesis ...
1
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0answers
45 views

Does Time-Reversal Violation imply a microscopic Arrow of Time?

I have a questions regarding the relation of time reversal violation and existence of a microscopic direction of time. It seems to me that the following definition for T-symmetry and arrow of time ...
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4answers
285 views

Is amount of entropy subjective?

From all sources I have seen it follows that the proof you can't decrease the amount of entropy in the Universe is given only statistically - the order is just one of the many ways how things can be ...
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2answers
67 views

Does the entropy of the universe change as expansion exceeds the speed of light?

The potential encoded information in a photon that is at the edge of the observable universe would seem to be lost as the universe expands. Does that loss of information contribute to the overall ...
2
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1answer
76 views

Is there a definition of relative Renyi entropy?

Is there a Renyi entropy analogue of ``$H(X \vert Y)$" ? If yes then is there any known meaning to that? Googling around I found a few different notions, equation 18 here, ...
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1answer
44 views

What is the unit of information as defined by information theory?

It appears to be defined by probability; however, does it have some unit that indicates its 'information level' in terms of probability?
27
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3answers
2k views

How to recover an unfocussed image

If the lenses in a camera are not set correctly, the intended subject will be "out of focus" in the resulting image. There seems to be no loss of information here. The photons are just steered to the ...
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1answer
107 views

Why is Quantum Information Theory till now not ready for a Quantum Computer? [closed]

Quantum Information Theory is a very much discussed term in Theoretical Physics, Information Science and Mathematics. Till now nearly 50 years after first definitions we have no usage in Computer ...
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8answers
888 views

What counts as information?

What counts as information? In e.g. the EPR experiment why is one entangled particle knowing instantaneously the state of the other not counted as 'information'. Edit Following a discussion in the ...
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0answers
46 views

Does the holographic principle for black holes mean that information is cloned?

When an object falls into a black hole, does the holographic principle say that the information is copied and stored on the event horizon while the original information falls in?
1
vote
1answer
153 views

Quantum violation of Newton's Third Law? [closed]

From this site: http://www.learning-mind.com/5-thought-provoking-quantum-experiments-showing-that-reality-is-an-illusion/ I gained the knowledge that a group of scientists, upon measuring a tiny ...
1
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3answers
275 views

Speed of heat / quantification of heat and other magnitudes

Is the speed of heat infinite? When solving the heat equation in a semi-infinite bar, we can see that a pulse in the finite end draws an immediate change in every point of the bar. So, at any given ...
0
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1answer
108 views

Is it impossible to practically predict the future?

For the sake of curiosity, let us postulate a universe that can be completely described by mathematics. Let us further postulate, that humankind has fully discovered all the fundamental laws of ...
1
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1answer
57 views

Is it possible to calculate the information content of matter? How?

I know the Bekestein bound is the upper bound for the information content of a region of space, but is it possible to actually calculate that information content (number of bits, not the bits ...
1
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0answers
76 views

Black Hole Entropy Calculation

I was watching "Leonard Susskind on The World As Hologram" ( youtube ). At one point he describes the way Bekenstein calculates the entropy of a black hole. Paraphrasing: Take a minimally sized black ...
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2answers
1k views

can we transfer data via quantum entanglement (likewise we communicate today) to a specific target

Today we rely on electromagnetic field for communication. I'm a entrepreneur, I want to know why we can't transfer data with this technology to transfer data from one place to another place. It can ...
5
votes
2answers
105 views

On unfocused images, their information content and possible restoration

So, when an image is out of focus the light of any given point of the object does not refocus exactly at one point on the screen, but is spread out around a region, such that the light of the image at ...
2
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0answers
80 views

Is not the idea of a continuous universe and finite information density mutually exclusive?

As far as I understand, the universe is not divided into discrete units, but rather its continuous. This seems backed up by a quick search: Does the Planck scale imply that spacetime is discrete? ...
0
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2answers
197 views

How can Maxwell's Demon erase information while a black hole can not?

It is stated, that information can't disappear even in black holes. On the other hand, it is stated, that mystic beings, like Maxwell demons, can easily erase any information if they just pay with ...