A specific reference frame that describes its coordinates in a manner that does not depend on time and is isotropic.

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Drift Speed and Current in Two Different Inertial Frames

We have a long, cylindrical wire carrying a constant current I in an inertial frame. At a distance of R from the center of the wire, the magnitude of magnetic field is $μI/2πR$. What is the magnitude ...
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About the relativistic wagon simultaneity problem

I'm getting utterly confused with this problem. The situation is basically to know what events to take in one frame in order to see them synchronized in another. I sketched the situation as this: ...
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Proving the conservation of 4-momentum for a particle collision $A+B\to C+D$

Let me say that particle A hits particle B and two particles come out - C and D; In system S I can write: $$p_A^μ+p_B^μ=p_C^μ+p_D^μ;\tag{1}$$ here $p_N^μ$ is the 4-momentum. Using the Lorentz ...
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Does relativistic glider violate principle of equivalence?

The relativistic glider proposed can slow down the fall of an object in gravitational field. Will this violate the principle of equivalence which says that one cannot distinguish between free falling ...
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Does a mass gain inertia against movement in all directions as it approaches the speed of light?

If a mass moves along the x axis at near the speed of light, does it take as much energy to additionally accelerate the mass along the y axis as it does to accelerate it along the x axis by the same ...
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does a rotating moving body in “flat” space curve its path because of frame dragging?

I am not a physicist. let's say we have a space with an object in it, where all other gravitational bodies are so far away that their affect on the shape of the space is negligible. let's say the ...
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Galileo's ship and principle of relativity

The galilean principle of relativity states the following: The laws of mechanics are invariant in every inertial reference frame Here I want to put emphasis that I'm not considering special ...
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Galilean and Lorentz Covariance in Julian Schwinger's book Electrodynamics

In the book Electrodynamics (pp. 8-11) Julian Schwinger "derives" (in this special case) the complete Maxwell equations from the Coulomb potential using only the Galilean transformation $$ ...
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Forward and Behind Frames of Reference

It's my understanding that light travels at the same speed in all inertial frames of reference. Suppose there's a small train car 5 feet long (at our rest point of view) traveling at a constant speed ...
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Relative acceleration: frame of references

There is a question I've been struggling with, and I ask for your help to understand it fully. Q: An inclined plane, fixed to the inside of an elevvator, makes a 32 degrees angle with the floor. A ...
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In the formula for the change of frame of reference, which term(s) is/are the centrifugal/centripetal acceleration?

This is the formula for the change of frame of reference for the acceleration: I have a book where it is written that: The first term is the absolute acceleration. The second term is the relative ...
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Light cones and reference frames

I'd like to know what does it mean exactly to find a reference frame in which two events occur at the same time or in the same space coordinates. As I picture it if we have two events A and B in a (x, ...
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Determining Ether Drag - Aberration of Starlight

In order to determine the relative motion between the Earth and the ether (the medium through which light supposedly propagated. It has zero density and complete transparency), scientists used the ...
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Why does the local inertial compass coincide with the stellar compass?

I found this physics paper via a non-duality site and I wished that I could understand it. Could someone please either read it and explain it to me or else point me to pages that would help me ...