A specific reference frame that describes its coordinates in a manner that does not depend on time and is isotropic.

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Difference between local inertial frame and coordinate chart

In the most cases the local inertial frame is definied "physically" but I'm searching for a mathematically meaningful definition of the local inertial frame to solve my problem: Is the local ...
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Relativistic Particles [closed]

The question: An electron is moving at $0.6c$ in the lab frame. For an observer moving at $0.8c$ in the same direction as the electron's motion, what is the electron's kinetic energy (in MeV)? My ...
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144 views

Relativistic electrodynamics between two point charges moving in perpendicular directions [closed]

Let there be two point charges, positive or negative, having velocities in directions perpendicular to each other. I need to evaluate the total interactive force on those (Lorentz force). I do it by ...
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68 views

Light at the Speed of Light [duplicate]

Since light particles travel at the speed of light, we know it's possible for something to travel at that speed. However, since all things are relative, and if time does stop at the speed of light, ...
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4answers
217 views

Explanation for a much simpler version of the twin paradox?

I have seen the classical twin paradox before. It uses a twin stationary on Earth and the other traveling away and back. I have seen many contradictory solutions for it, some use general relativity, ...
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1answer
44 views

Twin paradox on hypertorus [duplicate]

I will not describe the twin paradox again. But let's suppose we have two twins, one stationary and the other moving with uniform velocity $c/2$ for instance. And let's suppose that they live in a ...
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1answer
40 views

Centrifugal and Coriolis Equatorial Train Problem [closed]

Wikipedia has a example of a equatorial train in its article on Coriolis Force: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coriolis_force In this example, a frictionless train is located on the equator, and can ...
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1answer
67 views

Is there a truly stationary frame of reference? (part deux) [duplicate]

I wonder if the belief that there is no truly stationary frame of reference is really true. Here's my thinking, please poke holes in it and/or mock me :) As we understand it, before the big bang the ...
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64 views

Man on a rotating platform [closed]

A platform rotates in counterclockwise with angular velocity w. A man walks from the center of the platform to the border with constant radial velocity v' wrt the platform. $\mu_s$ is the static ...
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1answer
69 views

Can empty space be a frame of reference to measure velocity?

I am wondering if there is only one object in the universe than does it make any sense to talk about its velocity. If empty space can be thought of as a reference to measure its velocity than it might....
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2answers
69 views

How does flying over synchronize clocks look like?

I have a relatively (pun intended) simple conceptual question that has me going in circles as I begin my course work into Modern Physics. The question is straight forward enough: You are gliding ...
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5answers
6k views

How am I able to stand up and walk down the aisle of a flying passenger jet?

The energy of a moving object is $E = mv^2\;.$ That is it increases with velocity squared. I walk at say 3 miles per hour, or lets round that down to 1 meter per second for a slow walk. I weigh less ...
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1answer
108 views

Does the property of being “virtual” for a particle depend on the observer?

I've read at several places that a static magnetic (and electric for that matter) field can be thought of as made by virtual photons, at least that's what I understood. Now, in Special Relativity we ...
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64 views

Why do the stars in a binary system, revolve diametrically opposite to each other?

I encountered this question, as I was reading up on Gravity. The author of my textbook says that the stars orbit a common centre which is their center of mass. I somehow think that this fact might ...
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1answer
47 views

Time and velocity

Suppose two cars are traveling at a velocity of $c/2$ ($c$=speed of light) in two straight lines parallel to each other but in opposite direction in vacuum. Then what will a person sitting in one of ...
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2answers
64 views

Inertial forces and centre of mass

Is inertial force always attached to the centre of mass of the object? Why? What rules cause this to happen? See the example below of the leaned bike in a corner. The force $m\frac{v^2}{r}$ ...
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2answers
86 views

Distinguishing real forces and fictitious/pseudo forces in Newtonian mechanics

In understanding the law of inertia I had to consider the motion of bodies screened from the so called "real forces". What characterises these real forces? What makes us call them real? Or what is ...
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88 views

Simple Rotating frame of reference

I have a car moving in straight line with certain time-varying acceleration and there is another car moving in a curvilinear way along some curved path with some time-varying acceleration. The ...
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45 views

Can an event occur before or after the other one depending on what frame of reference we are in?

Two buses moving relative to each other with 30% the speed of light (4 light-min apart). Now by some mysterious way bus 1 comes to the knowledge that after 3 min-bus 2 time bus 2 is going to explode. ...
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590 views

Why is rapidity additive?

With the rapidity $\phi$ defined so that $\frac{v}{c}=\tanh{\phi}$, say you have 3 parallel moving reference frames $S$, $S'$ and $S''$ with a constant but different velocity/rapidity. If the ...
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155 views

What is the deep reason of length contractions and time dilations? [duplicate]

In the theory of relativity, a spacetime can have length contractions or length expansions and time can have time dilations or expansions. In theory of special relativity, any physical object with ...
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1answer
45 views

Can we see ourselves slower due to time relativity?

Please bear with me because I'm noob at physics. Numbers don't have to be calculated, these are just examples, I'm just asking conceptual stuff. Just double check: Objects traveling at $0.99c$ in ...
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66 views

Is the equivalence principle Machian?

There is a lot of discussion on the subject of Mach's principle, and whether it has any place in the theory of relativity. But it seems to me that one could argue that Mach's principle is at the heart ...
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1answer
54 views

Perfect fluid and EM tensor in rest frame

I see that we use perfect fluid which is characterized by a energy density and isotropic pressure for general forms of matter. When guessing the values of energy momentum tensor indices we can use ...
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79 views

3-body system centre of mass

I have a three body system of point masses that represent mercury, earth and the sun. I want them to orbit about a common centre of mass, but I think the centre of mass will move. I need the centre of ...
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1answer
50 views

How to find the magnitude of electric and magnetic fields in an arbitary inertial frame?

In the context of special relativity, and using proper Lorentz transformations: If the electromagnetic fields have an uniform value [= constant in space and time] in an inertial frame, how will the ...
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40 views

How would you prove/verify that the real forces are independent of frame of reference?

How would you prove/verify that the real forces are independent of frame of reference?
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1answer
70 views

Difference between first newton's law and second newton's law ? [duplicate]

the first and second laws of newton are both similar, so why do we need the first law if it is the same as the second? what is the big difference between these?
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83 views

How would you explain the weight of an object in a lift accelerating up with acceleration a?

Observer in the lift:- He is unaware of his acceleration. He applies Newton's second law and got N = Mg. After that he used spring balance and found that the wait of the object is M(g+a). So to ...
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2answers
71 views

Minkowski geometry definition

The general relativity is based on Minkowski geometry definition with its special properties. The general relativity cant be approved wihout Minkowski geometry definition. Why Minkowski geometry is "...
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1answer
63 views

Given the 1st Postulate of SR, doesn't the 2nd Postulate go without saying? [duplicate]

i've been looking over possible duplicates of this question and haven't found one yet. so, using Wikipedia as the textual source: The Principle of Relativity – The laws by which the states of ...
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1answer
78 views

How to prove that “all unaccelerated frames behave likely for all isolated bodies”? [closed]

Say in an unaccelerated frame "S" a "isolated body A" moves with constancy of velocity , can we predict mathematically that any other such body B will move with same velocity in that frame.... My ...
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1answer
83 views

A fast object (0.8c) getting overtaken by another fast object (0.9c): why don't times agree?

I'm trying to work on an exercise in Wolfgang Rindler's book "Introduction to Special Relativity" and I'm stuck on the following exercise: Two particles move along the x-axis of S at velocities 0....
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4answers
509 views

Gravity between two unequal masses. Do both masses move?

I've been watching videos about gravity and I have a question My understanding is that mass have gravity and gravity is a force which attract other object with mass. For example, I jump up and the ...
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39 views

Biological concept behind time dilation [duplicate]

What is the exact mechanism which makes aging process slow for persons travelling at higher velocity relatively. How does our body cells responds to gravity and undergo aging?
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2answers
53 views

Do all moving object appear contracted?

In the derivation of Lorentz contraction my prof considered a rod moving away from you with speed $v$. In this case the rod appears shrunk by a factor gamma. But now let's consider a rod moving ...
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1answer
63 views

Why does Goldstein's derivation of orbits from Newton's law not yield the orbit consisting of symmetric oscillation along a line thru center of Sun?

Why does Goldstein's derivation of Keplerian orbits from Newton's law of gravity not yield the orbit consisting of symmetric oscillation along a line passing thru the center of the Sun? The fact that ...
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3answers
158 views

What does Newton's first law of motion want to say? [closed]

Newton's first law of motion says "A body will remain in a state of rest or in uniform motion in straight line, unless acted by an external force." So if a body is accelerated or moved ...
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5answers
81 views

Static model of the Earth motion

Believe it or not, an old man I know in 2015 still negates the Earth orbital motion around the Sun. He believes the earth is rotating on itself and acknowledges this gives day and night on every ...
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2answers
140 views

Why Earth is considered to be an inertial frame? [duplicate]

Earth rotates about its axis and also revolves around the Sun at the same time. So why Earth is considered as an inertial frame in Newtonian Physics. So technically, I'm effectively asking why the ...
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1answer
27 views

How to spatially rotate the frame of reference Faraday Tensor? Special Relativity and Galilei Transforms

Hey I'm currently just starting out doing special relativity and I stumbled upon following problem: If I have the faraday antisymmetric tensor $F^{\alpha \beta}$ and I perform a spatial rotation of ...
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2answers
61 views

Will my mass increase in my perspective while approaching near the speed of light?

Suppose I start my journey by a spaceship accelerate the velocity to 0.7c from Earth. Now the question arises that- Will my mass increase gradually as I'm going to a speed of .7c in my perspective and ...
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2answers
49 views

Where does the energy required to speed the object in this question come from if the object actually slows down from another perspective?

I was thinking about mechanics and energy and stumped myself with this scenario I made up: Suppose you are in a room and you are motionless. In the same room, a 1 Kg ball is moving to your right with ...
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28 views

Why is the speed of light constant in all inertial frames? [duplicate]

I know this is a physical principle and cannot be derived at from other physical laws. But how can it be arrived at? What observations or what train of thoughts leads to this conclusion? e.g. the ...
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1answer
242 views

Do free falling observers see gravitational blueshift?

Observers at rest in gravitational fields will see infalling light signals as blueshifted. Do inertial observers in free fall in a gravitational field see the same shift? If someone is standing on a ...
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1answer
87 views

Law of inertia, Frames of reference

Ok, we all know that an Inertial frame of reference is defined like this: "An inertial frame of reference is one frame where Newton's First Law holds, therefore, a body has a constant velocity or ...
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1answer
45 views

Isotropic of Inertial frame?

My understanding of isotropic is the a particular physics law remain same no matter at what direction I look at it? Now suppose in case of inertial frame, we know that its is homogeneous and ...
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1answer
35 views

Will the object spin as the earth spins?

If an object is designed to levitate a few kilometers above the ground, and the point directly below the object on earth is called $A$, as time passes and the earth rotates about its axis, will the ...
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42 views

Frames of Reference in a Rotational System

Imagine two concentric rings with different diameters. One is spinning within the other. There is a small gap between the outer diameter of the inner ring and the inner diameter of outer ring. From ...
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202 views

Spring rotated in uniform circular motion

Why does a spring stretch when rotated in uniform circular motion? The horizontal rod containing the massless spring(stiffness = k) and block of mass 'm' is rotated uniformly about point P. ...