A specific reference frame that describes its coordinates in a manner that does not depend on time and is isotropic.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

8
votes
7answers
447 views

What does the statement “the laws of physics are invariant” mean?

In the first paragraph of Wikipedia's article on special relativity, it states one of the assumptions of special relativity is the laws of physics are invariant (i.e., identical) in all inertial ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Forward and Behind Frames of Reference

It's my understanding that light travels at the same speed in all inertial frames of reference. Suppose there's a small train car 5 feet long (at our rest point of view) traveling at a constant speed ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Uniqueness of the equivalence class of inertial frames

Let us define an inertial frame as a frame of reference where the laws of physics take their usual form, as opposed to non intertial frames where one has to introduce pseudo-forces. We can further ...
0
votes
4answers
124 views

Absolute (as opposed to relative) concept of inertial frame

In mechanics there is a relative concept of "inertial frame": frame A is inertial with respect to frame B if A moves uniformly with respect B. That concept is easy to understand. There also seems to ...
12
votes
6answers
2k views

If the solar system is a non-inertial frame, why can Newton's Laws predict motion?

Since there is no object in the universe that doesn't move, and the solar system likely accelerates through space, how did Newton's Laws work so well? Didn't he assume that the sun is the ...
1
vote
5answers
446 views

Is the polar coordinate system non-inertial or inertial?

Consider a car driving around in a circle lying in the plane and suppose we were interested in determining its acceleration as measured by an observer stationary on the "ground" or whatever. ...
3
votes
0answers
53 views

Does relativistic glider violate principle of equivalence?

The relativistic glider proposed can slow down the fall of an object in gravitational field. Will this violate the principle of equivalence which says that one cannot distinguish between free falling ...
-1
votes
1answer
54 views

Time difference between two moving inertial frames of reference [closed]

This is a question I am trying to solve: Let S and S' be two inertial frames of reference and S' is moving relative to S at a velocity of 0.6c. When x = x' = 0, t = t' = 0. At t = 2 x 10-7 s, an ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Galilean and Lorentz Covariance in Julian Schwinger's book Electrodynamics

In the book Electrodynamics (pp. 8-11) Julian Schwinger "derives" (in this special case) the complete Maxwell equations from the Coulomb potential using only the Galilean transformation $$ ...
1
vote
3answers
180 views

Why does the Michleson-Morley experiment only contradict the aether?

This question is related to Validity of Maxwell's equations with no aether or relativity? (so please read this first). In this question, the answers seem to suggest that getting rid of the aether ...
1
vote
4answers
126 views

Which one is inertial frame?

I'd like to ask a question which made me confused. I think that, e.g., a man falling to earth could think himself as stationary and the Earth as accelerating towards him. But I, as an observer, I ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

If reality is relative, then what about Newton's bucket argument?

There is nothing outside the universe. - Lee Smolin So, there can't be any absolute frame. Everything must be measured relative to an entity that exists in the universe. Thus, space ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

About the relativistic wagon simultaneity problem [closed]

I'm getting utterly confused with this problem. The situation is basically to know what events to take in one frame in order to see them synchronized in another. I sketched the situation as this: ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Specific scenario involving rotation and inertial frames of reference?

We recently went over some rotational motion in my freshman physics class, I had a question for the professor on your frame of reference, and how that would effect the rotation of the object. Say you ...
20
votes
7answers
4k views

Why does rotation simulate gravity if motion is relative?

In Einstein's theory of relativity, if motion is truly relative, then why would somebody in a rotating space station experience (artificial) gravity? I mean, I get why they experience gravity IF the ...
0
votes
0answers
104 views

Relative acceleration: frame of references

There is a question I've been struggling with, and I ask for your help to understand it fully. Q: An inclined plane, fixed to the inside of an elevvator, makes a 32 degrees angle with the floor. A ...
0
votes
2answers
140 views

Who plays the role of centrifugal force in an inertial frame of reference?

It is noteworthy to quote a sentence from my book, It is a misconception among the beginners that centrifugal force acts on a particle in order to make the particle go on a circle. Centrifugal ...
4
votes
6answers
2k views

Measuring speed of the moving train, if I'm inside it

So I am inside a coach in a train that is fully sealed (with no windows and a locked door). I have a torch, photo & time sensor and a scale with me. So, I place the sensor at one of the walls and ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Two referential frames. An ant is moving on a uniformly rotating disk and appears not to be moving relative to the disk [closed]

They want us to find the Coriolis and centripetal acceleration. My problem is drawing the referential. Because, there are 2 referential frames. The inertial one would be the disk right, with 3 axes, ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

In the formula for the change of frame of reference, which term(s) is/are the centrifugal/centripetal acceleration?

This is the formula for the change of frame of reference for the acceleration: I have a book where it is written that: The first term is the absolute acceleration. The second term is the relative ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

Does a mass gain inertia against movement in all directions as it approaches the speed of light?

If a mass moves along the x axis at near the speed of light, does it take as much energy to additionally accelerate the mass along the y axis as it does to accelerate it along the x axis by the same ...
0
votes
1answer
123 views

Plane curve transform to moving inertial system coordinates

As a non-phycisist I hope my question makes sense and is understandable. It deals with special relativity. I suppose there is a e.g. plane curve ( e.g. a circle ) given in the x-y plane of of an ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

Fictitious forces and $\omega$

I have been studying fictitious forces, such as the centrifugal force and Coriolis force. The equation for the centrifugal force is given by: $$F_{centrifugal}=-m\omega\times(\omega\times r)$$ My ...
3
votes
2answers
157 views

Handedness of Reference Frames?

I am developing a new derivation of the Lorentz transformation which I think and hope is more attractive to students than those I have seen in currently available texts. I am carefully defining and ...
0
votes
1answer
264 views

Don't Inertial forces obey Newton's third law? [duplicate]

I read in a book (Fundamentals of Mechanics by IE Irodov) that inertial forces do not obey newton's third law. I am unable to imagine and get this in my mind. It states: "Inertial forces are not ...
0
votes
2answers
93 views

Newtonian physics [duplicate]

According to the book I am referring while working with non inertial frame of reference we have to apply a pseudo force equal to mass x acceleration in the opposite direction of the acceleration of ...
14
votes
5answers
2k views

What problems with Electromagnetism led Einstein to the Special Theory of Relativity?

I have often heard it said that several problems in the theory of electromagnetism as described by Maxwell's equations led Einstein to his theory of Special Relativity. What exactly were these ...
1
vote
2answers
270 views

Inertial frames

I'm just starting my study of relativity, and I have a rough understanding of the connection between inertial frames, newton's laws, and galilean transformations, but I'd probably benefit more if ...
1
vote
3answers
98 views

How to differentiate between rotating frame and linearly accelerating frame?

Two friends, $A$ and $B$ are part of an experiment. $A$ is placed in a closed box and made to accelerate in free space at an acceleration $g$. $B$ is also placed in a closed box, but is made to rotate ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Physical laws in all inertial frames

Do there exist physical laws which do not take the same form in all inertial frames?
2
votes
2answers
72 views

Invariance of Temperature in Classical Physics

How can we explain that Temperature is a classically frame-independent quantity to high school kids?
2
votes
3answers
362 views

Why is Newton's first law necessary?

Newton's second law says $F=ma$. Now if we put $F=0$ we get $a=0$ which is Newton's first law. So why do we need Newton's first law ? Before asking I did some searching and I got this: Newtons first ...
3
votes
1answer
258 views

Gravity vs inertia

As stated according to Newton laws of gravity, every object with mass attracts all other object with a force which produces acceleration. Basically there are several forces in the universe which ...
10
votes
2answers
343 views

Understanding the “$\pi$” of a rotating disk

Let us say you are in an inertial reference frame with a circular planar disk. If you take your meter measuring rods (or perhaps tape measure) you can find the diameter and circumference of the disk. ...
0
votes
1answer
168 views

Finding the total energy in centre of mass frame

I'm working through a problem in a special relativity textbook (Woodhouse) and I'm having some difficulty. I have to show that if I have a particle of rest mass $M$, total energy $E$ colliding with a ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Inertial navigation system: am I doing it wrong?

I'm trying to develop an inertial navigation system. I can access data from an accelerometer sensor (acceleration on three axes) and gyroscope sensor (angular velocity on three axes). First of all, ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Inertial frame: Sun earth and moon

From the perspective of sun, is the moon orbiting the earth considered a single inertial frame or are moon and earth separate inertial frames? Or am I missing something completely fundamental?
0
votes
3answers
151 views

Rotating reference frames

I'm trying to understand the equations that govern velocity in a rotating reference frame... \begin{equation} v_i = (\frac{dr}{dt})_r + \Omega \times r . \end{equation} I'd like to build a simple ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Relative Motion and orbiting planets [duplicate]

if all motion is relative to the frame of reference determined by an observer, why would the view that planet earth revolves around the Sun more correct than the view that the Sun revolved around ...
1
vote
2answers
120 views

Inertial Frames in Special Relativity

According to the postulates of special relativity, all inertial frames are equal in all respects. Then how does it follow from this, that the space is isotropic and homogenous for an inertial frame ...
0
votes
3answers
400 views

Why doesn't any object that doesn't have direct contact in a fast moving vehicle feel G-force or slam behind or ahead when braked or accelerated?

Why doesn't any object that doesn't have direct contact in a fast moving vehicle feel G-force or slam behind or ahead when braked or accelerated? For example when we are in a car (even with all ...
6
votes
3answers
868 views

Do we need inertial frames in Lagrangian mechanics?

Do Euler-Lagrange equations hold only for inertial systems? If yes, where is the point in the variational derivation from Hamilton's principle where we made that restriction? My question arose ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Heliocentric Worldview [duplicate]

Isn't the whole historic Discussion of Heliocentric vs. Geocentric Worldview just about a Calculation-Technique. I mean I could also choose my coordinate-center to be in the middle of Earth and setup ...
4
votes
1answer
146 views

Does action really have to be Lorentz-invariant in SR?

From Landau & Lifshitz The Classical Theory Of Fields it is said: To determine the action integral for a free material particle (a particle not under the influence of any external force), we ...
0
votes
2answers
134 views

What is use of inertial frames

In class of Newton's laws of motion, it was explained that Newton's second law is valid only in inertial frames. Teacher give us a example by considering a lift which is going downwards with ...
0
votes
0answers
99 views

Light cones and reference frames

I'd like to know what does it mean exactly to find a reference frame in which two events occur at the same time or in the same space coordinates. As I picture it if we have two events A and B in a (x, ...
4
votes
3answers
416 views

Does the Relativity Principle of Special Relativity imply homogeneity and isotropy of all the reference frames?

In Rindler's book: Relativity, Special, General and Cosmological, is stated on page 40 that the Relativity Principle (RP), when applied to just one Inertial Frame (IF), guarantees the homogeneity and ...
0
votes
2answers
151 views

Is the assumption that the two reference frames be inertial required in the derivation of transformation equations?

In the derivation of Galilean transformations the only assumption is that the two frames are moving with some uniform relative velocity $u$. Suppose with respect to some inertial frame $O$ the two ...
4
votes
3answers
262 views

Do bullet/gun physics change if the gun is traveling very fast?

If I'm running at say $400\: \mathrm{m/s}$ and a bullet travels at $400\: \mathrm{m/s}$ and I fire the gun, will I see the bullet leave the barrel? I either see it stay in the barrel floating ...
0
votes
1answer
270 views

What is the significance of Einsteins postulate on speed of light?

Einstein postulated that the speed of light in free space is the same for all observers, regardless of their motion relative to the light source, where we may think of an observer as an imaginary ...