A specific reference frame that describes its coordinates in a manner that does not depend on time and is isotropic.

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Direction of deflection of Coriolis force on Earth

I'm a bit confused about Coriolis force direction on Earth. The observed deflection is to the right in the northern emisphere and to the left in the southern one. But what about an observer in the ...
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1answer
84 views

How is time dilation consistent between both observer?

There is a special variant of time dilation paradox bugs me. Imagine there are 2 small spaceships moving toward each other in constant speed. Each ship has an observer on-board. According to both ...
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1answer
38 views

Coriolis object deflection and conservation of angular momenutum

I'm trying to understan kinematic inertial explanation of the apparent deviation of objects due to fictitious forces in rotating Earth. Take an object moving from the equator northwards, or ...
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1answer
30 views

Synchronization of clocks

I have read the book "Introduction to special relativity " by Robert Resnick In the book I have found that "If the distance between the clocks is L, one observer will see the other clock lag his by ...
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2answers
143 views

Meaning and logic of Einstein's train thought experiment

This seems to be a recurrent topic but I wasn't able to find any satisfactory discussion about this tought experiment. I will quote the original story from Einstein's and put my doubts inside: Up ...
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1answer
62 views

How time and speed of light are related? [closed]

I want to know how speed and light and time are related? How will motion with highspeed effect time? I am not a physics student. I want an answer which is free of mathematical relations. I want an ...
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1answer
44 views

Deviation of free falling objects (Coriolis effect) using conservation of angular momentum

I read this pdf on non inertial frame, in particular I have a question on the deviation of free falling object due to Coriolis effect. Consider a ball let go from a tower at height $h$. The ...
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1answer
31 views

Multiple Objects at Constant Speed

Imagine 1 million objects travelling in space, at a constant speed, along an imaginary line. They don't deviate from that line for the sake of this argument. Now, object 1 has a velocity of $v_{1}=1$ ...
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2answers
83 views

The two causes for the factor 2 in Coriolis effect

While reading this document on Coriolis effect http://empslocal.ex.ac.uk/people/staff/gv219/classics.d/Persson98.pdf, I saw the followig sentence Two kinematic effects each contribute half of the ...
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3answers
177 views

Coriolis force and conservation of angular momentum

I'm trying to understand the relations between the existance of Coriolis force and the conservation of angular momentum. I found this example on Morin, which confuses me. A carousel rotates ...
7
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1answer
160 views

Can special relativity be derived from the invariance of the interval?

As far as I know, the classical approach to special relativity is to take Einstein's postulates as the starting point of the logical sequence, then to derive the Lorentz transformations from them, and ...
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2answers
377 views

How to achieve speeds faster than light? [duplicate]

So, I heard that all speed is relative. And that nothing can travel faster than light. Then I guess it is OK for a spaceship to leave Earth at 0.6c constant speed. And what if an other spaceship were ...
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1answer
30 views

Effect of Coriolis force

Is Coriolis force fictitious in an inertial frame or not? If so can it be mathematically deduced using an inertial frame as reference?
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74 views

Derive Galilean transformation. (The meaning of the relativity)

In the book The meaning of the relativity Einstein says that in classic mechanics two postulates are previously supposed: 1.- The time is absolute. 2.- The longitude is absolute. And this implies ...
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1answer
32 views

Some questions about forces

If I am sitting inside a closed sphere (I can't see the outside), can't I feel when the sphere is at constant speed ? Can I feel when it is accelerating ? Why ? The defination of force given ...
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2answers
60 views

Is it always possible for an observer to realize to be in a non-inertial frame?

Galilean relativity principle states that two frames moving with uniform linear motion cannot be distinguished. But is it always possible to realize to be in a non-inertial frame? In a rotating frame ...
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3answers
57 views

Physical interpretation of Coriolis terms in acceleration

Consider a reference frame which is rotating (for example on a carousel) and a steady inertial frame, with the same origin. $\vec{r}=\vec{r'}$ $\vec{v}=\vec{v'}+\vec{\Omega}\times\vec{r'}$ $\vec{a}=...
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2answers
525 views

Is Newton second law covariant or invariant?

Is Newton second law covariant or invariant between two inertial frames, moving with uniform traslational motion with respect to each other? If it is invariant then, indipendently from the frame, $\...
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0answers
26 views

Value of $E_x$ through an $X-\textrm{boost}$

Suppose I'm standing at the (0,0,0) point of a coordinate system and I see an electric field where $E_x=f(t,x,y,z)=\sin(x\cdot y\cdot z\cdot t)$ and at time $t_0=0$ I start moving on the x-axis at ...
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0answers
45 views

Electromagnetic Tensor under Lorentz transformation, $F'(\Lambda x)= \Lambda F(x) \Lambda^T$?)

Suppose we have a configuration of electric and magnetic fields $E(x1,x2,x3,x4)$ and $B(x1,x2,x3,x4)$, they depend of position and time for a fixed coordinate system. And I want to know how someone in ...
5
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2answers
965 views

Does rest exist?

I initially thought that the concept of rest depended on an inertial frame of reference. So for example, if the Earth and everything on it were the only things in the universe, and the Earth was ...
20
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3answers
9k views

Oh-my-god particle: How can it get through Milky way in 10 seconds?

My question is concerning wikipedia article on Oh-my-God particle, to be precise, this paragraph: This particle had so much kinetic energy it was travelling at 99.99999999999999999999951% the ...
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2answers
77 views

Is polar coordinates frame non-inertial?

Consider the acceleration expressed in polar coordinates. $ \left( \ddot r - r\dot\varphi^2 \right) \hat{\mathbf r} + \left( r\ddot\varphi + 2\dot r \dot\varphi \right) \hat{\boldsymbol{\varphi}} \...
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1answer
38 views

In rotating frames, particles do not travel at constant velocity?

If we measure a particle's trajectory in a rotating frame of reference as $\vec x=\vec x(t)$, then $\frac{d^2\vec x}{dt^2}=0$ could be zero? I'm trying to explain why the Newton's first law of ...
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1answer
68 views

how long will take for an astronal travel in near lightspeed in his point of view

I always had a question about relativity. Suppose an astronaut in orbit Saturn just must reach earth fast as possible. Your ship can travel at any speed between 0 and the speed of light. the distance ...
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1answer
20 views

Kinetic Energy in the Center of Mass Frame

Given two bodies moving along a line, I can find the velocity of the center of mass frame. Taking the time derivative of the Galilean transformation I get $v'=v-v_{cm}$ By definition, the total ...
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2answers
106 views

Is acceleration relative in relativity?

Suppose a box A is moving relative to a Box B, then by time dilation equation if I take 1 sec passed for an observer in A then for an observer in B will be little longer. Now if I suppose that the box ...
2
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4answers
108 views

Ball dropped from train [closed]

A ball is dropped of a train traveling with high velocity, to a man standing near the track, the bank A) falls down vertically B) moves horizontally C) follows an elliptical path D) parabolic ...
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1answer
26 views

Distinguishing inertial reference frames

As described in Wikipedia as well as this entry here, "being at rest on the surface of the Earth is equivalent to being inside a spaceship (far from any sources of gravity) that is being accelerated ...
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3answers
87 views

When calc. time elapsed for an inertial reference frame during travel between two points, are length contraction and time dilation taken into account? [closed]

When calculating the amount of time elapsed for an inertial reference frame over the course of its travel at constant velocity between two points, are the effects of both length contraction and time ...
1
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1answer
108 views

Objects travelling relatively to each other faster than light?

When we say that something is travelling a certain speed, it's really travelling that speed relative to the Earth. When saying the speed of anything, it is, for the most part, relative to something ...
0
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1answer
179 views

Does Inertial time dilation demonstrate that Time is not a dimension? [duplicate]

If time is a dimension and 'now' simply an expression of your position with respect to that dimension, the progress of any object along that dimension should remain in step with all other objects. By ...
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1answer
42 views

Kinetic Energy: Difference in energy for observers [duplicate]

Consider a stationary 10kg bike; if I apply a force of 10J then $KE=\frac{1}{2}mv^2$ so $v=\sqrt\frac{2KE}{m}=1m/s$. If we consider the same example again, but from the point of view of a stationary ...
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1answer
57 views

Relativity of simultaneity: two light sources

A. Suppose a moving train. The train has two wheels(front and back) and each wheel is connected to light source inside the train. The light source is triggered(light is emitted) when train passes ...
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2answers
137 views

Lorentz contraction explanation correct? [closed]

I was having a heated SE chat debate with someone re relativity. One of us believes the explanation above is correct, while the other believes it is not. Who is correct, and, if the explanation is ...
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3answers
93 views

Mass has the same value in all inertial reference frames?

Is mass the same in all inertial frames? If it is, why is that? If not, can you also explain?
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1answer
55 views

Error in deriving relativity velocity addition formula [closed]

$D$ is traveling at .995c with respect to $C$ who is traveling at .995c with respect to $B$ all in the same direction. We want to compute $D$'s velocity as observed from $B$. Note that the Lorentz ...
3
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3answers
142 views

Is General Relativity compatible with relative speeds bigger than $c$ between two inertial frames?

My question is motivated by a remark done by Tegmark in his book "Our Mathematical Universe". He says that GRT does not prove that relative speeds between material points are always smaller than c. It ...
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1answer
54 views

Twin Paradox From Neutral observers perspective

Suppose two planets A & B, with B moving away from A at velocity v. A spaceship departs from A in the direction of B at velocity v (putting it in the same inertial frame as B), and remains that ...
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0answers
36 views

Relativity of simultaneity: light source inside and outside

(Orange are light sources and red are observers) There is a train, which is moving right. In each side, there is a light source, which emits light when the train passes certain point on a track. And ...
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2answers
72 views

Time Dilation diagram on wikipedia

The wikipedia article on Time Dilation (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_dilation) has an explanation involving the following two diagrams: I have some problems with these diagrams. In the second ...
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1answer
44 views

Question about 3d collision of 2 particles [duplicate]

I'm wondering about how to calculate the resultant velocity vectors of an elastic collision of two particles of same mass, in 3d. I've seen a post on the subject in which you answered, but I didn't ...
3
votes
3answers
145 views

Is the maximum possible measurable velocity = 2c

What is the maximum velocity that can be measured between two objects? Is 2C the correct answer? Two photons (A & B) are emitted simultaneously from my position; photon A going north and photon ...
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votes
1answer
105 views

Time slows down as you approach the speed of light, travelers observe speeds faster than light travel? [closed]

If I was on a spaceship traveling almost at the speed of light, my time would slow down relative to the time for a stationary external observer. My question is, since we measure distances between ...
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1answer
41 views

While jumping in a high speed train why we fall on same place? [duplicate]

while we jump inside a high speed train why do we fall on the exact place? as train is in high speed and we are jumping so we should fall backside. but this doesn't happen why?
28
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6answers
6k views

How does a spinning object “know” that it is spinning?

I am constructing a thought experiment about a spinning object that is floating in intergalactic space. I assume that this object is about the size of a planet so that it will have enough gravity so ...
1
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1answer
71 views

Difference between local inertial frame and coordinate chart

In the most cases the local inertial frame is definied "physically" but I'm searching for a mathematically meaningful definition of the local inertial frame to solve my problem: Is the local ...
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0answers
36 views

Relativistic Particles [closed]

The question: An electron is moving at $0.6c$ in the lab frame. For an observer moving at $0.8c$ in the same direction as the electron's motion, what is the electron's kinetic energy (in MeV)? My ...
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0answers
144 views

Relativistic electrodynamics between two point charges moving in perpendicular directions [closed]

Let there be two point charges, positive or negative, having velocities in directions perpendicular to each other. I need to evaluate the total interactive force on those (Lorentz force). I do it by ...
1
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0answers
68 views

Light at the Speed of Light [duplicate]

Since light particles travel at the speed of light, we know it's possible for something to travel at that speed. However, since all things are relative, and if time does stop at the speed of light, ...