Gases which do not undergo chemical reactions (except the loss of electrons to become ionized).

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Why are noble gases used for lights?

I know that neon is used in advert signs due to its inertness. However, I am not entirely sure how the inertness is exploited. I think it is because Ne being inert means that after electricity frees ...
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464 views

How were noble gases discovered?

Noble gases are chemically neutral. They don't react with anything. So, how were they discovered?
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339 views

How 'pure' is liquid nitrogen?

I've been doing an experiment using liquid nitrogen, and am aware that pouring it into different containers gives a chance for other gases to liquify and contaminate it; what's a good estimate for the ...
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3answers
559 views

Can any gas be liquidified by lowering the temperature?

Can any gas be liquidified by lowering the temperature? What happens with gases at absolute zero? Are there gases that remain gases at absolute zero? Do their molecules move at these temperatures? ...
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1answer
941 views

Zeolite-based oxygen concentrators

I wonder, what is content of output of zeolite-based pressure swing adsorption oxygen concentrators (both oxygen output, and exhaust output)? Yes, they can produce 95% oxygen. But what's the ...
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1answer
964 views

Neon lamp: minimal breakdown voltage

I am looking at this formula from wiki for breakdown voltage in gas discharge lamps, and I see its linear by length (d) (oops, I see it's divided by $ln$) $$\frac{Bpd}{\mathrm{ln}\ Apd-\mathrm{ln}\ (...
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407 views

Measuring Atomic Radius of a Noble Gas

How exactly can you measure the atomic radius of a noble gas such as Neon or Helium accurately? Would liquefaction help? I also heard that the aforementioned gases are the only common elements which ...
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1answer
446 views

How to derive the two-term approximation for the Boltzmann equation?

Starting with the Boltzmann equation in terms of $f(t,\vec v,\vec x)$ or $f(t,\vec v)$ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boltzmann_equation $$\left(\frac{\partial}{\partial t} + \vec{v} \, \...
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921 views

Gas Cylinder Life

Say I have a gas cylinder filled with nitrogen to some volume at some pressure. On that cylinder I have a regulator so that I get a steady pressure out. I wish to discharge the cylinder. How many ...
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47 views

Gauge Pressure and Bar Pressure [closed]

I ran into a problem trying to calculate the absolute pressure of an isolated system. I was given that the gauge pressure in a tire is 200kPa or 2 bars. To get the absolute pressure I would have to ...
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1answer
129 views

Can we create a force shield using a gas that acts like a non-Newtonian fluid?

Most people know that if you mix cornflour with water it creates a liquid that if a force is acted upon it it solidify for an instant then returns to a liquid state. will we be able to create a gas ...
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40 views

Calculating heat absorbed from expanding gas [closed]

I'm trying to calculate the amount of heat absorbed per kg of different types of gas, namely compressed air and carbon dioxide. Starting with carbon dioxide, I found that the Joule-Thompson ...
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2answers
751 views

Where I can find information about how helium gas diffuses through different polymer materials

I need more experimental information about helium gas diffusion in solid materials such as different plastics, metals, ceramics etc. For example I am scientifically curious about what is the polymer ...
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269 views

Could I use an electron gun to make plasma?

Could I ionize a gas using an electron gun and knock off electrons in the gas to make plasma?
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1answer
665 views

Calculating laser wavelength/power to cause emission of light in a gas?

I've become interested in volumetric displays. In particular I'm looking at a pair of lasers scanning a volume of gas such that the intersection of the lasers would supply enough energy to cause the ...
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0answers
15 views

Plasma generated with gas and how far does it penetrate the skin

I know Far Infrared can penetrate the body’s tissues 1.5 inches (almost 4 cm) beneath the skin. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3699878/ But how far will a plasma field generated with ...
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83 views

Recombination time for ionized atoms in a low pressure gas?

I am looking into some new physics and had the following question come up: You have a neutral gas of let's say, CO atoms at 1 nanoTorr. An electron(s) comes passing through the gas ionizing only 1% ...
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2answers
958 views

Why do noble gases stabilize plasma discharges?

In the plasma literature, noble gases—usually helium or argon—are frequently said to 'stabilize' plasmas. For instance in this patent, the inventor states that the plasma can be stabilized "by adding ...
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3answers
4k views

Potential vs Kinetic Energy of Particles in Gas

"In the gas phase, the molecules are freely moving particles traveling through space, where the kinetic energy associated with each particle is greater than the potential energy of intermolecular ...
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1answer
6k views

Why do real gases deviate from ideal behavior above the Boyle temperature?

My textbook says that Boyle temperature is the temperature at which a real gas shows maximum ideal gas behavior. Below the Boyle temperature, molecules come too close and intermolecular forces skew ...
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1answer
35 views

Understanding why 2*density of a isolated gas equals half the initial temperature

A vertical cylinder of cross-sectional area 0.050 m2 is fitted with a tight-fitting, frictionless piston of mass 5.00 kg. The cylinder contains 3.00 mol of an ideal gas at 227°C. At what temperature ...
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1answer
452 views

Calculate pressure from partition function with separated volume geometric parameters?

How does one calculate the pressure from the partition function if it is specified in terms of three parameters defining the space of which the gas occupies, but all three parameters are not always ...
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2answers
4k views

If you put a latex balloon in a vacuum, how much would it expand?

If you put a latex balloon in a vacuum, how much would it expand? And would it pop? Assume it doesn't leak. EDIT: Some numbers: Ambient pressure is 100 KPa, balloon is perfectly spherical with a ...
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13 views

Create spinning / modulating plasma effect without spinning the whole appartus

I'm trying to create a variable spinning / modulating plasma effect without turning the whole apparatus as seen in the video. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wis_HEa3X84 Is it possible to just use ...
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7 views

Numerical table of gases conductivity after passing the pertinent critical field

I am searching for a paper listing the conductivity of specific gases after passing their pertinent critical field strength and the typical time necessary for same gases to become conductive by ...
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17 views

why it is said that the mach number of noble gases should be less than 0.1 in order to avoid non linear effects?

while reading about the construction of thermoacoustic refrigeration i read that the mach number of the noble gases should be less than 0.1 to avoid non linear effects. what is the science behind ...
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30 views

Temperature Frequency relationship for gas?

I am getting something like this T (C) = Constant*log(Frequency) I do not have background of physics and I am wondering, if there is any formula which can explain the physics behind it? Something ...