# Tagged Questions

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948 views

### How did physicists know that only negative charges move?

I have phrased similarly another question about how physicists knew that two charges exist, positive and negative. The purpose of the question is not necessarily to educate me historically. It's just ...
436 views

### How does the emf “know” what the magnetic flux is?

I came across an example in my book where it has the changing flux from a solenoid passing through a larger ring at the end. Here's a picture: How does the large loop (or radius $r_1$) even “know”...
17k views

### Does a positive or negative charge attract a neutral object?

Three objects are brought close to each other, two at a time. When objects A and B are brought together, they attract. When objects B and C are brought together, they repel. From this, we conclude ...
5k views

### Can you make ice red hot?

This video clip allegedly shows an otherwise unspecified ice cube that turns red hot (and burns) due to induction heating. Can somebody explain how this works?
277 views

### Motion in a time-dependent uniform magnetic field

Suppose you have an infinite solenoid generating an uniform magnetic field inside. The field is oriented along the solenoid axis : unit vector $\vec{\bf n}$. The field intensity varies linearly with ...
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### Why doe we not get a shock on induction cooker?

In induction cooking, eddy currents in cook-pot cause heat to be produced. But why do we not get a shock? Also, why is it that current is converted to heat while it has a good conductor(say, steel) ...
723 views

### How to find the direction of an eddy current?

Suppose there is a magnetic field going from left to right. Suppose a thin sheet of metal conductor (e.g. a 1m*1m square) is dropped through the magnetic field such that the plane of the conductor is ...
65 views

### Weird phenomenon on aluminum laptop casing [duplicate]

A couple of days ago I observed a phenomenon which I'm not sure I understand correctly. My brother-in-law has recently bought an ASUS gaming laptop in an aluminum casing. When the power supply is ...
3k views

### Calculate electric field induced by a changing magnetic field

I want to plot the electric field (as a vector field plot) which is induced by a changing magnetic field for some simple cases. Suppose for example that the magnetic field changes linearly (or ...
631 views

### Can an induction coil heat two layers of metal?

Imagine we have an induction coil which is strong enough to heat a sheet of metal. We can put a sheet of ferromagnetic metal close to the coil at distance $h_1$, and it gets heated to temperature $t_1$...
269 views

### Can I feel (the results of) electromagnetic induction from overhead rail lines in the human body?

A few weeks back, I was standing at a Hornsey rail station (in the UK) which uses overhead lines, and particularly has a number of parallel rail lines, all close to the platform. While I was standing ...
973 views

### Magnetic Levitation : Confusion with Lenz's Law

Considering the above diagram, I am failing to see why the aluminium ring floats upwards rather than oscillates. I understand Faraday's law, but I am struggling with Lenz's law - as there is an ...
1k views

### Measuring voltage drop from induced current

I'm having trouble connecting voltage drops and induced current. Imagine you have a triangular loop make up off three resistors. You place this loop in a constantly changing magnetic field. This ...
370 views

### Induction cooker + superconductive pot [closed]

What will happen if I put a super-conductive object on an induction cooker, and turn the cooker on?
261 views

### What is the area in Faraday's law if we have only a piece of metal moving in a magnetic field?

If a piece of metal of length $l$ is moving with a speed $v$ in a region where there is a uniform magnetic field $B$ perpendicular to it, there will be a potential difference across its terminals ...
1k views

### Can current be induced in a superconductor?

Moving a magnet close to a conductor induces a current. If it consists of a superconducting material with resistance $R=0$, then my textbook says: Then the induced current will continue to flow ...
5k views

### Is it possible to get energy from electrical wire using induction?

Pardon me if this is a stupid question but my physics courses are from a long long time ago and I was a teenager back then. ;) Electricity in a wire generates electromagnetism, right? Would it be ...
103 views

### Kirchoff's rules and inductance

Can Kirchoff's loop rule be applied in a scenario involving an inductor? Kirchoff's loop rule states that the closed loop integral of E dot dl is equal to zero. But, in a situation with an inductor, a ...
6k views

### Does changing the electric / magnetic field cause self-reinforcing induction of the other?

I understand that changing electric field produces magnetic field and changing magnetic field produces electric field. Are these produced magnetic and electric field produced due to one defined to be ...
6k views

### Non-conservative electric fields due to changing magnetic flux?

What I read in several places, tells me that, the fact Coulomb's Law follows inverse-square law and gives a force which is radial, implies that a static electric field must be conservative.(In short, ...
276 views

### Why an inductor parallel with a light bulb makes it flash as a key closes the circuit?

The title is a simplified form of my question. To be precise, I'm talking about the following circuit: The inductor has a resistanse equal to the resistor in the circuit. So, the question is that, ...
296 views

### Does an Inductor maintain it's energy?

Consider a simple LCR ac circuit; generally I (might) understand that the charge exchange between capacitor and inductor would induce a harmonic current flow, but I remain confused for two reasons: ...
930 views

### How are the Lorentz force, Maxwell's third law and Faraday's law of induction clasically related?

Faraday's law of induction can be used in any situation where the magnetic flux is changing through a closed conducting loop. While giving the correct answer, it seems to me that for the following ...
824 views

### Explaining Lenz's Law without conservation of energy

I was often told by my professor, using the following example, to demonstrate the relationship of conservation of energy and Lenz's Law. If you push a conductor into a constant magnetic field. By ...
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### How to calculate the energy transfer between working coil and working piece and dissipated energy of working piece in induction heating?

For who don't know how does induction heating work, a short description can be found here. However, my question is about physics. Assume I have a coil inductor calculated carefully 50 uH as below: ...
211 views

### Why in electrostatics is $dV=-E.dr$ but in electromagnetic induction, $EMF=+E.dS$?

In electrostatics we learned that $$dV=-E.dr$$. I understood the derivation which was used to derive this. Now when I have come to Electromagnetic Induction,I see that when there is a time varying ...
1k views

I have studied that Faraday's law of induction and motional emf are two different lines of thinking but are essentially same. But then, how can Faraday's paradox be explained by Faraday's law of ...
3k views

### Application of Kirchhoff's laws in circuits with inductors

As we know,the Kirchhoff circuit laws are applicable for conservative electric fields. Now it is applicable for circuits where inductors are present but the field there is not conservative. So how ...
4k views

### Transformer and magnetic field/flux through the iron core?

I am familiar with how a transformer works. This is the diagram that I found on the wikipedia page: The current through the red solenoid varies with time, which creates a time-dependent magnetic ...
230 views

### Does the induced Electric field develop instantly or lags by $\frac rc$?

Consider a loop of radius $r_0=3 \times 10^8$ cm. A thin bar magnet is passed through its center. This implies that the magnetic flux through the loop will change. Now according to Faraday's law a non ...
330 views

### How does an inductor store magnetic energy?

I am trying to figure out what the potential energy of an inductor with a current really means. In a capacitor, the energy stored works like this: if you let the plates attract each other, before ...
2k views

### Work done by Lorentz Force in case of motional emf

In the classical example of the slidewire generator where the rod slides on a U-shaped conductor in a magnetic field, we get a charge separation due to the Lorentz force. The way the induced emf is ...
385 views

### Induced magnetic field produces electric field and vice versa forever!

So here are the two of Maxwell's laws that I am interested in: So we have the simple circuit (from google): So, before the system goes into steady-state we know that charge slowly accumulates on ...
433 views

### Why is there no induced electric field in the experiment (Faraday's Law)

Below are three circuit diagrams for each of Faraday's experiments that allowed Faraday to come up with Faraday's Law. In Griffiths' Introduction to Electrodynamics Griffiths states (on page 302 of ...
891 views

### What is the current through the lamp?

We have the following circuit: A neon lamp and a inductor are connected in parallel to a battery of 1.5 $V$. The inductor has a 1000 loops, a length of $5.0 cm$, an area of $12cm^2$ and a ...
157 views

### Voltmeters and changing magnetic fields

A changing magnetic field pierces the interior of a circuit containing three identical resistors. Two voltmeters are connected to the same points, as shown. V1 reads 1 mV. What does V2 read? ...
224 views

### Induced current created by a magnet falling in a copper tube?

One of the educational demos often shown in schools is to drop a high strength neodymium magnet down a length of copper tube. It takes a considerable time to exit the tube because as it falls it ...
68 views

### If you toss a handful of confetti onto a comb, why does some of it stick and some of it fly away?

My guess is some paper pieces happen to be charged with the opposite charge compared to the comb, so they are attracted, but once they touch the comb, their charge is neutralized. But the comb is ...
311 views

### Attraction and repulsion of electron spin ups and electron spin downs

Alright, we know that copper is a diamagnetic material, which has paired electrons. These paired electrons have different spin. I'm specifically interested in what is going on with the electrons in a ...
292 views

### Faradays Law: How Does Curl E Change Over Time In a Coil?

I think I am currently making a mistake regarding my interpretation of Faraday's Law. $\vec{\nabla}\times\vec{E}=-\frac{\partial\vec{B}}{\partial t}$ Assuming we have an electric field $\vec{E}$ in ...
456 views

### Finding the terminal velocity of a magnet dropped in a solenoid

We have to find proportionality of the terminal velocity with the factors of the system: Plot: a small dipole(mass $m$) with dipole moment $\mu$ is dropped in a long solenoid (radius $r$, ...
110 views

### Why is an $LC$ oscillator lossless, but $C V^2 / 2$ energy is lost to a capacitor connected to an ideal voltage source?

It is mathematically proven that in an $LC$ oscillation that all the energy gets transferred from the inductor to the capacitor and vice versa. There is no energy loss as there is no load in the ...
513 views

### Why do old transformers make sounds, but new ones don't?

What I think is that maybe insulation is gradually removed between plates, and eddy currents start passing from one plate to another and this produces sound. Am I right?
302 views

### locality vs non-locality

Suppose we have a circular loop of wire, and we put a long perfect solenoid inside it which is connected to an AC voltage source so that the magnetic field inside it starts to vary by time, does this ...
138 views

### Why is Kirchhoff's second law commonly used for circuits involving inductivity?

I have often seen in introductory literature, e.g. for the activation process of a circuit with a power source which delivers the voltage $U$, current $I$, resistance $R$ and an inductivity $L$, that ...
271 views

### Is light moving because of self induction? [duplicate]

Light is made by an electric field wave and a magnetic field wave. Induction laws state that a variation in the electric field creates a magnetic field and vice versa. Therefore can it be said that ...
1k views

### Cause of electromagnetic induction?

The rate of change of magnetic flux through a surface (open) is related with the line integral over the closed loop binding the selected surface by one of the Maxwell's equation. But that means even ...
555 views

### Does special relativity unify the two phenomena at the base of Faraday's flux law (was Feynman wrong in this case)?

Consider Faraday's flux law for the EMF generated in a conductor loop: $$\varepsilon = - \frac{d \phi}{dt},$$ where $\varepsilon$ is the EMF, and $\phi$ is the magnetic flux through the loop. ...