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1answer
27 views

What does an induced emf do to a loop of varying current?

I know that the magnetic flux through a loop in space is proportional to the current such that $\Phi=LI$. Therefore a change in magnetic flux will produce an emf, so $\mathscr{E}=-L\dfrac{dI}{dt}$. ...
0
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0answers
28 views

Finding the component values of a series RLC circuit using an oscilliscope and signal generator [on hold]

What methods could I use to find the individual values of the components - resistor, inductor and capacitor - of a series RLC circuit using an oscilloscope, signal generator and 10 ohm resistor. Where ...
0
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2answers
147 views

Magnetic field by a solenoid?

I am really not able to understand why is it that the current,while finding the magnetic field in the solenoid (ideal one), is not $I$ the current flowing throught the solenoid but $nI$, where $n$ is ...
0
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1answer
94 views

Why do we always consider the area of inner solenoid while calculating the mutual inductance of two coaxial solenoids?

While we know that flux linked to an area is the dot product of the area vector of the loop(and not the actual area encountering the field lines) and the magnetic field linked to it, why then do we ...
1
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2answers
197 views

Is there inductance to a DC circuit?

When a DC circuit is carrying current, large amounts or small, is there induced-emf due to the inductance? Or is it only applied to AC circuits?
0
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4answers
83 views

Current in purely LR DC circuit at t=0

I was told by my professor that the current in a purely LR Circuit with at initial state (JUST after closing the switch) is zero. Can you please help me understand why it that so?
0
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2answers
65 views

Why can't mutual inductance create perpetual electricity?

Consider the following image. When the battery is connected then current starts flowing through the primary cicuit and magnetic flux changes through the coil, this causes electricity to be induced ...
1
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1answer
49 views

How can we define the energy stored in a (conservative) force field?

I have come to know from my textbook that energy is stored in the E-field of a capacitor, in the B-field of an inductor and so on. Take the example of an inductor. The derivation bewilders me ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Why doe we not get a shock on induction cooker?

In induction cooking, eddy currents in cook-pot cause heat to be produced. But why do we not get a shock? Also, why is it that current is converted to heat while it has a good conductor(say, steel) ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Confusion regarding inductors

I understand that a change in flux linkages of an inductor results in induced emf across it, the magnitude and direction of which can be determined by Faraday's and Lenz's laws. The magnitude of this ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Induction in a coil of a hollow conductor

Will a mutually induced AC current in a coil of a solid conductor behave differently from that induced in a coil made from a hollow conductor. Background: A colleague and I are researching for an ...
1
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1answer
45 views

Why is there current in LC Circuits?

When we connect two electric sources (positive to positive and negative to negative) then the current that runs the circuit is calculated as follows: $ I = (E1-E2)/(2r + R) $ In case of an LC ...
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0answers
33 views

Mutual inductance theoretically decreasing while EMF is increasing in 2 square coil system

I have a quick question regarding electricity and magnetism. I am measuring the induced emf in a square coil of wire with an inductance of 439uH (the other coil is also 439uH and is the same shape). I ...
1
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1answer
59 views

Transformers - Why more coils in second coil causes more voltage [duplicate]

I am learning about magnetic induction and transformers. I have coil1 which uses AC to create an oscillating magnetic field. I have ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Constant current in inductor

When I brought the dc voltage from $25 V$ to $0 V$ . A constant flow of electrons I could see in the inductor. Why is this phenomenon happening ? When a constant voltage was supplied the inductor ...
0
votes
2answers
114 views

Self induction in transformer

Wont self induction ruin the working of a transformer ? While increasing voltage (AC) in the primary coil, wont there happen a self induction in the primary coil itself ? $E_0 = -L \frac{dI}{dt} $ ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Can two transformers used to make tesla coils?

Tesla coils seem to perform the same as a transformers: they use two coils and use magnetic field to transfer the energy. Doesn't using two transformers produce the same result? It doesn't seem to be ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Did the derivation of self inductance equation overcalculate winding number? [duplicate]

Let $L , I , \phi$ are self inductance , current and magnetic flux (created by each loop) of a solenoid with $n$ turns . $r$ is the radius of those loops . We have , $LI=n \phi = nAB $ [$A=\pi r^2$] ...
2
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2answers
468 views

Why do old transformers make sounds, but new ones don't?

What I think is that maybe insulation is gradually removed between plates, and eddy currents start passing from one plate to another and this produces sound. Am I right?
4
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4answers
678 views

Magnetostatic energy density — derivation without introducing inductance?

I was looking for a derivation of the expression for the energy density at any point in a static magnetic field. I do know that it is $$u_B=\dfrac {1}{2 \mu_0}\left|\mathbf{B}\right|^2,$$ I was just ...
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4answers
8k views

Derivation of self-inductance of a long wire

Currently I am stuck, trying to derive the self-inductance of a long wire. According to literature it should be $$L=\frac{\mu_r\mu_0l}{8\pi}$$ and in literature its derived by looking at the energy ...
3
votes
1answer
417 views

$Q$ factor of parallel RLC circuit in series with a capacitor and resistor

I know that for parallel RLC circuits, the $Q$ factor is given by: $$ Q = R \sqrt {\frac{C}{L}} $$ But now suppose it is connected in series to a resistor $R_2$ and capacitor $C_2$. Would the $Q$ ...
0
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3answers
196 views

RL vs RC circuits

I find it difficult to understand as to why current behaves differently in an RL and an RC circuit. At time $t=0$, in an RC circuit the current is maximum, whereas in an RL circuit its $0$. Why is it ...
1
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1answer
25 views

How to model the impedance of a coil with a dielectric slab on the top

I have sketched what I meant in the image below. Were there no dielectric slab, the coil could have been simply modeled as an inductor. But I am not sure what the impedance can be if there is a ...
1
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1answer
35 views

Explain why the frequency cutoff for RL circuits is given by $\frac{R}{2\pi L}$

I am studying low and high pass RL filters for Navy schooling. I need someone explain why the frequency cutoff is $fco = \frac{R}{2\pi L}$ mathematically. From my oscilloscope lab results I got the ...
1
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1answer
46 views

Questions about the formula used to determine inductive reactance and $Z_t$

I am currently on the inductors unit in my Navy schooling and I have two questions about these formulas that I learned about. As I'm aware, the ability of an inductor to concentrate a magnetic field ...
0
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1answer
143 views

Specific differential equation in RLC circuit

I have been studying differential equations in RLC circuits: specifically I am looking at a generator with fixed EMF $=E$,a capacitor $C$, an inductor with inductance $L$ and internal resistance ...
3
votes
2answers
223 views

What is zero impedance in AC circuit?

If a capacitor is connected with an inductor, then because $$Z=\frac{1}{j\omega C}+j\omega L,$$ the Z may be zero. Does that mean when I apply a voltage, the current will be infinite large? What's ...
42
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7answers
5k views

Cyclist's electrical tingling under power lines

It's been happening to me for years. I finally decided to ask users who are better with "practical physics" when I was told that my experience – that I am going to describe momentarily – prove that I ...
0
votes
2answers
82 views

Inductor's energy

I have some knowledge about LC circuits, like I know Maxwell's equations, the differential equations of circuit oscillator and so on. I am armed with equations to solve physical problems involving ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Why does the power in an inductor equal what it does?

I understand that power is that rate at which work is done and that because of this the power in an inductor is equal to $$P=\frac{d}{dt} \left(\frac12Li^2\right).$$ I also understand that the power ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Self inductance & time constant formula

Is this a correct formula for calculating the induced EMF of a wire after the current stabilizes/ or while it stabilizes in the beginning of a DC circuit? What is the difference between the above ...
1
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3answers
104 views

Current through two inductors after a long time

I'm having trouble with visualizing the following problem, which is asking me for the final, steady current in both inductors $L_{1}$ and $L_{2}$. I was thinking that after a long time, essentially ...
0
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1answer
66 views

EMF due to self-inductance? [closed]

I'm trying to calculate the induced $-V$ in a DC circuit when current starts to flow, and reaches it's maximum value. The inductance of the conductor is 1000nH it carries large amounts of current ...
0
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2answers
99 views

Electromagnetic Inductance: Different voltmeter readings from different positions

In the setup below, the voltmeter on the right would read differently than the voltmeter on the left even though they are both connected to point D and point A. This picture is taken from Lecture ...
7
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1answer
300 views

Reluctance of torus shaped iron core with embedded wire loop

Imagine a circular wire loop (r = 50mm), the wire has an assumed diameter of zero, which is embedded in a torus shaped iron core with a circular cross-section of R = 10mm. A current in that loop ...
2
votes
1answer
466 views

Induction and Halbach Array

I have recently studied and tried to understand the concept of the Inductrack ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inductrack ), a form a magnetic levitation. In the following link they present three ...
1
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2answers
87 views

Why does the current increase in an LC circuit while the capacitor is being discharged?

From the maths governing an LC circuit (eg. $E_B=\frac{LI^2}{2}$) we can deduce, that the current through the inductor will have a maximum value, when there's no energy stored in the capacitor, or ...
0
votes
1answer
4k views

Does the phase difference between voltage and current in an LCR circuit exist throughout the circuit?

I know that in an purely inductive circuit the current lags behind voltage by $90^o$, in a purely capacitive circuit vice-versa and in an LCR circuit the current may lag or gain with respect to ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Why is parasitic capacitance in inductor said to be in parallel?

Internal resistance of inductance (or other devices) are said to be in series. But parasitic capacitance is said to be in parallel (in case of an inductor). Why is that so? What determines whether an ...
0
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0answers
34 views

30kHz solenoid and power amplifier design

I have some difficulties designing my experimental apparatus: The goal is creating a Solenoid in air (or iron powdered core) able to produce at least 50G of peak B field on his axis at a distance of ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Mutual Inductance of co-planar (but not concentric) loops

Two small wire loops, each with radius b, are placed a distance $d >> b$ apart. The loops are oriented as shown below; i.e., both loops lie in the x-y plane. Each loop carries the same current ...
0
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0answers
46 views

Origin of induced emf

What is the origin of induced emf in a conductor which is produced by changing magnetic flux.I mean why changing magnetic flux causes the production of induced emf. Is there some kind of energy ...
2
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2answers
1k views

How to Determine the voltage polarity of inductor in a circuit? [closed]

The Voltage polarity across the inductor is same as that across the capacitor since both are in parallel and the voltage across them must be same. But when Inductor, capacitor and resistor are ...
1
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4answers
4k views

Transformer: primary side & secondary side current 180 degree out of phase

I am a novice in electrical engineering. I notice that in transformer the secondary side current & current referred to as primary are 180 degree out of phase from each other. But why it is so, I ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Energy in a Solenoid?

Consider a circuit consisting of a battery, a resistor and a solenoid inductor. Then, the emf $\mathcal{E}$, is defined as: $$\mathcal{E} = L\frac{di}{dt} + iR$$ Multiplying both sides by ...
7
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3answers
1k views

When mutual inductance is occurring between two coils, is self inductance always occurring in each individual coil?

When a coil connected to an AC generator creates an EMF in another nearby coil (mutual inductance), is self inductance simultaneously occurring in both coils?
0
votes
1answer
906 views

How to find power factor value of parallel RL circuit knowing the power factor value for the series circuit with the same components

Because I know the value for the power factor for the series RL circuit I've tried to find the ratio between the series circuit power factor and the parallel circuit power factor, expressed in terms ...
8
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0answers
133 views

Are there analogs to resistance, inductance, capacitance, and memristance connecting the weak force to electromagnetism?

A question was asked over at EE.SE recently which I tried to answer, but much of my answer was speculative. I'm hoping someone here can help my ignorance. In electronics design, there are four ...
0
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1answer
185 views

determining Induced emf/current through v x B . l

I am working on a question from my book. I am wondering how they conclude emf is negative in this case. looking at $$ \mathcal{E} = \vec{v} \times \vec{B} \cdot \vec{dl}$$ If there's some implied ...