The property of an electrical conductor through which a change in current through it induces an electromotive force in both the conductor itself as well as in any nearby conductors by mutual inductance. Also use more broadly for electromagnetic phenomena in solenoids.

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Capacitor/Inductor Resonance

I am struggling to understand the concept on resonance in electric circuits. I understand that a inductor builds up a charge on it, then the current flows to the capacitor, charging it. But then ...
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2answers
67 views

Calculating potential difference for fraction of loop with induced current

Given a circular wire loop of radius r, resistance R enclosing a magnetic field perpendicular to the plane of the loop that increases with time ($B=\alpha t$), I have calculated the induced current $I=...
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1answer
555 views

Why do we always consider the area of inner solenoid while calculating the mutual inductance of two coaxial solenoids?

While we know that flux linked to an area is the dot product of the area vector of the loop(and not the actual area encountering the field lines) and the magnetic field linked to it, why then do we ...
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0answers
19 views

The effects of multi-stranded wire on magnetic field strength

If I were to make a solenoid (with an air core) out of stranded copper wire- say for instance 8 strands- would this effect the magnetic field strength compared to, say, a solenoid with a single stand ...
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4answers
64 views

Current in inductor just after switch is closed

I have read that the current in an inductor resistor circuit just after closing the switch is zero. This is derived by finding the differential equation in terms of current by using KVL. Is this true ...
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1answer
18 views

alternating current through an inductor

In alternating current through an inductor, why the voltage across the inductor provided by the a.c power supply must be equal to the back emf to maintain the current in the inductor?
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2answers
27 views

Levitation inside a solenoid

Is it possible to levitate something inside a solenoid? If yes, is it possible in any direction (horizontal, vertical)? Also, is it possible when an object is traveling through? Thanks in advance!
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2answers
40 views

Steady state RLC circuit analysis

In an RLC series circuit let applied EMF be given $V=V_0\sin\omega t$, $$Z=Z_C+Z_R+Z_L=R+i\left(\frac{1}{\omega C}-\omega L\right)$$ $$|Z|=\sqrt{R^2+\left(\frac{1}{\omega C}-\omega L\right)^2}$$ Then ...
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0answers
29 views

Calculate Temperature change in a solid due to resistive heating

Trying to calculate temperature increase in a solid due to resistive heating by a current flow, is this along the right lines? First I have calculated resistance due to resistivity, then calculated ...
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0answers
18 views

Inductance heating, Temp Change [duplicate]

I am trying to find the temperature increase of a solid(copper) in a gas (air) due to an electric current passing through the solid (inductance). I need to encompass any temperature losses from the ...
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1answer
29 views

Capacitor and inductive coil in AC circuit

Does increase in $L$ of inductive coil with variable no. of turns or $C$ of capacitor with changeable capacitance increase frequency of the circuit?
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1answer
38 views

Inductor potential difference direction

If you have increasing current going down an inductor, the inductor will produce a potential difference to produce a counter current in the opposite direction, or up. The lower potential is then on ...
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55 views

Finding Inductance in an AC RLC Circuit?

In the laboratory you find an inductor of unknown inductance $L$ and unknown internal resistance $R$. Using a dc ohmmeter, an ac voltmeter of high impedance, a 1 microfarad capacitor, and a 1000 Hz ...
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34 views

Logarithm of the voltage of the inductor in RL circuit experiment is nonlinear with time

I performed an experiment about the RL circuit, with following circuit: (I used the PASCO RLC circuit lab.) By Kirchhoff's voltage law, (denoting the emf of the signal generator $\mathscr E$, ...
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2answers
41 views

What actually goes on in RLC circuit?

I already have difficulty understanding how each of the RLC circuit elements work individually as it is, and I have no idea how they work simultaneously in an RLC circuit. My schoolbook represents the ...
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2answers
24 views

Inductor circuit

Consider a inductor circuit with an inductor connected to a DC battery and a switch. Initially the switch is open. At time $t=0$ the switch is closed. What will happen to the inductor just after the ...
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0answers
32 views

LCR circuit at resonance

I am studying about the LCR circuit and have a question regarding potential difference across inductor and capacitor. From the thing I have studied I came to know about that potential across inductor ...
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1answer
631 views

How to imagine the first few moments of an LR circuit?

For example, there's a very simple circuit which only contains on resistor. So according to Ohm's law, we have: $\mathrm{emf} = IR$ As we know when time $t = 0$, the current must be $I = 0$. However, ...
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0answers
22 views

Triphasor Problem

Given the data presented in the following link I have to get $R$ for $P = 90~\textrm{kW}$ and the line currents $i_1$, $i_2$ and $i_3$. Any ideas?
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1answer
81 views

How to find when an LRC circuit is critically damped mathematically, given a set of voltage/time data?

In an undergraduate-level experiment to approximate the resistance at which an LRC circuit system is critically damped, I found the resistance range within which the system is likely to be critically ...
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51 views

Current induced in concentric superconducting loops

Suppose you have two superconducting loops, concentric, in a plane. Also suppose that their radii, $R_1$ (outer) and $R_2$ (inner) have the same order of magnitude (so you can't assume $B$ through the ...
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3answers
543 views

How can a voltage across a capacitor be greater than the total voltage applied to the circuit?

I was reading about complex impedance and AC circuits, and I just came across a sentence on a website stating that the voltage across a capacitor can be greater than the applied voltage. How can this ...
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1answer
37 views

How to determine the polarities of inductor?

How to determine the polarities of inductor? I know it is determined from Lenz law but most of the time i get a wrong answer,can anyone demonstrate how it is got, through an example?
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3answers
72 views

Inductance coil with self-inductance and resistance

If a coil has $L$ henry self-inductance, resistance of $R$ ohms and potential deferens of $V$ volts what will be the current through it? In my opinion this case should be considered as resistance and ...
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2answers
21 views

Magnetic field lines opposite to actual direction

I was reading about purely inductive AC circuits. This is how the book tries to explain what happens in each cycle. As it can be seen, in the first and the fourth scenarios ,some magnetic field ...
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1answer
35 views

Quality factor of an LCR circuit

The quality factor of an LCR circuit is defined as: $$\omega°/2\delta\omega$$ $\omega°$ stands for the resonant frequency, and $\delta\omega$ for the range of frequencies between half power point and ...
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1answer
30 views

How do I show for an ideal transformer $M^2=L_1L_2$?

I've been stuck on this problem for about an hour. In an ideal transformer, the same flux passes through all turns of the primary and of the secondary . Show that in this case $M^2=L_1L_2$, where $...
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Are capacitors and inductors mirror images of each other?

I'm reading through my E&M textbook (Physics for Scientists and Engineers 3rd edition, Knight) and watching as many lectures on YouTube (Shankar, Pomerantz, Lewin, etc) to prepare for next quarter....
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2answers
64 views

Sign of induced EMF and other elements in AC circuit

I am having problems to determine the direction of the induced EMF in AC circuits. For example, we have an inductor of inductance $L$. The induced EMF is given by: $$ \epsilon = - L \frac{di}{dt} $$ ...
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4answers
1k views

If induced voltage (back-emf) is equal and opposite to applied voltage, what drives the current?

Suppose we have a circuit with a voltage source, a switch open and an inductor all in series. If we close the switch, the potential difference of the voltage source is instantaneously applied to the ...
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0answers
38 views

For a straight circular wire, what is the relationship between the self inductance and frequency?

Due to the skin effect, the AC inductance of a straight wire will decrease as frequency increases. Is there any formula that can describe this relationship?
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1answer
59 views

Problem with differential equation RLC circuit serie [closed]

I am trying solve the differential equation of RLC's circuit in serie, I have: $C=4\ F, L= 1\ H$, $R=5\ \Omega$, and $V_e=20\ V$. $1)$ first I got the equation, it is: $i''+5i'+\frac{1}{4}i=0$, what ...
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2answers
99 views

Kirchoff's rules and inductance

Can Kirchoff's loop rule be applied in a scenario involving an inductor? Kirchoff's loop rule states that the closed loop integral of E dot dl is equal to zero. But, in a situation with an inductor, a ...
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1answer
40 views

Is there an electric field within a superconducting inductor?

I have learned that the magnitude of the EMF (potential difference) between the terminals of an inductor is equal to L*di/dt. Does this imply that an electric field does indeed exist in an ideal ...
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3answers
3k views

When mutual inductance is occurring between two coils, is self inductance always occurring in each individual coil?

When a coil connected to an AC generator creates an EMF in another nearby coil (mutual inductance), is self inductance simultaneously occurring in both coils?
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2answers
1k views

Self induction in transformer

Wont self induction ruin the working of a transformer ? While increasing voltage (AC) in the primary coil, wont there happen a self induction in the primary coil itself ? $E_0 = -L \frac{dI}{dt} $ ...
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1answer
187 views

In an RLC series circuit on resonance, how can the voltages over the capacitor and the inductor be larger than the source voltage?

Consider an RLC circuit in series, of the form If the source drives the circuit in AC at the resonance frequency $\omega =1/\sqrt{LC}$, the peak-to-peak voltages on the capacitor and the inductor, ...
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2answers
80 views
1
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1answer
62 views

Self induction in a circular coil

There's a formula for self inductance : $$ L=\frac{n\Phi}{i}$$ where n is the number of loops. But the book also says self inductance is directly proportional to $ n^2 $ I totally agree with the ...
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1answer
250 views

Is the number of turns in a loop part of the magnetic flux?

In all both my physics textbooks, the number of loops $N$ is left out of the equation for magnetic flux $\phi_B = \int_s \vec B \cdotp\hat n dA$ and only when calculating the Emf induced by an ...
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1answer
82 views

Visualising current in the LCR circuit

I just went through the theory of the serial LCR circuit. There current and voltage are 90 degrees out of phase with each other. Now I was trying to imagine an animation with just dots. And I ...
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1answer
17 views

Phase angle of a circuit

Above is the problem at hand. I know how to calculate the angular frequency and total impedance of the circuit given the information provided. However, I'm not really sure what the question is asking, ...
4
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3answers
810 views

Why do Capacitor Inductor circuits Oscillate instead of reaching equilibrium?

When the capacitor is fully charged there is a potential difference between its poles and that creates a current. This current would create a magnetic field that is changing in the Inductor (because ...
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1answer
1k views

Significance of Time constants in LR and RC circuits [closed]

What is the significance of a time constant in a circuit? Is there any use of knowing the time at which the charge in a capacitor is 1-1/e times its total charge? What is special about the capacitor ...
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1answer
1k views

Ewing's Molecular Theory of Magnetism & Induction Cookers

This question regards Ewing's molecular theory of magnetism. I.) Ewing's molecular theory of magnetism describes every magnetic substance as being a collection of dipoles that are initially in a state ...
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0answers
72 views

Physical intuition behind the fact that current in an inductor lags behind the emf/voltage by $\frac{\pi}{2}$ in an AC circuit

What exactly is the reason that current through an inductor in an AC circuit acquires maximum value after quarter a time period ($\frac{T}{4}$) of the emf getting the max value?
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3answers
1k views

Is there inductance to a DC circuit?

When a DC circuit is carrying current, large amounts or small, is there induced-emf due to the inductance? Or is it only applied to AC circuits?
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2answers
457 views

Current in Inductor and Capacitor with DC voltage source? [closed]

A DC source in series with pure Inductor and pure Capacitor no Resistance. How the current will flow in this circuit? What I just know is that in the beginning Inductor will behave as an open circuit ...
3
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2answers
257 views

RLC circuit, turning off the voltage source

An RLC circuit (pictured above) is governed by two equations: \begin{align} -iR &= -L \frac{dj}{dt} = \frac{q}{C}+V(t) \\ \frac{dq}{dt} &= i+j \, . \end{align} $q$ satisfies the equation $$\...
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3answers
484 views

Rate of change of current in an Inductor

Considering an Inductor in a DC circuit: when the switch is first closed there is a change in current through the inductor, which induces an emf in the opposite direction (Lenz's Law). My question is ...