A gas that behaves as randomly moving, non-interacting molecules. This allows a simplified equation of state.

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Why is molar specific heat at constant volume of a monatomic ideal gas a constant?

I thought specific heat varies depending on the substance. Why is it always $(3/2) R$?
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138 views

What does a sample of the Sun look like? Does it look like fire or gas?

Suppose that in the future a highly resistant spacecraft went to the Sun and collected three samples of the Sun: one from its surface, one from its core, and one midway. The three samples were put ...
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103 views

Does QM needs refinement?

Suppose atoms of an ideal gas are represented by non overlapping wave function so that the system can be described classically. As time passes the packets spread. Therefore over a period of time we ...
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30 views

Cylinders of two identical gas composites [closed]

I think the answer is B because gas pressure only changes when the temperature is changed and the volume does not change since this element did not change. The physics concept that is in regard is ...
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1answer
651 views

Coefficient of volume expansion for gases

I often read that at 0 degree (Centigrade), gases expand by 1/273 of its volume at 0 degree for one degree rise in temp. So does this coefficient of expansion ( i.e. 1/273) change with temperature?
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49 views

What are the Correlations for the Super-compressability Z factor?

I am studying the course TPG4145 Reservoir fluids in NTNU and specifically the supercompressability factor $Z=\frac{V_{\text{real volume of the system}}}{V_{\text{ideal volume of the system}}}$ for ...
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59 views

Thermodynamics - ideal gas [closed]

Question: 1 mol of a monoatomic gas at 298 Kelvin acquires a volume of 3 litres. It is expanded adiabatically and reversibly to a pressure of of 1 atm. It is then compressed isothermally and ...
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66 views

Dielectric constant of gases - constant?

A number of questions related to the topic: Is the dielectric constant actually constant as a function of temperature and frequency (when used in a capacitor)? Is it constant as a function of field ...
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431 views

$E=kT$ or $\frac32kT$?

Basically, which is the correct formula for thermal energy, and is this the same as kinetic energy? My notes are pretty conflicting on this topic, and I'm getting pretty confused.
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49 views

Adiabatic Relation in Plasma Invariant and Thermodynamics

In the problem above, I know how to do the 1D part. Basically, you just plug $V_{\parallel} = \frac{J}{L}$ into $\langle \frac{1}{2} m v^2\rangle = \frac{1}{2} k T$. After you get $T$ in terms of ...
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170 views

Pressure Question

I have a question that relates to an arrangement of natural gas pipelines but for simplicity I will be describing a less complex problem. Imagine that I have two large pressure vessels connected by a ...
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137 views

Ideal gas in ensemble

I want to calculate the phase space density for a single ideal gas particle in a microcanonical ensemble. I know that the partition function is given by the well-known expression that you find for ...
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53 views

How does EM heating cause motion?

Similar to how does heating cause motion, I'm trying to understand how a photon imparts motion to an atom, i.e. adds heat to a gas. I'm going to hazard a guess, and suggest this occurs something ...
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64 views

Is collision in ideal gas because of physical collision or due to repulsion force

Is collision in ideal gas because of physical collision or due to repulsion force when they approach close by?
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69 views

Why do tires need to be inflated when the temperature changes?

Why do you need to add air to your tires when the temperature drops? The temperature inside and outside of the tire is the same (let's assume that you aren't currently driving, and your car has been ...
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0answers
174 views

Thermodynamics: Caclulate final temperature with hot metal in gas [closed]

I've been working on this problem for a couple of hours now, and I think that I simply don't understand the basic principles that tie into the problem: (note that I attempted this problem and it was ...
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0answers
36 views

Nonlinear constitutive state equation

Between the Tait equation, and the B/A type of equation, which one is better suited to approximate the isentropic equation of state? Why B/A type is mostly used in nonlinear acoustics?
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1answer
4k views

Work Done in a Thermodynamic System (Cylinder with Piston) [closed]

Heated Piston A cylinder of cross-sectional area 0.0314m^2, filled with argon (a monatomic ideal gas), is sealed with a piston of mass M=25kg that is free to move up and down. The piston is ...
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630 views

How do gas molecules constantly bounce without losing energy?

From a related question (How does pressurized gas constantly push?), i asked myself this: How do gas molecules constantly bounce off each other without losing energy? If you drop a ball, it bounces a ...
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1answer
69 views

Ideal gas law in open volumes

I often find in text books that the ideal gas law given by $p\cdot V=m\cdot R\cdot T$ is applicable in a closed system, still, some use it for open systems (like freezing the system at a given ...
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1answer
124 views

What happens to the gas in the container in this picture when the container is tilted

So the test question asked what would happen to the gas if this container were tilted on its side. The piston shown here is 10 kg and moves frictionlessly. I said that the pressure inside the ...
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3answers
1k views

How long does it take to equalize pressure of two gas containers?

I'm looking for an equation that will tell me how long it takes for two gases at two different pressures to equalize their pressures. As a more concrete question, Container 1 has gas at pressure P1. ...
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3answers
414 views

Why Earth's atmosphere behaves like an ideal gas?

In every book I found this sentence like an assumption, without explananions, somebody can help me understand it better?
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10k views

What happens to the temperature when an ideal gas is compressed?

I am rather confused about this. I know from Charles' law that under constant pressure, the volume of a gas is directly proportional to its absolute temperature i.e. $$\frac{V_1}{T_1} = ...
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157 views

Simple gas in cylinder modeling

I want to do a simple (physically plausible but not physically accurate) simulation of a gas in a cylinder as it works on or is worked on by a piston. Wikipedia gives a good example of an adiabatic ...
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1answer
2k views

How to calculate the buoyant force on a balloon at different altitudes [duplicate]

For a project into balloon simulation I'd like to know how the force on a balloon changes with altitude: I know that the Buoyant force on a balloon is: $F = (\rho_{air} - \rho_{helium})gV$ Using ...
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73 views

Recombination time for ionized atoms in a low pressure gas?

I am looking into some new physics and had the following question come up: You have a neutral gas of let's say, CO atoms at 1 nanoTorr. An electron(s) comes passing through the gas ionizing only 1% ...
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118 views

Partial Pressure - Which solution is right?

Question: Carbon dioxide (1.100 g) was introduced into a 1.00 L flask which contained some pure oxygen gas. The flask was warmed to 373 K and the pressure was then found to be 608 mmHg. If CO2 and O2 ...
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Average ocupancy in an ideal gas at high-temperature

In David Chandler's 'intro to statistical mechanics' he states that for an ideal gas at high-temperature $$ \langle n_j\rangle=\langle N\rangle\frac{e^{-\beta \epsilon_j}}{\sum e^{-\beta \epsilon_j}} ...
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1answer
162 views

Simple expression for transitional pressure force

Consider a simple, circular orifice with an upstream, high gas pressure and downstream, normal atmospheric pressure. Consider also a flat circular plate that can be positioned anywhere along the ...
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2answers
159 views

Is enthalpy also valid for liquids and solids?

The definition of enthalpy is $$H=E+PV,$$ is it only valid for (ideal) gas? As this naturally comes from the first law of thermodynamics, $$dE=dQ+PdV$$ for a enclosed system of gas. Can we talk ...
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82 views

logarithm of ideal gas law

This question is about taking the logarithm of the ideal gas law. In a fluids text book the author writes: First recall a couple of ideal gas relationships involving potential temperature, ...
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990 views

Finding Interatomic Spacing

Here is the problem I am working on For what temperatures are the atoms in an ideal gas at pressure P quantum mechanical ? Hint: use the ideal gas law P V = N kT to deduce the interatomic spacing ...
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285 views

Balloon gas temperature experiment in water

In this problem set I have a passage that describes an experiment that looks at the changing temperature as an air filled balloon rises to the surface from the bottom of a water filled tank. The graph ...
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1answer
329 views

Help with ideal gas law manipulation

Equation 1 represents an improvement over the intial assumption of constant mass velocity (i.e., $\rho v=\rho_o v_o$). We can now improve Eqn. (2) to get to Eqn. (3). My question is: what are the ...
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2answers
991 views

Mass of air inside air balloon

I have an exercise here with a solution. The basic outline of the problem is: Calculate the mass of air inside a hot air balloon, given the mass of the air balloon at rest is $m_b = ...
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1answer
123 views

Thermal expansion coefficient times temperature: under which condition is it unity?

In Landau's Fluid Mechanics p. 8 (2nd edition) he writes for the thermal expansion coefficient $\beta = (1/V) (\partial V/\partial T)_P$: For a column of gas in equilibrium which can be taken as a ...
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1answer
176 views

Examples of nearly perfect fluids and gases

When learning for physics (hydrodynamics and gases) I wanted to know what would be examples of nearly perfect fluids (no surface effects and no friction) and perfect gases (only elastic collisions and ...
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Is there a name for a substance that is a gas at room temperature?

Is there a name for a substance that is a gas at room temperature, such as Hydrogen, Helium, Neon, Argon, Krypton, Xenon, Chlorine, Fluorine, Bromine, Nitrogen, and Oxygen. I am writing a paper where ...
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1answer
259 views

Euler Equations, Sod shock tube & conservation

Conservation of momentum? I am considering the Euler equations in conservative form and solving the Sod shock tube problem I have written a Godunov finite volume type solver. It solves for density ρ, ...
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3answers
365 views

Can we apply $pV^\gamma$=const only for quasistatic adiabatic process?

But If this is so, I have often seen people applying this formula for quick processes where no heat exchange is possible. Here is an example from where I am quoting the following: we will assume ...
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1answer
32 views

Perfect Ideal Gas Modelization of Air

I'm solving a Thermodynamic problem. I have Air at temperature of 293.15 K, and pressure of 20 MPa. I would understand if is possible to consider this an Ideal Gas or not (and if is possible which are ...
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2answers
76 views

Are Mach Diamonds radially symmetrical?

Videos like this show a form that suggests a radial symmetry in the gas jet. The same is reinforced by schematic illustrations. But other images, like this, look like there is a twisting structure ...
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1answer
2k views

Excluded Volume Calculation in Van der Waals Equation

When accounting for the excluded volume for in the Van der Waals equation, it is assumed that the molecules are hard spheres and are of diameter. If we consider a cube of volume V, then we can say ...
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0answers
141 views

Effusion of particles from one box to another - pressure calculation

Suppose we have a container divided into equal halves. Right half is fixed at temperature $T$, volume $\frac{V}{2}$. Initially it has pressure $P_0$, a hole of area $A$ is opened between them. I ...
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1answer
63 views

Stagnant Air Deep Inside Vintage Mines

This is really a question more about mining ventilation than true "physics." I occasionally explore a southwest desert mine, but am aware of the hazards - typically passing over half a dozen vintage ...
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2answers
206 views

Not Quasi-static, yet reversible process? Is this a valid example?

Imagine a gas (at room temp. and pressure) enclosed in a thermally insulating spherical container. At some instant, the container instantly expands symmetrically (radially outward) to, say, twenty ...
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94 views

Question about Charles' law:

Charles's law says that the volume of a given mass of a gas is directly proportional to its absolute temperature. This means if we increase one, the other one is automatically increased. So the ...
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234 views

Quick question on ideal gas law

I know that the ideal gas law is: $$P = nkT$$ So Pressure = Number of Particles per unit volume * kT Why is the number of particles per unit volume = $\frac{\rho}{\mu M_H}$? Shouldn't it simply ...
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2answers
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Entropy and chemical potential of an ideal gas

I am reading Schroeder's book "Thermal Physics". One calculation in the text was not quite clear to me. The entropy of an ideal gas is given by the Sackur-Tetrode equation: $$ ...