The hydrostatics tag does also apply to fluid-statics.

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Why does a helium filled ballon move forward in a car when the car is accelerating?

I noticed that when I had a helium filled, latex ballon inside of my car, it moved forward in the cabin as I accelerated forward. The faster I accelerated forward, the faster the ballon went from the ...
47
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4answers
5k views

Why does a cup with 100 g water float when placed on another cup with 50 g of water?

Imagine we have cup A with 50 g of water and cup B (smaller in width than A) with 100 g of water. Now put cup B into cup A. If the width of both cups are of comparable size then the cup with ...
13
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4answers
1k views

A water pipe from sea level to beyond the atmosphere

If a pipe extended from just above the ocean floor to outside the atmosphere, would water be sucked up it by the vacuum beyond the atmosphere? If a hole was made in the pipe, above sea level, how ...
9
votes
2answers
109 views

How quickly should a fluid come to hydrostatic equilibrium?

Let's say I'm holding a one-liter water bottle, full of water, which I then drop. Before dropping the water bottle, the equilibrium is for there to be a pressure gradient in the water canceling the ...
8
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3answers
1k views

Hydrostatic pressure - doesn't density vary with depth?

Our class is learning about hydrostatic water pressure and we have been told that we can calculate the force of the liquid on an object at any depth using "the density x 9.8 x the depth". However, as ...
7
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2answers
492 views

At the molecular level, how is the pressure at the bottom of a lake higher than at the top?

Surely the temperature of the molecules is the same throughout the water. Using $p = \rho g h$ seems to assume a constant density as well. But then how is it that the force per unit area on an object ...
7
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2answers
421 views

At what velocity does sea water leave a pipe run into a fresh water lake (for equal surface levels)?

If I took a fresh water lake* whose surface is exactly as sea level, and connect it to the sea with a pipe filled with sea water, with both ends of the pipe at exactly the same depth from the surface, ...
6
votes
2answers
565 views

Hydrostatic pressure on a teapot spout

The phenomenon where water flows on the outside side of a teapot spout is named "The teapot effect", and occurs due to a difference in pressure between water and the atmosphere. Consider the image of ...
6
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2answers
288 views

Effect of water on wobble of rotating structure

If we have a structure that rotates to create artificial gravity, then if the mass isn't perfectly distributed along the circumference the CM will be offset from the geometric center so there will be ...
5
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3answers
13k views

Can pockets of air exist underwater?

If yes, why don't they fill up with water, and can you breathe the air there? Like, it's not exactly atmosphere there, but an underwater cave with higher ceiling. P.S. Possible that it has a ...
5
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5answers
5k views

How far can water rise above the edge of a glass?

When you fill a glass with water, water forms a concave meniscus with constant contact angle $\theta$ (typically $\theta=20^\circ$ for tap water): Once you reach the top of the glass, the water-air ...
5
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2answers
350 views

Why doesn't hydrostatic pressure glue objects to the seafloor?

Consider a cement block of the same density as sea-water resting on the (perfectly polished) seafloor. I also assume the side-faces of the cement block are highly polished, so that no vertical ...
5
votes
1answer
286 views

Can sand falling in a floating hourglass cause it to sink? (Follow up to hourglass question)

This is related to this question:Does the weight of an hourglass change when sands are falling inside? At Brigham Young University, there is a display consisting of a sealed off liter bottle with a ...
5
votes
2answers
174 views

On the pressure in a fluid

In my textbook (Resnick Halliday Krane), the derivation for pressure in a fluid at a given depth is done assuming that the fluid is homogeneous. Thus, the book concludes that the pressure in a fluid ...
5
votes
2answers
217 views

Difference between weight of water and pressure of water

(I didn't even have a basic formal education in physics. I'm learning through the internet out of my own interest, so if there are any silly mistakes, kindly bear with and guide me through.) ...
5
votes
1answer
134 views

Why is the pressure on top of a slab of water greater than the pressure on the bottom?

In the image below, my book seems to be saying that if you have a cup of water in complete equilibrium, then if you have a small cube of water inside the cup given by $dm=ρAdy$ there is a downward ...
5
votes
1answer
730 views

Does something like Pascal's Law apply in a Swimming Pool? If not, how does pressure spread?

I've been trying to wrap my head what happens when a force is exerted on the surface of a swimming pool / pond, or underneath it. Examples include a small boy cannon-balling into the deep end, or a ...
5
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2answers
644 views

Is mid-water bouyancy a classic example of a balanced but unstable system?

I came to this thought experiment as I was pondering good teaching examples of stable and unstable systems. It occurred to me that stable systems are really quite abundant. For a shoot-from-the-hip ...
4
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3answers
685 views

Does the weight of fluid in a conical container act entirely on the base?

Scenario description Lets assume both containers have a capacity of 300 litres. One is a vertical tube as shown in pic 1 Other one is more or less a V shaped containers as shown in pic 2 Both are ...
4
votes
1answer
481 views

Why do sea levels not rise uniformly around the world?

While reading the article Hawaii’s Beaches Are in Retreat, and Its Way of Life May Follow on The New York Times's website, I was surprised to find out that sea levels do not rise around the world at a ...
4
votes
3answers
373 views

Does gravity cause Archimedes' principle and how?

Why do lighter objects float and denser sink? I understand this from the perspective that if the object can displace the equal mass of water it will float, but I wonder from the perspective of ...
4
votes
1answer
223 views

Is this formula for the energy of a configuration of 3 fluids physically reasonable?

I have studied for a couple of months now a mathematical model of the energy of a configuration of immiscible fluids situated in a fixed container such that the fluids fill the container. In other ...
3
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3answers
134 views

What is the basic reason behind buoyancy?

Yesterday my friends and I were solving this easy-looking question: A metal cube is placed in an empty vessel. When water is filled in the vessel so that the cube is completely immersed in the ...
3
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2answers
360 views

why is it hard to push the empty upside down mug inside the water

It is hard to push the empty upside down mug inside the water as it has air present inside its cavity which prevents the water from entering inside the mug.But when we tilt that mug which is still ...
3
votes
1answer
244 views

Formation of meniscus

If molecules at the surface of a liquid have higher energy and want to minimise the surface area, then why is a mensicus formed which of course increases the surface area?
3
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1answer
907 views

Question on the hydrostatic paradox

The hydrostatic paradox, states that the height of the water in any container is independent of the shape of the container. This does make sense since it is only the height of the fluid ...
3
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1answer
300 views

Why closed bottle change its weight when I put effervescence tablet?

I use several shape, several type of material (glass, metal, plastic), I use two different balances with 0.01g of accuracy. I put oil on gasket, and put upside down (like that I can see if water ...
3
votes
1answer
630 views

Does the magnitude of pressure on the sides (not the top and bottom) of a volume depend on depth?

I understand that at a point in a fluid, such as water, the fluid will be in equilibrium as the sum of the pressure from all directions will equal to zero. For a volume of water, the reasoning should ...
3
votes
2answers
899 views

How to calculate pressure loss due to water leakage from a hole in a pressurized unit

I am trying to develop a method for calculting the rate of pressure loss from a small hole in a pressurized vessel full of water (small air pocket likely at top of vessel). I've found a formula for ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Atmospheric pressure in a mercury barometer in an upward accelerating elevator

I have an elevator accelerating upwards at an acceleration of $a$. A mercury barometer measures the atmoshperic pressure at this point. Will the reading be less than, more than or equal to $76 \ cm$ ...
3
votes
1answer
511 views

Pascal law with two connected cylinders filled with water, and 50kg stones at both their ends

If I have two connected cylinders filled with water, and 50kg stones at both their ends (pressing both ends of the water) how much weight do I need to add on one side so that one of the stones reach ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

How do simple bird waterers work?

I made a simple bird waterer made from two 1.25L PET bottles. Let's call these two bottles the reservoir and the tray. Setup The tray is a bottle with the top cut off to leave only the bottom ...
3
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3answers
3k views

Why should fluids be confined for Pascal's Law to be applicable

When is Pascal's law about fluid pressure propagation applicable? Is it applicable to a closed circular pipe with a pump rotating the fluid, but not to a tub of water. Most statements require only ...
3
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1answer
192 views

Pressure at a Given Depth: Impossible Result

Let's say there's a static fluid in an arbitrarily deep vessel with constant non-zero compressibility ($k=\frac{1}{B}=-\frac{dV}{Vdp}=\frac{d\rho}{\rho dp}$). Let $z$ be the vertical distance below ...
3
votes
5answers
330 views

How can the surface of a liquid exist if there are no attracting molecules above it?

Okay this is probably a stupid question but here goes: We know that molecules in a liquid are attracted from all the molecules around it so there is no net attraction. Well, then how do the ...
3
votes
2answers
597 views

Need help understanding dynamic and static contact angles

I've run into a conceptual road block. I'm coming to you guys because I think my adviser is getting annoyed with me. The concept involves a meniscus being pulled up a cylinder. I understand that ...
3
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0answers
160 views

Bubble in a pipeline

I am just thinking about this phenomenon: We have a horizontal pipeline with a flowing liquid, which contains a small bubble of gas. How do the dimensions of this bubble change when it reaches a ...
2
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1answer
129 views

English/German translation of Latin scientific texts in general, “Principia Generalia Theoriae Figurae Fluidorum in Statu Aequilibrii” in particular

I am trying to get my hands on an English or German translation of the seminal work by Gauss on fluid shapes in equilibrium: "Principia generalia Theoriae Figurae Fluidorum in statu Aequilibrii ...
2
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1answer
502 views

Basic Concepts of Water Pressure for Plumbers

I am learning how to install water pipes and I was told that to check if a pipe is leaking water I need to check the water pressure. But I don't understanding how water pressure works inside the ...
2
votes
3answers
787 views

Why is a hot air balloon “stiff”?

1) Why is a hot air balloon stiff? 2) Is the pressure inside the balloon higher than the pressure outside (atmospheric pressure)? 3) If the pressure inside is higher than the outside, how is it ...
2
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2answers
139 views

what is the static pressure in a yield stress fluid?

Suppose I have a tank filled and there is no slip at the walls. If the tank is filled with a Newtonian fluid and is in static equilibrium, we know that the pressure is defined as $p = \rho g z$. But ...
2
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1answer
71 views

Hydrostatic pressure at the center of a water planet [duplicate]

If we take an imaginary planet which consists entirely of water (i.e. a big ball of water in space), what would be the pressure at the center of it? My friend argued that it would be zero, since the ...
2
votes
1answer
168 views

Will pseudo force effect buoyant force in a liquid?

Imagine a body in a tub which is in a lift. When the lift is stationary, the body is floating. If the lift accelerates upwards with a constant acceleration, what will happen to the buoyancy? Will its ...
2
votes
1answer
136 views

Is this object turn alone with torque inside disk of water?

This is not the original question, I changed for explain details. But now it's not possible to delete the question and now the reply is not in relation with question. I post a new question, and try to ...
2
votes
1answer
172 views

Sideways motion between a vertical launch from a planet and landing [duplicate]

I saw a video some days ago (Hello Kitty in Space) of a schoolgirl successfully launching a balloon into space which later popped and landed ~47 km from launch site. If I vertically launch an object ...
2
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0answers
44 views

The highest density of water

If temperature is decreased, volume decreases. so density increases. But in case of water, its density increases up to 277 K, then decreases. Why does this happen? Why 277 K is water's highest ...
2
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1answer
59 views

Why doesn't the air in a Standard Diving Dress crush you?

I recently watched a Mythbusters episode where they tested decompression in a tethered diving suit (which I believe is a Standard Diving Dress). When they removed the air pressure, the suit crumpled ...
2
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3answers
265 views

How much energy needed to push a volume of water?

I am trying to solve a situation, where I'd like to know how much energy would be needed to push a mass of water out of a container. Here's an image to help understand: The water tank has a height ...
2
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0answers
88 views

Stat mech explanation for separation of one liquid from another in gravity?

If one mixes two distinct ideal gases above the Earth's surface, one with a higher molecular mass than the other, then at equilibrium, their number density gradients will be such that at low heights, ...
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2answers
131 views

What is a good model for computing water dropping on a surface?

Before introducing my question I would like to outline the fact that I'm a coder, so I can be wrong when using some kind of terminology. What is a good model for computing the flow, the shape and all ...