The hydrostatics tag does also apply to fluid-statics.

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What is the physical fundamentals of Pascal's law

Pascal's law or the principle of transmission of fluid-pressure (also Pascal's Principle) is a principle in fluid mechanics that states that pressure exerted anywhere in a confined incompressible ...
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1answer
26 views

Fluid pressure when it is not vertically placed

The pressure of a point in a fluid is the sum of the external pressure and $pgh$. However, when the fluid is not placed perpendicular to the ground, then what is $h$ here? For example, a cup of water ...
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61 views

Shape of water jet

Suppose you are shooting a water jet in a vacuum vertically onto a flat plate in a gravity-less room. The jet makes a right angle to the plate and water is assumed to be incompressible. The mass ...
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110 views

Proof of Archimedes Principle

Say I have an arbitrary body $\Omega$ and surface $\partial \Omega$ submerged in a hydrostatic fluid of density $\rho$ under the influence of gravity. How does one show Archimedes Principle? i.e. ...
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26 views

Effect on pressure for a decrease in temperature with respect to height

If I were to have a decrease in temperature with height, $T = f(z)$, I was wondering if I could calculate the pressure like so: Could I simply combine $$ \frac{dP}{dz} = -\rho g, $$ with the ideal ...
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1answer
134 views

Hydrostatic forces in a bowl of cereal [duplicate]

This morning I was eating cereal which consisted of roughly spherical pieces just shy of one centimeter in diameter. By the time I was nearly finished, the cereal pieces were floating in a monolayer ...
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1answer
171 views

Will changing the pipe diameter reduce the pressure head loss?

I have this system installed in my house (fig 1), and I'm having problems with the shower. I want to know whether, if I change the PEX tubes shown in red from 1/2" to 1" as shown in fig 2, I will have ...
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9answers
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How to emulate 40ft (12 m) of water? [closed]

I am part of an underwater robotics team, and our next year's challenge requires us to compete at a depth of 40ft. We don't have any pools nearby to test in, so I want to emulate this 40ft of pressure ...
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4answers
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Water pressure on a floodlight in a swimming pool [closed]

I have a circular swimming pool with a diameter of $4.5\;\text{m}$. The water height usually is about 1m. Somewhere in this pool is a single floodlight, circular aswell, diameter $25\;\text{cm}$. I ...
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1answer
58 views

Forces of suction in WIllie Wonka's Chocolate Factory (filmed 2005 starring Johnny Depp) [closed]

Before I begin the question: I am in no way judging this movie, just happened to be casually watching it and saw the scene (referred to below) and thought to post this question. The scene: Boy falls ...
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1answer
203 views

Determine water level difference in two ponds

I live near two ponds whose water levels appear to differ by a few feet. The ground is hard clay, so I don't think there's any underground water exchange between the ponds. The ponds are separated by ...
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37 views

Calculating rise in water surface due to a charged capacitor

Two metal plates separated by a distance d & initially charged with charge +Q & -Q are kept so that it just touches the surface of a very large water tank as shown in figure a. Thus water ...
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3answers
166 views

Meniscus attached to an inclined plate

To be more specific, suppose a hydrophilic infinite plate is stuck into a semi-infinite region of water, above the water is a semi-infinite region of air, when the plate is stuck into the water ...
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1answer
33 views

Does the contact angle of a drop depend theoretically on the size of the drop?

According to Wikipedia, contact angle depends on the hydrophobicity of the surface and on thermodynamic equilibrium. But how does it in theory depend on the drop size? In other words, how would a ...
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1answer
33 views

Buoyant force on a certain object

Sometimes a certain body is completely immersed in water, but it does not sink deeply, it is stuck in the middle... In this case, is the buoyant force equal to the weight of the body? Why?
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1answer
47 views

What mechanism creates bubbles in water that stays awhile

If I fill glass jar with tap water and let it stay, small bubbles will appear on the side of jar after a while. I am wondering what processes create those bubbles and what conditions require to ...
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1answer
46 views

Work needed to pump the balloons

Let's suppose that we want to pump the balloons underwater from the initial volume $V_0$ to the volume $V_1$. The pressure there equals $p_1$ and the atmospheric pressure is $p_0$. It is claimed ...
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Under what conditions does Jurin's law work? (and what are its physical basis?)

I searched answer in wikipedia (and other sites) but I found disjointed and contradictory informations. In Jurin's law article they say that the law works if the radius of the tube is smaller than ...
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38 views

Solving inhomogeneous Stokes equation

I want to solve the Stokes inhomogeneous equation, i.e. $$\nabla^2 \vec v -\nabla P = \vec f(r,\theta)$$ $$\nabla\cdot\vec v=0$$ where $\vec f$ is irrotational, i.e. $\partial_y f_x - \partial_x ...
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92 views

Surface tension on a sphere (contact angle)

A solid sphere with radius (r) is resting upon water surface due to surface tension of the water.The contact angle is $$\theta$$ . I want to calculate the sphere weight using the water surface ...
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1answer
64 views

Buoyancy force on a hung object [closed]

If an object is hung with a cord and it have been embedded in a fluid, then the buoyancy force will reduce the cord tension.What is the formula that governs this reduction ?.
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4answers
531 views

Why does a metal boat float?

I was in class learning about density and stuff. Our teacher told us that things that are denser than water sink in water, and less dense things float. Then, our teacher asked us why metal boats ...
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1answer
184 views

Problem regarding Archimedes Principle [closed]

A small amount of mercury is filled into massless cylindrical test tube with an even bottom and length $l=0,200m$. The test tube is put into a large swimming pool filled with water. a) How ...
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1answer
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Given a wall on planet earth with a constant height is there a point at which a physicist needs to worry about the volume of water behind the wall?

I have a quick question, on the media outlet "Sploid" a post recently came out about this interesting flood wall in Austria that keeps water from destroying a community. The wall seems to contain a ...
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3answers
963 views

What is the meniscus shape?

What is the shape of a meniscus? I suppose that the problem is very complex, but is the solution known at least for a liquid that wets the wall in a big vessel? (exponential, maybe?)
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2answers
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Does water maintain equal level in connected vessels?

Consider a system as illustrated below: There are two 55 gallon barrels used to store water coming down the gutter. These barrels are connected together on the bottom to maintain equal water level ...
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1answer
299 views

How do simple bird waterers work?

I made a simple bird waterer made from two 1.25L PET bottles. Let's call these two bottles the reservoir and the tray. Setup The tray is a bottle with the top cut off to leave only the bottom ...
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1answer
77 views

If barometer length is 10 meter long, would mercury still be 77 cm? [closed]

The barometer length is around 1 meter and length to Hg column tells the pressure in room. Suppose if we have 10 meter long barometer with diameter of regular barometer, would it still show 77 cm? ...
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3answers
485 views

What is the basic reason behind buoyancy?

Yesterday my friends and I were solving this easy-looking question: A metal cube is placed in an empty vessel. When water is filled in the vessel so that the cube is completely immersed in the ...
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2answers
118 views

Floating objects and fluid statics

If an object is floating, I know about how buoyancy force (density of liquid* volume displaced* g) must equal gravitational force (density of object* volume of object* g). Can someone explain if it is ...
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2answers
139 views

Why liquids in hydrostatic equilibrium stay at the same height? (open tubes)

This part of the book says that, because the two liquids have the same pressure at the same height (that's true), then if a liquid has a higher height, the liquid would have more pressure at a ...
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73 views

Metallic coin over wooden block in glass of water

So there is some water inside a container; the height of water inside the container is $l$. I placed a wooden block on the water and it's floating to some height $x$, on top of the block is a metallic ...
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99 views

Is it a misconception? [closed]

In our textbook it is said that if buoyant force is W and weight of an object is w then object will float when W > w object will be submerged and it wont float(it will sink) when W ...
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3answers
182 views

How do we measure pressure above a liquid column?

Consider this point $A$, just at the surface of any liquid exposed to atmosphere. The hydrostatic pressure exerted by this liquid of height $h$ is $h\rho g$. My confusion is tha that this pressure ...
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2answers
513 views

Calculating pressure under water

Say I were calculating the pressure under 1 foot of water, in psi. I'm thinking the pressure is force per unit area, and should be equal to the force exerted by the column of water standing over ...
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2answers
288 views

Why don't forces on two surfaces of a fluid need to balance?

In my textbook (Resnick Halliday Krane), the derivation for pressure in a fluid at a given depth is done assuming that the fluid is homogeneous. Thus, the book concludes that the pressure in a fluid ...
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The highest density of water

If temperature is decreased, volume decreases. so density increases. But in case of water, its density increases up to 277 K, then decreases. Why does this happen? Why 277 K is water's highest ...
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1answer
71 views

saturated water vapour pressure [closed]

A pressure steel tube has a volume of 215 cc and contains air at 207 bar. It also contains some water (put it is 0.5 cc) deriving from the condensation of air humidity during pumping air into the ...
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2answers
217 views

Weight of solid partially immersed in water

Suppose a spherical object is kept in water and nine tenths of the object are inside the water, while the remaining tenth floats. Find the weight of solid inside liquid. By Archimedes' principle, ...
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1answer
987 views

How to calculate the buoyant force on a balloon at different altitudes [duplicate]

For a project into balloon simulation I'd like to know how the force on a balloon changes with altitude: I know that the Buoyant force on a balloon is: $F = (\rho_{air} - \rho_{helium})gV$ Using ...
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1answer
258 views

Pressure and Buoyancy [closed]

It is well known that you can trap water in a drinking straw by placing the tip of your finger over the top while the straw is in the water, and then lifting it out. The inner diameter of the straw is ...
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3answers
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How to calculate pressure loss due to water leakage from a hole in a pressurized unit

I am trying to develop a method for calculting the rate of pressure loss from a small hole in a pressurized vessel full of water (small air pocket likely at top of vessel). I've found a formula for ...
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2answers
111 views

Given a slanted pipe

Question: I have a pipeline that is tilted. I know the length of the pipeline, and the pressure (90psi) that is felt at the very bottom. I'm trying to find out how much liquid has leaked out if the ...
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2answers
183 views

what is the static pressure in a yield stress fluid?

Suppose I have a tank filled and there is no slip at the walls. If the tank is filled with a Newtonian fluid and is in static equilibrium, we know that the pressure is defined as $p = \rho g z$. But ...
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Does the weight of fluid in a conical container act entirely on the base?

Scenario description Lets assume both containers have a capacity of 300 litres. One is a vertical tube as shown in pic 1 Other one is more or less a V shaped containers as shown in pic 2 Both are ...
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1answer
163 views

Gauge pressure clarification

Is gauge pressure always zero-referenced against ambient air pressure? Or is it referenced against the sum of all pressures acting on a fluid, which usually just happens to be ambient air pressure? ...
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2answers
829 views

Difference between weight of water and pressure of water

(I didn't even have a basic formal education in physics. I'm learning through the internet out of my own interest, so if there are any silly mistakes, kindly bear with and guide me through.) ...
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1answer
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Calculate electricity generation

A friend of mine stays near a water stream and wanted help to use its water. The height up to which the water could be raised using the water flow is 12ft. How much electricity can it produce? Is it ...
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1answer
86 views

Why doesn't the air in a Standard Diving Dress crush you?

I recently watched a Mythbusters episode where they tested decompression in a tethered diving suit (which I believe is a Standard Diving Dress). When they removed the air pressure, the suit crumpled ...
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4answers
383 views

How does buoyancy work?

I realised, reading another Phys.SE question about balloons moving forwards in an accelerating car that I don't really understand how buoyancy works. Particularly concerning, for a SCUBA diver. The ...