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1answer
217 views

Electric field from current without Maxwell's law of induction

A long, straight wire carries a current that decreases linearly with time. What is the direction of the induced electric field outside the wire? I would interpret this as follows: a current ...
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1answer
111 views

Acceleration of particles in a pipe with variable cross section

I am currently making an exercise from Paterson,1983, IV.3.ii. It goes as follows Water flows steadily and incompressibly along a pipe whose area cross section $A(x)$ varies slowly with the ...
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1answer
41 views

Calculating the magnetic field due to a rotating ring using Biot–Savart law

I wish to calculate the magnetic field due to a charged ring rotating about an axis perpendicular to the plane of the ring and passing through a point on its circumference $(P)$. I arrive at something ...
2
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3answers
79 views

Elastic collision of point particle and rod

A 1 meter long rod on the ice with mass $m_2=1$ kg is perpendicularly hit on one end by a point particle with mass $m_1=0.1$ kg. The collision is elastic and the point particle is bounced back in ...
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2answers
104 views

Having trouble understanding the concept of current and Ohms law

Circuit in series: $10\,\text{V}$ power supply, 2 resistors connected. Each resistor is $10\,\Omega$, total of $20\,\Omega$ resistance. If I put an ammeter at the end of the circuit, will the current ...
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1answer
95 views

Question about buoyancy

I took an empty clear sphere with radius r, put some weight inside this sphere, and put in into the water. I calculate the buoyancy force as: Volume of the sphere = Volume of the water displaced ...
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3answers
66 views

What is the purpose of the factor $N/L$ in the magnetic field of a solenoid?

I am supposed to find the expression of the magnetic field on the axis of a solenoid of radius $a$, length $L$, and with $N$ the number of turns. So in order to find $dB$ (to integrate over dx), I ...
0
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1answer
100 views

Post Problem Analysis - Rod in a cylindrical time varying magnetic field?

A metal rod of length $l$ is placed (as shown in figure) in a cylindrical time varying magnetic field. Find the potential difference across it. My answer: As electric fields as forming circles ...
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2answers
74 views

Force applied to an inclined plane

Below is a picture of the problem. Any guidance would be helpful. This problem isn't actually from any assignment, per se. I'm hoping that, by understanding this, it'll help me to understand a ...
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3answers
113 views

Variation - Electric pressure on a sphere?

I solved the following question(Answer is correct): Find the force with which two hemisperical parts of a uniformly charged hollow sphere repel each other?(charge density: +$\sigma$) Answer: ...
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1answer
45 views

Will A Vertical Projectile Travel the Same Distance as A Horizontal Projectile

If a projectile is fired vertically from an initial height, $h$, above ground level, and an identical projectile is fired with equal initial velocity from the same initial height in the horizontal ...
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1answer
147 views

Question about superconductivity

A long cylinder of radius $R$ is made from two different material. Its radius $r<r_0$ $(r_0<R)$ part is a material with superconducting transition temperature $T_1$, and its $r_0<r<R$ ...
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1answer
66 views

Finding equilibrium of mechanical system

A system is described as follows: Consider a system consisting of two rotating bars of length $l$ and with uniform mass density and each with total mass $m$. The bars are attached to a common ...
1
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1answer
87 views

Moving wedge and pulley system

A wedge of mass $M$ rests on a rough horizontal surface with coefficient of static friction $\mu$. The face of the wedge is a smooth plane inclined at an angle $ \alpha$ to the horizontal. A mass ...
2
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3answers
108 views

Will my car consume more if I plug in my laptop?

I drive a Volvo v40 with a 110hp diesel engine. It usually use 4.6L/100km. If I plug my laptop which is 85W, will this change the fuel need? If so, by how much?
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2answers
1k views

Put a bullet into orbit around the moon

While I was watching this beautiful video, the absence of air friction pushed me to ask myself: While standing on the surface of the moon, what is the initial velocity by which you can fire a bullet ...
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1answer
146 views

Energy difference between symmetric and antisymmetric wavefunctions

Is there any energy difference between a particle in a symmetric wavefunction and an identical particle in an identical potential but in a state with an anti-symmetric wavefunction? Or is it ...
1
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1answer
117 views

photon polarization, uncertainty in Energy

A beam of red light is sent along the $z$ axis through a polaroid filter that passes only $x$ polarized light. The beam is initially polarized at $30$°, and the total energy is $10$ Joules. Estimate ...
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0answers
18 views

Neutral wire capacity [closed]

I have three DC circuits in my solar array. I have a three lead + ground (bare copper) tec armoured cable (#6). Why not run one circuit using the bare ground as negative? In fact, why not run three ...
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2answers
110 views

What is the relative acceleration of a projectile fired at in a low gravity vacuum?

This question is to end an old argument. Given a (space) vehicle with an acceleration of X, and projectile with an acceleration of 2X (rocket, not bullet), what would the relative acceleration of the ...
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1answer
80 views

Why does $\nabla \to ik$ when you Fourier transform?

I am reading a text that describes the scattering of light by a particle with dielectric constant $\epsilon$ After a bit of maths starting from Maxwell's equations they obtain: $$\nabla (\nabla ...
2
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1answer
49 views

How can I apply to the differential form of Gauss' Law? [closed]

I'm trying to learn Maxwell's equations but I got stuck. I couldn't understand the usage of the differential form of the Gauss' law. How can it be applied to questions? For example, let's say there is ...
0
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0answers
34 views

simplification of Green's intergral for diffusion

\begin{eqnarray} I_1 = \int^{\infty}_{0} \frac{1}{\tau}d\tau \int^{+\infty}_{-\infty} \exp\left[-\frac{p}{2\tau}(x-x')^2 + (z-z' + \tau)^2\right]dx' \end{eqnarray} where, $p$, $x$ $z$ and $\tau$ are ...
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2answers
104 views

How can I derive this Hamiltonian?

I have a Lagrangian $L$, a momentum $p$ and a Hamiltonian $H$: $$L=\frac m 2(\dot z + A\omega\cos\omega t)^2 - \frac k 2 z^2$$ $$p=m\dot z + mA\omega\cos\omega t$$ $$H=p\dot z - L=\frac m 2 \dot ...
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1answer
29 views

Physical Quantities [closed]

What are the physical quantities which most relate to their definition? Could you give some examples? The definition I found is: " it is any property which can be measured". In the case of mass the ...
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1answer
62 views

Length in polar coordinates

Say we are in 3 dimensions and use $(-++)$. If we have the metric $$ds^2=-dt^2+dr^2+r^2df^2(t),$$ then what is the third coordinate if the first two were $t$ and $r$? $$X^iX_i=-t^2+r^2+?$$
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1answer
60 views

Relative wind velocity explanation - understanding Irodov problem 1.6

I am having trouble understanding the reasoning behind the solution in this Irodov General Physics problem. The problem is 1.6: 1.6. A ship moves along the equator to the east with velocity vo = ...
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1answer
50 views

How to calculate the force between line of charges?

As far as I know Coulomb's law only works for point charges but what if there are not any point charges? For example, let's imagine there are three rectangles with different sizes. First one is 50 cm, ...
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2answers
70 views

combination of cells

There are m*n identical cells of emf E and internal resistance r connected in parallel rows. This combination of cells is connected across an external resistance R. For what arrangement of the ...
1
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1answer
43 views

Why do safety helmets have a softer inner layer nearer the head?

I know that when an object collides onto the helmet, it causes an inelastic collision so that energy is absorbed by the structure of the helmet, so what exactly does the softer inner layer do? Does it ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Why does the power in an inductor equal what it does?

I understand that power is that rate at which work is done and that because of this the power in an inductor is equal to $$P=\frac{d}{dt} \left(\frac12Li^2\right).$$ I also understand that the power ...
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3answers
308 views

Power transfer in a transformer

Can it be proved using the concept of induced emf that power supplied at the primary coil equals power consumed at the secondary. I tried following. Let primary coil be called 1 and secondary be ...
3
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3answers
73 views

The motion of the particle satisfies $\textbf{v} = \textbf{c}\times \textbf{r}$

Why does a particle with position $\textbf r(t)$ that satisfies $\textbf{v}(t) = \textbf{c}\times \textbf{r}(t)$ follow a circle that lies in a plane perpendicular to $\textbf{c}$ with centre on a ...
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1answer
49 views

Angular momentum of the electric field of a point-like electric charge and the magnetic field of a monopole

I am currently reading "Magnetic Monopoles" of Ya. Shnir. My problem is I can not retrieve a result the author provides in the first chapter of the first part. In this chapter, he studies the ...
1
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1answer
85 views

Angular Velocity after a frictional impulse

I am modelling 2D physics collision into simulations. In Physics for Game Programmers, Grant Palmer book, the velocity Vn1 after collision is mentioned to be independent of the friction coeff. ...
1
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0answers
29 views

At what speed (km/h) are the ride-goers (harnessed at opposite ends of ends of “propeller”) travelling? [closed]

The Revelation is one of the fastest and most exhilarating extreme rides in the world! Designed like a giant airplane propeller, the Revelation holds two to four riders comfortably in the cockpit ...
2
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1answer
42 views

Distance along projectile motion [closed]

I was doing kinematics these days, projectile motion. And I did the basic concepts: range, max height, time of flight, projectile on inclined plane. I am curious to know how we would solve a question ...
0
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1answer
128 views

2D. Force applied at angle to body, where translational vector will be directed?

I'm not a physicist and just making some research by the way of creating simple physics simulator, because of that, sorry if this is very dumb question, but I really need help with it. Let's assume ...
0
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1answer
98 views

Calculating the magnetic field from rectangular conductor?

I want to apply the Biot-Savart law to calculate the magnetic field at a point created by current flowing through a square/rectangular conductor. More specifically, a trace on a printed circuit board. ...
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votes
2answers
113 views

Potential at Center of Earth

If using the surface of the earth as a reference point how much work is needed for gravity to pull me to the center. Is it negative infinity or am I wrong? Also is a single value of potential ...
8
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1answer
221 views

Gamma Matrices in Dimensional Regularization

Prove that $tr\left(\gamma_\mu\gamma_\nu\gamma_\rho\gamma_\sigma\gamma_5\right)=0$ when the spacetime dimension is not 4. What I have tried: We know that $\gamma_\alpha\gamma^\alpha=d\mathbb{1}$, so ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Determine the normalisation constant of a piecewise wavefunction

I'm trying to find the normalisation constant $N$ for the following wavefunction: $$ \psi\left(x\right) = \left\{ \begin{array}{lr} N \left(x^2 - l^2\right)^2 &\: \left|x\right| \le l ...
1
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1answer
62 views

Special relativity: circumventing velocity-addition formula

Two spaceships approach an observer from an equal distance and from an opposite direction with an equal speed $v$ in the observer's intertial reference frame $O$. The speed of a spaceship in the ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Help calculating field of view for ball lens I just bought

I have a 5 mm (diameter) solid ball lens that I intend to place in front of a 36mm X 24mm camera sensor (I have already made preparations for the image to be focused and for the sensor to not be ...
5
votes
1answer
649 views

Adiabatic expansion in van der Waals gas

Given a Van der Waals gas with state equation: $$\left( P+\frac{N^2 a}{V^2}\right)\left( V-Nb \right)=NkT,$$ show that the equation of an adiabatic process is: $$\left( ...
0
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1answer
70 views

Electric field strength at the center of an equilateral triangle

Questions: Three $x$ m long rods form an equilateral triangle. Two of the rods are charged to $+q$ C and the third to $-q$ C. What is the electric field strength at the center of an equilateral ...
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1answer
50 views

What happens when the speed of a body is less than optimum speed?

Yesterday I learned about optimum speed. My teacher told that optimum speed is the speed with which one can take turns on banked road without wear and tear. $v_0=\sqrt{rg\tan\theta} $, $v_0$= ...
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2answers
65 views

Confusion about proper time

A spacecraft flies away from earth with a speed of 4.8 million meter per second relative to the earth, and then returns at the same speed. The spacecraft carries a clock that has been synchronised ...
0
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2answers
52 views

Find the minimum force that has to be applied to the block $m_1$ so that the other block just begins to slide

This is a problem from the book 'Problems in General Physics' by I E Irodov. Two blocks of masses $m_1$ and $m_2$ are placed on a rough horizontal surface, connected by a light spring. Find the ...
0
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1answer
30 views

How would we find what sort of a force this one is? [closed]

The potential energy for a force field is given by $U = -Kxy$, where $K$ is a constant. The body moves in an $x$-$y$ plane. Find the force vector. $i$ is the unit vector along the $x$ axis, $j$ is ...