Applies to questions of primarily educational value - not only questions that arise from actual homework assignments, but any question where it is preferable to guide the asker to the answer rather than giving it away outright. Please READ THE GUIDANCE IN META before asking homework questions.

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1answer
165 views

Ladder Operator killing state

So in my last question, @joshphysics showed me how to prove $K_\pm$ were ladder operators. Now I need to show that there is a lowest state, i.e $$\langle m_0|K_+=K_-|m_0\rangle=0$$ I am not ...
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2answers
1k views

Geometric Structure Factor for Monatomic FCC lattice

I am trying to find the geometric structure factor and my work here is clearly wrong. I will put my wrong answer and then I will throw up the link to wikipedia for the correct answer, because I cannot ...
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0answers
20 views

flow through an orifice [closed]

The surface area of a first orifice with 2 mm diameter is 3 mm$^2$. The surface area of a second orifice is 5 times bigger from the surface area of the first orifice (15 mm$^2$). How much would be ...
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0answers
61 views

Two boxes connected by a rope

Two boxes, $A$ and $B$, are connected to each end of a light vertical rope. A constant force of $70.0N$ is applied to box $A$. Starting from rest, box $B$ descends $11.6m$ in $4.40s$ The tension ...
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2answers
500 views

How do I express the interaction energy between two charged spheres?

Consider two identical insulating spheres each with radius $R$ and uniform charge $Q$ through their volume. They are separated from their centers by a distance of $d>2R$. Here is my general ...
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2answers
49 views

Projections in Polar coordinate system

I really understand what projections in Cartesian coordinate system, I can imagine this, but I absolutely do not understand projection in polar system. For example, I have a speed, $U$, and I must ...
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3answers
105 views

How fast would the Earth need to spin for us to feel weightless?

It's a classic question with many answers all over the Internet, but none here so I figured I'd ask it: How fast would the Earth need to spin for a person (or anything for that matter) to feel ...
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1answer
40 views

Finding the acceleration given only an angle

This is one of my homework problems for a College Physics I course: Dana has a sports medal suspended by a long ribbon from her rearview mirror. As she accelerates onto the highway, she notices ...
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2answers
43 views

Derivation of the average Velocity formula with constant acceleration (using calculus)

I have been looking at $$ v_{avg} = \frac{v_{i} + v_{f}}{2}, $$ when the acceleration is constant, where $v_i$ is equal to the initial velocity and $v_f$ is equal to the final velocity. How can ...
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1answer
45 views

The forces acting on 2 boxes [closed]

Consider the following figure: The surface is not friction-less. When the force $F$ is applied on mass A: Is the force the mass A applies on mass B larger, smaller or equal then the Force that B ...
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1answer
54 views

Why is the slippage constraint for one moving cylinder and one fixed cylinder $r(\phi - \theta)=R \theta$? [closed]

Why is the slippage constraint for one moving cylinder and one fixed cylinder $r(\phi - \theta)=R \theta$? Every time I write it down on paper I get the result $r\phi = R \theta$. I am not sure if I ...
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1answer
347 views

What defines the adiabatic flame temperature?

What defines the adiabatic flame temperature? In a case I have to solve, I need to describe the combustion of natural gas (Groningen natural gas, to be specific). However, I am having some problems ...
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4answers
290 views

If a truck collides with a car, can the truck experience a larger force?

I am confused, here is a question: A large truck and a mini bus both have same velocity V and they collide and stop. The collision lasts for 1 second. A) Which one of the two will experience ...
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0answers
98 views

Laplacian and Dirac Delta function

Although I find it mathematically dubious, we said that $$\Delta \frac{1}{r} ~=~ -4\pi \delta^3({\bf r}).$$ Now, I was wondering is there a similar relation to the delta function if we look at ...
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0answers
28 views

Reduce density matrix for given eigenfunction [closed]

My question is about how to find reduce density matrix for partition of given eigenfunction. Full question is just in image.
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0answers
24 views

Calculate depth of cone in water as water is poured inside the cone [closed]

Consider a cone with radius $r$ and length/height $h$. A water container has volume $V$, and if needed dimension $d(x,y,z)$. This cone is put on the water, and water is slowly poured inside the ...
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0answers
25 views

How to calculate the ship resistance caused by water viscosity

If there is a ship going in the sea at 50km/h, and a length of 5m, width of 2m, how do I calculate the ship resistance caused by water viscosity? in other words I want to calculate the drag Force that ...
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0answers
37 views

minimum rope stiffness to keep person from touching ground(hooke's law) [closed]

I thought a lot about this problem (However it's must be very easy ) At first, i would write the statement of problem and then my wrong solution. statement: Find the minimum stiffness of rope,so ...
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1answer
51 views

How to find the electric field of a charged tube?

Let's say there is a charged tube(cylinder with no top or bottom) with radius $a$, length $l$ and charge $q$ and a point which is collinear with the centre of the charged tube. Anyway, since we can ...
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2answers
29 views

Finding power in series circuit

A resistor of resistance 12 ohms is connected in series with a cell of negligible internal resistance. The power dissipated in the resistor is P. The resistor is replaced with a resistor of resistance ...
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1answer
48 views

Expectation value of number operator $\hat{n}$

I'm studying for my quantum mechanics test and I've stumbled on this problem. They want the expectation value of $\hat{n}$, $\langle \hat{n} \rangle$, with this given $\psi$ at $t=0$: $$ \lvert ...
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1answer
22 views

How do I find the moment of inertia of a regular $n$-gon? [closed]

Of a regular $n$-gon with radius $R$ and mass $M$. Any hint to solving would also be acceptable. The result I'm looking for is $$I_{CM} = (1/2) MR^2 (1 - (2/3) \sin^2(\pi/n)).$$
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0answers
35 views

Find the field of two infinite strips of width $b$ [closed]

Q:The two charged strips in the following picture have width $b$, infinite height,and negligible thickness(in the direction perpendicular to the page).Their densities per unit area are $\sigma$ ...
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1answer
34 views

What are overtones and how do they relate to harmonics?

Problem 43. Two organ pipes, a pipe of fundamental frequency 440 Hz, closed at one end, and a pipe of fundamental frequency 660 Hz, open at both ends, produce overtones. Which choice below ...
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0answers
7 views

How to figure out new vector direction after deflection by polar and azimuthal angles [migrated]

I have a direction cosine vector in Cartesian 3D space. The vector starting point is (x0,y0,z0) and direction {i0,j0,k0}. I need to find the new direction cosine vector direction in the Cartesian 3D ...
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2answers
78 views

How can I derive the Hamiltonian of simple harmonic oscillator from this Lagrangian?

I'm working through Leonard Susskind's Theoretical Minimum: Classical Mechanics and I can't seem to understand how the Hamiltonian of a simple harmonic oscillator is derived from the following ...
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1answer
42 views

$c/a$ ratio for an ideal hexagonal close-packed (HCP) structure [closed]

Show that the $c/a$ ratio for an ideal hexagonal close-packed (HCP) structure is $\left(\frac{8}{3}\right)^\frac{1}{2} = 1.633$. I believe $a$ is the length of $a_1$ and $a_2$. I figured that ...
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2answers
49 views

DC Generator with magnet as rotor

DC generators convert the AC current in them by split ring commutators right and the graph of the current will be like this but the question is how would be the graph if the magnet is the rotor and ...
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1answer
84 views

Can these two terms cancel out?

In trying to prove that $$\Gamma_{\mu\nu\lambda} = \eta_{ab}J^a_bJ^b_{\nu\lambda}.$$ The author canceled out while expanding the first equation $$J^a_{\mu\lambda}J^b_\nu$$ with ...
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2answers
39 views

Solving equation of motion with exponential friction term

My friend's kid asked me this question. I have no idea how to solve it since I have stopped calculating mechanics for about 15 years since I graduated from high school. The question is: A boat that ...
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1answer
234 views

Advanced kinematics problem regarding $F = ma$ [closed]

I really need help with this problem. Thank you for your time. Question: Look at the figure below. Derive the formula for the magnitude of the force F⃗ exerted on the large block (mC) in the ...
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1answer
33 views

A ball is dropped from the roof of a building. How fast is it moving after 4.9 seconds? (Absolute value) [closed]

i really need help. A ball is dropped from the roof of a building. How fast is it moving after 4.9 seconds? (Absolute value) in m/s A water balloon is thrown downward from a tall building with an ...
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1answer
29 views

Potential Differences (Voltage) from Point Charges [closed]

Identical +1.8 micro Colomb charges are fixed to adjacent corners of a square. What charge (magnitude and algebraic sign) should be fixed to one of the empty corners, so that the total electric ...
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1answer
86 views

Time evolution of a quantum system

A quantum system has Hamiltonian $H$ with normalised eigenstates $\psi_n$ and corresponding energies $E_n$ ($n = 1,2,3...$). A linear operator $Q$ is defined by its action on these states: $$ ...
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3answers
682 views

How can I find the potential created by spherical capacitor with dielectric material?

If we have a spherical capacitor with inner radius or r1 and outer radius of r2, with charges (+/-)q on them and there is a dielectric material (with constant e) in between them with. What kind of a ...
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1answer
166 views

Heisenberg XXX time evolution operator for three qubits

I've a problem to reproduce the result in equation (4) on page three of this paper: http://arxiv.org/abs/0802.2588. So far I've understood that they apply a Heisenberg XXX interaction between ...
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1answer
44 views

Two-block system acceleration when applying a force in the $x$ direction

Two blocks are connected by a light-weight string that passes over a friction-less pulley (a.k.a. Atwood's machine). Block # 1 (called $m_1$) hangs from the edge of a friction-less table. Block # 2 ...
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2answers
232 views

So what is happening in this angular kinematics equation?

-The wheel of a car has a radius of 20 cm. It initially rotates at 120 rpm. In the next minute it makes 90 revolutions. What is the angular acceleration?_ So the answer is solved by using one of ...
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2answers
43 views

Draw the charge configuration according to the electric field [closed]

I'm trying to draw the charge configuration outside the regions that lead to the given electric field patterns. Can someone show me how?
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1answer
30 views

How does velocity relate to energy difference in Compton scattering?

I'm having trouble understanding what my professor is getting at asking in this question. I just visited her office and her explanation minutely helped. I'm hoping to get a bit more clarity on what is ...
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1answer
168 views

Question about superconductivity

A long cylinder of radius $R$ is made from two different material. Its radius $r<r_0$ $(r_0<R)$ part is a material with superconducting transition temperature $T_1$, and its $r_0<r<R$ ...
3
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1answer
57 views

Calculating time to reach certain velocity with drag force

I was given a problem for homework where we needed to calculate the time for a falling object to reach a certain velocity when accounting for drag force. I did it by setting up acceleration as a ...
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2answers
58 views

What do they mean by a pendulum losing seconds?

In many pendulum related question, a pendulum is taken do a different place where it loses seconds. For example: A second's pendulum is taken to a mountain and it loses 20 seconds per day. What ...
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1answer
28 views

Finding the velocity of a ball thrown upwards [closed]

A ball is thrown upwards with a speed of 16.1 m/s. What is the ball's velocity 1.6 seconds after it is released? I tried to solve this using the equation: $v = u+at$, substituting u for 16.1, a for ...
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0answers
15 views

Kinetic Damping Behavior [closed]

For a problem I am given a block attached to a spring attached to a wall with mass m and coefficient of friction u. The magnitude when it is sliding is friction=$mgu$ opposite motion. It won't move ...
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0answers
26 views

Drag - Dimensional Analysis / Buckingham Pi

Dimensional Analysis / Buckingham Pi Theorem I'm working on dimensional analysis and I'm having trouble. Here's a problem from my book I'm working on for practice. I'm suppose to consider a small ...
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3answers
260 views

Two dimensional elastic collisions with varying angle of incident

If in an elastic collision I know all initial values and that mass for each object remains constant throughout the collision (but different from one another) how can I determine their final velocity ...
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1answer
43 views

How to calculate the photoelectric effect with photon efficiency?

I am not sure exactly where to go with this problem. The problem states: "A $1.3 \, \mathrm{mW}$ laser ($\lambda = 545 \, \mathrm{nm}$) shines on a cesium photocathode ($\phi = 1.95 \, \mathrm{eV}$). ...
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0answers
39 views

How torque and friction cause wheel to roll

I apologize if this question has been answered before, but I did not find the explanation that I needed. If a torque is applied to a wheel situated on a frictional surface, what forces cause the ...
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1answer
38 views

Loading a capacitor in an RC circuit

I have an RC circuit to which I am going to apply voltages of 5V every 100ns. So every 100ns, the capacitor will change its "state" from charging up to uncharging. I have been trying to find the a ...