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1answer
66 views

Identify the weight of operator under conformal transformation

I have a stupid (homework tag may be suitable =_=) question about the problem 2.7 in Polchinski's string theory volume 1. Why the weight of operator $:e^{ik\cdot X}:$ is $(\frac{\alpha'k^2}{4}, ...
2
votes
2answers
175 views

$\left(H^\dagger H\right)^2$ is invariant under $U(1)\times SU(2)$?

Is it true that $\left(H^\dagger H\right)^2$ is invariant under $U\left(1\right) \times SU\left(2\right)$ where $H$ is the Higgs field $(1,2,1/2)$? Does this invariance imply that its hypercharge ...
-3
votes
1answer
139 views

2 particles collision - deriving the equation for an energy which can become mass of new particles!

Q1: Lets say a particle with mass $m_1$ and kinetic energy $W_k$ colides with a particle of mass $m_2$ at rest. Can anyone explain why do both particless ($m_1$ and $m_2$) plus an aditionall mass $m$ ...
2
votes
2answers
103 views

Identity of Operator Product Expansion (OPE)

I have one more s****d question in Polchinski's string theory book, Eqs. (2.3.14a) $$ j^{\mu}(z) :e^{ik \cdot X(0,0)}:~ \sim~ \frac{k^{\mu}}{2 z} :e^{ik \cdot X(0,0)}:,$$ where $j^{\mu}_a ...
0
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0answers
145 views

Pair annihilation - how to generaly solve these types of problems?

Simple question regarding pair production: Can a collision of an electron with a positron result in two photons? I have this problem to solve and I doubt this is even possible. Please provide some ...
5
votes
1answer
124 views

A question about conformal transformation in Polchinski's string theory

I have one more stupid question in Polchinski's string theory book. P. 46, it is said It is convenient to take a basis of local operators that are eigenstates under rigid transformation (2.4.9) ...
1
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1answer
108 views

Compton scattering - Does this example have a solution if i get negative number under the square of quadratic eq.?

1. The problem statement Incomming photon gives half of its energy to an electron during scatering. After scattering, photon is headed $\phi=120^\circ$ according to the original direction. ...
1
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0answers
121 views

How to prove Eq. (2.4.5) in Polchinski's string theory book?

I got one more stupid question in Polchinski's string theory book. In p. 44, it is said The currents $$j(z)=i v(z) T(z), \tilde{j}(\bar{z}) = i v(z)^* \tilde{T}(\bar{z}) \tag{2.4.5}$$ are ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Compton scatering problem - How to solve this large problem faster using the momentum system?

I have encountered a hard exercise which i cannot quite solve. Could anyone help me with it? This is the exercise: Lets say we have a photon whose energy $W_f$ is equal to the relativistic ...
2
votes
1answer
191 views

How to derive Eq. (2.1.24) in Polchinski's string theory book

Excuse me, I got one more stupid question in Polchinski's string theory book :( $$\partial \bar{\partial} \ln |z|^2 = 2 \pi \delta^2 (z,\bar{z}) (1) $$ I shall check this equation by integrating both ...
5
votes
1answer
237 views

Divergence theorem in complex coordinates

This question is related to Stokes' theorem in complex coordinates (CFT) but, I still don't understand :( Namely how to prove the divergence theorem in complex coordinate in Eq (2.1.9) in ...
0
votes
1answer
217 views

Coordinate system

Quoting from 'Nuclear Physics - Theory and Experiment' by RR Roy, BP Nigam 2005 edition Link to text How did the author arrive at equations (23a, 23b,23c)? Chapter 8 Nuclear model II, 8.7 ...
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votes
2answers
235 views

RC Parallel Circuits [closed]

I am trying to solve the following exercise: A capacitor 27 and $\mu$F is connected to a battery of 21 V through a resistance of 14 M$\Omega$. 1) What 's the charge on his parallel-plate? 2) ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Are these data enough to solve this simulataneity problem

observers: S and S'. S stands in midway between two events (say, 2 flashes) located 20 metres apart. He sees two flashes occurring simultaneously. S' notes a 20ns difference in them. S' is moving ...
0
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0answers
59 views

How can this formula be analyzed intuitively?

Given $$ \bar{U}_{vib}(T) = R \sum_{\text{n.m.}} \left( \frac{\theta_{vib, n.m.}}{2} \right) + \frac{\theta_{vib, n.m.} e^{-\theta_{vib, n.m.}/T}}{1-e^{-\theta_{vib, n.m.}/T}} $$ where ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Where does $p^i/p^+$ come from in the EOM of an open string?

I have a stupid question about Eq. (1.3.22) in Polchinski's string theory volume 1. In the equation of motion for an open string, Eq. (1.3.22), $$X^i (\tau, \sigma) = x^i + \frac{ p^i}{p^+} \tau + ...
3
votes
2answers
272 views

Restriction of a Lagrangian

I'm wondering if anyone could help me with the following questions. Let $M$ be the Minkowski spacetime, given $f\in C^{\infty}(M) ; f(m)=x^{0}(m)$, with $\{x^{\mu}\}$ being a global Cartesian ...
1
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3answers
516 views

SMBC ball bouncing problem

This comes from a Saturday Morning Breakfast Cereal (SMBC) comic with a joke answer. The problem states: A 5 kilogram ball is shot directly right at 20 meters per second from a height of 10 ...
0
votes
1answer
291 views

Photoelectric effect - calculating a current in the photocell in which only $5\%$ of photons manage to cause the effect

I have been trying to solve a problem about photocell and have obtained the wrong result. Can anyone tell me where did I go wrong? So it is easier I will write down all my calculations. We have a ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How to find electric scalar potential of infinite wire with Poisson/Laplace equation?

I though it will be easier then calculating the electric field and then integrating, but I am stuck. lets say we have an infinite wire, charged $\lambda$ per unit of length and its located at the ...
4
votes
3answers
222 views

Heat equation with strange boundary condition

I've attempted a few different solutions to this math methods problem from an old qualifying exam, but I can't seem to hack it. The setup for the problem is that the temperature sand in the Australian ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Calculating Mass for a Reduced Trajectory while Keeping Projectile Force Constant

Apologies if this is not a research-specific question, but applied mechanics. A firefighter has to pass a test in which he is to throw a medicine ball a certain distance. The ball is thrown at a 45 ...
5
votes
5answers
723 views

What are the forces acting between two air bubbles in water?

The exact question is Two air bubbles in water attract each other repel each other do not exert any force on each other may attract or repel depending upon the distance between ...
0
votes
4answers
1k views

Transformer: primary side & secondary side current 180 degree out of phase

I am a novice in electrical engineering. I notice that in transformer the secondary side current & current referred to as primary are 180 degree out of phase from each other. But why it is so, I ...
0
votes
3answers
257 views

Calculating the torque at a point when a motor is stopped?

So, I'm trying to solve for the torque $\tau_A$ of a motor. I have attached a strong stick to the motor, like so: I apply a force $F$ on the stick which stops the motor. The distance from the ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Cylinder rolling down an inclined plane

I've been trying to solve this problem: A cylinder is rolling down an inclined plane (angle between plane and horizon α). Coefficient of friction is µ. What is the translational and angular speed of ...
3
votes
1answer
163 views

Deriving the transformation under Weyl rescaling in Polchinski eq. (1.2.31)

I have another question in Polchinski's string theory book volume 1, namely how to derive Eq. (1.2.32)? $$(-\gamma')^{1/2} R'=(-\gamma)^{1/2} (R-2 \nabla^2 \omega) \tag{1.2.32}$$ I have awared his ...
1
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0answers
67 views

Preservation of a scalar along geodesic trajectory

Let $u^\mu$ be the velocity of a particle , and $\xi^\mu$ be a killing vector. would taking a contravariant derivative of to scalar product $\xi_\mu u^\mu$ , and showing that it equals to 0 shows that ...
2
votes
0answers
94 views

Definition of a 'tunneling lifetime'

I'm given a one-dimensional potential with two wells, one local minimum at some higher energy and one deep global minimum next to it, separated by a barrier of own shape and height (phase qubit). I ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

work done by tension

The problem statement, all variables and given/known data Consider the following arrangement: Calculate the work done by tension on 2kg block during its motion on circular track from point $A$ to ...
0
votes
3answers
139 views

Photoelectric effect: according to classical physics?

This is a sample test question I've encountered twice in some practice chemistry finals. I'm a little bit confused about what it's asking. You are conducting an experiment on the photoelectric ...
2
votes
2answers
247 views

Basic Torque: Did TA get it wrong?

The question itself: A modern art sculptor anchors 1 meter of a cast iron pole in the ground and leaves 3 meters of the pole sticking out of the ground at a 60° angle. The owner of the metal shop ...
2
votes
1answer
175 views

Is sound relative?

Is sound relative? For example, if I and my friend are having a ride at 1000 mph and I shout towards him (speed of sound 700 mph). What would happen? Will the speed of the sound relative to the ...
2
votes
1answer
158 views

How to derive Eq. (1.2.17) in Polchinski?

I have a super stupid question about deriving Eq. (1.2.17) in Polchinski's string theory, vol 1. The book seems to derive from $$\tag{1.2.16} h_{ab}=\frac{1}{2} \gamma_{ab} \gamma^{cd} h_{cd} $$ ...
1
vote
1answer
307 views

Schwarzschild solution

I am calculating for many hours and I am really confused with this exercise. Consider a comoving observer sitting at constant spatial coordinates$(r∗,θ∗,φ*)$, around a Schwarzschild black hole of ...
-1
votes
2answers
2k views

Center of a mass of a hemisphere [closed]

How can I show that position vector of the center of a mass of a hemisphere is $(0,0,\frac{3a}{8})$ where $a$ is radius of a hemisphere, $x$ and $y$ axis are laying on the base and $z$-axis is ...
-1
votes
1answer
436 views

Costant volume gas thermometer [closed]

I have two constant volume gas thermometers, one with an ideal gas $pv=RT$ and the other following the Van der Waals equation $(p+\frac{a}{v^2})(v-b)=RT$. They are calibrated using the freezing point ...
0
votes
1answer
132 views

Electrons in a box [closed]

According to the Pauli principle, there can be no more than two electrons in a given state. If there are a number N of electrons in this box in the lowest states possible, show that the energy of the ...
-1
votes
1answer
343 views

Kinetic energy of a rotating rod [closed]

I have no idea where to even begin with this... Find the kinetic energy of a record of uniform density, mass 50 gm and radius 10 cm rotating at 33 and 1/3 revolutions per minute. Normally I would ...
0
votes
1answer
275 views

Is there another way to calculate the work done by air resistance?

A ball of mass $0.37\text{ kg}$ is thrown upward along the vertical with a initial speed of $14\text{ m/s}$, and reaches a maximum height of $8.4\text{ m}$. a) What is the work done by air ...
0
votes
0answers
104 views

Taking length/area element when trying to find E.resistance

I am trying to find out which 'element to take' (and why), When trying to find the resistance of some material with non-uniform resistivity $\rho$. I'll give an example: Say we have a co-axial cable ...
-3
votes
1answer
51 views

What do I need to know to calculate the price per km for plug-in hybrid or electric cars? [closed]

Knowing the per kWh price of electricity, what other factors are needed to calculate how much would one pay per km traveled on electric power compared to gasoline power? EDIT: For example, the ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Do photoelectrons move fast enough to use special relativity? (+ homework)

What are the speeds of the photoelectrons which are knocked out of the metal during photoeffect? Do i have to use special relativity? I am having trouble solving a homework using relativity. But if ...
3
votes
2answers
226 views

The “stationary potential energy” condition for static equilibrium in mechanical systems

I've often read that, for a mechanical system which can be described by $n$ generalized coordinates $q_1,...,q_n$, a point $\mathbf{Q}=(Q_1,...,Q_n)$ is a point of equilibrium if and only if the ...
0
votes
0answers
171 views

Coupling oscillator

I am currently doing the following problem: Two identical undamped oscillators, A and B, each of mass m and natural (angular) frequency $\omega_0$, are coupled in such a way that the coupling ...
0
votes
1answer
175 views

How to determine the region that would contain a quantum particle

(a) A hydrogen atom is in its ground state. If space is divided into identical infinitesimal cubes, in which cube is the electron most likely to be found? If instead space is divided into 31 ...
-2
votes
2answers
155 views

Vector Components and Resultant [closed]

My sister got this homework that she don't understand, me neither. Can anyone help out? Here's the problem: Give the x-component and y component of the following vectors: a. A = 7.0 cm, E b. B = ...
-2
votes
1answer
92 views

What is the alternative of PMG (Permanent Magnet Generator) in a Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine? [closed]

I need to make a report about a HAWT (Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine) and list the parts with their costs, but as a Permanent Magnet Generator is a costly thing so what can I use in alternative of this ...
-1
votes
1answer
94 views

Are the forces I'm using correct? (ball in air) [closed]

I have been working on a program which should simulate all the forces on a spherical object. Right now those are balls, but they can easily be changed to something else. These are the formulas I use ...