Applies also to pre-Hilbert spaces, rigged Hilbert spaces, and spaces with negative norm or zero-norm states.

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Physical interpretation of applying a unitary operator to a state

When we apply one of the Pauli matrices $\sigma_y$ on one of its eigen-vectors $| \odot \rangle$, what does the eigen-value tell us about $| \odot \rangle$? Is this considered a measurement of $| ...
7
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1answer
197 views

Shape of the state space under different tensor products

I am currently studying generalized probabilistic theories. Let me roughly recall how such a theory looks like (you can skip this and go to "My question" if you are familiar with this). Recall: In a ...
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1answer
167 views

A question about the energy of turning on and off interaction adiabatically in QFT

I read a saying as follows: In a theory with no particles which decay and no bound states, the turning on and off of the interactions merely serves to limit the effective range of forces. In this ...
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1answer
42 views

What is the relationship between completeness of wave functions and completeness of Hilbert space?

In the lecture, my prof said that completeness means that any wave function can be constructed using an infinite number of "other" basis wave functions. This is very intuitive since this is nothing ...
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1answer
210 views

Two-state Hamiltonian matrix in basis

I have a homework problem as following: Write the two-state Hamiltonian matrix in a certain basis |1>, |2> in a general form as \begin{array}{ccc} H_{11} & H_{12} \\ H_{21} & H_{22} ...
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39 views

Motivating Irreducibility of Hilbert Space for Quantization Axioms

In the context of geometric quantization, we usually look for a map from the Poisson algebra of classical observables to the algebra of quantum observables (or rather, a sub-algebra of the classical ...
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0answers
48 views

Derivation of the Lippmann-Schwinger equation

I was trying to understand the derivation of the Lippmann-Schwinger equation in Sakurai's Modern Quantum Mechanics, Section 6.1. Our teacher presented a much simpler derivation, similar to that on ...
3
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0answers
88 views

Density matrix formalism and group representation

The postulates of quantum theory can be given in the density matrix formalism. States correspond to positive trace class operators with trace 1 on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Composition is defined ...
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46 views

Self-adjoint extensions with 'teletransporting' boundary conditions

When choosing a self-adjoint extension of a Hamiltonian, in general one can obtain domains in which (i) the probabilities teleport* between points on the boundary and (ii) boundary conditions ...
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78 views

Symmetry and Algebra

I'm trying to get a more concrete idea how symmetry is understood in quantum theories, as broad as possible. Consider a infinitesimal transformation of states in quantum physics of the form: $$ ...
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0answers
139 views

What are you studying when you study a Harmonic Oscillator in QM?

This probably is a naive question - so please forgive a self-studier. In the text I am studying, one builds a HO by placing a particle in a potential that increases quadratically from the origin. The ...
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0answers
167 views

Why do some terms vanish in first-order perturbation theory?

In first order perturbation theory, we usually express the first order perturbation in the eigenket of the perturbed Hamiltonian in the basis of the unperturbed Hamiltonian $H_{0}$: ...
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84 views

What is a continuous superselection sector?

I'm studying the terrible subject of continuous superselection rules and I faced with the following problem. Usually (continuous or discrete) superselection rules are defined involving a direct ...
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0answers
108 views

Can we “safely” assume that quantum computing systems will be finite-dimensional?

This is a common assumption in the study of quantum computation to assume that the quantum systems involved are finite-dimensional, since qubits lives in the two-dimensional Hilbert space. According ...
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22 views

representation of spinors

I am trying to get from the abstract representation of Spinors, as wave functions $|\Psi \rangle$ in the base of tensors products $| S_z \rangle \otimes | x \rangle$ of eigenvectors of the spin ...
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0answers
63 views

Non Hermitian Quantum Mechanics

I was just reading about Non-Hermitian Quantum Mechanics dealing with Hamiltonians $H$ that are not Hermitian operators. Then it is unclear that we get orthonormal eigenstates. Now, I was reading a ...
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0answers
34 views

How does Dirac define the representative of $\{\langle\phi\frac{d}{dq}\}\psi\rangle = \langle\phi\{\frac{d}{dq}\psi\rangle\}$

On pate 89 of Dirac's book, The Principles of Quantum Mechanics, he writes: Let us treat the linear operator $\frac{d}{dq}$ according to the general theory of linear operators of section 7. We ...
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160 views

Transition Between Position and Momentum Basis

I'm having some trouble following pages 55-56 of Sakurai's Modern Quantum Mechanics. We're trying to transfer from position space into momentum space. Here's a quote: Let us now establish the ...
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77 views

Quantum Rigid Rotor Perturbation

As the title says, I have a rigid rotor with a perturbation given below $$H=\frac{L^2}{2I}-\alpha B L_z.$$ So I know that the eigenvalues of $H$ will be $\ell(\ell+1)/2I -\alpha B m$ where $m$ is our ...
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92 views

Momentum and position operators in Schrödinger representation

I was going through some intro notes on path integral (for QFT), and am stuck with this equation for position and momentum in Schrödinger (position) representation, $$ \hat{1} =\int ...
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0answers
54 views

How do I properly express adding perturbed states to unperturbed states?

I have a problem set due tomorrow, and the last problem is driving me nuts. Been combing through griffiths trying to find similar examples to no avail, so it'd be greatly appreciated if stackexchange ...
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0answers
161 views

A basic question about Heisenberg State Kets (in particular the simple harmonic oscillator)

I know base kets in the Heisenberg picture are $U^\dagger |{a}\rangle$ but if the base kets are the base of the hamiltonian, and the hamiltonian is independent of time, are all of the base kets ...
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0answers
248 views

Representing a polarization vector for light as a 'manifold of two state'

Explain me these projections please Context: I was reading a paper (Phys. Rev. A 68, 052307) which involved mesoscopic coherent states of light. There, in order to calculate the uncertainty of a ...
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0answers
32 views

Variational principle proof (summing over $n$)

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Variational_method_%28quantum_mechanics%29 $$= \sum_n \sum_m c_n^*c_mE_m \langle \psi_n|\psi_m \rangle$$ $$= \sum_n |c_n|^2E_n$$ I just want to better understand ...
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69 views

Calculating the square of angular momentum operator in cylindrical coordinates

I want to evaluate the square of angular momentum, $L^2$, in cylindrical coordinates. I found components of $L$ in cylindrical coordinate. How can I find eigenvalue and eigenfunction of $L_z$?
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34 views

Are complex planes (Gaussian plane) examples for a Hilbert Space?

My assumption: Yes, even though from physical application point of view it looks like different. (A complex plane is used in complex AC analysis, while Hilbert Space refers usually to QM.)
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41 views

Is it sensible to speak of the parity operator in 4 dimensional Hilbert space?

So I'm dealing with a system of two qubits, with the hamiltonian given by $$H = \left[ \begin{array}{cccc} a & 0 & -b & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 & -b\\ -b & 0 & 0 & 0\\ 0 ...
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110 views

Momentum operator in Dirac formalism

Could you derive the momentum operator as follows: Since $\mathcal{T}(\Delta x)=\exp(-ip_{x} \Delta x/ \hslash)$, if we set $\Delta x=x-0$ then it follows that $\left \langle x\right | ...
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0answers
14 views

Is the additivity property of the quantum states valid only for countable families of pairwise orthogonal projections?

Consider a generic Hilbert spaces and a map $$ \mu:P(H)\longrightarrow [0,1] $$ such that $\mu(I)=1$ and $$ \mu\left(\mbox{s-}\sum_{i\in\mathcal{I}}P_i\right)=\sum_{i\in\mathcal{I}}\mu(P_i) $$ for ...
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214 views

Continous and Discrete basis, Multiplication of Density Matrix and Hamiltonian

Suppose I have a wave function $\psi(x)$ in position basis. I can make a density function by simply multiplying $\psi(x)$ and its conjugate $\psi^*(x)$. If I operate the density matrix ...
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140 views

Can experiment distinguish the basis in which a singlet state is represented?

Let $\left(|\uparrow\rangle,|\downarrow\rangle\right)$ and $\left(|\nearrow\rangle,|\swarrow\rangle\right)$ be two bases of the $2$-dimensional Hilbert space $H$. Can an experiment distinguish ...