# Tagged Questions

This higgs field breaks electroweak symmetry and provides mass to particles though a process called the higgs mechanism. The excitation of the higgs field is called a higgs boson.

10 views

### Estimated total number of Higgs events

How many Higgs events have been observed at the LHC? I understand that this is not terribly well defined question; I'm just after an order of magnitude estimate for the excess events in, let's say, ...
35 views

### How Higgs Field is a constant in an Expanding Universe [on hold]

Going through information on Higgs Field in various forums, it seems that the mass of an object is due its interaction with the Higgs Field which is constant throughout the universe. However it ...
45 views

### Gauge Theory of Superconductors

I'm trying to understand better the nature of the gauge redundancy and the Higgs mechanism in superconductors. Specifically, I'm looking for a good reference that explains monopoles, vortices, and ...
36 views

### How do the right-handed fermions acquire mass?

I am constructing a presentation on how elementary particles acquire mass via interaction with Higgs field. I asked this question previously in a different form and received the usual clap trap, so I ...
113 views

### Why under Lorentz transformations the Higgs boson is a scalar field and under $SU(2)$ it is a doublet?

I am a bit confused about this difference. My understanding is that when we build a $G$-bundle, where $G$ is a gauge group, we have a representation $\rho:G\to GL(V)$ that acts on the fibers of the $G$...
46 views

### Lagrangian of Yukawa Interaction and Quark Mixing

I'm trying to understand the original of quark and lepton mass. Here's a paragraph from the book: "Massive neutrinos in physics and astrophysics" by R. N. Mohapatra and P. B. Pal : The gauge ...
25 views

### Can the Higgs field have a different value in the neutron stars?

What I know: 3 components of the Higgs field is coupled to the W+, W- and Z fields. The fourth component is determined by the energy minimum in the "mexican hat" potential. The W and Z bosons decay ...
12 views

### Closed form expression for the partial decay widths of Higgs boson in massive vector bosons

Can anybody help me obtain a closed form expression for the Higgs partial decay width into massive vector bosons (off shell decays)? I am writing code for the partial decay widths of the Higgs and ...
24 views

### Visual picture of Higgs boson CP in fermion decays

I feel quite embarrassed by the question I have but I just can't get my head over it. I was trying to understand visually in the $Higgs \rightarrow f^+f^-$ decay how different CP eigenstates of the ...
34 views

68 views

### Why do we need $SU(2)\times U(1)$ invariant mass terms if the symmetry will be broken anyway?

In the SM we can not add fermionic mass terms like $m \overline{e}_R e_L$ to the Lagrangian since these terms are not invariant under $SU(2)\times U(1)_Y$. After introducing the Higgs in the unitary ...
38 views

### 2x2 Representation for triplet Higgs

I am perplexed by the $2\times2$ representation of the Higgs that one finds in Higgs triplet models and Left-Right symmetric models. If $\vec{\phi}=(\phi^{++},\phi^{+},\phi^{0})\in(3,0)$ is the ...
191 views

### Is it possible for the Higgs Field strength, to increase with time? [closed]

Magnetic fields are created when an electric current flows: the greater the current, the stronger the magnetic field. What influences could affect the Higgs Field? If the Higgs field grew in ...
61 views

### $W^{++}$ / $W^{--}$ Bosons in theory and experiment

I wonder whether there is any theoretical interest in and/or experimental search for double charged bosons, probably to be called $W^{++}$ and $W^{--}$. The latter would obviously turn an electron ...
61 views

### Why $U(1)_Y$ hypercharge rather than $U(1)_\text{em}$ electromagnetism?

In the Standard Model we have $SU(2)_I\times U(1)_Y$, where $U(1)_Y$ is weak hypercharge and $SU(2)_I$ is the symmetry group of weak isospin. Why do we introduce $U(1)_Y$ of weak hypercharge rather ...
30 views

### Electroweak phase transition

Is it true that when the temperature of the universe was greater than ~200GeV the Higgs did not have any nonzero vacuum expectation value, hence all the particles were massless? So if one calculates ...
38 views

### Enhanced D-Brane Gauge Symmetry and the string decoupling limit

Consider a system of $N_C$ $Dp$-branes (in Type IIA or Type IIB string theory, depending on whether $p$ is even or odd). In the Les Houches lectures on supersymmetric gauge theories by Berman and ...
57 views

### Understanding standard model and symmetry

I just want to know whether my understanding regarding standard model and symmetry is correct or utter nonsense. The standard model is the (yet incomplete) Lagrangian of the universe. The ...
59 views

### The group SU(2) and the Higgs field

The Higgs field matrix has the structure $\Phi=\begin{bmatrix} \phi_{+} & -\phi_{0}^{*} \\ \phi_{0} & \phi_{+}^{*} \\ \end{bmatrix}$ How can I show that it keeps this structure under the ...
36 views

### How do quarks interact with the higgs field

I know that electrons' only interaction with the higgs field is due to ambidextrousness and the weak hypercharge which is provided by the higgs boson, but how do quarks (specifically up and down) ...
12 views

### Why is the bottom antibottom decay channel for the Higgs difficult to observe? [duplicate]

This is a question from a past paper on particle physics, it asks: Explain why experimentally it was easier to observe $h \to\gamma\gamma$ rather than $h \to b\bar b$ which has the highest ...
103 views

48 views

### Why is $\sqrt{v_1+v_2+\ldots} =246$ GeV in multi-Higgs models?

Where does the condition come from that in models with several electroweak breaking doublets the square root of the squared sum of the VEVs should yield $246$ GeV?
66 views

### Can a symmetry breaking VEV lie far above the “symmetry breaking scale?”

The scale where some symmetry gets broken can be computed using the renormalization group equations for the gauge couplings. If there is only one Higgs VEV responsible for some breaking, can this VEV ...
25 views

### What are the Higgs masses for $SU(2) \times U(1)$ goes to $U(1)$ symmetry breaking with a complex triplet?

Consider an $SU(2)\times U(1)_Y\rightarrow U(1)_{EM}$ theory that is broken via a complex triplet with hypercharge 2. The potential is of the form \begin{align} V(\Phi) = -m^2\Phi^\dagger\Phi + \...
136 views

### Why do people say that the Higgs mechanism gives mass to the gauge bosons without mentioning the fermions?

Many presentations of the Higgs mechanism only explain it as giving mass to the $W$ and $Z$ gauge bosons, but don't mention the quarks or charged leptons. For example: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/...
23 views

### Decay kinematics of Higgs boson

So I'm looking at a two-body decay question for the $h\rightarrow\gamma\gamma$ decay channel for the Higgs Boson. I am asked to find the invariant mass of the Higgs boson. I'm not too sure how to ...
16 views

### how to construct a model with fully broken SU(2) gauge symmetry, in which the masses of all three vector bosons are different

When we do the spontaneous symmetry breaking of SU(2) local gauge symmetry, the three vector fields acquire mass which is equal for all three of them. Now how do I construct a model in which the ...
43 views

### Why do the different lepton generations have different masses?

I've been reading Mark Srednicki's book on Quantum Field Theory, and toward the end (Chapter 88), he describes how the different generations of leptons acquire mass via Yukawa interactions. However, I'...
26 views

### What is the difference between the generation of mass for Fermions compared with Bosons in the standard model?

I've seen a few questions asking how the Higgs mechanism generates mass for particles of the standard model. However, I haven't seen any which specify the differences between Bosons and Fermions in ...
280 views

### How is the ground state chosen in a spontaneous symmetry breaking process?

This question is about how the ground state is chosen in a spontaneous symmetry breaking process. Say we have a Mexican Hat potential (e.g. the one for the Higgs field) and are sitting at the unstable ...
109 views

### Does massive particle really move at speed of light? [closed]

According to this answer I understood that particles with mass also move at speed of light but interaction with higgs field make this movement zigzag. So average speed is below speed of light. Is ...
195 views

### How can the Higgs boson explain the inertia of the body?

We consider a thought experiment. Let weightless cylinder is located in the reference frame $K'$ (axis X, Y, Z). The height of the cylinder is equal to $h$ (Fig.1). The top cover of the cylinder is ...
164 views

### Why did it take so long to find the Higgs?

The $W$ and $Z$ boson took a long time to be discovered because they were so heavy; we couldn't produce them in a particle collider until the 80's. But the Higgs boson isn't that much heavier than the ...
51 views

### Running coupling, effective potential and the stability of vacuum

Consider the potential $$V(\phi)=\frac{1}{2}\mu^2\phi^2+\lambda\phi^4$$ where $\phi=\phi(t,\textbf{x})$ is a real scalar field. Let, $\mu^2<0$ and $\lambda>0$ then the potential is bounded from ...
I'm reading about Higgs phenomenology and I have come across the following table. I don't see why gluon fusion to $b \bar{b}$ is considered to be "impossible" in this table. As far as I can tell, ...