This higgs field breaks electroweak symmetry and provides mass to particles though a process called the higgs mechanism. The excitation of the higgs field is called a higgs boson.

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Why are $W$ bosons massless above electroweak scale? [duplicate]

Because of the Higgs mechanism, one must replace the Higgs field $\phi$ with $\phi_0 + \phi_1$ where $\phi_0$ is the vacuum expectation value. As far as I understand, the $\phi_0$ gives the mass term ...
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38 views

Why do decompositons like $16 \otimes 16 = 10 \oplus 120 \oplus 126$ tell us which Higgs representations we can use?

This line of thought is used everywhere in Grand Unified Theories, but I can't figure out why this works and it must be very obvious because no one seems to offer an explanation. Commonly the ...
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32 views

One loop effective potential of Standard Model

The one loop Coleman-Weinberg contribution of a scalar field to the effective potential (in MSbar scheme) is: \begin{equation} const. \times m^4(\phi_c) \left( log \left( ...
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28 views

Changing variables in a Lagrangian to obtain mass terms of gauge fields [on hold]

Context: In a excercise, consider a SU(2) gauge theory. The Lagrangian of the theory contains the three gauge fields and some scalar matter fields: $\phi_1 , \phi_2$ form a SU(2) doublet (fundamental ...
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30 views

Why does a heavier mass of the higgs boson support a theory of a multiverse? and what spiritual impications will this have? [on hold]

I'm not a physicist but I do follow this as a hobby. One thing I get tired of in this field is nobody explains why their theories are what they are. I would love to know why a low Higgs mass supports ...
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1answer
60 views

Help for project on the basics of the Higgs field

I have a project for my university class on the Higgs fields and how it impacts the standard model. Also I was going to add some information on how the Higgs particle is formed and decays into ...
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1answer
42 views

Feynman rules for gauge bosons and Goldstone bosons

Does anyone know where I can find: gauge boson propagators (in an unfixed gauge) for the unphysical Electroweak gauge bosons $A^1_\mu$, $A^2_\mu$, $A^3_\mu$ and $A^4_\mu$ whose combinations give the ...
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1answer
45 views

speed of light and conservation of linear momentum

Acoording to the results of Michelson–Morley experiment, the speed of light is constant regardless of the velocity of the source. Now, I want someone to correct me if I am mistaking about the ...
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3answers
95 views

The Higgs field vs the Higgs boson

As I see it the Higgs boson is the mediating particle of the Higgs field and get its own mass from the Higgs field. Isn´t this circular? I mean, for instance, an electron creates a radial electric ...
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1answer
29 views

Higgs mass and EW precision tests

I'm trying to understand how the Higgs mass can influence EW precision tests. In order to do that I'm using the following document (section 4.3): http://arxiv.org/pdf/0706.0684v1.pdf There are a ...
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1answer
194 views

Is the exact form of the Higgs potential known?

Usually the Higgs potential is given as $$ \frac{1}{2}\mu^2\phi^2 - \frac{1}{4}\lambda^2\phi^4 $$ but I never quite understood if this just serves to give us an idea of how symmetry breaking works, or ...
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75 views

Is $SU(2)$ really broken by the Higgs VEV or just hidden?

It's generally stated in the textbooks that whent the Higgs field acquires a certain vev the corresponding symmetry is spontaneously broken. For example in A. Zee - QFT in a Nutshell: But none of ...
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78 views

Anderson-Higgs mechanism for the (non-relativistic) $U(1)$ gauge theory under the unitarity gauge

On Page 138, Quantum Field Theory of Many-body Systems: From the Origin of Sound to an Origin of Light and Electrons by Xiaogang Wen, when he demonstrates the Anderson-Higgs mechanism for the $U(1)$ ...
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30 views

Dimensional Regularization of the Higgs Mass Correction

I've found plenty of blog posts and papers where the authors claim that the Higgs mass divergence (usually presented with a momentum cutoff) doesn't show up under dimensional regularization. ...
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1answer
302 views

Why are we allowed to spontaneously break the Higgs field symmetry?

In the lepton Lagrangian there are no mass terms allowed for the gauge bosons, due to gauge symmetry. To fix the problem of existing gauge boson masses, we introduce another field (Higgs) and say that ...
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25 views

Vertex of gauge boson interaction in an arbitrary gauge

Let's have interaction between some gauge boson (for example, $W$ boson) and some other field, for example, let assume $\bar{u}\gamma_{\mu}(1 - \gamma_{5})d W^{\mu} + h.c.$. Let's then use gauge ...
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23 views

Do any, all, or no adjustments to standard model change the Weinberg angle or it’s relation to masses or coupling constants?

Do any, all, or no adjustments to standard model change the Weinberg angle or it’s relation to masses or coupling constants? If any, which (types of) ones? For the ones that do, what are the relations ...
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2answers
83 views

Why does the Higgs field have less energy when it's non-zero than when it's zero?

Why does the Higgs field have less energy when it's non-zero than when it's zero? There are references to this question on the site, but they are too heavy going for me for a while yet. Anybody want ...
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4answers
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If the LHC-calculated mass of the Higgs is wrong, how long will it take to determine this with confidence? [closed]

After I watched "Particle Fever"--the movie about Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and the successful identification of the Higgs boson--I became a bit concerned with that team's handling of various ...
2
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4answers
183 views

What is the difference between the Higgs Boson particle and an electron moving through the Higgs field?

I am watching a lecture by Sean Caroll titled "Particles, Fields, and the Future of Physics". I am not a physicist by any means but enjoy the subject in my spare time hoping to understand it. This ...
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43 views

Custodial symmetry and Higgs-Kibble

In the context of Higgs mechanism only on $SU(2)_L$ model without the hypercharge, one writes the lagrangian with traces also for the Higgs, i.e. $$ \cdots+\text{Tr}[(D_\mu H)^\dagger D^\mu ...
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66 views

Understanding $ee\to h \to ff$ process

can anyone tell me where to find a good reference that talks about $$e^+ e^-\rightarrow H \rightarrow f\bar{f}$$ where this describes an electron-positron annihilation into a Higgs that in term ...
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1answer
59 views

Difference between Higgs mechanism and Higgs decay

What is the difference between Higgs Mechanism and Higgs decay? I know that Higgs mechanism is a process which provide the mass to gauge boson. In general, many literature explain Higgs mechanism ...
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24 views

Why don't we consider cubic terms in the Higgs potential? [duplicate]

In the Standard Model scalar potential, we only consider quadratic and quartic terms, why not cubic terms though? I've noticed also in BSM theories with one extra scalar singlet, only quadratic and ...
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18 views

Why do we use $i\tau^2\Phi^*$ in standard model Yukawa terms? [duplicate]

If we for example only look at the first family of quarks, the Yukawa terms in the standard model are (ignoring the prefactors) $$ ...
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1answer
77 views

Problem with determining number of goldstone bosons

Consider a theory $$\mathcal{L}=(\partial_\mu\Phi^\dagger)(\partial^\mu\Phi)-\mu^2(\Phi^\dagger\Phi)-\lambda(\Phi^\dagger\Phi)^2$$ where $\Phi=\begin{pmatrix}\phi_1+i\phi_2\\ ...
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2answers
30 views

What would happen if weak bosons wouldn't interact with higgs field?

I have a silly question - what would happen if weak bosons wouldn't interact with higgs field? What would happen to weak interactions? How it would affect mass of other particles?
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142 views

Coulomb Branch vs. Higgs Branch (and the connection with D-branes, AdS/CFT)

I am confused about the difference between the Coulomb and Higgs branches of the moduli space of supersymmetric gauge theories. It's easy to find a definition for $D=4$, $\mathcal{N}=2$ supersymmetric ...
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22 views

Why third Pauli $\tau_3$ becomes third Isospin component $\tau_3^{<\Phi>}$?

When considering the higgs coupling to the neutral gauge boson of EW theory (see e.g. C. G. Tully (EPP nutshell) page 102): $$\tag{1}\mathcal{L} = \frac{1}{4}\left\{\left(g' B_\mu Y_\Phi+gW_\mu^3 ...
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1answer
93 views

Current knowledge of Higgs

What is the current knowledge about the Higgs field after its discovery in the LHC? Does it exactly mimic the standard model Higgs? Does this knowledge rules out the possibility of other Higgs ...
4
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1answer
76 views

What does the discovery of the Higgs boson mean for SUSY?

I've seen many differing opinions on how the discovery of the Higgs boson (specifically due to its mass) has effected theories of Super Symmetry, but all seem fairly biased. I'm wondering if someone ...
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60 views

In the Higgs boson experiments, why are protons used?

Why are protons used to create Higgs particles at CERN? Can anyone please explain the concepts very simply? (How to explain this to a layman?)
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1answer
77 views

Higgs boson and gravity [closed]

I was reading earlier about how Higgs boson (aka The God Particle) is responsible for giving mass certain properties. Among these properties is gravity. What I'm wondering is, by studying Higgs boson, ...
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1answer
64 views

Where does the mass of a nucleon originate in an atom?

The mass of the three quarks in the nucleons make up only about one to two percent of the mass of the nucleons. What makes up the other 98 percent?
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2answers
174 views

Can a superpartner be less massive than its SM counterpart?

Theoretically, can a superpartner be less massive than its standard model counterpart? I realize there are experimental constraints.
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1answer
158 views

Do we need new physics to supercede triviality?

I've been reading about the higgs triviality bound (see for example here). It is discussed that the higgs self coupling at some energy scale becomes non-perturbative. If the higg's mass is above about ...
5
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1answer
185 views

Why do we need spontaneous symmetry breaking in Lagrangian formalism?

I have always struggled with the concept of spontaneous symmetry breaking. It seems to me that many others don't find it very intuitive as well, but that could be just me having difficulties with the ...
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1answer
142 views

Can the Higgs condensate be described in terms of creation operators?

In superconductivity, the BCS condensate can be described in terms of 2 creation operators (the 2 electrons of the pair) acting on the vacuum. I'm wondering whether a similar description can be given ...
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Are all fermions massless at high temperatures?

According to the standard model, the electroweak symmetry is unbroken at high temperatures, and therefore all gauge bosons are massless then. But since fermions are said to acquire mass by a different ...
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1answer
154 views

Terminology of Higgs boson and Goldstone boson

I know, the from the Higgs Mechanism, or Spontaneous symmetry breaking, the massless Goldstone boson becomes massive. So in some sense Goldstone bosons are eaten by gauge "boson". Here I got ...
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1answer
169 views

What gives the higgs boson mass? [duplicate]

In light of the discovery of the Higgs boson. The Higgs Boson is a force particle which interacts with matter particles. My question is what does the Higgs Boson interact with to give itself mass.
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1answer
61 views

Has the speed of the higgs boson been measured yet? [closed]

Has the speed of the higgs boson been measured yet? If not, what is it's speed predicted to be?
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2answers
134 views

Width of the decay of Higgs boson into dimuon

According to Standard model, the partial width of the decay of Higgs into dimuon (up to tree level) is: $$\Gamma\approx\frac{m_H}{8\pi} \left(\frac{m_{\mu}}{\nu}\right)^2$$ with the Higgs mass ...
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Higgs field with pinwheel singularities

The Higgs field is a scalar complex field and the "only thing that matters" is the magnitude of the field. The field is at the lowest energy configuration at 246 GeV: If someone (somehow) created a ...
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1answer
41 views

The Higgs field and spacetime intervals

The Higgs field imparts a rest mass to certain fundamental particles, but it also seems to do something more interesting. Particles that don't couple to the Higgs field, i.e. the rest-massless, are ...
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1answer
42 views

Higgs field and the null geodesic

How does coupling to the Higgs field take a particle with a spacetime interval of zero and give it a non-zero value, i.e, how does it move it off the null geodesic? [of course, the Higgs field is ...
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2answers
56 views

What role does the Higgs Field play in the universe?

The Higgs field is known as a physical field that covers the entire universe, giving particles their mass. However, that got me thinking if the Higgs field not only gives mass to other particles, but ...
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2answers
500 views

How the Higgs field exist if the Higgs boson is unstable?

I understand from the internet that the Higgs particle is highly unstable! It decays as soon as it is created. If it is so unstable, how one can say that the Higgs field exist? Just like, if photons ...
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Techni-Higgs Particle

I read online that a professor from Denmark alleged that the particle that was found in Cern is not necessarily Higgs Boson, it has many characteristics that match with the "god particle" , but it ...
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47 views

Mass generation for Z' and W' bosons

I read that some Beyond the Standard Model theories require the existence of additional gauge bosons such as $Z'$ and $W'$. As far as I understood, an extension of the $SU(2)_L$ symmetry is required, ...