Radiation that comes from pair production quantum effects in close vicinity to an event horizon, leading to the potential for eventual evaporation of black holes. Two mirror particles are created with one falling behind the horizon, becoming casually lost to the rest of the universe, including its ...

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2answers
5k views

Black holes and positive/negative-energy particles

I was reading Brian Greene's "Hidden Reality" and came to the part about Hawking Radiation. Quantum jitters that occur near the event horizon of a black hole, which create both positive-energy ...
123
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3answers
27k views

Why does Stephen Hawking say black holes don't exist?

Recently, I read in the journal Nature that Stephen Hawking wrote a paper claiming that black holes do not exist. How is this possible? Please explain it to me because I didn't understand what he ...
34
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4answers
2k views

From where (in space-time) does Hawking radiation originate?

According to my understanding of black hole thermodynamics, if I observe a black hole from a safe distance I should observe black body radiation emanating from it, with a temperature determined by its ...
11
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2answers
1k views

Virtual particles and physical laws

Recently, I was reading about Hawking Radiation in A Brief History of Time. It says that at no point can all the fields be zero and so there's nothing like empty space(quantum fluctuation etc.). Now, ...
20
votes
2answers
7k views

How would a black hole power plant work?

A black hole power plant (BHPP) is something I'll define here as a machine that uses a black hole to convert mass into energy for useful work. As such, it constitutes the 3rd kind of matter-energy ...
15
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6answers
3k views

What is Hawking radiation and how does it cause a black hole to evaporate?

My understanding is that Hawking radiation isn't really radiated from a black hole, but rather occurs when a particle anti-particle pair spontaneously pop into existence, and before they can ...
17
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7answers
1k views

Do all massive bodies emit Hawking radiation?

It is known that any accelerated observer is subject to a heat bath due to Unruh radiation. The principle of equivalence suggests that any stationary observer on the surface of a massive body should ...
14
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3answers
694 views

Extremal black hole with no angular momentum and no electric charge

A black hole will have a temperature that is a function of the mass, the angular momentum and the electric charge. For a fixed mass, Angular momentum and electric charge are bounded by the extremality ...
11
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3answers
2k views

Are electrons just incompletely evaporated black holes?

Imagine a black hole that is fast-approaching its final exponential throws of Hawking evaporation. Presumably, at all points in this end process there there will remain a region that identifiably ...
9
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4answers
758 views

Can virtual particles be 'boosted' into becoming real particles by fields other than gravity?

On the wikipedia page for Hawking Radiation it states: Physical insight into the process may be gained by imagining that particle-antiparticle radiation is emitted from just beyond the event ...
5
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1answer
347 views

What constitutes a blackhole firewall?

I understand that, to break the entanglement of two particles of Hawking radiation and therefore preserve monogamy of entanglement, there should be a firewall around the event horizon. This firewall ...
8
votes
2answers
906 views

Do apparent event horizons have Hawking radiation?

As I understand it, black holes have an absolute event horizon and an apparent horizon specific an observer. In addition to black holes, an apparent horizon can come from any sustained acceleration. ...
10
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3answers
996 views

Hawking radiation and reversibility

It's often said that, as long as the information that fell into a black hole comes out eventually in the Hawking radiation (by whatever means), pure states remain pure rather than evolving into mixed ...
3
votes
2answers
621 views

Hawking radiation from point of view of a falling observer

This paper tells that Hawking claimed that the falling to a black hole observer will not detect any radiation. But only because the frequency of the Hawking radiation will be of the order $1/R_s$ so ...
8
votes
1answer
635 views

How do we know that black holes evaporate?

This has been bugging me for some time. As I understand it, Hawking radiation is the result of the mismatch between the vacuum state of a quantum field as seen by a free falling observer (falling ...
4
votes
2answers
293 views

What happens when a black hole dies?

It just vanishes into space leaving nothing behind or does it expel some material? Also, talking more about black holes, as far as i understand the term "temperature", it is defined by the amount of ...
3
votes
3answers
93 views

Can light escape a black hole? [duplicate]

I heard that a black hole is not black because it's escape velocity is greater than or equals to the speed of light. But instead it is black because the light that gets emitted from a black hole gets ...
11
votes
1answer
420 views

Hawking Radiation as Tunneling

Firstly, I'm aware that Hawking radiation can be derived in the "normal" way using the Bogoliubov transformation. However, I was intrigued by the heuristic explanation in terms of tunneling. The ...
8
votes
1answer
238 views

Multipolar expansion profile of Hawking radiation on Kerr black holes

I would be very curious if Kerr black holes emit Hawking radiation at the same temperature in the equatorial bulges and in their polar regions. I've been looking some reference for this for a couple ...
4
votes
0answers
210 views

Information scrambling and Hawking non-thermal radiation states

Could a very small black hole where half of its entropy has been radiated, emit Hawking radiation that is macroscopically distinct from being thermal? i.e: not a black body radiator. Or would the ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Are there any other mechanisms that can make virtual particles 'real' other than Hawking Radiation and Universe Births?

As I understand it, if virtual particles do not recombine within the plank time they become 'real'. This is proposed to happen in Hawking Radiation, where one virtual particle crosses the black ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Is a black hole a perfect black body?

A black body absorbs all light/radiation in its reach. According to basic laws of physics, the more energy a body absorbs the more it can emit. Therefore, a black body absorbs all energy directed at ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How does negative energy from Hawking Radiation cause a Black Hole to shrink? [duplicate]

Hello this is expanding upon a question that was previously asked on stack exchange that I linked below. From what I understand of Black Holes is that overtime Hawking Radiation results in the Black ...
1
vote
0answers
204 views

Black hole entropy from collapsed entangled pure light

Consider the following scenario, very similar to the one proposed in this question, but this time, the pure quantum radiation used for the black hole collapse, is now being split with down-converter ...
3
votes
2answers
199 views

Why doesn't Hawking radiation cancel itself out?

Hawking Radiation is formed when particle, anti particle pairs formed by the uncertainty principle are separated by the event horizon of a black hole. It seems like an equal amount of particles ...
3
votes
4answers
992 views

Time inside a Black hole

If time stops inside a black hole, due to gravitational time dilation, how can it's life end after a very long time? If time doesn't pass inside a black hole, then an event to occur inside a black ...
2
votes
5answers
487 views

Why is the intensity of Hawking radiation dependent on the size of the black hole it comes from?

I am asking for a non mathematical answer. I think I have a pretty good understanding of physics without the maths, which unfortunately eludes my understanding. It may be the answer would be obvious ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Why does imaginary periodic time of the Rindler space of black hole give Hawking temperature?

The metric of a Schwarzschild black hole in Rindler coordinates is $$ds^2= -\frac{\rho^2}{(4MG)^2} dt^2 +d\rho^2 + d\mathbf x_\perp$$ where $\rho$ gives us the distance to the horizon. If we switch ...
1
vote
2answers
74 views

Derivation for the temperature of Reissner-Nordström (charged) black hole

A lot of the text for this is from "How does one correctly interpret the behavior of the heat capacity of a charged black hole?" but this concerns a different question. The Reissner-Nordström black ...
47
votes
2answers
879 views

Analog Hawking radiation

I am confused by most discussions of analog Hawking radiation in fluids (see, for example, the recent experimental result of Weinfurtner et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 021302 (2011), ...
25
votes
3answers
1k views

If I fall into an evaporating black hole, where do I end up?

This question has been bothering me for a while. I have a crude hypothesis... As I understand it, an observer falling into a black hole will cross the event horizon at some specific future (proper) ...
12
votes
3answers
791 views

Why is there a flux of radiation in the Hawking effect but not in the Unruh effect? (and other questions)

This question is slightly related to this one Do all massive bodies emit Hawking radiation?, which I think was poorly posed and so didn't get very useful answers. There are several questions in this ...
23
votes
1answer
705 views

How does one correctly interpret the behavior of the heat capacity of a charged black hole?

Note: Although I have a provided an "answer" to the question, I did not resolve all the questions in this post satisfactorily. I invite anyone willing and able to provide a better answer, which I ...
17
votes
1answer
575 views

In there such a thing as the Black Hole Information Paradox?

When I first heard about the black hole information paradox, I thought it had no content. At the time, papers about it had been written for numerous years and they keep on coming. Now that the press ...
14
votes
3answers
418 views

Is the flatness of space a measure of entropy?

This is a bit quirky: For a very long time I've found Stephen Hawking's evaporating small black holes a lot more reasonable and intuitive than large black holes. The main reason is that gravity is ...
12
votes
0answers
400 views

Is the Hawking radiation of a charged black hole thermal?

Suppose you have a Schwarzschild black hole of mass $M$ and angular parameter $a = 0$ (no rotation). Question: is it possible to throw a charge $Q$ at a faster rate than it will be re-radiated? Will ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Why does Hawking radiation cause black holes to die? [duplicate]

If a particle is being expelled from a black hole and an antiparticle is being driven into it, shouldn't the opposite occur as well and in the same frequencies? I mean, black holes should emit ...
4
votes
8answers
763 views

Flat space limit of the Schwarzschild metric and Hawking temperature

The Schwarzschild metric reduces to the Minkowski metric in the limit of vanishing $M$, but the Hawking temperature which is proportional to $1/M$ diverges in the same limit. This would imply that ...
6
votes
2answers
238 views

Are black holes eternal?

The question might sound very easy - Hawking radiation, however I was pondering that as you get closer and closer to a black hole, time dilates exponentially where the surface of the black hole is ...
6
votes
2answers
908 views

On black holes, Hawking radiation and gravitational atoms

Over the past hour or so I've been following one of my standard physics-based, wanders-through-the-internet. Specifically, I began by reviewing some details of dark energy theory but soon found myself ...
5
votes
4answers
214 views

Can the event horizon save conservation laws for black holes?

How reasonable it it to conclude that, from a remote observer’s frame, matter falling towards a black hole never crosses the event horizon, because ∆ t → 0 as v → c (according to the Lorentz ...
3
votes
0answers
134 views

Are gravastars observationally distinguishable from black holes?

Are observations of Hawking radiation at the acoustic event horizon in Bose-Einstein condensates consistent with gravastars? To reconcile the second law of thermodynamics with the existence of a ...
3
votes
2answers
313 views

Intensity of Hawking radiation for different observers relative to a black hole

Consider three observers in different states of motion relative to a black hole: Observer A is far away from the black hole and stationary relative to it; Observer B is suspended some distance ...
2
votes
2answers
335 views

Hawking Radiation and virtual particles

Why is energy/ mass taken away from a black hole? Doesn't the energy coming from the virtual particle come from the vacuum energy? ...if this is so, why does the black hole have to pay the energy ...
2
votes
2answers
325 views

black hole event horizon [closed]

Given gravitational time dilation, under what conditions will a test particle cross an event horizon before the black hole evaporates? Assume zero background radiation.
7
votes
3answers
331 views

Why is it that black holes emit Hawking radiation? [duplicate]

Black holes are basically neutron stars with such a gravitational force that even light cannot escape from it. But what causes it to emit Hawking radiation?
7
votes
4answers
948 views

de sitter cosmologic limit

It has been said that our universe is going to eventually become a de sitter universe. Expansion will accelerate until their relative speed become higher than the speed of light. So i want to ...
4
votes
1answer
352 views

Behavior of black holes in higher- and lower-dimensional space-times

The behavior of black holes in 3+1 dimensional space-time as our own is rather well known: formation, event-horizon size, mass, spin, radiation etc. However, my question is what would black holes ...
3
votes
2answers
585 views

Hawking Radiation: how does a particle ever cross the event horizon?

The heuristic argument for Hawking Radiation is, that a virtual pair-production happens just at the event horizon. One particle goes into the black hole, while the other can be observed as radiation. ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Is Hawking radiation a theory or a hypothesis?

There are lots of articles, calling Hawking radiation a theory, but doesn't the definition of a scientific theory state that a theory is substantiated by a repeated testing and an overwhelming amount ...