Radiation that comes from pair production quantum effects in close vicinity to an event horizon, leading to the potential for eventual evaporation of black holes. Two mirror particles are created with one falling behind the horizon, becoming casually lost to the rest of the universe, including its ...

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hawking radiation [duplicate]

My question is regarding Hawking Radiation and its effect on black hole. Now as we know that particle and particle pairs create at every place in space and it is true near black hole horizon. Then why ...
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Does a black hole have enough time to actually form a singularity?

I am trying to wrap my head around black holes, singularties and hawking radiation. Physics.se contains many intresting questions and answers, but from none I could so far read about the interaction ...
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Why does Hawking Radiation not add up to zero? [duplicate]

First off: I am not familiar with the details of quantum mechanics or relativity. My understanding of Hawking radiation is as follows: Pairs of particles and anti-particles can and will spontaneously ...
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Could you theoretically map the internal distribution of mass in a black hole using Hawking radiation?

Assuming you could measure the qualities of the radiation emanating from all around a black hole, could this be used to determine the internal geometry or makeup of the mass inside?
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Virtual particles and physical laws

Recently, I was reading about Hawking Radiation in A Brief History of Time. It says that at no point can all the fields be zero and so there's nothing like empty space(quantum fluctuation etc.). Now, ...
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798 views

How does negative energy from Hawking Radiation cause a Black Hole to shrink? [duplicate]

Hello this is expanding upon a question that was previously asked on stack exchange that I linked below. From what I understand of Black Holes is that overtime Hawking Radiation results in the Black ...
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Doesn't the Schwarzschild metric combined with Hawking radiation imply that nothing ever gets past the event horizon of a black hole?

According to the General Theory of Relativity, the coordinate time distance per spacetime distance traveled by a particle freely falling into a black hole gets closer and closer to $0$ as the particle ...
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Gravitational redshift of temperature and electrostatic potential

Consider a charged black hole in four-dimensional Minkowski spacetime, with charge $Q$, mass $M>Q$: $ds^2=-f(r)dt^2+\frac{1}{f(r)}dr^2+r^2d\Omega_2^2$, with $f(r)=1-\frac{2M}{r}+\frac{Q^2}{r^2}$. ...
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Mechanism of Hawking's radiation and entropy of the black hole

During Hawking's radiation, a virtual particle with negative energy and mass (from pair of particle and antiparticle) fall into black hole and its real partner having positive energy escape from ...
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55 views

Vacuum energy: black hole evaporation and cosmology - a discrepancy?

Black hole evaporation is a result of calculating the expectation value of the stress-energy tensor of the state of the vacuum in certain spacetimes and then making a plausibility argument as to the ...
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388 views

What would happen if a supermassive blackhole at the center of a galaxy evaporates?

Well the title says it all but I will just explain it in detail a bit. We know that a blackhole eventually has to evaporate due to the hawking radiation. It is also said that the blackholes at the ...
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2answers
153 views

Hawking evaporation is due to NEGATIVE mass?

So I have seen an animation about Stephen Hawking (after his recent study state universes claim) that Hawking evaporation is due to negative mass; But how is this possible? I mean, there is no such ...
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Is the new Hawking black hole all about photon launch angles?

The new Jan 2014 Hawking paper (arXiv:1401.5761v1) asserts on page 3: The absence of event horizons means that there are no black holes - in the sense of regimes from which light can't escape to ...
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502 views

In there such a thing as the Black Hole Information Paradox?

When I first heard about the black hole information paradox, I thought it had no content. At the time, papers about it had been written for numerous years and they keep on coming. Now that the press ...
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Why does Stephen Hawking say black holes don't exist?

Recently, I read in the journal Nature that Stephen Hawking wrote a paper claiming that black holes do not exist. How is this possible? Please explain it to me because I didn't understand what he ...
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Hawking radiation and entropy

What is your opinion of the hawking radiation mechanism, does that actually lower the entropy of the black hole?
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177 views

What happens when a black hole dies?

It just vanishes into space leaving nothing behind or does it expel some material? Also, talking more about black holes, as far as i understand the term "temperature", it is defined by the amount of ...
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397 views

Black Hole evaporation through virtual couples at the horizon

I read about vacuum energy. It explains the Hawking radiation, the black hole necessary radiation: Physical insight into the process may be gained by imagining that particle-antiparticle ...
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180 views

How many of which particles are in Hawking radiation?

My understanding is that a black hole radiates ~like an ideal black body, and that both photons and massive particles are emitted by Hawking radiation. So for a low temperature black hole, photons are ...
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370 views

Is the flatness of space a measure of entropy?

This is a bit quirky: For a very long time I've found Stephen Hawking's evaporating small black holes a lot more reasonable and intuitive than large black holes. The main reason is that gravity is ...
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101 views

Gravastars: Are they observationally distinguishable from Black-Holes?

Are observations of Hawking radiation at the acoustic event horizon in Bose-Einstein condensates consistent with Gravastars? To reconcile the second law of thermodynamics with the existence of a ...
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1answer
133 views

How does Hawking radiation grow as a black hole evaporates?

The temperature of Hawking radiation is inversely proportional to the mass of a black hole, $T_{\rm H}\propto M_{\rm BH}^{-1}$, and so as the black hole shrinks the temperature of the radiation should ...
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249 views

How deep is the region near an event horizon where Hawking radiation is generated?

In other words, how strong does gravity have to be to cause Hawking radiation to occur?
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156 views

Does the black hole only increase?

I don't understand this: The more mass a Black Hole has, the more gravity it create! The more gravity it has, the more mass it can get! With this lines, someday, all the universe will be a black ...
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Does Hawking radiation break asymptotic flatness?

Basically what the question says -- there is reason to expect that, if allowed to continue long enough for the radiation to reach future null infinity, the fact that the radiation will fall off at ...
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984 views

Are electrons just incompletely evaporated black holes?

Imagine a black hole that is fast-approaching its final exponential throws of Hawking evaporation. Presumably, at all points in this end process there there will remain a region that identifiably ...
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545 views

Black hole complementarity - absorption of Hawking radiation

I try to understand two principles formulated by Leonard Susskind in his book The Black Hole War: 1, To any observer who remains outside a black hole, the stretched horizon appears to be a hot layer ...
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252 views

Behavior of black holes in higher- and lower-dimensional space-times

The behavior of black holes in 3+1 dimensional space-time as our own is rather well known: formation, event-horizon size, mass, spin, radiation etc. However, my question is what would black holes ...
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What does “quantum theory forbids promiscuous entanglements” mean?

The context is this article about black hole firewalls. The phrase appears on page 3. It appears to be saying that only pairs of particles can be entangled, never multiple particles, and that this ...
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Is a “supercritical charge” in graphene similar to Hawking Radiation?

These papers describe a phenomenon referred to as "atomic collapse" and "supercritical charge" in graphene: Wang et al., Pereira et al. "Atomic collapse" appears when you have a large enough Coulomb ...
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Hawking Radiation - Why it causes black holes to die? [duplicate]

If a particle is being expelled from the Black Hole and an antiparticle is being driven into it, shouldn't the opposite occur as well and in the same frequencies? I mean Black holes should emit ...
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2answers
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Are there any other mechanisms that can make virtual particles 'real' other than Hawking Radiation and Universe Births?

As I understand it, if virtual particles do not recombine within the plank time they become 'real'. This is proposed to happen in Hawking Radiation, where one virtual particle crosses the black ...
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Will the increasing rate of expansion of the universe eventually result in Hawking Radiation suddenly occurring everywhere?

The universe is expanding at an ever increasing rate. Virtual particles are being created and then destroyed everywhere at every moment. As space expands even faster, will a time come when these ...
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104 views

Evolution of black holes ensemble

Background: I’ve read many times that arrow of time can be explained from extremely low entropy of the Universe at the Big Bang (http://preposterousuniverse.com/eternitytohere/faq.html). The argument ...
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Theoretical physics and education: Does it really matter a great deal about what happens inside a black hole, or about Hawking radiation? [closed]

I stumbled across this article http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/cross-check/2010/12/21/science-faction-is-theoretical-physics-becoming-softer-than-anthropology/ It got me thinking. Why do we ...
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Will the black hole evaporate in finite time from external observer's perspective?

There is the problem that is bothering me with the black hole evaporation because of Hawking radiation. According to Hawking theory the black hole will evaporate in finite time because of quantum ...
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2answers
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Is a black hole a perfect black body?

A black body absorbs all light/radiation in its reach. According to basic laws of physics, the more energy a body absorbs the more it can emit. Therefore, a black body absorbs all energy directed at ...
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Magnetic field-pulsed microwave transmission line

Here's the reference: The researchers showed that a magnetic field-pulsed microwave transmission line containing an array of superconducting quantum interference devices, or SQUIDs, not only ...
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4answers
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Time inside a Black hole

If time stops inside a black hole, due to gravitational time dilation, how can it's life end after a very long time? If time doesn't pass inside a black hole, then an event to occur inside a black ...
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1answer
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The paradoxical nature of Hawking radiation [duplicate]

The definition of a classical black hole is when even electromagnetic radiation can not escape from it. Why then can Hawking radiation be emitted from semi-classical black holes? What is difference ...
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1answer
168 views

Reconstruction of the initial state from Hawking radiation?

I hear that unitary evolution and information conservation must imply that information about information content that defines the initial state of matter used to create a black hole can be inferred ...
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473 views

Hawking Radiation: how does a particle ever cross the event horizon?

The heuristic argument for Hawking Radiation is, that a virtual pair-production happens just at the event horizon. One particle goes into the black hole, while the other can be observed as radiation. ...
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1answer
135 views

An infalling object in a black hole looks “paused” for a far away observer, for how long?

As I understand, to an observer well outside a black hole, anything going towards it will appear to slow down, and eventually come to a halt, never even touching the event horizon. What happens if ...
4
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2answers
386 views

How does the evaporation of a black hole look for a distant observer?

Let's assume an observer looking at a distant black hole that is created by collapsing star. In observer frame of reference time near black hole horizon asymptotically slows down and he never see ...
3
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2answers
129 views

Is there something like Hawking radiation that makes protons emit component quarks?

If Hawking radiation can escape from black holes, could quarks perhaps become separated from protons despite it being "impossible" for that to happen?
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Black hole entropy from collapsed entangled pure light

Consider the following scenario, very similar to the one proposed in this question, but this time, the pure quantum radiation used for the black hole collapse, is now being split with down-converter ...
3
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1answer
508 views

How would you detect Hawking radiation?

Hawking theorized that a black hole must radiate and therefore lose mass (Hawking radiation). According to classical relativity though, nothing can escape a black hole, the hawking radiation would ...
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3answers
602 views

Extremal black hole with no angular momentum and no electric charge

A black hole will have a temperature that is a function of the mass, the angular momentum and the electric charge. For a fixed mass, Angular momentum and electric charge are bounded by the extremality ...
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does the background spacetime of a black hole affects its thermodynamic properties?

The question is this: will the thermodynamic properties of a black hole (Hawking radiation spectra and temperature, entropy, area, etc.) depend if the black hole sits in a DeSitter or an Anti-DeSitter ...
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is this generalized Hawking radiation formula right?

Look at equation 11.2.17 in this page. The expression is: $$ T = 10^{-5} \text{K m} \frac{\xi}{\frac{GM}{c^2} \lbrace \frac{GM}{c^2} + \xi \rbrace - e^2 }$$ where $$ \xi = (r_s^2 - a^2 - ...