Radiation that comes from pair production quantum effects in close vicinity to an event horizon, leading to the potential for eventual evaporation of black holes. Two mirror particles are created with one falling behind the horizon, becoming casually lost to the rest of the universe, including its ...

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Hawking Radiation: how does a particle ever cross the event horizon?

The heuristic argument for Hawking Radiation is, that a virtual pair-production happens just at the event horizon. One particle goes into the black hole, while the other can be observed as radiation. ...
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114 views

An infalling object in a black hole looks “paused” for a far away observer, for how long?

As I understand, to an observer well outside a black hole, anything going towards it will appear to slow down, and eventually come to a halt, never even touching the event horizon. What happens if ...
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2answers
285 views

How does the evaporation of a black hole look for a distant observer?

Let's assume an observer looking at a distant black hole that is created by collapsing star. In observer frame of reference time near black hole horizon asymptotically slows down and he never see ...
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2answers
123 views

Is there something like Hawking radiation that makes protons emit component quarks?

If Hawking radiation can escape from black holes, could quarks perhaps become separated from protons despite it being "impossible" for that to happen?
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Black hole entropy from collapsed entangled pure light

Consider the following scenario, very similar to the one proposed in this question, but this time, the pure quantum radiation used for the black hole collapse, is now being split with down-converter ...
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310 views

How would you detect Hawking radiation?

Hawking theorized that a black hole must radiate and therefore lose mass (Hawking radiation). According to classical relativity though, nothing can escape a black hole, the hawking radiation would ...
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Extremal black hole with no angular momentum and no electric charge

A black hole will have a temperature that is a function of the mass, the angular momentum and the electric charge. For a fixed mass, Angular momentum and electric charge are bounded by the extremality ...
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does the background spacetime of a black hole affects its thermodynamic properties?

The question is this: will the thermodynamic properties of a black hole (Hawking radiation spectra and temperature, entropy, area, etc.) depend if the black hole sits in a DeSitter or an Anti-DeSitter ...
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310 views

is this generalized Hawking radiation formula right?

Look at equation 11.2.17 in this page. The expression is: $$ T = 10^{-5} \text{K m} \frac{\xi}{\frac{GM}{c^2} \lbrace \frac{GM}{c^2} + \xi \rbrace - e^2 }$$ where $$ \xi = (r_s^2 - a^2 - ...
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Is the Hawking radiation of a charged black hole thermal?

Suppose you have a Schwarzschild black hole of mass $M$ and angular parameter $a = 0$ (no rotation). Question: is it possible to throw a charge $Q$ at a faster rate than it will be re-radiated? Will ...
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146 views

Multipolar expansion profile of Hawking radiation on Kerr black holes

I would be very curious if Kerr black holes emit Hawking radiation at the same temperature in the equatorial bulges and in their polar regions. I've been looking some reference for this for a couple ...
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Information scrambling and Hawking non-thermal radiation states

Could a very small black hole where half of its entropy has been radiated, emit Hawking radiation that is macroscopically distinct from being thermal? i.e: not a black body radiator. Or would the ...
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Why can't light escape from inside event horizon of Black Holes?

The simple answer: Its because Gravity of Black Hole there doesn't allow it. See also this and this Phys.SE posts. Isn't it a classical answer? When we're unable to connect Gravity with Quantum ...
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Hawking radiation for closely orbiting black holes

Suppose we have two black holes of radius $R_b$ orbiting at a distance $R_r$. I believe semi-classical approximations describe correctly the case where $R_r$ is much larger than the average black body ...
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0answers
66 views

transition between extremal and nonextremal black hole states

Extremal black holes are at zero temperature, hence they do not radiate. my question is twofold: 1) is extremality of micro black holes a stable property? electric charge is quickly emitted from ...
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micro black hole forces

A black hole would radiate mass optimally for interstellar-travel applications in the range between $10^7$ and $10^8$ kilograms. Assuming a light-only radiation emission spectrum, with a parabolic ...
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1answer
192 views

Hawking Radiation from the WKB Approximation

Reading this paper which is itself an exposition of Parikh and Wilczek's paper, I get to a point where I fail to be able to follow the calculation. Now this is undoubtably because my calculational ...
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211 views

Hawking Radiation as Tunneling

Firstly, I'm aware that Hawking radiation can be derived in the "normal" way using the Bogoliubov transformation. However, I was intrigued by the heuristic explanation in terms of tunneling. The ...
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448 views

Thermodynamically reversed black holes, firewalls, Casimir effect, null energy condition violations

Scott Aaronson asked a very deep question at Hawking radiation and reversibility about what happens if black hole evolution is reversed thermodynamically. Most of the commenters missed his point ...
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173 views

Formation of a black hole and Hawking radiation

From the perspective of an outside observer it takes infinitely long for the black hole to form. But if the black hole is no extremal black hole, it emits Hawking radiation. So the outside observer ...
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3answers
617 views

Hawking radiation and reversibility

It's often said that, as long as the information that fell into a black hole comes out eventually in the Hawking radiation (by whatever means), pure states remain pure rather than evolving into mixed ...
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1answer
258 views

What is a virtual photon pair?

When describing a black hole evaporation in the hawking black body radiation it is usually said that is due to a virtual photon pair, is it this what happens? And what is virtual photon pair, does the ...
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1answer
181 views

Does cosmological horizon grow or decrease as it radiates?

Ron Maimon in many posts claimed that cosmological horizon is like a big black hole. Black holes decrease as they evaporate and their radius decreases as well. So what is with a cosmological ...
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2answers
263 views

Why isn't Hawking radiation frozen on the boundary, like in-falling matter?

From the perspective of a far-away observer, matter falling into a black hole never crosses the boundary. Why doesn't a basic symmetry argument prove that Hawking radiation is therefore also frozen on ...
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249 views

black hole event horizon [closed]

Given gravitational time dilation, under what conditions will a test particle cross an event horizon before the black hole evaporates? Assume zero background radiation.
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2answers
191 views

event horizons are untraversable by observers far from the collapse?

Consider this a followup question of this one In the classical schwarszchild solution with an eternal black hole, the user falls through the event horizon in finite local time, but this event does ...
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2answers
414 views

Hawking radiation from point of view of a falling observer

This paper tells that Hawking claimed that the falling to a black hole observer will not detect any radiation. But only because the frequency of the Hawking radiation will be of the order $1/R_s$ so ...
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Black holes and positive/negative-energy particles

I was reading Brian Greene's "Hidden Reality" and came to the part about Hawking Radiation. Quantum jitters that occur near the event horizon of a black hole, which create both positive-energy ...
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1answer
285 views

Wasn't the Hawking Paradox solved by Einstein?

I just watched a BBC Horizon episode where they talked about the Hawking Paradox. They mentioned a controversy about information being lost but I couldn't get my head around this. Black hole ...
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877 views

How do we determine the temperature of a Black Hole?

How do we determine the temperature of a Black Hole? Since we cannot see a Black Hole, which I presume, is because it absorbs light, would it not also prevent radiation from escaping, making ...
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2answers
216 views

Intensity of Hawking radiation for different observers relative to a black hole

Consider three observers in different states of motion relative to a black hole: Observer A is far away from the black hole and stationary relative to it; Observer B is suspended some distance ...
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4answers
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From where (in space-time) does Hawking radiation originate?

According to my understanding of black hole thermodynamics, if I observe a black hole from a safe distance I should observe black body radiation emanating from it, with a temperature determined by its ...
5
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1answer
148 views

Hawking radiation: direct matter -> energy conversion?

When a black hole evaporates, does it turn all the matter that has fallen in directly to energy, or will it somehow throw back out the same kind of matter (normal or anti) that went in?
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Are information conservation and energy conservation related?

as evident from the title, are both, conservation of energy and conservation of information two sides of the same coin?? Is there something more to the hypothesis of hawking's radiation other than ...
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Analog Hawking radiation

I am confused by most discussions of analog Hawking radiation in fluids (see, for example, the recent experimental result of Weinfurtner et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 021302 (2011), ...
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2answers
368 views

Theoretical basis for black hole evaporation

What is the basis for black hole evaporation? I understand that Hawking-radiation is emitted at the event horizon, a theoretical result originating in General Relativity and Quantum Field Theory, but ...
8
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1answer
457 views

How do we know that black holes evaporate?

This has been bugging me for some time. As I understand it, Hawking radiation is the result of the mismatch between the vacuum state of a quantum field as seen by a free falling observer (falling ...
5
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1answer
490 views

Why isn't black hole information loss this easy (am I missing something basic)?

Ok, so on Science channel was a special about Hawking/Susskind debating black holes, which can somehow remove information from the universe. A) In stars, fusion converts 4 hydrogen into 1 helium, ...
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605 views

Do apparent event horizons have Hawking radiation?

As I understand it, black holes have an absolute event horizon and an apparent horizon specific an observer. In addition to black holes, an apparent horizon can come from any sustained acceleration. ...
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2answers
274 views

How can one reconcile the temperature of a black hole with asymptotic flatness?

A stationary observer very close to the horizon of a black hole is immersed in a thermal bath of temperature that diverges as the horizon is approached. $$T^{-1} = 4\pi \sqrt{2M(r-2M)}$$ The ...
6
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1answer
729 views

On black holes, Hawking radiation and gravitational atoms

Over the past hour or so I've been following one of my standard physics-based, wanders-through-the-internet. Specifically, I began by reviewing some details of dark energy theory but soon found myself ...
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Why is there a flux of radiation in the Hawking effect but not in the Unruh effect? (and other questions)

This question is slightly related to this one Do all massive bodies emit Hawking radiation?, which I think was poorly posed and so didn't get very useful answers. There are several questions in this ...
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4answers
571 views

de sitter cosmologic limit

It has been said that our universe is going to eventually become a de sitter universe. Expansion will accelerate until their relative speed become higher than the speed of light. So i want to ...
4
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8answers
680 views

Flat space limit of the Schwarzschild metric and Hawking temperature

The Schwarzschild metric reduces to the Minkowski metric in the limit of vanishing $M$, but the Hawking temperature which is proportional to $1/M$ diverges in the same limit. This would imply that ...
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5answers
471 views

Black Hole Singularities

If two black holes collide and then evaporate, do they leave behind two naked sigularities ore? If there are two, can we know how they interact?
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Do all massive bodies emit Hawking radiation?

It is known that any accelerated observer is subject to a heat bath due to Unruh radiation. The principle of equivalence suggests that any stationary observer on the surface of a massive body should ...
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3answers
478 views

Hawking radiation and quark confinement

The simple picture of Hawking radiation is that a pair-antiparticle pair is produced near the event horizon, then one falls into the black hole while the other escapes. Suppose the particles are ...
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3answers
880 views

If I fall into an evaporating black hole, where do I end up?

This question has been bothering me for a while. I have a crude hypothesis... As I understand it, an observer falling into a black hole will cross the event horizon at some specific future (proper) ...