# Tagged Questions

The central term in the hamiltonian formalism. Can be interpreted as an energy input, or "true" energy.

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### Is there a valid Lagrangian formulation for all classical systems?

Can one use the Lagrangian formalism for all classical systems, i.e. systems with a set of trajectories $\vec{x}_i(t)$ describing paths? On the wikipedia page of Lagrangian mechanics, there is an ...
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### Find the Hamiltonian given $\dot p$ and $\dot q$

I have these equations: $$\dot p=ap+bq,$$ $$\dot q=cp+dq,$$ and I have to find the conditions such as the equations are canonical. Then, I have to find the Hamiltonian $H$. To answer to the first ...
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### What does it mean for a Hamiltonian or system to be gapped or gapless?

I've read some papers recently that talk about gapped Hamiltonians or gapless systems, but what does it mean? Edit: Is an XX spin chain in a magnetic field gapped? Why or why not?
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### The formal solution of the Schrödinger equation

Consider the Schrödinger equation (or some equation in Schrödinger form) written down as $$\tag 1 i \partial_{0} \Psi ~=~ \hat{ H}~ \Psi .$$ Usually, one likes to write that it has a formal solution ...
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### Gauge Invariance of the Hamiltonian of the electromagnetic field

The Hamiltonian for an electron of mass $m$ and charge $e$ in an exterior electromagnetic field is $$H=\frac{1}{2m}(p-(e/c)A)^2+e\varphi.$$ The corresponding (via canonical quantization) quantum ...
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### Why does Quantum Field Theory use Lagrangians rather than Hamiltonains? [duplicate]

Why does Quantum Field Theory use usually Lagrangians rather than Hamiltonains? I heard many reasons, but I'm not sure which is true. Some say it's just a matter of beauty, so Lagrangians are more ...
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### Example where Hamiltonian $H \neq T+V=E$, but $E=T+V$ is conserved

I'm looking for an example of a Hamiltonian $H$, where $H\neq T+V$, but the total energy in the system, $E=T+V$, is still conserved. While I'm at it, I might as well add that I'd be most interested ...
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### Energy Spectrum of pair of spin-1/2 particles with general Hamiltonian

I found this problem, and so far I am stumped. I was wondering if anyone wanted to solve it with me, or help me calculate eigenvectors, or just give insight on my questions. Consider a system of ...
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### What is a symmetry of a physical system?

If I understand correctly, in many context in physics (quantum mechanics?), a physical system is specified by giving its Hamiltonian. I also hear that symmetries are rather essential. As far as the ...
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I've been looking for the Hamiltonian of a charged particle in an electromagnetic field, and I've found two slightly different expressions, which are as follows: $$H=\frac{1}{2m}(\vec{p}-q \vec{A})^2 ... 0answers 23 views ### how to reduce the order of the hamiltonian equation for electrical problem given below? I am having my FYP in this Hamiltonian project to analysis the integrator for Hamiltonian system. Can anyone please guide me how to reduce the equations to first order using substitution method? 3answers 102 views ### How does commutation between the hamiltonian and angular momentum operator (squared) imply conservation of Angular momentum? So we are looking at central potentials in QM; The lecturer poses the question, when is \textbf{L} conserved? He then considers the commutator of \hat{H} and \hat{L^2}. We have;$$\hat{H}=-\...
Let there be given two Hamiltonians $$H_1~=~ p^{2}+f(x) \qquad \mathrm{and} \qquad H_2~=~ p^{2}+g(x).$$ Let's suppose that for big big $x$, the potentials are asymptotically similar in the sense ...