The central term in the hamiltonian formalism. Can be interpreted as an energy input, or "true" energy.

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140 views

Is a particle subject to dissipation proportional to its velocity a Hamiltonian system?

Why or why not? I'm pretty sure that this isn't a Hamiltonian system because it involves a dissipation term, but using the Hamiltonian flow it gives me that the system is Hamiltonian.
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0answers
83 views

Non-Hermiticity when Fourier transforming onto a finite lattice

I'm doing numerical simulations. I have the Haldane model in a honeycomb lattice where $$ H = \sum \limits_{<ij>}a^\dagger_i b_j + h.c $$ Where $i$ belongs to sublattice $A$, and $j$ to ...
-1
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2answers
127 views

Proof $\left[ {\hat H,{{\hat p}_i}} \right] = - \frac{\hbar }{i}\frac{{\partial \hat H}}{{\partial {{\hat q}_i}}}$ [closed]

I have a problem with the Hamiltonian, I don't think anything to solve it!! So could you give me some hints! Knowing that: $$\left[ {{{\hat p}_i},{{\hat q}_k}} \right] = \frac{\hbar }{i}{\delta ...
2
votes
2answers
701 views

How do we know that $\psi$ is the eigenfunction of an operator $\hat{H}$ with eigenvalue $W$?

I am kind of new to this eigenvalue, eigenfunction and operator things, but I have come across this quote many times: $\psi$ is the eigenfunction of an operator $\hat{H}$ with eigenvalue $W$. ...
2
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0answers
84 views

Boundary condition Hamiltonian with point tinteractions

I`m studying the Hamiltonian with point interaction centered in $y$ in three dimensions. I know that the elements in the domain of the Hamiltonian are of the form $$\psi=\phi+qG^z(\cdot-y)$$ where ...
7
votes
1answer
473 views

Second quantization

In second quantization we use Hamiltonian in form: $$H=\int d^3x [ \psi^{\dagger}(x) h \psi(x)],$$ where $h$ is Hamiltonian density. The field operators have following form: $$\psi = \sum\limits _{i} ...
3
votes
2answers
229 views

What is a symmetry of a physical system?

If I understand correctly, in many context in physics (quantum mechanics?), a physical system is specified by giving its Hamiltonian. I also hear that symmetries are rather essential. As far as the ...
7
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2answers
4k views

How to express a Hamiltonian operator as a matrix

Suppose we have Hamiltonian on $\mathbb{C}^2$ $$H=\hbar(W+\sqrt2(A^{\dagger}+A))$$ We also know $AA^{\dagger}=A^{\dagger}A-1$ and $A^2=0$, letting $W=A^{\dagger}A$ How can we express $H$ as $H=\hbar ...
3
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1answer
670 views

How does a state in quantum mechanics evolve?

I have a question about the time evolution of a state in quantum mechanics. The time-dependent Schrodinger equation is given as $$ i\hbar\frac{d}{dt}|\psi(t)\rangle = H|\psi(t)\rangle $$ I am ...
4
votes
1answer
361 views

Hamiltonians, density of state, BECs

When working with Bose-Einstein condensates trapped in potentials, how can one tell what the density of state of a system of identical bosons given the Hamiltonian, $H$? (I have been told that it is ...
2
votes
1answer
416 views

The relation between Hamiltonian and Energy

I know Hamiltonian can be energy and be a constant of motion if and only if: Lagrangian be time-independent, potential be independent of velocity, coordinate be time independent. Otherwise ...
2
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1answer
218 views

Hamiltonian of polymer chain

I'm reading up on classical mechanics. In my book there is an example of a simple classical polymer model, which consists of N point particles that are connected by nearest neighbor harmonic ...
2
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1answer
145 views

Does a constant of motion always imply a Hamiltonian formulation?

If a continuous dynamical system has a constant of motion that is a function of all its variables, and is not already evidently Hamiltonian, is it always possible to use a change of variables and ...
5
votes
1answer
529 views

Find the Hamiltonian given $\dot p$ and $\dot q$

I have these equations: $$\dot p=ap+bq,$$ $$\dot q=cp+dq,$$ and I have to find the conditions such as the equations are canonical. Then, I have to find the Hamiltonian $H$. To answer to the first ...
1
vote
3answers
309 views

Factors of $c$ in the Hamiltonian for a charged particle in electromagnetic field

I've been looking for the Hamiltonian of a charged particle in an electromagnetic field, and I've found two slightly different expressions, which are as follows: $$H=\frac{1}{2m}(\vec{p}-q \vec{A})^2 ...
0
votes
2answers
415 views

Hamiltonian and non conservative force

I have to find the Hamiltonian of a charged particle in a uniform magnetic field; the potential vector is $ \vec {A}= B/2 (-y, x, 0)$. I know that $$H=\sum_i p_i \dot q_i -L$$ where $p_i$ is ...
1
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1answer
1k views

Cyclic Coordinates in Hamiltonian Mechanics

I was reading up on Hamiltonian Mechanics and came across the following: If a generalized coordinate $q_j$ doesn't explicitly occur in the Hamiltonian, then $p_j$ is a constant of motion ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

How to construct the Hamiltonian matrix?

I'm trying to understand if there's a more systematic approach to build the matrix associated with the Hamiltonian in a quantum system of finite dimension. For example, I know that for the ammonia ...
3
votes
1answer
649 views

Alkali atom in oscilating electromagnetic field

I am trying to calculate atom - light (EM field) interaction Hamiltonian, and the results I get seem to me rather unphysical - I get some nonzero matrix elements which should not be there. Please, can ...
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0answers
120 views

Measurement in Quantum mechanics

I have got a quantum conservative system whose Hamiltonian is $H$. I consider an selfandjoint operator $O$ whose eigenvalues and eigenvectors are: $$O|\psi _{n}\rangle = \lambda _{n}|\psi ...
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vote
1answer
164 views

Transform hamiltonian

I have got the following Quantum Hamiltonian: $$H=\frac{p^{2}}{2m}+k_{1}x^{2}+k_{2}x+k_{3}$$ Which transformation can I use to change this Hamiltonian into an harmonic oscillator hamiltonian? ...
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0answers
60 views

Length of the orbit (semiclassical orbits)

The Gutzwiller trace is about $$ d(E)=d_{0} (E)+ \sum_{p.o}A_{p}Cos(S(E)\ell_{p}) $$ and $ \ell_{p} $ are the length of the orbit. However my question is, how can one derive the length of the orbit ...
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3answers
5k views

Two expressions for expectation value of energy

I was looking up expectation value of energy for a free particle on the following webpage: http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/quantum/expect.html It says that $E=\frac{p^2}{2m}$ and ...
5
votes
2answers
885 views

Expectation value of time-dependent Hamiltonian

I'm trying to solve a problem in QM with a forced quantum oscillator. In this problem I have a quantum oscillator, which is in the ground state initially. At $t=0$, the force $F(t)=F_0 \sin(\Omega t)$ ...
8
votes
1answer
100 views

Hamilton operator in absence of causal order?

I hope, this question isn't too broad or vague. In a recent paper, Ognyan Oreshkov et al. worked out a theory of quantum correlations in absence of any causal order, dropping the assumptions of a ...
3
votes
1answer
275 views

It seems to me that superpotentials can be defined in a theory with or without supersymmetry. Is this true?

I recently read "An Introduction to Supersymmetry in Quantum Mechanical Systems" by T. Wellman (amongst other sources) in an effort to find out what a superpotential actually is and how it relates to ...
2
votes
4answers
681 views

Why the Hamiltonian and the Lagrangian are used interchangeably in QFT perturbation calculations

Whenever one needs to calculate correlation functions in QFT using perturbations one encounters the following expression: $\langle 0| some\ operators \times \exp(iS_{(t)}) |0\rangle$ where, ...
8
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1answer
5k views

Evolution operator for time-dependent Hamiltonian

When I studied QM I'm only working with time independent Hamiltonians. In this case the unitary evolution operator has the form $$\hat{U}=e^{-\frac{i}{\hbar}Ht}$$ that follows from this equation $$ ...
3
votes
1answer
319 views

Hubbard Model Hamitonian

$H = -\sum\limits_{i,j} A_{ij} c_i^{\dagger} c_j + \frac{U}{2} \sum\limits_i(c_i^\dagger c_i)(c_i^\dagger c_i -1)$ is defined to be a Hamiltonian for modeling quantum random walk of identical ...
4
votes
1answer
195 views

Finding the energy levels of an electron in a plane perpendicular to a uniform magnetic field

Suppose we have an electron, mass $m$, charge $-e$, moving in a plane perpendicular to a uniform magnetic field $\vec{B}=(0,0,B)$. Let $\vec{x}=(x_1,x_2,0)$ be its position and $P_i,X_i$ be the ...
2
votes
1answer
238 views

Perturbation method & eigenvalues

I have a problem but I don't understand the question. It says: "Show that, to first order in energy, the eigenvalues ​​are unchanged." What does it mean? It means that if the Hamiltonian has the ...
2
votes
1answer
840 views

Solving time dependent Schrodinger equation in matrix form

If we have a Hilbert space of $\mathbb{C}^3$ so that a wave function is a 3-component column vector $$\psi_t=(\psi_1(t),\psi_2(t),\psi_3(t))$$ With Hamiltonian $H$ given by $$H=\hbar\omega ...
1
vote
1answer
656 views

Commutation relation with Hamiltonian

How do we get $[\beta , L] = 0$ , where $L$= orbital angular momentum and $\beta$= matrix from Dirac equation?
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1answer
303 views

Symmetry and overlapping of ground states

In a quantum mechanics, there is the following formula to derive the zero energy $E_0$ of a perturbed Hamiltonian $$H = H_0 + V$$ knowing the zero energy $W_0$ of the free Hamiltonian $H_0$: $$E_0 = ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

When Hamiltonian and the total energy are the same

In which condition, the Hamiltonian is the same as the total energy of the system, or say $H=T+V$?
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554 views

Propagators and Probabilities in the Heisenberg Picture

I'm trying to understand why $$\Bigl|\langle0|\phi(x)\phi(y)|0\rangle\Bigr|^2$$ is the probability for a particle created at $y$ to propagate to $x$ where $\phi$ is the Klein-Gordon field. What's ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

What is an energy eigenstate exactly?

Say you have energy eigenstates \begin{align} \begin{split} |+\rangle= \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}|1{\rangle}+\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}|2 \rangle \end{split} \end{align} \begin{align} \begin{split} |-\rangle= ...
2
votes
2answers
824 views

Confusion about Free Energy and the Hamiltonian

I'm probably making a relatively basic mistake here, but I'm a bit confused about the relation between the Hamiltonian and Helmholtz free energy. From what I can see, the free energy can be written ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

What does $\psi_j(r_i)$ mean?

I have a mean-field Hamiltonian for N electrons. The mean-field potential felt by electron $i$ at position ${\bf r}_i$ is given by $V^{(i)}_{int}({\bf r}_i)=\sum_{j\ne i}|\psi_j({\bf r}_i)|^2$ I ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Where can I find hamiltonians + lagrangians?

Where would you say I can start learning about Hamiltonians, Lagrangians ... Jacobians? and the like? I was trying to read Ibach and Luth - Solid State Physics, and suddenly (suddenly a Hamiltonian ...
1
vote
1answer
777 views

The Hermiticity of the Laplacian (and other operators)

Is the Laplacian operator, $\nabla^{2}$, a Hermitian operator? Alternatively: is the matrix representation of the Laplacian Hermitian? i.e. $$\langle \nabla^{2} x | y \rangle = \langle x | ...
0
votes
2answers
524 views

Base states with hamiltonian matrix

It is better for you to have studied "Feynman lectures on Physics Vol.3", because I cannot distinguish whether the words or expressions are what Feynman uses only or not and in order to summarize my ...
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votes
1answer
292 views

Stationary states with a pair of hamiltonian equations

I read some derivation related with probability amplitudes and hamiltonian matrix in some book, and have a few questions. Here what the book says is. We want the general solution of the pair of ...
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vote
4answers
174 views

The notion of bounded states in quantum mechanics and their characterization with operators

Is there any case of potential $V$, such that the continuity of the operator $H=c\ \Delta+V$ is not spoiled? And I don't know any non-differnetial operator examples for continous spectra. I ...
3
votes
1answer
338 views

Conjugate Transpose of Hamiltonian Matrix

I read some notes saying, $$i\hbar \frac{dC_{i}(t)}{dt} = \sum_{j}^{} H_{ij}(t)C_{j}(t)\tag{1}$$ where $C_{i}(t) = \langle i|\psi(t)\rangle$ and $H_{ij}$ is hamiltonian matrix. However, what is ...
5
votes
1answer
394 views

center of mass Hamiltonian of a Hydrogen atom

I'm working through Mattuck's "A Guide to Feynman Diagrams in the Many-Body Problem", but I'm stuck on a bit which I feel should be trivial. In section 3.2 (p 43 in the Dover edition) he gives a ...
4
votes
1answer
488 views

Does the vacuum energy problem of quantum field theory only occur in the Hamiltonian approach, or also in the path integral approach and in AQFT?

In a standard QFT class, you're being indoctrinated that there is the "infinite vacuum energy density problem". (This is sometimes paraphrased as the "cosmological constant problem", which is in my ...
2
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1answer
434 views

Computing a density of states of Hamiltonian $ H=xp$

How could I compute the integral $$ N(E)~=~ \int dx \int dp~ H(E-xp) $$ the 'Area' inside the Phase space is taken for $ x \ge 0 $ and $ p\ge 0 $? The result should be $$ N(E)~=~ ...
6
votes
4answers
385 views

Can an Electromagnetic Gauge Transformation be Imaginary?

The Hamiltonian of a non-relativistic charged particle in a magnetic field is $$\hat{H}~=~\frac{1}{2m} \left[\frac{\hbar}{i}\vec\nabla - \frac{q}{c}\vec A\right]^2$$. Under a gauge transformation ...
2
votes
1answer
196 views

Quantum Stat-Mech Proof of an Inequality for the Partition Function

I have the following problem that I was unable to solve for class, but I had a couple first steps that I started with that I am unable to finish. I know I can't get this since it's already been ...