Gravity is an attractive force that affects and is effected by all mass and - in general relativity - energy, pressure and stress. Prefer newtonian-gravity or general-relativity if sensible.

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Projecting gravity

From the title, this sounds like a question someone who is not familiar with gravity might ask. Before anyone answers or comments, I would like to say that I know gravity is a field and cannot be ...
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27 views

How fast time goes in zero gravity [duplicate]

I understand that the effect of gravity is warping of space because of which object travels more through space dimension and less through time dimension, this is the reason for time slowing down in ...
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2answers
36 views

How does air in a water balloon act in space?

I was making an analogy with gravity and water and it went like this. When air is trapped in water as a bubble, water is pushing towards the inside and like Newton's law equal and negative forces ...
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2answers
87 views

Why can't we fly? [on hold]

Why can't we fly? It contradicts with our known laws of physics, but which one? Is it possible that once we know gravity better we would be able to fly using some sort of anti-gravity machines like ...
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1answer
56 views

Spiral Galaxies and Gravity Lenses

Spiral Galaxies must have a great deal more mass than elliptical galaxies of the same size in order to account for the flat velocity curve. I've seen references of eight to ten times the visible ...
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49 views

Gravitational force of several massive bodies, from the viewpoint of general relativity

According to Wald's GR, "absolute gravitation force has no meaning". The text goes on to describe two cases: one where a gravitational force can be defined, and one in which it cannot. I'd like to ...
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How come milk pours smoothly from a bag?

I have seen the commercial about the new beer can where it is vented by puncturing a whole on the can (air behind water). If you just pour normally with normal cans it will get bottle necked and the ...
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5answers
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What makes the stars that are farther from the nucleus of the galaxy go faster than those in the middle?

It has no sense that stars that have a bigger radius and apparently less angular speed($\omega$) goes faster than the ones near the center.
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What happens to an orbiting body moving with the Earth's angular speed at various altitudes?

I was learning about inertial frames amongst other things, and I somehow came up with this question. Imagine we have a pole, made of imaginary very strong material that will never bend, placed at the ...
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5answers
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Why aren't there spherical galaxies? [duplicate]

According to the Wikipedia page on Galaxy Types, there are four main kinds of galaxies: Spirals - as the name implies, these look like huge spinning spirals with curved "arms" branching out ...
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3answers
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Forces on objects orbiting a black hole?

Firstly, please excuse my elementary knowledge and lack of eloquence when writing about astrophysics. I am a dentist, who occasionally thinks about the how the universe works. I'm both fascinated and ...
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49 views

what is causing gravitational pull in between massive bodies? [duplicate]

what is causing gravitational pull in between massive bodies? according to books, what i learnt is graviton particle & some books are saying quantum field is the cause, so which is causing ...
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3answers
87 views

Is acceleration caused by curvature or space or time or both?

I'm trying to get a hold of the idea of gravity in general relativity and spacetime. I've seen plenty of demonstrations of the rubber mat analogy to describe gravity and spacetime curvature. Is this ...
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Gravity at event horizon [duplicate]

To find the gravity at Schwarzschild radius of a black hole, I used the below equations. Assuming escape velocity at event horizon is speed of light c and M is the mass of the black hole $$ v_e = ...
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Why the galaxies forms 2D plane (or spiral-like) instead of 3D ball (or spherical-like)?

Question: As we know, (1) the macroscopic spatial dimension of our universe is 3 dimension, and (2) gravity attracts massive objects together and the gravitational force is isotropic without ...
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2answers
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Why are Black Holes always referred to as 'Holes"

I read a lot of theories about black holes and cant help but wonder if they are "holes" at all. What if the center of a black hole is just an element that is created by the immense pressure at the ...
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Gravitational Time Dilation Formula? [on hold]

What is the equation for calculating the dilation of time at different levels of gravitational force?
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Could fish in plastic bags filled with water float like that?

I saw this gif earlier and it bothered me how the plastic water bags with fish in it are not submerged in water like they would if we don't do anything special with the water inside and outside the ...
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1answer
67 views

Can a body ever experience acceleration this strong?

Using the Schwarzschild radius formula, I approximated the Sun's Schwarzschild radius to be $3\text{ km}$. Now assuming I have a body (not a human body) which is at a distance of $10\text{ km}$ from ...
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At which gravitational acceleration would a diamond crystal lattice break down?

Gravitational acceleration can be upto infinite (which is at the Event Horizon of a Black Hole). On which least acceleration, would crystal lattice of diamond break down? Update: Please, don't apply ...
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Does decreasing the length of the line between a harness and zip wire increase the velocity at which you travel?

My friend is an instructor at an outdoor adventure centre which has lots of zip wires. The instructor's harness has a shorter line that attaches to the zip wire than the normal harness does and she ...
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Archimedes' Principle questioned?

Let's say we have a body A of mass 'm', and a trough of water some 'h' metres deep. Let's say the body sinks in water. Let the weight of the body in air be W Newtons. I "place" it in water. It ...
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1answer
44 views

Is the event horizon also the boundary region of the mass contained by a black hole?

I was recently playing around with classic Newtonian mechanics and calculated that the Earth would have to be compressed to a spherical region of 8.8 millimeters (Its Schwarzchild radius) to turn its ...
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Is there an equivalent force to magnetism for gravity? [duplicate]

In electrodynamics, one way to explain the origin of the magnetic field is to analyze how a moving particle perceives a static electrical field under the effects of special relativity. Due to the ...
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Relation between $f(R)$ gravity and Tensor–vector–scalar (TeVeS) gravity

We know that there is a relation between f(R) gravity and scalar-tensor gravity. By applying the Legendre-Weyl transform, we can receive brans-dicke gravity from $f(R)$ gravity. If we start with the ...
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1answer
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What is the effect of water 'climbing' over a cup via a wet string? [duplicate]

I have noticed (with tea bags, etc) that if you get the whole string wet, and you have one end inside the cup and the other end below the level of the liquid (outside), the water drains down the ...
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Confused about equations for the Big Bang in general relativity ad loop quantum gravity?

I am trying to get a vague understanding of the mathematical equations for the Big Bang in GR and LQG. My understanding so far is that when the universe is assumed to be homogeneous and isotropic, ...
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1answer
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Einsteins gravity Space time

I'm having a difficulty in understanding Einstein's version of gravity as "space time curvature" (I could be a total physics idiot, please point out !). How does an object on the surface of earth ...
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6answers
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Why won't protons revolve around the nucleus containing electrons and neutrons?

In case of solar system,we can explain "Why Sun would not revolve around any other planet?",by giving the reason that Sun is heavier than any other planets. Heavier the body,greater will be the ...
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2answers
178 views

Vacuum to hold an object

How can i check and calculate if a certain vacuum pump can hold an object that weights X kg? By "hold" I mean not let that object fall to the floor due to gravity
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2answers
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Why isn't all of the dust in a nebula used in the formation of a star?

I was watching a show on discovery and according to it, in a nebula the dust and gases slowly come together and as the gravity increases and the pressure rises in the core the gases fuse together and ...
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2answers
53 views

Black Holes and Light [duplicate]

It is said that photons have zero rest mass so how can gravitational force of a black hole affect light? And if photons do have some effective mass while traveling at speed of light then only can a ...
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1answer
67 views

What is the identity of Dark Matter?

What is the identity of dark matter? Is it a particle? Is it the lightest superpartner (LSP)? Do the phenomena attributed to dark matter point not to some form of matter but actually to an ...
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391 views

How does time relate to mass and velocity

I understand that the larger the mass the greater gravity is and the slower time is, as well the faster an object is traveling the slower time passes. My question is that since the faster an object ...
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How is strong time dilation consistent with weak tidal forces?

Nolan's latest film, Interstellar, takes pains to explain to lay audience members that the passage of time slows in the presence of strong gravitational fields (as per Einstein's theory of General ...
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Is it possible to create a parachute large enough to stop all velocity?

This idea came to me while playing Kerbal Space Program. I noticed that the larger my parachute was, the slower my rocket would fall back down to Kerbin. I would like to know if it is possible to ...
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Explanation for “if all accelerated systems are equivalent, then Euclidean geometry cannot hold in all of them”

I'm doing an EPQ (mini college research paper) on gravity, and I found a site that explained things in simple terms. I am having trouble understanding how Einstein came to his revelation space-time ...
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Muscular energy transformations with regards to gravity

Maybe this has more to do with biology than I know, but I have been wondering just what kind of energy muscles use and convert when lifting a weight off the ground or lowering a weight back to the ...
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Why does a parachute decrease terminal velocity?

Terminal Velocity depends on two things- surface area and speed. These are inversely proportionate. If both these variables affect terminal velocity, why do parachutes slow you down? Initially you ...
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1answer
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Is it possible for photon to run in circle by its own gravity?

I have heard that gravity came from energy and momentum so photon has gravity too. Then there are theory state that photon has energy tied to frequency. So if a photon has very very high frequency ...
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Generalization of Feynman's derivation of the formula for gravitational potential energy in FLP volume I

In the Feynman Lectures on Physics, Feynman derives the formula for gravitational potential energy by applying a line of reasoning he borrowed from Carnot on reversible weight lifting machines (FLP I, ...
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Can light gravitationally affect itself?

Consider a electromagnetic wave in a vacuum. From my understanding of general relativity, The wave has momentum, and thus generates a gravitational field in all directions. The gravitational field ...
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Potential Energy of Springs and Gravity, and Work of a force

I am currently really stuck on this problem and I am not sure how to actually solve it, I think I can reason it out logically but I do not know how to show it. Here it is and under I will show what I ...
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2answers
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At what speed would you die upon impact with water?

If we hit the water at great speeds, we die. This is because the water has no time to "move out of the way" and acts as a "solid" surface. At what falling speed can we consider the water as a ...
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“Speed” of Gravity and Speed of Light

Some threads here touching speed of gravity made me think about that. This lead to some questions. The speed of gravity was not measured until today (at least there are no undebated papers to that ...
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How can anything ever fall into a black hole as seen from an outside observer?

The event horizon of a black hole is where gravity is such that not even light can escape. This is also the point I understand that according to Einstein time dilation will be infinite for a ...
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4answers
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Does the mass of an object change as it moves away from the earth?

The mass of a helium nucleus is less than the mass of two isolated protons and two isolated neutrons. When the component hadrons are assembled, this mass is lost as energy ($E=mc^2$). This makes it ...
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4answers
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Terminal speed of a body in a gravitational free fall? [closed]

What speed would a small body moving towards a large body reach under gravity alone? More importantly, is there a 'terminal speed' for the small body due to the increasing energy required to ...
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Weighing with One-Foot Scale

I stand with left foot on a scale and the other on a piece of effectively incompressible material at the same initial height at the scale's top surface. The weight shown is WL. I repeat with right ...
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Potential energy conservation in traversable wormholes

Let's say I have a tube, of large radius (about 5 - 7 meters in diameter), with traversable wormholes at the ends. The wormholes are arranged as such that if something falls inside one hole from ...