Gravity is an attractive force that affects and is effected by all mass and - in general relativity - energy, pressure and stress. Prefer newtonian-gravity or general-relativity if sensible.

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Potential energy of springs and gravity, and work of a force

I am currently really stuck on this problem and I am not sure how to actually solve it, I think I can reason it out logically but I do not know how to show it. Here it is and under I will show what I ...
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1answer
42 views

How Long Did It Take For The Sun To Form?

I realise this may be a difficult question to answer because, AFAIK, we don't have an accurate estimate of the size of the protostellar cloud, or whether our sun formed from a subsection of a much ...
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4answers
195 views

Does Dark Matter Exert The Same Gravitational Force As Ordinary Matter?

I have read through this Wikipedia article on Dark Matter and it contains references to the methods used to demonstrate the existence of dark matter. A galaxy rotation curve is a plot of the ...
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Why is the Moon considered the major cause of tides, even though it is weaker than the Sun?

You have likely read in books that tides are mainly caused by the Moon. When the Moon is high in the sky, it pulls the water on the Earth upward and a high-tide happens. There is some similar effect ...
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1answer
895 views

Is running in a zigzag helpful in avoiding being shot by an arrow? [closed]

Two people A and B start at a certain point. B runs away from A to another point. A shoots arrows at B. Is it helpful for A to run in a zigzag rather than in a constant direction? To be more ...
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What is signifcance of density of the universe if it changes?

So theories of expansion of the universe (before dark matter and energy) said that the ultimate fate of the universe is based on the density of the universe and this being compared to the critical ...
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111 views
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24 views

What does gravitational lensing equal in time diolation to gravity? [on hold]

What is the equivalent in gravity to time dilation around a black hole?
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1answer
43 views

Are there any numerical predictions of the Newtonian gravitational constant $G$ from modern theories?

There are no established relationships between the Newtonian gravitational constant $G$ and other fundamental constants, so there is no way to derive its value from other quantities. Its value must be ...
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1answer
109 views

How relativity affects projectile motion?

If, for example, I'm in a train traveling on earth at $.99c$, and I drop a ball from a $1~\text{m}$ height inside that train how long would it take to hit the ground from the ball's frame of reference?...
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1answer
15k views

Would a light or a heavy ball roll fastest down a slope?

A small, light ball and a larger, heavier ball are released from the top of a slope. Which will move further? which will come down faster?
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269 views

The ADM Energy of Gravitational Waves?

I have been looking for books about this question for several days. However, almost all books use Landau–Lifshitz pseudotensor to calculate the energy of Gravitational Waves.And they said the result ...
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1answer
48 views

Confirmation of a concept under General Relativity and Frames of Reference

I would like to preface this by saying that this isn't necessarily meant to be a full question, though it may become that, but it rather a confirmation of my understanding of a concept. Newton would ...
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133 views

Gravitational waves in other dimensions

I know this question is purely speculative, as we don't know if more dimensions do exist and also we do not know if gravity is indeed stronger in other dimensions (if they were to exist). But, one of ...
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2answers
790 views

Special relativity paradox and gravitation/acceleration equivalence

One of the features of the black hole complementarity is the following : According to an external observer, the infinite time dilation at the horizon itself makes it appear as if it takes an ...
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0answers
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Force needed question [closed]

I am standing on a ladder 24 ft. in the air,The angle of the ladder is 65 degrees and I weigh 200 lbs and the ladder weighs 65 lbs ,How much force would be needed to lift the ladder off the ground,...
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2answers
32 views

Why is the water still in the glass while rolling?

Pilot drinks glass of water while rolling the plane. The water stays in the glass, even if the plane is upside down. How is this possible? Why doesn't the water leave the glass, as it does when I ...
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1answer
52 views

Black hole gravity at bottom (deepest end) [closed]

If black holes are hole in space and time then at bottom or below bottom there is no more gravity of black hole. As any hole has an end (Deepest end). Is this true ? ******** EDIT *********** http:/...
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5answers
561 views

Where does the idea gravity=curvature of spacetime really come from?

I have been searching for quite a while but mostly found the answer: Einstein's genius. Quite unsatisfactory. I know and understand that the idea gravity=curvature of spacetime works. Furthermore I ...
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0answers
99 views

Deriving the field equations for a dark energy / modified gravity effective field theory

Question I'm trying to derive the modified gravity EFT field equations and, from their 00 component, this Friedmann equation: \begin{equation} H^{2}+H\frac{\dot{\Omega}}{\Omega}=\frac{\kappa \rho_{m}+...
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1answer
50 views

Gravitational Lensing Example

Like this tomato wrapped underwater and how light is bent around it does the way a black whole bends space and light in the same way?
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2answers
877 views

Can we make a force which can oppose earth gravity? [duplicate]

If we are standing on earth, then some force (gravity of earth) is pulling us down. Can't we make a force which can oppose gravity? Can't we make an object of zero mass?
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0answers
52 views

What prevents the ball from falling down? [closed]

A person runs on level ground as they hold on to a string. At the end of the string is a ball. The ball stays floating in the air. There is tension in the string pointing sideways, and gravity acts ...
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1answer
28 views

How to calculate orbit of a sphere around a bigger one in microgravity?

I don't have any knowledge in physics, but in a world building related question, I need to know how can I calculate the orbit or the distance in each point of the orbit around a spherical object in ...
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1answer
149 views

Does mass compress space-time?

My understanding of relativity explains that the presence of mass warps space-time so that light travelling through the warp follows at straight line but the warp itself is curved and therefore the ...
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1answer
15 views

Position of normal to the free surface of a liquid

If the free surface of a liquid resting in an inertial frame is horizontal. Does the normal to the free surface pass through the centre of the earth. I wonder what will be the outcome if the liquid is ...
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3answers
236 views

Is there a center of gravity in black hole?

I've come across this particular gif "http://i.imgur.com/AOCqg5j.gifv" If you can see the above gif, you can see the two perfectly spherical black holes merge together forming a single larger ...
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3answers
408 views

Energy Required to Rip Spacetime

I have heard that the presence of an extremely strong gravitational field possesses the capacity to warp or tear spacetime and to potentially create a wormhole. Is any energy lost when spacetime is ...
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3answers
515 views

Why can't we harness gravity? [closed]

We harness solar energy with constant supply of light but not with gravity. Why? What are the latest developments that can harness gravity? Why do Perpetual machines fail?
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8answers
5k views

Turbulent spacetime from Einstein equation?

It is well known that the fluid equations (Euler equation, Navier-Stokes, ...), being non-linear, may have highly turbulent solutions. Of course, these solutions are non-analytical. The laminar flow ...
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0answers
46 views

Is the Weitzenböck connection the only connection with Torsion but without Curvature?

In teleparallel gravity, the (local) connection coefficients of the Weitzenböck connection are given by $$ \Pi^{\beta}{}_{\mu\nu}= h^{\beta}_{i} \partial_{\nu}h^{i}_{\mu} - \Gamma^{\beta}{}_{\mu\nu}...
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3answers
2k views

Formula for implementing a simulated weighing scale

Background: I'm on the pledge drive committee for a non-profit group, and there is an issue that is always contentious within this group; thankfully the group is amicable, although competitive, about ...
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8answers
9k views

Could a “living planet” alter its own trajectory only by changing its shape?

In Stanislaw Lem's novel Solaris the planet is able to correct its own trajectory by some unspecified means. Assuming its momentum and angular momentum is conserved (it doesn't eject or absorb any ...
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3answers
119 views

Transfer of energy from gravity back to other “more familiar” forms of energy?

In this question I've mentioned an account of the recently reported 2nd observation of gravity waves, LIGO and Virgo Collaborations, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 241103, 15 June 2016, where 1 of the 22 ...
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2answers
2k views

Is spacetime flat inside a spherical shell?

In a perfectly symmetrical spherical hollow shell, there is a null net gravitational force according to Newton, since in his theory the force is exactly inversely proportional to the square of the ...
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104 views

Can two heavy objects circling around each other be separated because the speed of gravity?

Imagine two massive objects, with the same mass (M) circling around each other at equal distances from the centre of mass (C.M.). Their distance is 1 lightour. Don´t the two bodies get accelerated and ...
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6answers
76 views

Can I recirculate water from an open reservoir to the bottom of a bigger, closed one, without a pump?

A fountain head pumps water out of the main tank into a 'pond' reservoir. Can the water recirculate back into the main tank without the help of another pump? I'm sorry if this a dumb question. I'm ...
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3answers
75 views

Since there is no absolute reference frame, and if there were only two, how would the two bodies know whether to fall or orbit?

Imagine the earth and a satellite in geostationary orbit. Now subtract the rest of the universe, with nothing else to frame the velocity, and from a certain point of view the two bodies seem to be ...
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2answers
107 views

What is the uncertainty in the one solar mass radiated away as pure energy? (Gravitational waves)

edit: Thanks to the comment below - I learned that the PLR is available to read http://journals.aps.org/prl/pdf/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.241103. In it, ref. 5 links to this preprint dated June15, 2016: ...
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2answers
57 views

Is a puffy object heavier than a contracted object?

From here, I know the spring becomes heavier when potential energy stores in it , how about gravitional potential energy? Is the case similar?consider a puffy object, eg, a gas giant, when it ...
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1answer
70 views

The inside of of a black hole

I am looking for a confirmation (or correction) of my thinking about the nature of the black holes. As I am not a physicist and only a physics enthusiast, my understanding is probably very simplified ...
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1answer
34 views

Initial velocity of particles in a 2D gravity simulation

In N-body simulations of protostellar clouds (or similar objects), each particle is has a set of characteristics: mass, size, position, velocity, and (if the object is large enough or if we want to be ...
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2answers
52 views

How does hot air act in zero gravity?

In an environment with gravity, hot air is less dense than cool air, so it rises. How does hot air interact with cold air in a zero gravity environment, in terms of movement? Does it just stay where ...
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2answers
125 views

What kind of fundamental interaction is gravitation?

Einstein showed that gravitation is not a force but a effect caused by curvature of space time. Then why does theories of quantum gravity treats gravitation as one of fundamental force?
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1answer
25 views

Synthetic Mass…?

If I take a sphere (Very dense- say Uranium or other heavy element...), and magnetically set this sphere into motion at a very high rate of speed, Can I get this object to generate a artifical gravity ...
4
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2answers
107 views

Do quantum leaps happen in random directions?

Regarding quantum "leaps" or "jumps" (also known as atomic electron transition) -- do these leaps happen in what would appear to be random directions, or do they happen according to some rule, such as ...
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0answers
80 views

How do we decode the image formed by a gravitational lens?

Using our own sun as a gravitational lens, we can scrutinize planetary surfaces in distant solar systems with a good deal of accuracy. How do we translate this smeared out and curved image into a ...
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2answers
83 views

Negative Gravity Fields and Time Dilation [duplicate]

Question: Some physicists believe that it is possible to have negative mass. My questions is would this negative mass create a negative gravity field, exerting a negative force on positive masses? And ...
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0answers
28 views

Behavior of an object in a region of uniform spacetime curvature

Let's say there is some spherical region of space. In this region, there is a large curvature of spacetime. This curvature is completely uniform throughout the region. I decide to stick some object ...
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2answers
54 views

Locally remove a gravitational field

Let $K$ be an inertial frame of reference on $\mathbb{R}^3$ and $g=g(t,x)$ a nonuniform and nonstatic gravitational field. How I can choose a system of reference $\bar K$ such that mechanical effects ...