Gravity is an attractive force that affects and is effected by all mass and - in general relativity - energy, pressure and stress. Prefer newtonian-gravity or general-relativity if sensible.

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Why do you believe in [on hold]

Is it possible that gravity doesn't exist?
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36 views

Integrating the geodesic equation to obtain Newtonian energy of test particle

I am studying General Relativity, and have come across a question that I am finding rather intractable: In Newtonian Theory, the energy equation for a test particle in orbit around a point mass ...
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2answers
85 views

Why do stellar boundaries exist?

What theorems or insights are available to decide wether a star with some given interdependence between its density, pressure and temperature distributions ought to have a boundary at a finite ...
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5answers
125 views

If gravity is additive, then how does it cancel itself out?

I understand that gravity, as far as we know, is always attractive. Also, it has additive qualities - i.e. the size and strength of the field are proportional to the quantities of mass. This seems to ...
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101 views

What general relativity predicts in such a situation?

If there's a system of a point mass or point particle with mass 'm' and a structure such that - The structure is made of many concentric spheres (shells) with certain thickness and the radius of those ...
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88 views

Does gravity have two directions?

Imagine a particle that interacts strongly with gravity, but not with any of the other forces, and does not interact with normal matter (this may be analogous to the description of dark matter, I'm ...
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gravitational force and irreversibility

If we place a ball at a certain height it falls and the process is irreversible. Is there any entropy change associated with the falling of ball? If so why?
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identity : $ \epsilon_{abcd} R^{cd}_{\phantom{cd}mn} = \epsilon_{mncd} R^{cd}_{\phantom{cd}ab}$ in vacuum

starting from \begin{align} \epsilon_{\rho\lambda\xi \kappa} R^{\xi \kappa}_{\phantom{ab} \sigma\tau} + \epsilon_{\rho\sigma \xi \kappa} R^{\xi \kappa}_{\phantom{ab} \tau \lambda} + \epsilon_{\rho ...
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In the process of Bel-robisons tensor: identity for $R_{amnk} R_{b}^{\phantom{b}mnk} = \frac{1}{4} g_{ab} R_{dmnk} R^{dmnk}$

Recently, i an starting to study some subject related with Bel-Robinson tensor. In the process of computing its some basic properties i noticed i need to prove following identity which holds on ...
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34 views

Calculating Gravity: Small scale vs Large scale

In some calculations I've ran, I've noticed that when the gravitational forces between individual particles are calculated and when the gravitational force between bodies are calculated there tend to ...
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20 views

Liquid jet in the absence of gravity [on hold]

On earth, we have liquid jets which are falling and accelerating under influence of gravity ( this cause their radius to decrease ) My question is about liquids in the absence of gravity. Can we make ...
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1answer
49 views

Why is it difficult for 2 black holes to merge?

Apparently as part of the merger of galaxies, sometimes the central supermassive black holes of colliding galaxies get really close, however once they come to a distance of about <1 parsec, it ...
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What would be the research advances if we discover the gravitational waves? [on hold]

As researchers of LIGO (USA) and VIRGO (France/Italy) say that they have discovered gravitational waves thanks to black hole collision today, what would be, apart of the important confirmation of ...
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39 views

Weight of mass falling through liquid

If I place a container of fluid on a scale and drop a non-buoyant mass into the fluid, will the scale read less as long as the mass is in motion downward as compared to when the mass is at rest on ...
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1answer
2k views

Conservation of angular momentum in Earth-Moon system

We all know about the fact that tidal friction is slowly slowing down the Earth's rotation about its axis, and that subsequently the Moon is slowly drifting away, in order for the angular momentum of ...
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0answers
41 views

Work by Gravity using Tensors [on hold]

Now I'm familiar with the various methods for deriving work done by gravity, but I noticed a few things about the situation, and wanted to see if I could properly apply a tensor treatment to the ...
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29 views

Freely falling body applied some external force [closed]

A body of mass $10kg$ is thrown upwards with initial velocity = $10m/s$. Then it moves up and falls back down at the same point, after which an external force of $10N$ is applied in the upward ...
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8answers
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How do stars from far away affect Earth?

I know that we obviously get light (or we wouldn't be able to see them), but are there any other ways that they affect Earth and maybe just our solar system in general?
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How gravitation affects tides

I know that tide is caused by the gravitational pull of moon but what I don't know is how it affects water. I have actually these doubts. Why does gravity of the moon creates tides only in water? ...
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1answer
52 views

Would the Moon be able to take water from Earth?

I know that if you add mass to the moon, it would get closer to the Earth. We all know that the moon causes the tides because it's gravity pulls the water. So, my question is: If the moon gained more ...
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1answer
57 views

Virtual particles, gravity, and dark matter? [closed]

In Hawking's radiation, virtual particles respond to intense gravitational tidal forces with pairs being ripped apart. One crosses the event horizon and the other escapes. On the other hand, in ...
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34 views

Could a satelite be pulled away by gravity while the object it was orbiting keeps unaffected in its own orbit?

I'm asking this, since I try to educate my self a bit in the field of astrophysics. From my point of knowledge the by title given scenario could occur. But I haven't yet read anything that sounded ...
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3answers
223 views
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If gravity is due to curvature, how does gravity work in situations with no curvature?

The strength of the gravitational field falls off as the inverse square of the distance from a spherical source. It only falls off as the inverse of the distance from an extended cylindrical or line ...
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2answers
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How much additional light does Earth receive from the Sun due to Earth's gravitational field?

I was reading about how gravity affects light, and that got me wondering how much additional light is collected by the Sun due to the Earth's gravitational field. Is it a significant amount of light ...
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Explanation of the waves on the water planet in the movie Interstellar?

We will ignore some of the more obvious issues with the movie and assume all other things are consistent to have fun with some of these questions. Simple [hopefully] Pre-questions: 1) If the water ...
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1answer
37 views

Gravity, Acceleration, Time Dilation and the Equivalence Principle

Three clocks are started at exactly the same time on Earth. The first and second clocks are taken into the vacuum of space. The first clock accelerates until it reaches 100,000m/s, then stays at this ...
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Dark energy vs. gravity

If dark energy is everywhere around us, then why don't we get separated? For example why don't I get separated from the pen kept in front of me? Or take a similar example in free space. Is dark ...
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4answers
443 views

What truly is mass, and is there a direct way to measure it?

We know a mass of an object of one kilogram as an object that weighs W = mg = 9.8 N and we reference it to that, (when it should as a fundamental parameter describe weight not the opposite). But if we ...
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At what temperature can water escape from the earth?

After a period of million years the water level of the earth increased. But I'm wondering whether the amound of water is always has been the same since that time. Imagine the atmosphere is about ...
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1answer
22 views

Eddy current induce emf

Q1Suppose there is a wire having AC current so as ac current is alternating it creates back emf wether that back emf produces current ?? If yes then that current is same as eddy current or not?? ...
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2answers
827 views

How can gravity truly be infinite?

From my knowledge, gravity is infinite and extends throughout all of space. It diminishes as distance increases but is still present everywhere. So given enough time, no matter where something is in ...
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2answers
648 views

Three-Dimensional Gravity

Does anyone have any references that discuss gravity in three-dimensions? I'm trying to make my way through some papers by Witten relating $SL(2,\mathbb{C})$ Chern-Simons theory and gravity in three ...
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2answers
41 views

Gases Expanding Vacuum

Why do gasses expand in space rather than attract forming a liquid? Do some gasses attract when they are colder?
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4answers
308 views

A ball in the gravity potential field of a black hole — seems a paradox

As illustrated in the following diagram (A, B, C, D are 4 specified space points, and C is close to a black hole), a small ball at distance of a black hole is stationary (suppose now it's mass is m0) ...
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1answer
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Could there exist (and if not: why?) non-elementary particles composed of gravitons?

I read about glueballs, which should be particles made purely out of gluons. This is a quite theoretical thing but its existence has at least been theorized. Now, I don't know so much about ...
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Falling with same acceleration and meaning of gravity

My question is what does falling with same acceleration has to do with what Einstein concluded concerning the gravity in terms of the curvature?
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1answer
43 views

Precision of the Gravitational Constant [closed]

I went to a theological talk where the speaker, while answering a question on intelligent design, claimed that, if $G$ was different by one part in $10^{120}$,then the universe would either collapse ...
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1answer
102 views

Atoms, Gravity and Electrostatic Charge [closed]

How close do 2 atoms of any type the have can be together before gravity with an electrostatic charge that repulses?
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Can 1km diameter ball of water preserve it's integrity before hitting the ground falling from 10km altitude?

I still argue with my friend over some big ball of water (1km in diameter) that is being instantly created 10km over the surface of the earth in perfect sphere form. I stated, that as it hit the Earth ...
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1answer
37 views

Is the polarization of light changed by gravity?

The Gravitational_redshift shows, that the wavelength of light gets altered in a gravitational field. But what about polarization of light? I imagine that e.g. by tidal forces circular polarized light ...
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1answer
81 views

How much force would it take for you stop the Moon from crashing into the earth once it has started to fall?

In my previous question, I asked how much force it would take to destabilize the Moon's orbit enough for the moon to start falling into the Earth and collide. Assume this has already happened. Now, ...
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Centripetal force at the pole is different from the equator

why is the centripetal acceleration in the poles and equator if different? I know that it's related to Equatorial budge. But what I don't get it is that the centripetal force is zero at the poles. ...
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1answer
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The cosmological constant as a Lagrange multiplier?

The cosmological constant $\Lambda$ can be introduced into the gravitational action like this : \begin{equation} S = \frac{1}{2 \kappa} \int_{\Omega} (R - 2 \Lambda) \sqrt{-g} \; d^4 x + \text{matter ...
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51 views

What happens when one uses a blender in zero gravity?

I was recently told by a friend that using a blender type apparatus in a zero gravity environment will act like a centrifuge instead mixing properly. Is this the case? Furthermore, can anyone provide ...
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2answers
329 views

How can the Schwarzschild radius of the universe be 13.7 billion light years?

So i was reading about Schwarzschild radius on Wiki and I found a interesting thing written there link. It says that the S. radius of the universe is as big as the size of the universe? How is ...
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1answer
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Do metric theories with torsion contradict solar system observations?

Obviously, the answer to this question can be "maybe, if you make the torsion tensor small enough", but my question is, given some "typical" size to the torsion tensor, do the spin-orbit couplings ...
5
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1answer
136 views

How to measure Torsion and Non-metricity?

In General Relativity, we most often work with the Levi-Civita connection (metric and torsion-free). What kind of experiment can we make to be sure that our physical space-time indeed is torsion-free ...
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Spacetime Torsion, the Spin tensor, and intrinsic spin in Einstein-Cartan theory

In Einstein-Cartan gravity, the action is the usual Einstein-Hilbert action but now the Torsion tensor is allowed to vary as well (in usual GR, it is just set to zero). Variation with respect to the ...
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Will the energy of gravitational collision be the same?

If you put two small stationary spherical objects (say 1 meter wide weighting 1kg) 1 light year across and let them collide after some time. Will the energy of collision be the same as if you put ...