Gravity is an attractive force that affects and is effected by all mass and - in general relativity - energy, pressure and stress. Prefer newtonian-gravity or general-relativity if sensible.

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What is the reasoning behind the Hill Sphere?

According to Wikipedia, Hill Sphere is : the volume of space around an object where the gravity of that object dominates over the gravity of a more massive but distant object around which the first ...
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119 views

Classical electrodynamics formulated in terms of forces

The Newton's law of universal gravitation is described in terms of a force, which is produced by an action at a distance. It also can be described using the concept of a field, and that would be an ...
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A revolving astronaut

The concept of orbital velocity tells us that there must be a minimum velocity for a satellite to revolve around earth and the velocity should be such that the gravitational force of earth provides ...
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112 views

Would a black hole created on the surface burrow through the crust?

If scientists created a microscopic black hole with an initial mass of one ton on the surface of the earth, would the gravitational attraction to the center be enough for it to "burrow" until it eats ...
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134 views

Is light slower when traveling inside a gravity field?

This question is not about phase velocity changed which causes refraction, but about the real time itself being slower by the gravity of any object (from general relativity). If so, would this mean ...
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69 views

Gravitational interactions by energy?

The mass-energy equivalence, first established by Einstein is an important and highly discussed phenomenon in physics. Without claiming much knowledge about high-end discussions on this topic, I would ...
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381 views

How to obtain the field equations in Brans-Dicke theory from the action?

The action for the Brans-Dicke-Jordan theory of gravity is $$ \\S =\int d^4x\sqrt{-g} \; \left(\frac{\phi R - \omega\frac{\partial_a\phi\partial^a\phi}{\phi}}{16\pi} + \mathcal{L}_\mathrm{M}\right). ...
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88 views

Gravitational Stark Effect

Could gravity induce line splittings in the optical spectrum of a molecule similar to the Stark or Zeeman Effects? Naively, a gravitational potential would be a simple addition to the Hamiltonian ...
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402 views

Power generator powered exclusively by gravity is possible? [closed]

According to this site, it seems so. Power generator powered exclusively by gravity:
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41 views

A Global Measure on a Gravitational System

I am a computer science engineer and I am trying to simulate the gravity on my computer; several objects with different masses randomly distributed in a Three-dimensional space. I would like to ...
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1answer
77 views

A change in the mass of the moon [closed]

Would a change in the mass or radius of the moon have any effect on its speed? When asked this question in an assignment, I stated that it did not. My reasoning being that a change in the mass or ...
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1answer
60 views

Centripetal issue when considering gravity

Forgive me if my question seems silly, but I am quite baffled. Suppose you have a satellite orbiting a horizontal swing planted into the ground and we want to find the velocity with which the ...
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163 views

How does the Einstein Equivalence Principle imply a spacetime with a metric (and a connection)?

I have at hand the book by Clifford Will, "Theory and Experiments in Gravitational Physics", and the following Living Reviews in Relativity article. He quotes the Einstein Equivalence Principle (EEP) ...
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76 views

Gravitational field of a particle in SR

According to special relativity, what is the gravitational field due to a particle moving with a constant velocity v? Would it be correct to assume that the particle has a stronger gravitational field ...
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1answer
139 views

What is the effect of gravity on gamma rays?

I read an article about a Gamma Ray burst linked to a black hole. How does high gravity fields affect gamma rays?
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1answer
54 views

Pushing water along is it possible to calculate the angle it forms

If I had a static thin (a few mm) film of water lying on a surface and I tried to push a squeegee across the surface in order to move the water. Would the water rise up in front of the squeegee? Would ...
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2answers
122 views

Gravitational Effect Versus the Speed of Light [duplicate]

If, for some reason, the sun were to suddenly disappear altogether, I would like to know the following: would we "feel" it first (i.e. being thrown into outer space due to no longer having anything ...
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2answers
220 views

Did people realize that gravity accelerated things before Einstein's elevator thought experiment?

I'm reading about the (very near) equivalence of gravitational mass and inertial mass in my undergrad GR course, and the text (Lambourne) describes this equivalence as the inspiration for Einstein's ...
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1answer
165 views

Proper time in Nordstrom gravity

This wikipedia article claims that there are two interpretations of Nordstrom's scalar theory of gravity: 1) A scalar field theory on flat space. The reason why an apple falls is that its mass is ...
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1answer
99 views

Can the phrase “Terminal Velocity” be used to describe non-gravity situations?

According to Wikipedia: [Terminal Velocity] is the velocity of the object when the sum of the drag force (Fd) and buoyancy equals the downward force of gravity (FG) acting on the object. Since ...
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2answers
200 views

Using gravity to send messages (at the speed of light) [duplicate]

I've been wondering what the current state of the art (both theoretically and practically) for sending messages using changes in a gravitational field is, and I have had a hard time finding ...
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1answer
113 views

How do aspherical gravitational monopoles look like?

I was recently pointed by laboussoleestmonpays to a beautiful paper from some time ago, Aspherical gravitational monopoles. Alain Connes, Thibault Damour and Pierre Fayet. Nucl. Phys. B 490 no. ...
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1answer
126 views

How is relativistic N-body simulation possible without knowing the entire histories of each particle?

In n-body simulation you need to know the positions of the particles in order to calculate the force between them. The new velocity of each particle can then be calculated given a simulation timestep ...
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1answer
60 views

Slow light and gravitational lensing

It has been proposed that the Sun's gravitational lens be used to observe distant objects, but according to relativity a spacecraft would need to be 550 AU away in order to take advantage of the ...
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1answer
151 views

Cosmological metric with off-diagonal terms?

In the context of Cosmology models, What are examples of metrics with off-diagonal terms?
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436 views

Gravitational constant in higher dimensions?

From Newton's law of gravitation we know that $$F=G\frac{m_1m_2}{r^2}$$ where $G$ is gravitational constant. We can also see that it has dimensions $$[G]=\frac{[L]^3}{[M][T]^2}$$ and we have a ...
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1answer
175 views

How would one expect a massive graviton to behave?

Typically, adding a mass $m$ to a gauge boson causes the boson to only be able to travel over a finite distance, $L\sim m^{-1}$, limiting the range of the associated force. For example, photons ...
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421 views

Calculating Orbital Vectors in the Future

For the 2D space simulator that I am writing (please note, it is not at all homework), I require formulas that will give me the location and velocity of a spaceship, relative to the parent celestial ...
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25 views

How to calculate preassure at solar focus?

As starlight passes the sun it gets bent by gravity and will be focused. I am interested in see how strong the pressure from the starlight would be at a focal point. I was thinking if the pressure ...
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1answer
204 views

Detailing why a scalar gravity theory predicts no bending of light [closed]

I want to understand in technical detail why a particular scalar theory for gravity predicts no bending of light. It is left as a question, either in "Gravitation" by Misner, Thorne, and Wheeler, ...
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1answer
135 views

Are there models/simulations of antigravitational antimatter-galaxies?

In the comments to another question's answer, I started wondering: Assuming antimatter possessed negative gravitational mass§ (which is not proven impossible to date, though deemed unlikely), ...
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3answers
162 views

If an object fell from the moon [duplicate]

Ignoring the moons gravity, if an object sitting still (relative to the Earth, i.e. not in orbit) was dropped from the moon. How long would it take to hit the Earth?
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5answers
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Does antimatter curve spacetime in the opposite direction as matter?

According to the Dirac equation, antimatter is the negative energy solution to the following relation: $$E^2 = p^2 c^2 + m^2 c^4.$$ And according to general relativity, the Einstein tensor (which ...
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On-shell action in asymptotically AdS space

Consider a field theory coupled with gravity described by the action: $S=\int d^Dx \sqrt{-g} \left( \mathcal{R}-\Lambda+\mathcal{L}_m[\phi] \right)$, with the requirement that g must be ...
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Vertical and horizontal components of forces and vectors

I'm getting a bit confused when finding components of vectors and forces. In problems for vectors, I've always known that if you want to get the components of a vector, you would use the following: ...
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1answer
128 views

Is self gravitation theoretically impossible?

Is it theoretically possible to create some system such that the energy distribution creates a gravitational potential offset from its center of mass (or energy?) so that the body continually 'falls' ...
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1answer
54 views

Why isn't all of the dust in a nebula used in the formation of a star?

I was watching a show on discovery and according to it, in a nebula the dust and gases slowly come together and as the gravity increases and the pressure rises in the core the gases fuse together and ...
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1answer
146 views

Reduction in gravity from photon exchange

Let's say you have two bodies at are held at rest relative to each other exchanging (real, not virtual) photons back and forth. Then we let them go (maybe push them apart slightly), so they will ...
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37 views

Where are the L3, L4, and L5 of a hyperbolic orbit?

Do the L3, L4, L5 points exist in hyperbolic orbits? If yes, then where do they lie?
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244 views

How does time relate to mass and velocity

I understand that the larger the mass the greater gravity is and the slower time is, as well the faster an object is traveling the slower time passes. My question is that since the faster an object ...
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1answer
191 views

What limits range of gravitational attraction concerning space expansion?

Wikipedia says: Metric expansion is a key feature of Big Bang cosmology and is modeled mathematically with the FLRW metric. This model is valid in the present era only on large scales (roughly ...
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1answer
72 views

Why are trajectories in General Relativity speed-dependant?

I'm a secondary student who never studied any general relativity level maths (yet!), but I heard that in general relativity objects with mass and energy deform space-time, and therefore bodies move in ...
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1answer
130 views

Do electrons have structure in quantum gravity?

I have read Luboš Motl's blog and he says in QG electrons must be composite and have structure because QG says there can be no point like particles and everything above the Planck size can be resolved ...
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2answers
203 views

Does influence on gravity increase with mass when velocities approach the speed of light? [duplicate]

In other words, when a particle's mass increases significantly as it approaches the speed of light (c), does its influence on gravity increase, and if so, does it increase proportionally?
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1answer
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Trajectories of particles with spin in Einstein-Cartan theory

The Einstein-Cartan theory is a generalisation of General Relativity insofar as the condition that the metric affine connection is torsion-free is dropped. In other words, the space time is a ...
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1answer
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Perihelion Advance in curve space

I've been doing some work that involves particle's motion subjected to central forces. I was trying to compute the perihelion advance of the particle's path. For that I've been following this ...
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Why won't protons revolve around the nucleus containing electrons and neutrons?

In case of solar system,we can explain "Why Sun would not revolve around any other planet?",by giving the reason that Sun is heavier than any other planets. Heavier the body,greater will be the ...
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1answer
68 views

Is projectile trajectory on Earth affected by the fact that it isn't a singular point?

So in high school physics, we were told that projectiles traveled in a parabola, but Google searches have said that it's more like an ellipse, since the Earth isn't flat. However, I was thinking that ...
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28 views

Modeling Spacetime In A Corpuscular Or Statistical Way

When I first read about Newton's gravity, it really bothered me. I didn't understand how shaking a lighter at the other end of the universe would instantly influence the lighter that was in front of ...
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Why is there no gravity in the center of a celestial body, yet there is gravity on the surface?

I've heard few explanations, but none in good detail that make it clear to those with less mathematical knowledge on the equations of complex physics. I would like to think that since you are on the ...