Tagged Questions

Gravity is an attractive force that affects and is effected by all mass and - in general relativity - energy, pressure and stress. Prefer newtonian-gravity or general-relativity if sensible.

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What is the conformal mode of a metric?

I have a problem in terminology. This article talks about the conformal mode of a physical metric. I know what a conformal transformation is. But what is the conformal mode of a metric?
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Interpretation of black hole area

I'm studying properties of Kerr spacetimes and a lot of fuss is made about area of BH. It is defined to be integral of area element on event horizon $r=r_+$, $t=const.$ where $r_+$ is radial ...
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How do gravitational waves work without internal tension?

One implication of general relativity is the concept of gravitational waves or gravitational radiation, ripples in spacetime thought to travel at speeds close to the speed of light. As far as I have ...
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Can you use the force of gravity (ie. surface of Earth = 9.8m/s^2) to calculate gravitational time dilation?

I am having trouble tying the Schwarzschild radius to gravitational force as I believe it is not fixed when considering different masses. I am getting results that show a different time dilation for ...
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Gravitational boson violating relativity [duplicate]

Currently doing a introductory degree level physics course, they were talking about how changes in gravity/gravitational field cause changes so quickly that if you assigned it the "graviton" said ...
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Is it possible to directly test whether of not the vacuum gravitates?

According to GR, all sources of stress-energy (e.g. everything on the $T_{\mu\nu}$ side of the EFE) should gravitate (e.g. affect the curvature/$G_{\mu\nu}$ side of the EFE). We observe the expansion ...
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Planetary Gravity and its effects [duplicate]

I live in Tunisia, exactly in Gafsa .. and there's a weird effect is happening, i really tried to ask people but no one had a clue, also i have seen that in other places on the internet. If you put a ...
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Quantum Gravity [closed]

By the Pauli exclusion principle fermions cannot occupy the same space, cannot have identical quantum numbers. The bosons however can. We also know that the universe, and in particular the various ...
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Asymmetry of relativistically treated EM force between atoms

There are two neutral atoms set separated at a long distance $R$ and let's consider them phenomenologically through Bohr model. Let's also assume that the nuclei (charged $+q$) of the atoms are fixed ...
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How can contact binaries persist?

This answer discusses contact binaries, which I did not even know existed. I can understand how they could exist for a short time (maybe) as gravitational waves carry off energy that causes the stars' ...
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Einstein's principle of equivalence; Standing on earth vs sitting in accelerated car

When I am seated in a car that is accelerating in a particular direction I could, for example, throw a ball and it would appear to be flying the opposite way. With the windows covered etc. An ...
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What exactly produces gravitational force? It just can't emerge out of no where depending on mass, distance etc

I tried getting the answer from the internet but it says that it is still a mystery.
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Any textbook about non-renormalizability of gravity?

I have learned general relativity in a graduate-level. My knowledge about QFT is very rudimentary. But, I need to learn about non-renormalizability of gravity. I have these questions. Is there any ...
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Vibrating water container problem

I am struggling with visualising and understanding the phrasing of this question - cross posted from Math stack exchange since this forum is more appropriate: "A water-filled container is ...
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Crying in microgravity

So I looked around the net and found that you really cant "cry" as we do on earth in space floating around, because the tears would just stay near your eyes, because the pull of gravity is not strong ...
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Is a black hole's mass uniformly distributed?

If you were to fly around a black hole, would the gravitational pull be uniform and centered on the singularity, regardless of your relative location? If yes, how can this be consistent with models ...
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What force causes massive objects to bend space? [duplicate]

The visualization of gravity as shown by this video is pretty good at explaining how massive objects bend space, and such bending causes objects around it to fall towards it (a.k.a: gravity). ...
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Square root of a matrix appears in massive gravity. How to solve $\sqrt{A+B}$ perturbatively

$A=\text{diag}\{\lambda_1,...,\lambda_n\}$, where $\lambda_i$ can be any number and not necessarily a small number, $\lambda_i>0$, $B$ is a positive definite symmetric matrix, and ...
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Scalar gravity coupled to matter

I am reading Ortin's Gravity and Strings and trying to understand the generalisation of Newtonian Gravity to a relativistic field theory. On page 47 (link above) he motivates the study of the Poisson ...
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How can I add dark matter to my $N$-body simulation?

I've written a simple non-scientific N-body simulation for fun: http://magwo.github.io/fullofstars/ I expected to create something looking like spinning galaxies (there are two invisible very heavy ...
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Calculating initial velocity to achieve orbital motion using verlet integration

I'm attempting to build a simple computer programme which models bodies orbiting other bodies. I've implemented a Verlet integrator (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Verlet_integration) and I can ...
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Why does a free-falling body experience no force despite accelerating?

Note: For the purposes of my question, when I refer to free fall assume it takes place in a vacuum. From my (admittedly weak) understanding of the equivalence principle, falling in a gravitational ...
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Which one of the two objects does the gravitation force vector point to?

My book tells me that the arrowhead should point to whichever is responsible for the field. Am correct in a assuming that it's whichever has the larger mass or bigger electric charge?
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What is the binding energy of a neutron star?

Neutrons which constitute a neutron star have a rest mass that is greater when separated from the star because they are bound with a certain potential energy. This potential energy causes the system ...
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Can stable non-circular orbits exist in 2 or 3 dimensional hyperbolic space

I know that stable non-circular orbits in euclidean space exist only in 3 spatial dimensions but what about if the spatial dimensions are hyperbolic instead? Are there any stable non-circular orbits ...
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Is it accurate that light loses energy in the absence of gravity and gains energy in its presence?

I just read an article about the supervoid they found and this is suggested. If so, then I am more and more fascinated with the ties between light and gravity. Let me emphasize, every article that I ...
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Light changes wavelength in the presence of gravity, can the quantum theory of gravity explain this?

If light changes wavelength in the presence of a gravitational field, how can this be described by the quantum theory of gravity?
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What $f(R)$ models pass most of the known constraints? [closed]

In most papers and talks about $f(R)$ gravity authors repeatedly state that the model proposed by Starobinsky 2007  f(R)=R+\lambda\,R_{0} \bigg[\bigg(1+\frac{R^{2}}{R_{0}^{2}}\bigg)^{-n}-1\bigg] ...
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Quantum corrections to holographic entanglement entropy

I was looking at this paper by Faulkner-Lewkowycz-Maldacena. They give a very interesting proposal of calculating one loop (i.e, 1/N) correction to EE from computing the EE between the bulk regions. ...
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Why do I sink then float in a swimming pool?

Was swimming this morning and observed something strange: if I stop treading water, hold my legs together, arms pressed against my sides, then I sink to about 3m below the surface, and then rise again ...
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How to define $\delta{g_{\mu\nu}}$?

In general relativity, when deriving the field equation using the variational principle we use $\hat{g}_{\mu\nu}=g_{\mu\nu}+\delta{g_{\mu\nu}}$. Does $\delta{g_{\mu\nu}}$ mean the measurement of how ...
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Palatini type gravities: Where could I find them?

I read the article Quantum gravity with torsion and non-metricity. Although I found interesting the analysis in the paper, I found quite interesting an statement in the abstract, The class of ...
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How are photons effected by gravity? [duplicate]

If we use E²=m²c⁴+p²c², and we know mass of photon is zero, and they have momentum but why aren't they affected by gravity.
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If the measurements of a clock above the earth depend on orientation, then what measurements are correct?

Take a clock in space above the earth (assuming a Schwarzchild spacetime) that works by relaying a light signal a small distance radially; ticking each time the light signal returns. Compare this to ...
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The relativity of gravity: If mass is relative how much gravity do I experience?

Now let's say the I am on a spaceship. The spaceship is not accelerating, i.e., it is not firing its rockets. Most of the ship's mass is in the back of the ship. Let's say it is moving arbitrarily ...
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Unruh radiation and conservation of energy

Consider the Minkowski spacetime filled by some fields in their Minkowskian vaccum state. Now consider a Rindler observer carrying with him, say, one liter of water. According to Unruh formula, the ...
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Is it experimentally verified that the neutrinos are affected by gravity?

If neutrinos (or any other particles) wasn't affected by gravity that would contradict the general theory of relativity. I'm convinced that the postulate of the equivalence between inertial mass and ...
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Using gravity assitance or turn to return back a spacecraft

I wonder why gravity assist is not also used to return missions back to Earth? I assume the space shuttle is too expensive with its accessories and could be a money and time saving to reuse it, ...
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If two objects have all the same conditions except different masses. Will their terminal velocity be different?

I can't seem to find a straight forward answer to this. I really just want to know if changing mass of an object affects the terminal velocity. If two objects of the same dimensions except one had ...
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How does a Black hole attract light? [duplicate]

Please no hate for lack of knowledge: I am somewhat fascinated with the subject of black holes. However, I do not understand a concept which is constantly attributed with black holes: that a black ...
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General Relativity 2-Body Closed Form

Is there a closed form solution in general relativity to the 2-body orbit problem?
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Does center of mass affect how an object falls ?

Suppose you drop an object which has tow ends, of which one is heavy and the other is pretty light. Will the object fall with its heavier end downward or with the lighter one ? Why does it happen ?
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global transformations in 3d gravity

I am currently working on proper and improper gauge transformations in 3d gravity and btz black holes. (because I have seen it defined with many different ways I will just say that with "proper"and ...
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Would a very long massive rod exhibit a large deviation from Newtonian gravity (specifically a deficit angle rather than 1/r force)?

In General Relativity the metric corresponding to an infinitely long massive rod is flat but with a deficit angle. It exhibits a very large deviation from Newtonian gravity in all regions of space in ...
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How fast does gravitational information travel? [duplicate]

Imagine two objects with equal mass in empty space attracting each other. One of these objects moves tangentially with a very high speed (lets say 0.9c). (p1 = (0, 0) p2 = (1, 0) v1 = (0, 0) v2 = (0, ...
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Gravitomagnetic railgun

Would a gravitomagnetic analogue of a railgun work as expected, in theory? Consider replacing the electric currents on each rail with mass currents. Then place a mass between the rails, moving with ...
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Is there a relation between $G$ and the age of the universe?

Here is a recording of Paul Dirac, talking about dimensionless constants and their significance. He gives some examples of such constants(ratio of the masses of an electron to a proton, the ...
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Do electrons emit radiation due to gravity [duplicate]

Do electrons accelerating in the presence of a gravitational field radiate due to this acceleration?