Gravity is an attractive force that affects and is effected by all mass and - in general relativity - energy, pressure and stress. Prefer newtonian-gravity or general-relativity if sensible.

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Gravity in spacetime

Can the effect of gravity in spacetime be thought of as if nearby particles have a tendency to "align" their four velocity direction? I.e. "to point in the same direction".
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Invariant interval and gravity

Gravity is inversely proportional to the distance between objects. Do we use Euclidean distance or the invariant interval for that distance? Using the invariant interval makes everything a bit more ...
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175 views

Gravitational binding energy of a white dwarf at Chandrasekhar limit?

I was trying to calculate the gravitational binding energy of a white dwarf just before it went on a type Ia supernova in order to calculate the kinetic energy of the ejecta, but I wasn't able to get ...
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Speed of light in general relativity

My question has a few parts concerning the speed of light in general relativity. Firstly, time changes in response to gravity and speed. Therefore, as gravity effects time in an area of space, should ...
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5answers
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Will gravity pull together two bodies from the other side of an empty universe?

Lets say that there are only two bodies in the universe, 65 kg each. Other than that the universe is completely empty, no neutrons, no photons, no dark energy/matter, not even neutrinos (that is to ...
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3answers
61 views

Work done by gravity on a ball & the ball on earth

I have studied today that if a ball was to fall a certain height, then the work done by gravity on the ball would equal the work done by the ball's equal and opposite gravitational pull. By $W=Fd$, ...
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Gravitational lensing of massless photons

I recently got a more complete proof of photons having no mass. (I knew it before, but now I really know it.) But now, I'm curious how gravitational lensing can occur without a mass to act on. I have ...
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166 views

Two expressions for potential energy in the gravitational field of the earth

Let $M$ be the mass of the earth, considered as a point mass, then the potential energy of a point with distance $r$ away from the center (assume $r > \textrm{radius of earth})$ is $$ U(r) = ...
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4answers
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Since everything with mass exerts a gravity force on everything else, why do objects float in outer space?

For example, if you were to go out into deep space, and just slow down and stop your rocket. Everything inside the rocket that's not strapped in, starts floating. Why is that if every object has mass ...
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108 views

Gravity beneath sea level

This is a very simple question, but I can't find an answer anywhere. Earth's gravity at sea level is 1 (approximately 9.8m/s^2) What happens being under sea level in a cavern/chasm/ravine, how much ...
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5answers
181 views

Gravity doesn't seem to work the way it is supposed to [duplicate]

This has been a bit of an awkward question that's been plaguing me ever since I started watching space documentaries on discovery about 10 years ago. I was saving this for the day I would ever meet ...
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1answer
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Is gravity not a force? [closed]

When I jump out of a plane and begin to fall and accelerate, I feel no force whatsoever. When I stand on the earth, I feel only the force of the Earth pushing me outwards. I contend the accelerating ...
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1answer
174 views

Gravity and the Second Law of Thermodynamics [duplicate]

I was wondering about the hypothetical - and apparently improbable - heat death of the Universe when I stumbled upon this seeming contradiction. A certain volume of space with a uniform distribution ...
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1answer
77 views

Gravitational acceleration at half Earth's radius [duplicate]

What would be the gravitational acceleration at half at Earth's radius? Something tells me it should be proportional to the mass distributed in that part, but I am not sure. Of course, we assume we ...
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0answers
32 views

How did the gravity of the particles/objects behave at the edge of the expanding universe moments after big bang?

During a very short time after the big bang, the universe must have had an edge of space-time which is very close to all the matter in the universe. The particles which are close to or on the edge ...
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2answers
137 views

Gravity on a upward moving object

I know I should have listened to my teacher in physics class but I didn't. I need help on a thing I am trying to do for a game. I want to be able to calculate Gravity pushing down on a object over a ...
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1answer
101 views

Negative Energy in Inflation Theory (Low/Zero Energy Universe)

I've been reading Max Tegmark's book: Our Mathematical Universe. It's very interesting, but I wanted to know more about one particular thing. The book simplifies things and I know inflation theories ...
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2answers
162 views

Power to suspend a mass in air

How much power is needed to suspend a mass in the air? The four parts below deal with the same problem. I post them all here, should there be some subtle things I didn't see. The textbook problem A ...
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1answer
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Is “scalar electromagnetics” real science?

This page claims that original Maxwell's equations, when formulated by Maxwell himself in quaternion form, had some special scalar part of electromagnetic field, which somehow appeared to describe ...
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When gravity pulls on light it blueshifts or redshifts it, which way around does it go?

when light is propagating away from a mass does it get blue shifted or red shifted? And if its going towards a mass whats the effect?
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Why exactly is it that light cannot escape a black hole? [duplicate]

I understand that the gravity has to have a pull greater than the speed of light, but I thought that when gravity pulls light it doesn't accelerate it only blue-shifts it. So then why does gravity ...
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2answers
38 views

Am I right in saying that $gmm/r$ is motion due to potential energy?

I was watching a video about the swarzchild radius and it said that potential energy is $gmm/r$. This cannot be right though because potential energy goes up with distance not down. I'm assuming he ...
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3answers
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What is the intuition behind $gt^2/2$ equalling the distance something falls after $t$ seconds?

Let's say $g=10\ \text{m/s}^2$ and it drops for $3$ seconds. For the first second it will drop $10\ \text{m}$, the second it will drop $20\ \text{m}$ ($10 + 10$) and the third second it will drop $30\ ...
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related to projectile motion [closed]

I was given this worksheet from my teacher and well im finding it really tough so far .. the question below is just crushing my skull .. so i would appreciate it if you guys would guide me through it ...
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2answers
120 views

How does the gravity well change as space expands? [duplicate]

How does the gravity well change as space expands? If we assume that the Earth's gravitational field curves flat space to create a gravity well then how does the gravity well change as space expands ...
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1answer
203 views

How exactly and WHY does matter affect space-time? [closed]

According to general relativity, inertial mass and gravitational mass are the same, and all accelerated reference frames (such as a uniformly rotating reference frame with its proper time dilation) ...
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3answers
183 views

What makes General Relativity conformal variant?

I have a question regarding the well known fact that General Relativity is not a conformal invariant theory or to put it in other words about the fact that it is conformal variant: What are the ...
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1answer
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Accelerating masses lose energy?

If I understand this correctly, accelerating charges lose energy in the form of EM waves because they change the electric and magnetic fields, which "costs" energy. Does that mean that accelerating ...
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62 views

Tidal forces in free fall

Would a body free falling in a gravitational field which has a gradient large enough that it would affect the free falling body 'feel' the effect of the tidal forces on it. I'm curious because would ...
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2answers
417 views

Wouldn't the presence of dark matter slow the expansion of the universe?

If there is a huge element of dark matter in the universe, wouldn't this extra gravity prevent the accelerated expansion of the universe?
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1answer
123 views

Speed of light versus pull of gravity - Is $c$ really the limit? [duplicate]

The understanding I have is that the speed of light is considered to be the highest attainable speed in physics. Of course there are theories of tachyons but since those haven't been proven we'll ...
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0answers
59 views

Is Gravity related to velocity? [closed]

Is the missing link of what creates gravity, the velocity that an object rotates or moves through space ? Can a small object with little mass which rotates or moves in enormous speed create a strong ...
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4answers
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When a star becomes a black hole, does its gravitational field strength become stronger?

I've seen in a documentary that when a star collapses and becomes a black hole, it starts to eat the planets around. But it has the same mass, so how does its gravitational field strength increase?
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1answer
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Computing average force exerted by ground when jumping

Problem: A man of mass $m$ jumps vertically into the air from a sitting position in which his center of mass (CoM) is at a height $h_1$. When his feet are just about to leave the ground his CoM is at ...
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4answers
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What's the biggest cube you could have before gravity rounded it?

I took this question from Quora because it seems interesting and this community would have some fun with it. I would assume that one would use the modulus formulas for force to counteract the gravity, ...
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1answer
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Can some amount of gravity be caused by virtual particles?

On the scale of a galaxy, can vacuum-based pairs of virtual particles be noticed gravitationally? Even though they are short-lived, shouldn't their mass and numbers be enough to be measured/felt?
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4answers
178 views

Energy of gravitation

EDIT: As some confusion has appeared, I want to make another clear question. If gravitational energy is meaningless in general relativity (since it is the geometry), how can one come up with the ...
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3answers
153 views

How can gravity affect light?

I understand that a black hole bends the fabric of space time to a point that no object can escape. I understand that light travels in a straight line along spacetime unless distorted by gravity. If ...
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1answer
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Properties of the Scalar Field in Scalar-Tensor Theories

I've been reading about scalar-tensor theories of gravity, such as Brans-Dicke theory, and I started thinking about the scalar field. Now, I know that the Higgs field is a scalar field, and of course ...
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0answers
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Blackholes gravity, why it has effect outside the event horizon? [duplicate]

If gravity is a curvature of space time, and the event horizon is the collapse of this curvature on itself, then if the blackhole gets more matter after it is formed we should see no effect at all ...
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1answer
41 views

What is the power of the most powerful quasar found?

Trying to find an answer to this question, I came across many sources that are in complete in contradiction. For example Wikipedia states that a typical quasar has a power of $10^{40}$ watts while ...
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2answers
52 views

Spin of anti-particles

Pretty simple question (I think), probably stemming from my lack of formal background in physics. I've been reading questions like this one related to attraction with respect to spin (a term I'm not ...
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Trebuchet launch into space

I was reading some questions on your site about using a Trebuchet to launch a payload into space. Would it be possible to use the same sort of principle, but to have, say a 100 mile steel cable ...
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2answers
330 views

Why should mass be attractive in nature?

Why does a mass attract all the masses around it? Why should't it repel or just stay calm? Why should it be like that?
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2answers
109 views

Modeling a potential well

I attempted to simulate the interaction of a moving particle and a potential well in Mathematica. The particle should experience a force of -$1/r^2$, if the equation for the potential well is -$1/r$. ...
3
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2answers
119 views

What is the physics of tilt compensation of an electronic compass

This question concerns the physics behind the implementation of electronic compasses to find the orientation of a device. In the robotics community, 3-axis magnetometers are often used for this ...
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3answers
3k views

How do crocodiles jump?

In a video (Here), I saw crocodiles jump vertically about three meters without using any solid surface. The wonderful thing is that when they start to jump, their vertical velocity is approximately ...
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1answer
70 views

Does magnetism only work on ferrous objects? [closed]

Ordinary magnets can attract only ferrous objects (correct if i am wrong), but celestial bodies attract almost anything (including light). Are these different types of magnetism?
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1answer
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If gravitational radiation (or anything) cannot escape a black hole, how can it produce redshift or curve spacetime? [duplicate]

There is an apparent paradox in a Black hole. Keenan Pepper wrote: Electromagnetic radiation cannot escape a black hole, because it travels at the speed of light. Similarly, gravitational ...
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3answers
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Black Hole gravity pull [duplicate]

Please I want to Know that if the radius of the black hole = 0 then how it have its surface and how it absorbs things? $$\begin{align} g &= \frac{Gm}{0^2} \\ &= \infty \end{align}$$ then ...