Gravity is an attractive force that affects and is effected by all mass and - in general relativity - energy, pressure and stress. Prefer newtonian-gravity or general-relativity if sensible.

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Which property do the word Pressure refer to in General Theory of Relativity?

In this course by MIT Alan Guth while delivering the lecture stated " Both Pressure and Energy densities can produce gravitational fields. Negative pressure creates repulsive gravity and positive ...
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gravity, it's positive or negative? [closed]

what is the direction of gravity, it's positive or negative?
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Can a Set of “Maxwell's Equations” for Newtonian Gravitation be Derived from Newton's Force + Special Relativity?

When I learned about electromagnetism in my first year of undergraduate school, Maxwell's equations were derived roughly in the following way (see also here or in [1]): Gauss's law for a static ...
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49 views

Deriving Kepler's First Law from Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation: Interpretation of the $u = 1/r$ change of variable

I'm working through a somewhat unsatisfying derivation of Kepler's First Law from Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation. The key to obtaining the equation of motion that you can solve lies in making ...
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87 views

Thought experiment on space curvature due to gravity

Let's say you built a huge, straight rigid beam out in space, far from the sun (outside the orbit of Pluto). It is very long, say 200,000 miles long, but can be very narrow. Then you move it to the ...
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85 views

Why is the universe expanding while its components actually attract each other?

First of all, what's the difference between gravity & gravitation? Anyway that's not the actual question. If every matter attracts each other toward itself, then wasn't the universe supposed to be ...
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do gravity shows its effect in atomic level? [duplicate]

how much of a effect do gravity shown in atomic level. how significant or negligible is it. i am guessing the effect is small because the mass of nucleus and electron is small. But the distance ...
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2answers
55 views

What depth should water be filled to in a cylinder flask to make it the most stable

As said in title, a cylinder flask with a mass of 100g and radius of 3 has a center of balence 10cm above the base. Assuming negligible wall thickness, to what depth should water be added to this ...
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1answer
58 views

What constitutes a force? [duplicate]

There are a few questions on here about why Gravity is not a force, but I'm having trouble grasping why exactly. It sounds to me that Gravity is not a force because it is simply a by-product of mass ...
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Why gravitational collapse always end up in a black-hole singularity? [closed]

I know the positive energy condition and the singularity theorems by Penrose and Hawking. But still, why people didn't work on gravitational collapse to some exotic matter with an event horizon?// My ...
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If gravity isn't a force, then why do we learn in school that it is?

I have studied some of Einstein's Theory of General Relativity, and I understand that it states that gravity isn't a force but rather the effects of objects curving space-time. If this is true, then ...
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Gravity's force on space

Here is a quote from Brian Greene, The Fabric of the Cosmos: Space, Time, and the Texture of Reality, p. 273: “The early universe provided an arena in which gravity exerted its repulsive side with ...
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Is there proof gravity bends space or is it just the most convenient explanation?

I have read this sentence in an article: The theory [of general relativity] holds that gravity is geometry: particles are deflected when they pass near a massive object not because they feel a ...
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55 views

Comet's distance with and without gravity [closed]

I've got this question that I just can't seem to answer. The question is as follows: A comet approaches the solar system with velocity v and would, if the sun would not attract the comet, pass the ...
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1answer
28 views

Have hypothetical particles with gravitational mass unequal to their inertial mass been proposed in the past, e.g. as candidates for dark matter?

This is a question about history. To my understanding the equivalence of intertial and gravitational mass for all known particles is a weird empirical coincidence that has been confirmed to high ...
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Would a person in a gravity well observe the sky as rapidly moving due to time shift?

Inspired by the movie Interstellar (2014) - I was wondering about the crew on the surface of the planet which was deep in the gravity field of the black hole (Gargantua) - if they would look up at the ...
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Thermal AdS3 in Chern Simons

I am currently working with (2+1) gravity in Chern-Simons formulation and I have a question about thermal AdS. The way I understand that one retrieves thermal AdS is by Wick rotation and ...
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176 views

Gravitational constant, $G$, What if it is not Constant?

The question is on title; What if Gravitational Constant, $G$, is not constant? Let's skip all the local consequences if it would suddenly change, like asked here; Can gravitational constant be ...
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1answer
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How can the speed and the mechanics of light be similar to the speed and the mechanics of gravity? [duplicate]

How can the speed and the mechanics of light be similar to the speed and the mechanics of gravity? Most say that light cannot escape a black hole. Then gravity cannot escape a black hole either, so ...
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Changing orbit of a space shuttle

In the figure here, a space shuttle is initially in a circular orbit of radius r about Earth. At point P, the pilot briefly fires a forward-pointing thruster to decrease the shuttle’s kinetic energy K ...
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Gravitational waves and time

Two questions. It is said that time can only go slower in gravity fields and if you move faster. I have heard that when a gravitational wave pass earth then the space/time vibrate and time change ...
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21 views

Equation for Turning Projectile

I'm trying to cook up an equation that will give me position for a projectile which operates in the Newtonian Domain. So a the fall equation is: $$\mathbf{p_t} = \frac{\mathbf gt^2}{2} + ...
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How can one interaction influence the way another interaction generates mass?

This question arose as a follow-up of this one and applies generally to all interactions and all ways to generate mass. To make it clear, I take here the example of the neutron, whose mass is in ...
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Variation of the Einstein-Hilbert action in D dimensions without the Gibbons-Hawking-York term

Consider the standard Einstein-Hilbert action in $D \ne 2$ dimensions spacetimes : \begin{equation} S_{EH} = \frac{1}{2 \kappa} \int_{\Omega} R \; \sqrt{- g} \; d^D x, \end{equation} where $\Omega$ is ...
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Could gravity accelerate light? [duplicate]

Gravity causes anything with energy to accelerate toward the source. Black holes, for example, have such strong gravity that they pull in light and don't let any escape. But can acceleration still ...
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What general relativity predicts in such a situation?

If there's a system of a point mass or point particle with mass 'm' and a structure such that - The structure is made of many concentric spheres (shells) with certain thickness and the radius of those ...
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Effect of gravity on inhabitants floating in the Jupiter atmosphere

In several science fiction mythologies, humans live in artificial habitats in the Jovian atmosphere (Piers Anthony's "Bio of a Space Tyrant" and Ian M Banks "the Algebraist" for example). Assuming a ...
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Gravity amplifier

Just a hypothetical question. Is it possible to increase or amplify gravitational interactions between two or more bodies ( without changing the mass)? Will changing the graviton ...
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Analogy of curvature of space with sheet and ball [closed]

Many times people try to explain why mass curves the space with the ball on a sheet but in this analogy, I believe there is so many wrong corespondencies that it is actually a bad one. Implication ...
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“Warp-drive” thought experiment

Why wouldn't this "warp-drive" work? Assuming we can build a flywheel that can survive near light speed and have an onboard power storage or beamed energy that can spin it up to that speed and back ...
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Is a terminal gravitational center to the universe possible?

The current consensus is that there is no evidence of, or no way to tell whether or not there is a center to the universe. Considering our observable universe is only a small portion of what we know ...
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2answers
52 views

Using gravity's force to do work?

Since gravity is everywhere and we don't need to do anything to feel it and interact with gravity, can we somehow extract the gravity force to do work and power machines? For example, we've nuclear ...
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100 views

Why cant we harness gravity [closed]

We harness solar energy with constant supply of light but not with gravity. Why? What are the latest developments that can harness gravity? Why do Perpetual machines fail
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Can the force of Gravity be used to travel faster than light? [closed]

This question is just an idle curiosity of mine, but after reading the Honor Harrington novels, I was intrigued by the concept of using gravity to surpass light speed. Any thoughts?
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Largest item experiencing electromagnetic forces that are stronger than gravity

On the large scale, gravity is much stronger than electromagnetic force. But in what cases was the electromagnetic force stronger than gravity on the large scale i.e. objects of the size of the Earth, ...
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How to start an artificial gravity?

I understand how artificial gravity in space stations works. It is by normal force the wall exerts on the foot. But I wonder how to start it in the first place. I just learned about centrifugation ...
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What is the smallest item for which gravity has been recorded or observed?

What is the smallest item for which gravity has been recorded or observed? By this, I mean the smallest object whose gravitational effect upon another object has been detected. (Many thanks to Daniel ...
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2answers
203 views

Why do we never account for the extra mass carried by a gravitationally excited object?

The mass of a bound system is the mass of its part minus the binding energy. For instance if you put an electron and a proton together to form a hydrogen atom you get a $13.6 \text{ eV}$ photon and ...
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Single photon's gravitational field: “where” is it?

When a photon passes through a hole in a screen, the photon's energy is pretty localized, namely a the hole. Now let the photon "fly" for a minute into the open void. The field representing ...
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How does the tension force of a massless string affect the speed of a mass on its end?

i,j, and k are the unit vectors in the following question, and $\omega$ is the angular velocity. Lets say you have a mass m attached to a mass-less string of length $L$ tied to a peg with no ...
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Gravity vs. Velocity time-dilation [duplicate]

Is there any difference in effects from time dilation of that due to gravity vs. that due to velocity?
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How does time stoppage inside a blackhole affect physics? [duplicate]

From the gravitational time dilation theory we know that at event horizon of a black hole the time should stop completely. However all the physics phenomenon we know (at macro level) e.g laws of ...
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132 views

What is the difference between gravitons and gravitational waves?

What is the difference between gravitons and gravitational waves? So as I understand, gravitational waves are predicted by and part of the theory of general relativity, whereas gravitons are predicted ...
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28 views

Is the curvature formed due to mass/volume of spactime convex or concave?

I am really confused about the curvature of space-time. Does it bends in a concave shape in presence of mass/volume as shown by the example of rubber sheet and ball or does it bends in a convex shape? ...
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Naked Singularity and AdS/CFT

I am a bit confused about the status of naked singularities that appear in black hole physics and more so in the context of AdS/CFT. Here is what I know about this in brief. For a charged ...
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1answer
55 views

Gravitational force and potential in infite slab

Let's say that we have an infinite slab of height $2h$ and mass density $\rho$. Let's define $x,y$ as the axis parallel to the slab and $z$ as the perpendicular one, with $z=0$ at the middle of the ...
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16 views

Weight difference on full moon and no moon day [duplicate]

Since Moon has an impact of gravity, would same piece of mass be heavier on a no moon day (since moon is at opposite side, thus pulling downwards) and lighter on full moon day (since the moon is at ...
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1answer
136 views

Confusion about gravity

I understand the “rubber sheet” model of Relativistic gravity is just an illustration, and beyond the initial issues of mixing three dimensional objects with a two dimensional representation of 3D ...
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Do things move towards each other in space?

I watched a video once explaining space-time curvature, and it said that one of the things that made Einstein think of it is because objects in free fall move radially inward, so two objects falling ...
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How general relativity shows that gravity decreases as we go inside the Earth [duplicate]

Why is it that gravity decreases as we go deeper inside Earth? Can anyone explain theoretically with reference to general relativity?