Gravity is an attractive force that affects and is effected by all mass and - in general relativity - energy, pressure and stress. Prefer newtonian-gravity or general-relativity if sensible.

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Concave Sphere Habitat characteristics

I'm writing a short story set in an artificial planet-sized sphere with an ecosystem in its inner surface, whose "gravity" is created through spinning. Energy sources aside, what other interesting ...
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Does gravity slow the expansion of the universe?

Does gravity slow the expansion of the universe? I read through the thread http://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=322633 and I have the same question. I know that the universe is not being ...
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140 views

What parameters determine the acceleration a spacecraft can acquire using the gravity of a celestial body?

Contemporary spacecraft frequently rely upon gravity to accelerate/decelerate. Given a spacecraft already in space - What factors determine the acceleration it can acquire from the gravity of another ...
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Why does water flow out of an upside-down bottle? (Rayleigh Taylor Instability)

I am currently reading the excellent book An Indispensable Truth: How Fusion Power Can Save the Planet by Francis F. Chen and I came across this explanation. The Rayleigh–Taylor Instability ...
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2answers
699 views

How do we end up with a gravity-dominant macroscopic universe from a quantum world having weakest gravity?

At quantum scale, gravity is the weakest force. Its even negligible in front of weak force, electromagnetic force, strong force. At macroscopic scale, we see gravity everywhere. Its actually ruling ...
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How can I calculate the flow rate necessary for a given cross sectional area, angle, and length

I'm making a toy for my kids and this problem came up. I have a channel on a slight angle (angle is between ground and length of channel) and I'm pouring water into it. I want to know how quickly I ...
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4answers
298 views

Can a huge gravitational force cause visible distortions on an object

In space, would it be possible to have an object generating such a huge gravitational force so it would be possible for an observer (not affected directly by gravitational force and the space time ...
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350 views

Why did Standard Model never sense a requirement to include gravitational quantum? [closed]

Standard Model is advanced (lorentz invariant) version of Quantum physics. It tried to include everything which came in the way while understanding quantum world. It even didn't bother to include ...
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3answers
2k views

Why is Higgs Boson given the name “The God Particle”?

Higgs Boson (messenger particle of Higgs field) accounts for inertial mass, not gravitational mass. So, how could it account for formation of universe as we know it today? I think, gravity accounts ...
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2answers
150 views

What is gravitational speed for a black hole? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the escape velocity of a Black Hole? This is gravitational speed for earth: $$v=\sqrt {g_{e}r}.$$ What is gravitational speed for a black hole? I want an ...
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3answers
358 views

Can a photon be made to orbit a known (or undiscovered theoretical) body?

Can a photon through some process be made to orbit a celestial or any other object? Two follow-up questions. Can this orbit be described as the photon crossing its own path. Will this ...
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793 views

What happens to matter in extremely high gravity?

Though I am a software engineer, I have bit interest in sciences as well. I was reading about black holes and I thought if there is any existing research results on How matter gets affected because of ...
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489 views

What happens if an object has more kinetic energy than the Gravitational Binding Energy?

So the binding energy of an object is the amount of energy needed to move it an infinite distance away from another mass to essentially “escape” its gravitational field. But what happens if you give ...
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763 views

Electric Force is to Magnetic Force as Gravitational Force is to …?

One can no nothing about the magnetic force and yet arrive at it by taking the relativistic effects of a current and a moving charge system into account. I ask whether there exists such an inherent ...
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4answers
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If gravity is a bend in Space-time then what is magnetism?

Einstein postulated that gravity bends the geometry of space-time then what does magnetism do in to the geometry of space-time, or is there even a correlation between space-time geometry and ...
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1answer
80 views

Continuum model of the n-body problem?

Consider a collection of $n$ point masses evolving under the influence of gravity. For very large $n$, one might be interested in making a continuum approximation of this system (for cosmology, say). ...
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512 views

Do objects with mass “suck in” spacetime?

I don't really understand the general theory of relativity (GTR) really deeply, but according to my understanding, the GTR say that gravitation is caused by the curvature of spacetime by objects with ...
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1answer
91 views

Space station gains enough mass to lose orbit?

I.S.S is constantly being improved (add-ons). Will the space station need to be moved to a higher orbit at some point?
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286 views

What would gravity be like on a hemispherical planet?

On a hemispherical world half the size of Earth (ignoring that the planet should break apart and become a smaller sphere) what would the gravity be like? How would it change as you traveled from pole ...
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1answer
728 views

Is this a quaternion representation of the equations of motion of General Relativity?

In The Quaternion Group and Modern Physics by P.R. Girard, the quaternion form of the general relativistic equation of motion is derived from $du'/ds = (d a / d s ) u {a_c}^* + a u ( d {a_c}^* / ...
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837 views

The measurement of $g$ and air resistance

Suppose I am trying to determine the value of the acceleration due to gravity by simply dropping objects from a ledge. If I did not account for air resistance, would the acceleration due to gravity ...
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6answers
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Does the mass of an object change as it moves away from the earth?

The mass of a helium nucleus is less than the mass of two isolated protons and two isolated neutrons. When the component hadrons are assembled, this mass is lost as energy ($E=mc^2$). This makes it ...
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1answer
266 views

How do gravitational waves sustain and propagate large scale spacetime curvature?

I understand that gravity in GR is a manifestation spacetime curvature dictated by the field equations by the principle that objects follow the geodesic path in spacetime. And, I get how ...
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1answer
170 views

Understanding the E=MC2 for multiple objects

Im actually not a very good at physics, but I was playing with this functions (just for fun and education, so this question might end at the Scifi forum), and would like to know if this logic is ...
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3answers
631 views

Theory that gets rid of dark matter/energy

Is there any physics theory that either groups together gravity and dark energy/dark matter or eliminates dark energy/dark matter by modifying standard understanding of gravity or any force? If so, ...
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1answer
87 views

Computing gravitational deflection of light knowing $\phi$ and $-\nabla \phi$?

I have a 3D cartesian grid an in each grid I know the gravitational potential $\phi$ and the 3D gravitational field $-\nabla \phi$ (with a Newtonian approach). How to compute the path of a photon in ...
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1answer
173 views

Calculating a Deflection of Light Integral from Einstein's 1907 paper on Gravity and Light

$\frac{1}{c^2}\int_{\theta=-\pi/2}^{\theta=\pi/2} \frac{kM}{r^2}cos\theta ds=2\frac{kM}{c^2\Delta}$ An observation: $\cos\theta=\frac{\Delta}{r}$
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776 views

Does the Relative density of water change based on the state it is in

Will Relative density of water change based on the state it is in? Ie solid, liquid, gas. What causes this change(if any) in Rd?
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1answer
278 views

Can a charged black hole interact via electromagnetism? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Detection of the Electric Charge of a Black Hole Light cannot escape from a black hole. However light is also interpreted as the carrier of the electromagnetic force. So ...
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1answer
128 views

Does General Relativity require that Spacetime must be a orientable? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Can spacetime be non-orientable? Apart from the constraints put on the topology of spacetime by QFT (Parity For example), if the global topology of a universe is that of ...
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1answer
239 views

Will photon's energy be exactly same after million years?

If photon will travel for million years without collisions, what subtle effects can be accumulated ? Gravity fields affect trajectory, but is energy completely intact after fly by ? Photon has its ...
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1answer
786 views

Combined Gravitational Force Vectors in a Spherical Coordinate System

Asking a question here is quite intimidating for me -- while I love Physics, my high-school understanding only allows me to go so far... I've been trying to solve this problem for the last couple of ...
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1answer
902 views

Grain of sand attracting the sun?

My friend keeps telling me that according to physics... "The sun attracts a grain of sand on the earth with the same force that the grain of sand attracts the sun" or "A grain of sand on the earth ...
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405 views

Why is “space-time” not fully explained as the observational effect of the casimir effect seen from a human perspective?

Simply stated the casimir effect can be observed bringing two plates together microscopically and in vaccum Is this analogous to the observation of gravity? Question: What is casimir effect? ...
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Is the gravity we feel in our everyday life mainly curvature of the time coordinate?

The question is pretty clear I think. I only started learning GR but the results I've seen so far and from some lectures I saw from Leonard Susskind on YouTube I understood that for low energy ...
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362 views

How does General Relativity Emerge from Brans-Dicke Gravity with an Infinite Omega Parameter?

The action for the Brans-Dicke-Jordan theory of gravity is $$ \\S =\int d^4x\sqrt{-g} \; \left(\frac{\phi R - \omega\frac{\partial_a\phi\partial^a\phi}{\phi}}{16\pi} + ...
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Two particles interacting by a inverse-square-law force, find their positions in function of time [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Two particles are interacting through gravitational forces. How to find their positions in function of time? Given the initial positions and velocities $r_1(0), r_2(0), ...
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2answers
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When we throw an object in the presence of gravitational attraction is the mass of the object proportional to the time of fall or not?

I was confused when i saw two object of different masses (A and B)falling from the same height(h) but both of them strikes the ground at same time. Is this possible, that masses of the objects are ...
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1answer
905 views

Can a black hole form due to Lorentz contraction? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: If a 1kg mass was accelerated close to the speed of light would it turn into a black hole? Imagine, a rod of length L is moving with velocity approaching the speed of ...
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1answer
424 views

Turbulence parameterization from gravity - fluid dynamics correspondence

I`m looking for a nice introductary reference that explains how the turbulence coefficient or any kind of turbulence parameterization (in view of applications to atmospheric turbulence for example) ...
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Why is a black hole black?

In general relativity (ignoring Hawking radiation), why is a black hole black? Why nothing, not even light, can escape from inside a black hole? To make the question simpler, say, why is a ...
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1answer
355 views

Gravity and Planck scale

What is the connection between Planck's constant and gravity? Why is the Planck scale the natural scale for quantum gravity? I would have though the scale would be related to G, not h.
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0answers
41 views

Time for two objects to gravitationally attract each other [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: The Time That 2 Masses Will Collide Due To Newtonian Gravity A student of mine has been working to calculate the amount of time it would take two identical objects, ...
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1answer
1k views

$\pi$ and the Curvature of Space

If one draws a circle on a sphere and measures the ratio of the diameter to the circumference, that value varies depending on the diameter of the circle compared to the diameter of the sphere it is ...
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281 views

Interaction speed between electric charges and magnetic materials

Einstein said that the speed of a matter in universe cannot exceed the speed of light. Is it correct for electric force transmission speed from one electric charge to other one? What is ...
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1answer
1k views

Curvature of spacetime in only required to explain tidal forces?

I'm a bit confused about the equivalence principle in GR. I'm quoting from Wikipedia: An observer in an accelerated reference frame must introduce what physicists call fictitious forces to ...
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1k views

Zero divergence of energy-momentum tensor and gravitational energy

Trying to teach myself general relativity and have just hit yet another confusion. I'm reading that in curved spacetime the energy-momentum tensor has zero divergence, ie ...
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1k views

How much light is there in space and how heavy is it?

Our night sky is filled with stars. On a dark night a significant fraction of the sky is light. This light, we are told, has been in transit for many millions of years. There must therefore be quite a ...
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What exactly is the microgravity field in orbit?

The ISS and other objects in orbit still experience small acceleration outside from the perfect line of orbit (of the system CM). For instance, two objects in the ISS that are let to be at rest will ...
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Why does a parachute decrease terminal velocity?

Terminal Velocity depends on two things- surface area and speed. These are inversely proportionate. If both these variables affect terminal velocity, why do parachutes slow you down? Initially you ...