Gravity is an attractive force that affects and is effected by all mass and - in general relativity - energy, pressure and stress. Prefer newtonian-gravity or general-relativity if sensible.

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Derivation of the self gravitational potential energy of a sphere

I have been searching on the Internet but have not found a derivation of the formula for the self gravitational potential energy of a sphere. Can someone show how to do this? I assume it involved 6 ...
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Does matter with negative mass exist?

Or does it exist mathematically? Is it really inconsistent with a common-sense, mathematics or known physical laws? As far as I understand, if it exists, it must be far away from the "positive" ...
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How do Einstein's field equations come out of string theory?

The classical theory of spacetime geometry that we call gravity is described at its core by the Einstein field equations, which relate the curvature of spacetime to the distribution of matter and ...
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838 views

Speed of light in a vacuum

I see many references to the speed of light in a vacuum implying that it is only truly a constant measurement in a vacuum. I can live with that, but what kind of vacuum? Are we still talking about ...
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1k views

The analogy between temperature and imaginary time

There are many statements about the relation between time and temperature in statistical physics and quantum field theory, the basic idea is to interpret (inverse) temperature in statistics as "time" ...
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149 views

A Decrease In Momentum?

The specifics of a question I am working on are, "After a 0.280-kg rubber ball is dropped from a height of 1.80 m, it bounces off a concrete floor and rebounds to a height of 1.45 m." Why doesn't the ...
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178 views

Playground of Forces

Why is it that the gravitational force acts on large sized objects while the strong and weak nuclear forces act at subatomic levels only? What is that stops each other to enter each others domain?
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462 views

How to calculate gravity inside the star?

Gravity must decrease due to less effective mass when going inside the object but also must increase with depth inside the star due to its higher density. Is there a model or formula approximating ...
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3answers
262 views

Does the equivalence principle mean that the Earth is expanding?

Popular books suggest that for an observer in the Einstein lift the following situations are equivalent: 1, the lift hangs motionless (relative to the Earth) on a cable in the gravitational field of ...
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81 views

Dirichlet's work on gravity in non-Euclidean space?

In the book The Norton History of Astronomy and Cosmology by the late John North I have found the following statement (page 514): "The German mathematician Lejeune Dirichlet studied the law of ...
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1answer
621 views

Does the Higgs Mechanism contradict Entropic Gravity?

Does the Higgs Mechanism contradict Entropic Gravity? It seems like it probably does. But then again, one is a microscopic theory and the other is macroscopic. Can they live together in harmony? or ...
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665 views

Is it possible to have a floating bullet in the air?

I've been asking myself a question for quite some time : say that a bullet gets out of a gun at 900 km/h (I'm european, hence the metric system). say a train could go in a straight line at 900 km/h ...
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422 views

Is the gravitational constant $G$ a fundamental universal constant?

Is the gravitational constant $G$ a fundamental universal constant like Planck constant $h$ and the speed of light $c$?
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975 views

Understanding the math behind a falling object attached to a parachute

I'm trying to understand the mathematics behind calculating the total speed and force of a $40 kg_f$ object hooked up to a parachute, falling to Earth. From what I understand, the formula for this is ...
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1answer
228 views

Does a magnetic field have gravity?

Re-reading http://physics.stackexchange.com/a/33156/5265; I find myself thinking if light, being EM in the humanly visible spectrum, may possess gravity - does a magnetic field also possess gravity?
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257 views

Rotating sphere and circular trajectory: minimum speed

I have a sphere (mass = 3 kg), constrained to a fixed length rope, rotating (radius = 5 m) on a vertical plane. My textbook ask me about the minimum speed in the highest point in order to keep the ...
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2answers
1k views

How Newton found Gravitational acceleration?

How Newton found Gravitational acceleration (g) of The Earth? Can you describe the methods to find and prove it(g value)? (may be describe both classical methods and modern methods)
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4answers
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Gravity stronger than electromagnetic force in a black hole?

Well, the question has somewhat been answered before, but there's one part missing, which - I'd think - is in conflict with the physical laws. The earlier reply says that the gravitational pull even ...
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2answers
920 views

Velocity required for Horizontal Rain

Related to my previous question - Change in appearance of liquid drop due to gravity... Ok, I think we all have noticed this practical phenomena (a kind of illusion though)... During rain (while ...
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3answers
540 views

Is the Schwarzschild black hole unphysical?

To obtain the Schwarzschild metric from Einstein equations of general relativity, we suppose that the energy density is a distribution : $$ \rho (\vec{r}) = M \delta(\vec{r})$$ The Schwarzschild ...
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1answer
514 views

Causal and Global structure of Penrose Diagrams

What kind of global and causal structures does a Penrose diagram reveal? How do I see (using a Penrose diagram) that two different spacetimes have a similar global and causal structure? Also, I ...
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736 views

Dropping an object on the moon [closed]

If you are dropping an object on the moon would it fall on to the moon's surface or fall towards earth?
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1answer
303 views

What is the gravity at the center of the Earth? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Would you be weightless at the center of the Earth? Supposing there is a cavity at the center of the Earth, what is the gravity there? What will be its direction and ...
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5answers
3k views

Why does no physical energy-momentum tensor exist for the gravitational field?

Starting with the Einstein-Hilbert Lagrangian $$ L_{EH} = -\frac{1}{2}(R + 2\Lambda)$$ one can formally calculate a gravitational energy-momentum tensor $$ T_{EH}^{\mu\nu} = -2 \frac{\delta ...
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1answer
11k views

How do I get the total acceleration from 3 axes?

For a project I'm working on I'm using an accelerometer which measures acceleration in 3 directions, x, y and z. My question is: How can I calculate the total acceleration in a certain direction from ...
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1answer
541 views

Why doesn't my particle simulation end in a flat disc?

I've made a 3d particle simulator where particles are attracted to each other by the inverse of the square radius. The purpose of my experiment is to see if this alone would create a flat disk (like ...
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251 views

How many pieces of toast would you need to make a black hole?

I am trying to find the following: How many pieces of toast would you need to make a black hole? From what I've learnt so far I need to find an equation for the compression force the massive amount ...
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1answer
314 views

Would two astronauts one in a satellite, one on top of a tower have the same experience?

Imagine two astronauts. The first is in a satellite in geostationary orbit around the earth. The second is on top of a 35,786 km tall tower that has been built from the equator to space. This means ...
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213 views

Formation of a black hole and Hawking radiation

From the perspective of an outside observer it takes infinitely long for the black hole to form. But if the black hole is no extremal black hole, it emits Hawking radiation. So the outside observer ...
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1answer
511 views

Wave pulse on a freely falling rope

Consider a rope hanging from the ceiling (massive / massless irrelevant, I suppose). A wave pulse is set up on the rope. Just as the wave pulse starts propagating on this rope, the top of the rope is ...
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2answers
2k views

What would happen if I take a glass of water in space?

What would happen if I take a glass of water in space i.e. outside the gravitational influence of earth? My teacher said that the water would vaporize but I am not completely satisfied by the answer. ...
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430 views

A change in the gravitational law

What would happen if the force of gravitation suddenly starts varying as $1$$/$$r^3$ instead of $1/r^2$ ? Would the symmetry of universe now seen be disrupted?
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1answer
4k views

What is the relationship between mass, speed and distance of a planet orbiting the sun?

After reading this fascinating story about a new exoplanet, I was wondering about how mass, speed and distance determine a circular orbit of a planet around a star. Given the mass of the sun and ...
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0answers
38 views

Do the changes of gravity travel across distances instantly or limited to the speed of light? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: The speed of gravity It takes a long time for a radio signal to travel to the planet Mars. What if we made a special type of radio that could detect small changes in ...
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1answer
89 views

Gravity measurements above volcanic chamber

I am trying to find out what formula to use for the above issue. If I do a gravity measurement above a volcanic chamber, what do I have to do? I thought about adding the Bouger corrections, as it is a ...
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3answers
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How to measure force of impact inside container?

I am in 7th grade and for my science fair project, I need a way to measure the force on a dropped object when it hits the ground. What I am trying to determine is which packing materials provide the ...
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2answers
634 views

Is Dyson Sphere a stable construction?

Suppose that a star is encompassed by a Dyson Sphere. Do we need a position control system for the Dyson Sphere to keep its origin always aligned with the center of the star? Will it stay aligned ...
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2answers
774 views

Special relativity paradox and gravitation/acceleration equivalence

One of the features of the black hole complementarity is the following : According to an external observer, the infinite time dilation at the horizon itself makes it appear as if it takes an ...
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1answer
571 views

Why are we talking about space curvature as if we know what space is? [closed]

1) Why are we talking about space curvature as if we know what space is? Every question about gravity seems to evoke an answer involving "space curvature" which seems like an undefined placeholder ...
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2answers
176 views

Most suitable metric for the Solar system?

If I wanted to solve the Einstein equations for the solar system, which choice of $g_{\mu\nu}$ and $T_{\mu\nu}$ is more suitable? I thought about using a Schwarzschild metric near each planet, but ...
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2answers
433 views

Relationship between Alcubierre drive space-time evolution and speed of gravity

The top rated answer to this question about the Alcubierre drive asserts, "spacetime can dynamically evolve in a way which apparently violates special relativity," but according to the Wikipedia ...
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1answer
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is gravity always the weakest force [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What does it mean to say “Gravity is the weakest of the forces”? Strongest force in nature It is usually taught that the gravitational force is the weakest ...
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4answers
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Faster Than Light Communication Using Gravity?

Suppose two parties $A$ and $B$, some distance apart and at rest relative to each other both had control of one massive local object each. If party $A$ lifted their local object upward relative to ...
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1answer
446 views

Is $w=mg$ the right way to calculate mass?

How can you find the mass of an object by using a weight and a gravitational acceleration from another planet then earth? I was given $5.8\text{ N}$ and an acceleration of $4.0\ \mathrm{m/s^2}$. The ...
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123 views

Are all static solutions of Einstein's equations spherically symmetric?

Is it true that all static solutions in GR are also spherically symmetric? Is there a proof of this? Similarly, are all stationary solutions axisymmetric?
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How did Einstein derive general relativity?

How did Einstein derive general relativity (GR)? Did he use: the equivalence principle? The principle of least action? Anything else? Note, I'm not looking for a full mathematical derivation of GR! ...
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111 views

Where to go to minimize tidal forces?

Suppose you design an experiment where you need to minimize the effects of tidal forces. Where would you go? There are a few possibilities, and the choice depends on how much effort you are willing to ...
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1answer
933 views

What is the longest distance that can be jumped after swinging from a rope?

In the movie Mission Impossible 3, the main character Ethan Hunt tries to enter a building in Shanghai by swing through the sky, as shown below: The jump consists of 2 sections, the red part, which ...
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2answers
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What do you feel when crossing the event horizon?

I have heard the claim over and over that you won't feel anything when crossing the event horizon as the curvature is not very large. But the fundamental fact remains that information cannot pass ...
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If the earth would stop spinning, what would happen?

What would happen if the earth would stop spinning? How much heavier would we be? I mean absolutely stop spinning. How much does the centrifugal force affect us? If you give technical answers (please ...