Gravity is an attractive force that affects and is effected by all mass and - in general relativity - energy, pressure and stress. Prefer newtonian-gravity or general-relativity if sensible.

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What force is responsible for anti-gravity? [closed]

I've seen several video which claims that is anti-gravity. I am sure at least one of them, use a kind of electricity to lift an object! (triangle lifter), I would guess electricity lift that object by ...
4
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3answers
316 views

How does relativity explain gravity, without assuming gravity [duplicate]

I have seen the "objects pull down on space-time" explanations, but they assume a "pull down" force themselves. Could anyone explain the space-time explanation without assuming gravity in the first ...
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1answer
5k views

How does gravity effects both time and light if they have no mass [duplicate]

I've been reading about how black holes can effect both time and light with gravity. So I was wondering, doesn't something have to have mass to be effected by gravity? And if so, does this mean both ...
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2answers
415 views

Questions about the Jeans length

I have a couple of questions about the Jeans length. Suppose the universe has a homogeneous energy density, except there's a spherical region that is overdense. I understand that if the region is ...
2
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1answer
170 views

Acceleration due to gravity?

I was looking into orbitals and found something I haven't been able to understand. http://www.math.ubc.ca/~cass/courses/m309-01a/hunter/satelliteOrbits.html There is a part on the page which states ...
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1answer
186 views

can be exist the negative mass? [duplicate]

I'm not sure about this but I guess there must be negative masses in the universe because of the symmetry. If the gravity is one of the main forces in nature it must has negatives mass to be able to ...
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1answer
95 views

Can we build a synthetic event horizon?

If we imagine ourselves to be a civilization capable of manipulating very heavy masses in arbitrary spatial and momentum configurations (because we have access to large amounts of motive force, for ...
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0answers
94 views

The gravitational random walk

When we shoot a single photon out into space, the chance that it will eventually return to our vicinity from a different direction is vanishingly small, even though spatial curvature exists due to the ...
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4answers
258 views

What is a “gravitational cell”?

I am not a physicist, and I don't understand the details of electromagnetism. Anyhow, I was looking for how the batteries work in Google. So, I came across this article: "How batteries work: A ...
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2answers
341 views

What are the limitations of performing music in space?

Canadian astronaut Chris Hadfield's song Space Oddity is making news around the world today. It makes me wonder: What are the limitations of performing music in space? Clearly, there is no point to ...
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1answer
214 views

Defining the star as the ellipse focus rather than the barycenter, what does the other focus do? [duplicate]

There are a lot of images and animations on the internet depicting two bodies orbiting around their common barycenter. The barycenter is defined as the (let's say right) focus of the ellipse. If we ...
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3answers
384 views

If there were two equal masses with one mass in the middle which way would gravity pull it?

If there were two masses with a third exactly in the middle of those two, which way would the middle mass be pulled?
3
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0answers
149 views

Physics of a cold and hot top

Imagine two tops made up of exactly one thousand atoms. One is kept at 4 kelvin, the other at room temperature. Would they weigh the same given an arbitrarily precise scale in the Earth's ...
11
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1answer
3k views

Does a guitar sound different in zero (or micro) gravity?

Seeing a video of astronaut Chris Hadfield playing a guitar on the International Space Station made me wonder if a guitar or other stringed instrument played in zero-G would sound any different than ...
14
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1answer
236 views

Is period of rotation relative?

My question is inspired by the following answer by voix to another problem: "There is a real object with relativistic speed of surface - millisecond pulsar. The swiftest spinning pulsar currently ...
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2answers
436 views

Negative potential energy of gravity

Does the negative potential energy in the gravitational field have to be considered in calculating the total mass of the system in question (because of $E=mc^2$)? If so it seems to me that the ...
2
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2answers
248 views

Why don't black holes within a galaxy pull in the stars of the galaxy

visit http://www.nasa.gov/audience/forstudents/k-4/stories/what-is-a-black-hole-k4.html If black holes can pull even light, why cant they pull the stars in the galaxy?
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0answers
90 views

Is there any proof that the speed of gravity is limited? [duplicate]

I must warn that though I'm argumenting with black holes I'm not asking how does gravity escape the black hole!. I want to know if the absolute speed of gravity waves were proven bu an experiment. We ...
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3answers
1k views

Does relativistic mass have weight?

If an object was sliding on an infinitely long friction-less floor on Earth with relativistic speeds (ignoring air resistance), would it exert more vertical weight force on the floor than when it's at ...
4
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1answer
232 views

Gravitational resonances for satellites

I read on the website of European Space Agency that the altitude of Galileo satellites, which is 29600 Km from the center of the Earth, is chosen to avoid gravitational resonances so that station ...
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2answers
2k views

How would gravity change on a planet rotating around itself very fast?

Let's take a planet identical to Earth, but with rotation speed multiplied by ten thousand. What would happen with the gravity if it was spinning madly around itself? Would the centrifugal force make ...
0
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2answers
358 views

Will a helicoper which is hovering inside a closed box move with the box when we move it? [duplicate]

I got this micro helicopter to play with, you know that cheap double bladed ones you can find for $25 or so. Anyway last night I was on bed trying to sleep and I got this idea, what if we put the ...
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1answer
275 views

Is the speed of light related to the mass of the universe?

If the mass of the universe were cut in half, would it affect the speed of light? Would it be twice as fast? Would it stay the same? Do we have instruments that are sensitive enough to measure the ...
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2answers
221 views

What happens to things when things get crushed in a blackhole [duplicate]

When a black hole destroys things until they are smaller than molecules, where does it go and what happens when it clogs up?
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2answers
4k views

The potential and the intensity of the gravitational field in the axis of a circular plate

Calculate the potential and the intensity of the gravitational field at a distance $x> 0$ in the axis of thin homogeneous circular plate of radius $a$ and mass $M$. Could anybody describe how to ...
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1answer
206 views

The effects of heat on gravitational fields

In boiling soapy water, globs of soap coalesce as the temperature increases to boiling. Does this mean that temperature increases the gravitational pull of bodies?
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5answers
933 views

How universal gravitation falls short

As a non physicist I can understand how Newtonian mechanics falls short in cases of high velocity etc. and is properly generalized by the special theory of relativity. What is not clear to me is how ...
2
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3answers
274 views

What is the cause the light is affected by gravity? [duplicate]

I know that photons have no mass and that a photons exist only moving at the speed of light. So what is the cause that a massive astronomical object can bend a ray of light? I have two thoughts, but I ...
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1answer
206 views

Is the result of (every) research on acceleration equivalent to gravity?

Is the result of an experiment on acceleration equivalent to another experiment in a gravitational field? If I have an experimental conclusion from research under uniform acceleration, can the ...
2
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2answers
164 views

Can the effects of a person's mass upon the local gravitational field be detected and measured remotely?

As the title suggests, Can the effects of a person's mass upon the local gravitational field be detected and measured remotely? I am aware any mass produces and effects gravity but couldn't find ...
6
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1answer
342 views

Orbital mechanics and rocketry: Is it ever a good idea to intentionally lower periapsis?

tl;dr: Hohmann Transfer appears to be the optimal way to achieve a circular-to-circular orbit, but is it possible to lower the periapsis in order to achieve a more elliptical orbit with apoapsis at ...
6
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2answers
3k views

What is the fastest a spacecraft can get using gravity-assist?

Assuming normal spacecraft and space objects (no neutron stars, black holes, etc). To what speed can a spacecraft accelerate using gravity-assist? For example, if a spacecraft is moving at ...
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2answers
2k views

What happens when a star undergoes gravitational collapse?

Immediately prior to becoming a supernova the core of some types of stars may suffer gravitational collapse. What happens to any planets in orbit around the star at the instant the mass is fully ...
42
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6answers
5k views

Why do we still need to think of gravity as a force?

Firstly I think shades of this question have appeared elsewhere (like here, or here). Hopefully mine is a slightly different take on it. If I'm just being thick please correct me. We always hear ...
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0answers
22 views

Some basic questions about electric field & nucleus [duplicate]

I am not good in physics.You can say I am beginner in this field. I have some basic questions. I ju st want to know that [1] If there is repulsive force between same charges proton-proton then why ...
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2answers
4k views

What is the mass of a photon moving at the speed of light? [duplicate]

What is the mass of a photon moving at the speed of light? And if it does not have mass, how is it affected by gravity? Also why does Einstein's general relativity support that a gravitational wave ...
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1answer
376 views

What is mathematical definition of a strong gravity?

Mathematical definition of a weak gravity is simple $g=\frac{GM}{r^2}$ but what is mathematical definition of a strong gravity? (blackhole-like or close to a blackhole-like object)
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1answer
75 views

Gravity in stone

I want to ask is it possible for a stone to have some magnetic power different from power that we see in ordinary metal magnets (something like earth gravity that attract everything). Someone told me ...
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0answers
92 views

When spacetime expands to the point where galaxy clusters are not observable, will there by any interaction?

It's my understanding that in a few billion years, clusters of galaxies won't be able to directly observe one another due to the expansion of spacetime overcoming gravity between those clusters. ...
4
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2answers
168 views

Orbit in the vacuum

As the space is a vacuum and there is no friction in space, Can we assume that, if we place an object in gravity in exactly the right distance from a planet with gravity and in the right acceleration, ...
3
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2answers
737 views

Regarding the free electrons on the conductor

In a metal, why don’t the free electrons fall to the bottom of the metal due to gravity? Also, charges in a conductor are supposed to reside on the surface so why don’t the free electrons all go to ...
11
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1answer
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Why is Einstein gravity not renormalizable at two loops or more?

(I found this related Phys.SE post: Why is GR renormalizable to one loop?) I want to know explicitly how it comes that Einstein-Hilbert action in 3+1 dimensions is not renormalizable at two loops or ...
3
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4answers
507 views

What truly is mass, and is there a direct way to measure it?

We know a mass of an object of one kilogram as an object that weighs W = mg = 9.8 N and we reference it to that, (when it should as a fundamental parameter describe weight not the opposite). But if we ...
2
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2answers
247 views

Can acceleration feel like constant gravity for indefinitely long?

So here's the setup: I'm in a spaceship, without windows as always, and the ship is accelerating upwards at a constant rate of $1\,\text{g}$. So inside the spaceship it feels like I'm being pulled ...
5
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2answers
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What is the largest sphere of liquid water that could exist in space held together under it's own gravity? [duplicate]

What is the largest theoretical sphere of liquid water that could exist in space held together under it's own gravity? I've always wondered if a planet the size of earth could exist as a single volume ...
3
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1answer
168 views

Transformation law for fermionic measure in functional integral

I am reading the paper "Bosonization in a Two-Dimensional Riemann-Cartan Geometry", Il Nuovo Cimento B Series 11 11 Marzo 1987, Volume 98, Issue 1, pp 25-36, ...
2
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1answer
3k views

Does gravity affects temperature reading of a mercury thermometer?

I remember when I was in primary school, the science teacher put me in charge of a mercury thermometer. I do not quite understand the mechanics behind except that mercury expands when it is hot and ...
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3answers
993 views

Parachute in vacuum

Consider that the earth is vacuum. Consider a person of weight 100 kg is falling from sky with an parachute . He is free falling at height of 3000 m. When will he reach the ground? What would happen ...
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2answers
75 views

Solar Catastrophe [duplicate]

Consider all of sudden the sun vanishes. What would happen to planetary motion. Will it continue to move in elliptical path or move in a tangential to the orbit immediately after sun vanishes or move ...
6
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1answer
389 views

Why is $R^2$ gravity not unitary?

I have often heard that $R^2$ gravity (as studied by Stelle) is renormalisable but not unitary. My question is: what is it that causes the theory to suffer from problems with unitarity? My naive ...