Gravity is an attractive force that affects and is effected by all mass and - in general relativity - energy, pressure and stress. Prefer newtonian-gravity or general-relativity if sensible.

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Who has succeeded in demonstrating the Lense-Thirring effect?

Who has succeeded in demonstrating the Lense-Thirring effect? This effect is one that describes the rotational motion of the Earth from a space-time structure. This effect is the "drag" of the ...
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2answers
4k views

Jumping in an elevator?

I've always been under the impression that jumping in an elevator wouldn't help at all, especially after reading a snippet of physics where Einstein said that free fall was identical to zero gravity. ...
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813 views

About binary stars and calculating velocity, period and radius of their orbit

I saw somewhere about being able to measure the velocity, period and radius of a binary star orbit by looking at red shift and blue shift. I understand it but can someone give me an example of ...
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Lowest gravity on Earth's surface?

I am trying to determine which on Earth's surface has the lowest gravity. Googling is not finding anything concrete. My natural inclination would be to think of Mount Chimborazo in Ecuador, being on ...
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2answers
448 views

Why is Jupiter so sharply defined?

In photographs of Jupiter, the limb seems extremely definite. Being a gas giant, my naive self thinks that the atmosphere should have a more gradual cut off, creating a hazy effect similar to that on ...
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1answer
323 views

What really is the future about the Standard Model

The fact that the bosons of the weak force have mass is something that I think technically poses many problems. To avoid this and other problems with the masses of the particles devised a mechanism ...
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142 views

How can you calculate the exact position of the Earth taking into account the gravitational attraction of Mars and the Sun?

I think there must be a formula to calculate the exact position of the Earth taking into account the gravitational attraction of Mars and the Sun. Is it possible with vectors?
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Increasing mass' effect on the balance between centripetal force and centrifugal force

Okay, this is nothing more than a thought experiment which popped into my head while driving home from work today. Take the case of a single body orbiting another, larger body, as in a planet and a ...
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The square in the Newton's law of universal gravitation is really a square?

When I was in the university (in the late 90s, circa 1995) I was told there had been research investigating the $2$ (the square of distance) in the Newton's law of universal gravitation. ...
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Still trying to understand gravitational potential and Poisson's equation?

A week or so back I asked a question about the gravitational potential field $$\phi=\frac{-Gm}{r}, \qquad r\neq 0, $$ and how to show the Laplacian of $\phi$ equals zero for $r\neq 0$? Eventually, ...
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266 views

Does the Moon's orbital inclination follow the wobble in the Earth's rotation?

As the Earth wobbles during rotation, does the higher gravity at the equator tend to pull the moon toward an equatorial orbit even as the earth does that thousands of years wobble cycle? It would ...
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What is the proof that the universal constants ($G$, $\hbar$, $\ldots$) are really constant in time and space?

Cavendish measured the gravitation constant $G$, but actually he measured that constant on the Earth. What’s the proof that the value of the gravitation constant if measured on Neptune would remain ...
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Repulsive gravity [duplicate]

IANAP, so feel free to berate me for thinking apocryphal thoughts! Just as magnetism has two charges, in which particles of like-charge repulse and particles of dissimilar charge attract, might ...
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How long will my fridge magnet stay attached to my fridge?

I have a 500 gram neodymium magnet. It is stuck to my fridge. With the constant pull of gravity trying to pull it off how long would it stay attached to fridge? For arguments sake lets say my fridge ...
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2answers
279 views

Raising a toolbox with a rope

Suppose you use a rope to hoist a box of tools vertically at constant speed v. The rope exerts a constant upward force of magnitude F_up on the box, and gravity exerts a constant downward force (the ...
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2answers
350 views

Potential energy conservation in traversable wormholes

Let's say I have a tube, of large radius (about 5 - 7 meters in diameter), with traversable wormholes at the ends. The wormholes are arranged as such that if something falls inside one hole from ...
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3answers
271 views

Could we prove that neutrinos have mass by measuring their gravitational signature?

It is now said that neutrinos have mass. If an object has mass then it also emits a gravitational field. I appreciate the neutrinos mass is predicted to be small, but as there are so many produced ...
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2answers
403 views

Why no basis vector in Newtonian gravitational vector field?

In my textbook, the gravitational field is given by$$\mathbf{g}\left(\mathbf{r}\right)=-G\frac{M}{\left|\mathbf{r}\right|^{2}}e_{r}$$ which is a vector field. On the same page, it is also given as a ...
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12answers
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How can anything ever fall into a black hole as seen from an outside observer?

The event horizon of a black hole is where gravity is such that not even light can escape. This is also the point I understand that according to Einstein time dilation will be infinite for a ...
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Trying to understand Laplace's equation

I'm struggling here so please excuse if I'm writing nonsense. I understand that the gravitational potential field, a scalar field, is given by $$\phi=\frac{-Gm}{r}$$ where $\phi$ is the ...
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2answers
380 views

Wavelength of photon changes as it rises from a planet's surface(acc. to this equation)?

The setup assumes a large mass(Earth?) an a photon launched from its surface initially. The wavelength of the photon on launch is known. Then the new energy of the photon is compared with energy it ...
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1answer
1k views

Calculating the force of a mass bearing down on an object

I need to calculate the force of a weight bearing down on a smaller object, constraining it from expansion. The weight bearing down has a much bigger surface area than the smaller object. I know the ...
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2answers
244 views

Is there zero energy cost to generate a gravity field?

It seems that all objects with defineable mass emit a gravity field, which interacts with other objects within said field. My understanding on this may be very limited, but how is the field ...
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1answer
541 views

Potential energy in a gravitational field

I've seen the following formula for the potential energy of a body in a gravitational field ($\rho$ is the density, $g$ is the gravitational acceleration): $$ \rho g \int_E z dV $$ Can you please ...
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1answer
262 views

Are objects in a gravitational well shortened?

Bob is in a gravitational potential well, he moves a long vertical stick up and down a distance of 1 meters. Alice observes the upper end of the stick, at upper location. There is the phenomenon of ...
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2answers
1k views

Incompatibility Between Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

Why does Gravity distort space and time while the electromagnetic, strong, and weak forces do not? Does this have to do with why Quantum Mechanics and Relativity are incompatible?
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1answer
129 views

Surface tension of N non-mixing fluids

I am a mathematician, not a physicist, so please be gentle with me if I write something wrong. Consider a bounded, regular container $\Omega$, which is filled with the fluids $F_1,...,F_N$ which do ...
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2answers
263 views

What would be the optimal weight of a ball if I want to throw it as far as possibile?

Assume the force behind my throw to be X. Assume the point of release is 2 meters above ground. Asume the ball is made of shiny steel. I'm not sure if the material matters, I'm just thinking that ...
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1answer
243 views

What is the mass of individual components in a gravitationally bound system?

When material of rest mass M falls from infinity onto a black hole accretion disk, it gets heated and then emits so much light that the energy radiated away can measure up to about 30% or so of M c^2. ...
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1answer
142 views

Trinary System Arrangment?

I'm writing a science fiction story and wondered if someone could help me with the setup of a trinary star system I have in mind. Basically I just wanted to know if: a) a system with a central, ...
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5answers
443 views

How Does Dark Matter Form Lumps?

As far as we know, the particles of dark matter can interact with each other only by gravitation. No electromagnetics, no weak force, no strong force. So, let's suppose a local slight concentration ...
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1answer
962 views

Simulating Gravity in 3D Game?

Alright, I am writing a space simulator for a 3D game and I would like to implement gravity of objects into it. Is there a nice way to find a velocity vector which can be added to my engine output ...
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2answers
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What does it mean for objects to follow the curvature of space?

In science documentaries that touch on general relativity, it is often said that gravitational pull isn't an actual a pull (as described by classical physics), but rather one body travelling in a ...
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2answers
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Is the curvature of space around mass independent of gravity?

Is the curvature of space caused by the local density of the energy in that area?Could gravity be a separate phenomenon only arising from the curvature of space? For instance if the density of energy ...
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Can gravity be shielded, like electromagnetism?

If I remember well, they said that it can't, but I do not know why. Yes, I meant if gravity can be shielded using something like a Faraday cage (or something else?). Thank you.
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Calculating gravity when taking into account the change of gravitational force

This is a problem that has bothered me for a couple of weeks now, and I can't seem to wrap my head around it and understand it. Let's say we have a planet with a mass of m. We also have an object of ...
5
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1answer
448 views

Source term of the Einstein field equation

My copy of Feynman's "Six Not-So-Easy Pieces" has an interesting introduction by Roger Penrose. In that introduction (copyright 1997 according to the copyright page), Penrose complains that Feynman's ...
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4answers
331 views

Freefall in/out of an enclosed environment

I've just been learning about Einstein, relativity, and the equivalence principle in Physics. I'm fascinated with the idea of being inside a free-falling enclosed environment (such as, e.g., rocket, ...
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4answers
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How long would it take to travel through a wormhole?

Assuming wormholes exist and you put some matter into one, how long would it take to reach the other end versus how far apart the two ends are? Basically, by how much does a wormhole stretch ...
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1answer
101 views

Do Galactic Black Holes and Extra-Solar Planets change the mass balance of the universe?

With all the recent discoveries of supermassive black holes being at the center of nearly every galaxy, and the proposed "at least one planet" around (probably) every star. Does this affect the ...
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2answers
7k views

Would a light or a heavy ball roll fastest down a slope?

A small, light ball and a larger, heavier ball are released from the top of a slope. Which will move further? which will come down faster?
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1answer
15k views

To calculate pressure at point in a vertical water pipe of given diameter

Is it possible to calculate pressure at a point in a pipe, where a solenoid valve shall be placed, given that the pipe carries water (utility supplied, regular water) from an overhead tank (at a ...
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0answers
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How complete is our understanding of general-relativistic solutions for extremal black holes?

Putting aside quantum mechanics (or at least putting aside the question of fermions), is our knowledge of extremal General-Relativity solutions good enough that we would be able to rule out a ...
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1answer
124 views

Entropy of a mass arrangement around the earth

An mind experiment, taking the entire Earth as an isolated system Then this is the initial state: N masses are distributed around the earth, at different height. (for example we can use a single ...
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313 views

How does lifting an object effect its entropy

I have figured out that: When photons leak out from a container, the entropy of the photon collection increases, because each photon has a different escape time. Photons that have leaked out from a ...
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Can a black hole be explained by newtonian gravity?

In the simple explanation that a black hole appears when a big star collapses under missing internal pressure and huge gravity, I can't see any need to invoke relativity. Is this correct?
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1answer
509 views

Can Black Holes be the Dark Matter?

Seems to fit the definition: interacts with gravity, doesn’t radiate energy (except Hawking Radiation) and could create gravity lensing without absorbing very much of the light. Could 80% of the ...
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Why can't General Relativity be written in terms of physical variables?

I am aware that the field in General Relativity (the metric, $g_{\mu\nu}$) is not completely physical, as two metrics which are related by a diffeomorphism (~ a change in coordinates) are physically ...
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Why doesn’t gravity break down in a large black hole?

By popular theory gravity didn’t exist at the start of the Big Bang, but came into existence some moments later. I think the other forces came into existence a little latter. When a black hole ...
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How far does physics influence russian roulette?

Prompted by this discussion on the math exchange My thought was that the added mass of a bullet in an otherwise empty revolver would bias the chamber spin such that the bullet would remain in one of ...