Gravity is an attractive force that affects and is effected by all mass and - in general relativity - energy, pressure and stress. Prefer newtonian-gravity or general-relativity if sensible.

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Does graviton loops affect the seperately covariant conservation of energy momentum of two noninteracting sectors of matter

Consider the action $$\int \sqrt{-g}\left[R[g]+\mathcal{L}_{m1}(g,\psi_1)+\mathcal{L}_{m2}(g,\psi_2)\right]$$ Classically we have $$\nabla^\mu T^1{}_{\mu\nu}=0,\,\,\,\,\nabla^\mu T^2{}_{\mu\nu}=0$$ ...
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56 views

Generalization of Feynman's derivation of the formula for gravitational potential energy in FLP volume I

In the Feynman Lectures on Physics, Feynman derives the formula for gravitational potential energy by applying a line of reasoning he borrowed from Carnot on reversible weight lifting machines (FLP I, ...
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55 views

Conditions for a diagonal induced metric?

Let $M$ be a manifold of dimension $n$ with a (say Lorentzian) metric $g$, that is diagonal in some choice of local coordinates. Let $S$ be manifold of dimension $k<n$ , embedded in $M$ by some ...
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43 views

Geometrised Units

I am curious as to how to express a area units in geometrised ones. I was reading on wikipedia and saw that when angular momentum is converted into geometrised units, it is expressed as a dimension of ...
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109 views

Can one model a spiral galaxy with a similar manifold to one for a whirlpool?

My question is more of a phenomenological question than literal, since the forces involved are very different. When one looks at the distortions (or wrinkles or whatever you wish to call them) in the ...
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233 views

Gravitational potential energy and Center of Mass

I've been reading about the Nordtvedt effect, and how Gravitational Binding Energy (GBE) affects total mass. According to the WP article, experimental evidence rules out the existence of this effect. ...
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71 views

Trebuchet launch into space

I was reading some questions on your site about using a Trebuchet to launch a payload into space. Would it be possible to use the same sort of principle, but to have, say a 100 mile steel cable ...
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165 views

Is inertia actually a property of the force rather than the mass?

I ask this because it occurred to me that the inertial property of mass only actually arises in the context of forces (such as the EM force) as a resistance to their accelerating effect. Inertia plays ...
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94 views

Position vs Time Function for a Falling Object Without Assumption of Constant Acceleration

If you have an asteroid for example and a planet, isolated from all other gravitational influence and initially at rest with respect to each other, how would you find a position vs time function for ...
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39 views

About parametrizing quadratic fluctuations in the metric about $AdS_2 \times S^2$

I am referring to the contents of page 20-23 of the paper, http://arxiv.org/abs/1108.3842.pdf Equation 4.5 seems to suggest that one wants to restrict the metric fluctuations $h$ to a subset such ...
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Instabilities in the CDMT

Could anyone explain or refer to references on why the CDMT f(R) gravity model suffers from Instabilities any why the sign of ${\mu}^{4}$ matters.
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73 views

What if UV behaviour of gravity was perturbative?

I understand that the UV behaviour of gravity ought to be dominated by black hole production and that graviton-graviton scattering ought to blow up above the Planck scale. Suppose, however, that ...
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71 views

Topology of spacetime in 2+1 dimension

In the book Quantum Gravity in 2+1 dimension by S. Carlip, in the second chapter (section 2.1), he comments that a compact 3-manifold with a flat time orientable Lorentzian metric and a purely ...
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119 views

How to get “massless” equation of motion from the action of Nordstrom scalar field theory?

There is Nordstrom theory of the particle moving in a scalar field $\varphi (x)$: $$ S = -m\int e^{\varphi (x)}\sqrt{\eta_{\alpha \beta}\frac{dx^{\alpha}}{d \lambda}\frac{dx^{\beta}}{d ...
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109 views

Derivation of equations of motion in Nordstrom's theory of scalar gravity?

Nordstrom's theory of a particle moving in the presence of a scalar field $\varphi (x)$ is given by $$ S = -m\int e^{\varphi (x)}\sqrt{\eta_{\alpha \beta}\frac{dx^{\alpha}}{d ...
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93 views

Time-Independent Gravitational Equation?

Is it possible to calculate gravitational induced position change without requiring the use of time (and therefore, acceleration) anywhere in the equation? If such an equation were to be discovered, ...
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68 views

Present experimental status of Moffat's Modified theory of Gravity

Modified theories of Gravity have been discussed before in this 2-year old question, Are modified theories of gravity credible? I was going through Moffat's modified gravity, given in ...
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243 views

Angular Momentum Conservation in Gravitational Interaction

thanks for any help. I'm trying to show that in a 2body problem, angular momentum is conserved given that $\dfrac{dp}{dt}=\dfrac{-GMm(rv)}{r³}$, where p is momentum, t time, G gravitational constant, ...
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188 views

What is Mathematical formulation of entropic Gravitational force?

There are people proposing the possibility of using entropic force to explain the gravity force between objects. The emphasis is that entropy is more fundamental than energy. It is the closest study ...
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638 views

Map of the gravitational strength of the solar system

I am looking for a map or plot of the gravitational strength in the solar system. In an ideal world there should be something like google earth to move around in the solar system, zoom in and out and ...
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89 views

Would a closed field of gravity neccesarily lead to paradoxes?

I've asked wether artificial gravity, as seen in some SF-Movies, would violate known laws of physics. To recap, my idea of an Artificial Gravity (AG) system was like this: A Device that creates an ...
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73 views

When spacetime expands to the point where galaxy clusters are not observable, will there by any interaction?

It's my understanding that in a few billion years, clusters of galaxies won't be able to directly observe one another due to the expansion of spacetime overcoming gravity between those clusters. ...
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How complete is our understanding of general-relativistic solutions for extremal black holes?

Putting aside quantum mechanics (or at least putting aside the question of fermions), is our knowledge of extremal General-Relativity solutions good enough that we would be able to rule out a ...
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289 views

How to model an accelerometer measurements on a car wheel?

I am working on kinematically modelling an accelerometer on a car wheel. When working on the initial conditions, I am confused whether or not I should use the gravitational acceleration since there ...
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40 views

value of $n$ in modified gravity model

In the modified gravitational model $ f(R)=R+\lambda{R_{0}}\left(\left(1+\frac{R^{2}}{R_{0}^{2}}\right)^{-n}-1\right) $ Are there any restrictions on the value on $n$. Also is this model valid for ...
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Geodetic effect and Frame dragging

Two gyroscopes pointing perpendicular to each other were housed inside Gravity Probe B which performed polar orbit around Earth to test Einstein's theory of relativity. As the probe is orbiting ...
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Rotating conical singularities in three dimensional gravity

A conical singularity in three dimensional flat space is usually desrcibed by the metric $ds^2=-dt^2+dr^2+r^2\gamma^2d\phi^2$ In three dimensional gravity with a negative cosmological constant, we ...
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63 views

Spacetime in Loop quantum gravity

In LQG, does spacetime consist of interconnected loops? Are those loops real? If spacetime does not consist of the aforementioned loops, what it consists of?
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24 views

Does a lightning strike have a physical weight?

A lot seems to be unknown about lightning and it is possibly a source of dark energy at the instance of the strike. So if we were to place say a 10kg lightning rod (earthed) on a set of insulated ...
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how to make an equal-arm balance beam?

Use an equal-arm balance beam, with a 250 kg counterweight suspended 5 cm in the air on one end, and the mass to be moved just touching the ground on the other end. Energy storage is in gravitational ...
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17 views

Does a time-evolving gravitational field or potential have any important/interesting effects?

I have learned from classical electromagnetism that a time-evolving magnetic field gives rise to a contribution to an electric field, and vice-versa. Do gravitational fields have an analogous effect ...
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39 views

Has galaxy merger and universe expansion been proven?

I understand the basic argument for hierarchical merging of galaxies during expansion of the universe. I also understand peculiar motion and the Hubble flow. So I understand what's going on with ...
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86 views

What is the Casimir effect caused by gravity?

What is meant by a Casimir effect caused by gravity? Please explain me the concept in detail and how is it caused.
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Water tank, circulation, gravity

Is it possible to use gravity alone to make a water circulation system? -a large container filled with water and a hole in the bottom which attaches to a long hose/tube The other end of this ...
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28 views

Available material on Giant Gravitons

I am looking for a pedagogical introduction to giant gravitons (if one exists!). I have basic string theory/SUSY knowledge but no introduction to AdS/CFT. (Do I need to do some reading on AdS/CFT ...
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71 views

Propagator for massless spin 2 particle

In my quantum field theory class, we saw ad derived the propagator for both spin-0 and spin-1 particles, massless and massive. I am curious to know what the propagator looks like for a spin-2 ...
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29 views

Relative time difference and the gravitational potential of the geoid

I'm having trouble with something from a problem set on relativity and time. We are given the equation for time elapsed on a clock on the Earth's surface relative to time at the geocenter ...
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54 views

How would an observer feel the Einstein Thirring Lense Effect?

The Einstein Thirring Lense Effect, also known as Frame Dragging, is what happens when cellestial bodies have rotation. It states that when a body of mass is rotating around an axis it drags space and ...
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79 views

Visualizing bending of Spacetime around a heavy object

The commonly used example of viewing bent SpaceTime around a heavy object such as the Sun is the Trampoline. However, this image is limited as it shows only the bending below the Sun. What about the ...
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26 views

Muscular energy transformations with regards to gravity

Maybe this has more to do with biology than I know, but I have been wondering just what kind of energy muscles use and convert when lifting a weight off the ground or lowering a weight back to the ...
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30 views

What are laws regarding falling meteorites and the angles of descent?

I would like to know if there is any math / laws of physics governing the angle that a meteor falls on our planet. I doubt it falls towards the center of the planet, from what footage I've seen, it ...
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71 views

why ostriches cannot fly? physics explanation

I'm looking for a physics explanation concerning to the fact "The ostriches cannot fly". My statments: During the time interval $\Delta$t of the upward wingbeat, the ostrich drops a distance h ...
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66 views

Calculating time of being in a lift only by weight & travel distance

If someone is in a lift and normally weighs 90kg, when the lift starts accelerating the person weighs 100kg. After the lift has maintained a constant speed for a while it starts slowing down. While ...
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47 views

How big could a bubble of air and water be in zero gravity? Assume air surrounds and fills a bubble of water

I am designing an all water planetoid for a new science fiction novel I am writing. The Planetoid is a spherical bubble of water filled with air, and covered by a sufficiently thick atmosphere to ...
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56 views

How did the gravity of the particles/objects behave at the edge of the expanding universe moments after big bang?

During a very short time after the big bang, the universe must have had an edge of space-time which is very close to all the matter in the universe. The particles which are close to or on the edge ...
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54 views

What effects would we see on Earth if one star of a distant binary system went supernova?

Assume that astronomers on Earth have been monitoring a distant binary star system for a long time (relative to the orbital periods of the binary system) and then they see one star go supernova. Let ...
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Why the position of apparent horizon depend on choice of Sigma t of foliation?

Whether a 2d surface is a trapped surface is independent of choice of Sigma t of foliation. Why its outer boundary (apparent horizon) depends on choice of Sigma t of foliation?
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How does the weak force between two neutrinos compare with their gravitational interaction?

In short, are there cases where the weak interaction between two neutrinos is actually smaller, in (absolute) magnitude, than their gravitational interaction? There is no principle that forbids this. ...
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Relative effects of forces

Excuse me for my ignorance but I really couldn't find a solution. According to Einstein, every happening is possible to describe by both of interacted objects. Is there any other way to describe the ...
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Visualizing Tension in FBD — Rope With Mass

Asked to find the tension of a point that is halfway up a rope (where the rope has mass), given the system: The solution of the problem (FBD included) is as follows. In this diagram (Tm = tension ...