Gravity is an attractive force that affects and is effected by all mass and - in general relativity - energy, pressure and stress. Prefer newtonian-gravity or general-relativity if sensible.

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660 views

String theory and trace anomaly in semiclassical gravity?

what does string theory have to say about the trace anomaly in the expectation value of the stress energy tensor of massless quantum fields on a curved background and its interpretation as the ...
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594 views

Gravitational attraction of triangles

Suppose I have two triangles relatively close together (so they probably shouldn't really be treated as point masses). I want to calculate the gravitational force (and potentially torque?) generated ...
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627 views

Special relativity paradox and gravitation/acceleration equivalence

One of the features of the black hole complementarity is the following : According to an external observer, the infinite time dilation at the horizon itself makes it appear as if it takes an ...
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36 views

Visualizing gravity in 3D

We've all seen the depiction of gravity bending space downwards, and so attracting objects into the dent it creates, cf. e.g. this and this Phys.SE posts. That's intuitive and makes a lot of sense, ...
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24 views

Does gravity affect water permeability?

Suppose I have an approximately rectangular prism composed entirely of folded paper. If I place 600lbs on top of these rectangular sheets of paper, the paper should compress. How does this affect ...
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91 views

Einsteins gravity Space time

I'm having a difficulty in understanding Einstein's version of gravity as "space time curvature" (I could be a total physics idiot, please point out !). How does an object on the surface of earth ...
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70 views

Potential Energy of Springs and Gravity, and Work of a force

I am currently really stuck on this problem and I am not sure how to actually solve it, I think I can reason it out logically but I do not know how to show it. Here it is and under I will show what I ...
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91 views

Time-Independent Gravitational Equation?

Is it possible to calculate gravitational induced position change without requiring the use of time (and therefore, acceleration) anywhere in the equation? If such an equation were to be discovered, ...
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38 views

Where are the L3, L4, and L5 of a hyperbolic orbit?

Do the L3, L4, L5 points exist in hyperbolic orbits? If yes, then where do they lie?
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61 views

Present experimental status of Moffat's Modified theory of Gravity

Modified theories of Gravity have been discussed before in this 2-year old question, Are modified theories of gravity credible? I was going through Moffat's modified gravity, given in ...
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214 views

Angular Momentum Conservation in Gravitational Interaction

thanks for any help. I'm trying to show that in a 2body problem, angular momentum is conserved given that $\dfrac{dp}{dt}=\dfrac{-GMm(rv)}{r³}$, where p is momentum, t time, G gravitational constant, ...
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170 views

What is Mathematical formulation of entropic Gravitational force?

There are people proposing the possibility of using entropic force to explain the gravity force between objects. The emphasis is that entropy is more fundamental than energy. It is the closest study ...
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545 views

Map of the gravitational strength of the solar system

I am looking for a map or plot of the gravitational strength in the solar system. In an ideal world there should be something like google earth to move around in the solar system, zoom in and out and ...
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81 views

Would a closed field of gravity neccesarily lead to paradoxes?

I've asked wether artificial gravity, as seen in some SF-Movies, would violate known laws of physics. To recap, my idea of an Artificial Gravity (AG) system was like this: A Device that creates an ...
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69 views

When spacetime expands to the point where galaxy clusters are not observable, will there by any interaction?

It's my understanding that in a few billion years, clusters of galaxies won't be able to directly observe one another due to the expansion of spacetime overcoming gravity between those clusters. ...
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99 views

How complete is our understanding of general-relativistic solutions for extremal black holes?

Putting aside quantum mechanics (or at least putting aside the question of fermions), is our knowledge of extremal General-Relativity solutions good enough that we would be able to rule out a ...
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272 views

How to model an accelerometer measurements on a car wheel?

I am working on kinematically modelling an accelerometer on a car wheel. When working on the initial conditions, I am confused whether or not I should use the gravitational acceleration since there ...
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36 views

Does graviton loops affect the seperately covariant conservation of energy momentum of two noninteracting sectors of matter

Consider the action $$\int \sqrt{-g}\left[R[g]+\mathcal{L}_{m1}(g,\psi_1)+\mathcal{L}_{m2}(g,\psi_2)\right]$$ Classically we have $$\nabla^\mu T^1{}_{\mu\nu}=0,\,\,\,\,\nabla^\mu T^2{}_{\mu\nu}=0$$ ...
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48 views

Visualizing bending of Spacetime around a heavy object

The commonly used example of viewing bent SpaceTime around a heavy object such as the Sun is the Trampoline. However, this image is limited as it shows only the bending below the Sun. What about the ...
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20 views

Materials on charged black brane

everybody! Does anyone know some good materials on charged black branes in AdS/CFT and the role of chemical potential in theses cases?
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41 views

Relation between $f(R)$ gravity and Tensor–vector–scalar (TeVeS) gravity

We know that there is a relation between f(R) gravity and scalar-tensor gravity. By applying the Legendre-Weyl transform, we can receive brans-dicke gravity from $f(R)$ gravity. If we start with the ...
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17 views

Muscular energy transformations with regards to gravity

Maybe this has more to do with biology than I know, but I have been wondering just what kind of energy muscles use and convert when lifting a weight off the ground or lowering a weight back to the ...
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23 views

What are laws regarding falling meteorites and the angles of descent?

I would like to know if there is any math / laws of physics governing the angle that a meteor falls on our planet. I doubt it falls towards the center of the planet, from what footage I've seen, it ...
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56 views

why ostriches cannot fly? physics explanation

I'm looking for a physics explanation concerning to the fact "The ostriches cannot fly". My statments: During the time interval $\Delta$t of the upward wingbeat, the ostrich drops a distance h ...
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40 views

Calculating time of being in a lift only by weight & travel distance

If someone is in a lift and normally weighs 90kg, when the lift starts accelerating the person weighs 100kg. After the lift has maintained a constant speed for a while it starts slowing down. While ...
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36 views

How big could a bubble of air and water be in zero gravity? Assume air surrounds and fills a bubble of water

I am designing an all water planetoid for a new science fiction novel I am writing. The Planetoid is a spherical bubble of water filled with air, and covered by a sufficiently thick atmosphere to ...
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32 views

How did the gravity of the particles/objects behave at the edge of the expanding universe moments after big bang?

During a very short time after the big bang, the universe must have had an edge of space-time which is very close to all the matter in the universe. The particles which are close to or on the edge ...
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36 views

What effects would we see on Earth if one star of a distant binary system went supernova?

Assume that astronomers on Earth have been monitoring a distant binary star system for a long time (relative to the orbital periods of the binary system) and then they see one star go supernova. Let ...
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15 views

Why the position of apparent horizon depend on choice of Sigma t of foliation?

Whether a 2d surface is a trapped surface is independent of choice of Sigma t of foliation. Why its outer boundary (apparent horizon) depends on choice of Sigma t of foliation?
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30 views

How does the weak force between two neutrinos compare with their gravitational interaction?

In short, are there cases where the weak interaction between two neutrinos is actually smaller, in (absolute) magnitude, than their gravitational interaction? There is no principle that forbids this. ...
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38 views

Relative effects of forces

Excuse me for my ignorance but I really couldn't find a solution. According to Einstein, every happening is possible to describe by both of interacted objects. Is there any other way to describe the ...
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704 views

Visualizing Tension in FBD — Rope With Mass

Asked to find the tension of a point that is halfway up a rope (where the rope has mass), given the system: The solution of the problem (FBD included) is as follows. In this diagram (Tm = tension ...
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93 views

Photons and Black holes

How many photons in one Planck volume would it take to form a tiny black hole? A photon doesn't have mass but it does have energy, $1.0101 \times 10^{-37}$ Joule for red $650$ nm wavelength light if ...
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41 views

Mario Livio's book on symmetry and the relationship between gravity and acceleration

In his book: The Equation That Couldn't be Solved Mario Livio explains the equivalence principle in laymen's terms. I took the statement on page 209: The force of gravity and the force resulting from ...
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56 views

Degrees of freedom in physical equations

Say we have the field equation: \begin{equation} f^{\prime}(R)R+3\square f^{\prime}(R)-2f(R)={\kappa}^{2}T, \end{equation} why is the non-vanishing of the second term means that there is an extra ...
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79 views

Einstein frame vs. Matter frame

What is the difference between Einstein frame and Matter frame in General Relativity? -A brief comment on each could be useful too. These two frames were used in this manuscript ...
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113 views

How do I measure the total weight of a container with scales on four corners?

I have a very large movable trash container, and I have mounted four scales, one on each corner. How do I get the total weight of the entire container? Is it simply a sum of the four weights, or is it ...
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128 views

Repulsive forces at large distances

I'm currently writing a 3D $n$-body simulator (similar to what you see here to simulate the evolution of a system of n particles under the force of gravity. It works fine for "smaller" scale ...
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340 views

Gravity change as a function of time only

Is it possible to find how gravity changes with time? That is, height is not part of the equation. For example, $g$ can be expressed as a function of height that does not involve time with this ...
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67 views

Could the attractive force of gravity be modeled as a repulsive force?

If space intrinsically contained gravitons of many different wavelengths then could gravity be model as a repulsive force simular to how casimir attraction works? or any other repulsive mechanism you ...
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41 views

A Global Measure on a Gravitational System

I am a computer science engineer and I am trying to simulate the gravity on my computer; several objects with different masses randomly distributed in a Three-dimensional space. I would like to ...
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57 views

Agreggating the masses and coordinates of a number of points to calculate their gravitational pull on an object in a single step

I have $n$ points, each of these have a set of coordinates and a mass; what I want to do is calculate the resultant force they induce on an object whose coordinates I also know. I can do that simply ...
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68 views

Gravitational Behavior of Rotating Body

Consider a stick with a (ball-shaped) weight at the end of it. Let's say this stick is in a state of rotation (it's floating in vacuum) and is also in a state of translational motion. Consider a ...
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82 views

How to get general relativity from linear gravity theory?

I know someone had done this study. Namely the field approach to general relativity. We can easily get an linear gravity theory. But it will be very complicated when we consider the ...
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87 views

accelerating a gravitational field

Newton's equation for gravity calculates gravitational force between two bodies $F= GMm/r^2$ My question is: How does the force change as these two bodies accelerate together through the universe and ...
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44 views

Gravity Interaction versus Gravity Well

This question may be misguided, but bear with me. Is there such a thing as gravitational 'invisibility', and if so, is it comparable to optical invisibility (photons/gravitons 'continue' in their ...
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71 views

Water Stream from a Horizontal Surface

If water was projected from a flat surface where gravity was equal all over the surface. What would happen when the water fell in on itself? The water is in a continuous stream and is perfectly ...
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442 views

What is the pressure in a vertical pipe that has moving fluid through it?

I have a system like this When the valve is closed, pressure along any point along the thin tube may be found thru pgh. 1. What about when the valve is opened? 2. Does the top of the jar need to be ...
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89 views

Where to go to minimize tidal forces?

Suppose you design an experiment where you need to minimize the effects of tidal forces. Where would you go? There are a few possibilities, and the choice depends on how much effort you are willing to ...
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93 views

If one were to move withing a tesseract, would the direction of gravity be different within each cell

If you unfold a tesseract into 3D space you get a cross shape (basically). Animated, it looks like the bottom most cube becomes inverted from it's 4D orientation. Would that mean that the pull of ...