Gravity is an attractive force that affects and is effected by all mass and - in general relativity - energy, pressure and stress. Prefer newtonian-gravity or general-relativity if sensible.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
0answers
9 views

What is signifcance of density of the universe if it changes?

So theories of expansion of the universe (before dark matter and energy) said that the ultimate fate of the universe is based on the density of the universe and this being compared to the critical ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Are there any numerical predictions of the Newtonian gravitational constant $G$ from modern theories?

There are no established relationships between the Newtonian gravitational constant $G$ and other fundamental constants, so there is no way to derive its value from other quantities. Its value must be ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Confirmation of a concept under General Relativity and Frames of Reference

I would like to preface this by saying that this isn't necessarily meant to be a full question, though it may become that, but it rather a confirmation of my understanding of a concept. Newton would ...
-3
votes
0answers
24 views

What does gravitational lensing equal in time diolation to gravity?

What is the equivalent in gravity to time dilation around a black hole?
-1
votes
0answers
24 views

Force needed question [closed]

I am standing on a ladder 24 ft. in the air,The angle of the ladder is 65 degrees and I weigh 200 lbs and the ladder weighs 65 lbs ,How much force would be needed to lift the ladder off the ground,...
0
votes
2answers
32 views

Why is the water still in the glass while rolling?

Pilot drinks glass of water while rolling the plane. The water stays in the glass, even if the plane is upside down. How is this possible? Why doesn't the water leave the glass, as it does when I ...
-6
votes
1answer
52 views

Black hole gravity at bottom (deepest end) [closed]

If black holes are hole in space and time then at bottom or below bottom there is no more gravity of black hole. As any hole has an end (Deepest end). Is this true ? ******** EDIT *********** http:/...
-1
votes
0answers
52 views

What prevents the ball from falling down? [closed]

A person runs on level ground as they hold on to a string. At the end of the string is a ball. The ball stays floating in the air. There is tension in the string pointing sideways, and gravity acts ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

How to calculate orbit of a sphere around a bigger one in microgravity?

I don't have any knowledge in physics, but in a world building related question, I need to know how can I calculate the orbit or the distance in each point of the orbit around a spherical object in ...
9
votes
1answer
882 views

Is running in a zigzag helpful in avoiding being shot by an arrow? [closed]

Two people A and B start at a certain point. B runs away from A to another point. A shoots arrows at B. Is it helpful for A to run in a zigzag rather than in a constant direction? To be more ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

Position of normal to the free surface of a liquid

If the free surface of a liquid resting in an inertial frame is horizontal. Does the normal to the free surface pass through the centre of the earth. I wonder what will be the outcome if the liquid is ...
1
vote
3answers
184 views

Does Dark Matter Exert The Same Gravitational Force As Ordinary Matter?

I have read through this Wikipedia article on Dark Matter and it contains references to the methods used to demonstrate the existence of dark matter. A galaxy rotation curve is a plot of the ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

Deriving the field equations for a dark energy / modified gravity effective field theory

Question I'm trying to derive the modified gravity EFT field equations and, from their 00 component, this Friedmann equation: \begin{equation} H^{2}+H\frac{\dot{\Omega}}{\Omega}=\frac{\kappa \rho_{m}+...
10
votes
2answers
104 views

Can two heavy objects circling around each other be separated because the speed of gravity?

Imagine two massive objects, with the same mass (M) circling around each other at equal distances from the centre of mass (C.M.). Their distance is 1 lightour. Don´t the two bodies get accelerated and ...
4
votes
0answers
45 views

Is the Weitzenböck connection the only connection with Torsion but without Curvature?

In teleparallel gravity, the (local) connection coefficients of the Weitzenböck connection are given by $$ \Pi^{\beta}{}_{\mu\nu}= h^{\beta}_{i} \partial_{\nu}h^{i}_{\mu} - \Gamma^{\beta}{}_{\mu\nu}...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

Is a puffy object heavier than a contracted object?

From here, I know the spring becomes heavier when potential energy stores in it , how about gravitional potential energy? Is the case similar?consider a puffy object, eg, a gas giant, when it ...
-2
votes
3answers
75 views

Since there is no absolute reference frame, and if there were only two, how would the two bodies know whether to fall or orbit?

Imagine the earth and a satellite in geostationary orbit. Now subtract the rest of the universe, with nothing else to frame the velocity, and from a certain point of view the two bodies seem to be ...
2
votes
3answers
119 views

Transfer of energy from gravity back to other “more familiar” forms of energy?

In this question I've mentioned an account of the recently reported 2nd observation of gravity waves, LIGO and Virgo Collaborations, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 241103, 15 June 2016, where 1 of the 22 ...
5
votes
2answers
107 views

What is the uncertainty in the one solar mass radiated away as pure energy? (Gravitational waves)

edit: Thanks to the comment below - I learned that the PLR is available to read http://journals.aps.org/prl/pdf/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.241103. In it, ref. 5 links to this preprint dated June15, 2016: ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Initial velocity of particles in a 2D gravity simulation

In N-body simulations of protostellar clouds (or similar objects), each particle is has a set of characteristics: mass, size, position, velocity, and (if the object is large enough or if we want to be ...
0
votes
6answers
75 views

Can I recirculate water from an open reservoir to the bottom of a bigger, closed one, without a pump?

A fountain head pumps water out of the main tank into a 'pond' reservoir. Can the water recirculate back into the main tank without the help of another pump? I'm sorry if this a dumb question. I'm ...
4
votes
2answers
52 views

How does hot air act in zero gravity?

In an environment with gravity, hot air is less dense than cool air, so it rises. How does hot air interact with cold air in a zero gravity environment, in terms of movement? Does it just stay where ...
76
votes
8answers
9k views

Could a “living planet” alter its own trajectory only by changing its shape?

In Stanislaw Lem's novel Solaris the planet is able to correct its own trajectory by some unspecified means. Assuming its momentum and angular momentum is conserved (it doesn't eject or absorb any ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Synthetic Mass…?

If I take a sphere (Very dense- say Uranium or other heavy element...), and magnetically set this sphere into motion at a very high rate of speed, Can I get this object to generate a artifical gravity ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Behavior of an object in a region of uniform spacetime curvature

Let's say there is some spherical region of space. In this region, there is a large curvature of spacetime. This curvature is completely uniform throughout the region. I decide to stick some object ...
1
vote
2answers
82 views

Negative Gravity Fields and Time Dilation [duplicate]

Question: Some physicists believe that it is possible to have negative mass. My questions is would this negative mass create a negative gravity field, exerting a negative force on positive masses? And ...
4
votes
2answers
106 views

Do quantum leaps happen in random directions?

Regarding quantum "leaps" or "jumps" (also known as atomic electron transition) -- do these leaps happen in what would appear to be random directions, or do they happen according to some rule, such as ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

Locally remove a gravitational field

Let $K$ be an inertial frame of reference on $\mathbb{R}^3$ and $g=g(t,x)$ a nonuniform and nonstatic gravitational field. How I can choose a system of reference $\bar K$ such that mechanical effects ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

How does rotation of a mass affect the geometry of space? [closed]

I understand (or rather, I have been told, but do not understand) that a large mass can distort space by its rotation. While I am somewhat familiar with the concept of a mass distorting space and ...
0
votes
2answers
108 views

How does gravity truly work in the bend of spacetime?

If gravity is caused from the bend in space time from a large mass, why do all objects fall towards earths center and not strait down to below earth? Sorry i am not an expert in any fields just trying ...
0
votes
2answers
47 views

Does mass determine gravity or is it a predetermined quantity

If Earth were to gain large enough mass, would it have enough gravitational force to hold the extra mass, or is there a predetermined magnitude of gravitational force for earth due to its location in ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Need a mass to accelerate to create gravitational waves?

For a charged particles which travels through an electric field it only emits photons when it is accelerated. It undergoes a change of momentum, and the law of conservation of momentum requires some ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Can an electron make quadrupole gravitational waves?

A gravitational wave is a quadrupole wave. Now when an electron is accelerated it usually emits a photon. But can an electron also emits an gravitational wave? If so how does it 'make' an quadrupole ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

What is the additional gravitational term from general relativity given by?

Carroll gives the potential energy in general relativity by $$ V(r)=\frac{1}{2}\epsilon-\epsilon\frac{G\,M}{r}+\frac{L^{2}}{2r^{2}}-\frac{G M L^{2}}{r^{3}} $$ My first question is does $V(r)$ have ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

Centrifugal force in the two body problem?

In the two body problem, the Effective radial potential energy in general relativity is given by $$ V(r)=-\frac{G M m}{r}+\frac{L^{2}}{2\mu r^{2}}-\frac{G(M+m)L^{2}}{c^{2}\mu r^{3}} $$ where the ...
4
votes
1answer
55 views

Do any fundamental particles with gravitational or electric dipoles exist?

For magnetism: $$ \oint \vec{B} \cdot \mathrm{d} A = 0 $$ For electricity: $$ \oint \vec{E} \cdot \mathrm{d} A = \frac{Q}{\epsilon_0} $$ For gravity: $$ \oint \vec{g} \cdot \mathrm{d} A = -4\pi G ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

How do we know that electrons are affected by gravity?

There are some theories of gravity which explain it as emerging from other fundamental forces. To better understand the evidence for and against these theories, I would like to have a better ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

As I understand it, entropy (and disorder) always increase, but gravity increases order. How does physics explain this?

Examples of ordering by gravity: The disordered cosmic dust collects into planetary systems. Planets collect the heavier elements at their cores and the lighter elements above. On Earth, iron ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Would a celestial body in a horseshoe orbit be tidally locked to the planet?

A smaller celestial body like a moon or an asteroid can be in a horseshoe orbit around a planet. Since it might go inside the tidal lock radius (but does not stay inside it all the time), during the ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Why doesn't the gravitational force have a permittivity in its formula? [duplicate]

We know that the electrostatic force between two charges depends on the medium between the charges and its permittivity. Why, then, doesn't the gravitational force depend on the medium?
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Charge without charge and non-traversable wormholes

My question concerns the theory proposed in this classic paper by Misner and Wheeler. In the paper, the authors propose the idea of "charge without charge"--namely, that positive and negative ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

How much Gravity is required to stop time?

Clocks free of gravitational influence run faster than those experiencing gravity. Is it possible for gravitational influence to bring time to a stop? Additionally can acceleration affect clocks in ...
2
votes
3answers
83 views

Why do we say gravitational waves are analogous to sound?

In every popsci discussion of gravitational waves, the waves are said to be like "sound", and that gravitational waves allow us to "hear" the universe. Despite this, I have no idea how gravitational ...
-3
votes
1answer
49 views

How is the Earth moving in a elliptical orbit around the Sun? [duplicate]

If gravity is transmitted by a four-dimensional fabric of spacetime and the Sun creates a bend in it ,which causes planets to orbit it , shouldn't the planets move in a circular orbit around the Sun ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

What type of instrument can I use to determine my current distance from the center point of Earth?

Immediately, I think of a scale, but is there better way? I can only imagine weighing an object of known mass with an extremely precise scale. I am asking because I would like to be able to address ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

Centrifugal force acting on Spacecraft

This Question may sound very naive. Still somebody can explain the basics in simple words. As I understand, when we equate the centrifugal force acting on spacecraft in circular orbit with ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Are the Schwarzschild metric and the Geodesic Equation relevant in the context of the Earth? [closed]

The geodesic equation used in general relativity is the following: $$ {\mathrm d^2 x^\mu \over \mathrm ds^2} =- \Gamma^\mu {}_{\alpha \beta}{\mathrm d x^\alpha \over\mathrm ds}{\mathrm d x^\beta \...
0
votes
2answers
116 views

Are electron densities and electrostatic forces possibly responsible for gravity? [closed]

The idea I had was that whilst electrons usually orbit within the Bohr radius of atoms there is a chance of them appearing significantly further away than that, meaning that if all the electrons in ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

What is the direction of buoyancy in the bulk of liquid on earth?

I have a trouble when considering the direction of buoyancy in the bulk of liquid subjected to vertical temperature gradient. The liquid is heated from below or above that induces a natural convection ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Can random human have influence on position of someone(far away), when jumping?

Let's say there is a way to get position of all particles of human with perfect accuracy. When random human jumps, can it alter position of someone who is on the other end of earth?