Gravity is an attractive force that affects and is effected by all mass and - in general relativity - energy, pressure and stress. Prefer newtonian-gravity or general-relativity if sensible.

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Calculating initial velocity to achieve orbital motion using verlet integration

I'm attempting to build a simple computer programme which models bodies orbiting other bodies. I've implemented a Verlet integrator (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Verlet_integration) and I can ...
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Why does a free-falling body experience no force despite accelerating?

Note: For the purposes of my question, when I refer to free fall assume it takes place in a vaccuum. From my (admittedly weak) understanding of the equivalence principle, falling in a gravitational ...
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3answers
64 views

Which one of the two objects does the gravitation force vector point to?

My book tells me that the arrowhead should point to whichever is responsible for the field. Am correct in a assuming that it's whichever has the larger mass or bigger electric charge?
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What is the binding energy of a neutron star?

Neutrons which constitute a neutron star have a rest mass that is greater when separated from the star because they are bound with a certain potential energy. This potential energy causes the system ...
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1answer
42 views

Can stable non-circular orbits exist in 2 or 3 dimensional hyperbolic space

I know that stable non-circular orbits in euclidean space exist only in 3 spatial dimensions but what about if the spatial dimensions are hyperbolic instead? Are there any stable non-circular orbits ...
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Is it accurate that light loses energy in the absence of gravity and gains energy in its presence?

I just read an article about the supervoid they found and this is suggested. If so, then I am more and more fascinated with the ties between light and gravity. Let me emphasize, every article that I ...
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43 views

Light changes wavelength in the presence of gravity, can the quantum theory of gravity explain this?

If light changes wavelength in the presence of a gravitational field, how can this be described by the quantum theory of gravity?
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1answer
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What $f(R)$ models pass most of the known constraints?

In most papers and talks about $f(R)$ gravity authors repeatedly state that the model proposed by Starobinsky 2007 $$ f(R)=R+\lambda\,R_{0} \bigg[\bigg(1+\frac{R^{2}}{R_{0}^{2}}\bigg)^{-n}-1\bigg] ...
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Quantum corrections to holographic entanglement entropy

I was looking at this paper by Faulkner-Lewkowycz-Maldacena. They give a very interesting proposal of calculating one loop (i.e, 1/N) correction to EE from computing the EE between the bulk regions. ...
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106 views

Why do I sink then float in a swimming pool?

Was swimming this morning and observed something strange: if I stop treading water, hold my legs together, arms pressed against my sides, then I sink to about 3m below the surface, and then rise again ...
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Is this what causes a black hole “event horizion” [on hold]

OK I read material on what the event horizon is. In effect it is a closed system by which any event that occurs inside the system cannot be the cause of any event outside the system. The closed ...
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2answers
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How to define $\delta{g_{\mu\nu}}$?

In general relativity, when deriving the field equation using the variational principle we use $\hat{g}_{\mu\nu}=g_{\mu\nu}+\delta{g_{\mu\nu}}$. Does $\delta{g_{\mu\nu}}$ mean the measurement of how ...
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Palatini type gravities: Where could I find them?

I read the article Quantum gravity with torsion and non-metricity. Although I found interesting the analysis in the paper, I found quite interesting an statement in the abstract, The class of ...
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1answer
52 views

How are photons effected by gravity? [duplicate]

If we use E=m²c⁴+p²c², and we know mass of photon is zero, and they have momentum but why aren't they affected by gravity.
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2answers
48 views

If the measurements of a clock above the earth depend on orientation, then what measurements are correct?

Take a clock in space above the earth (assuming a Schwarzchild spacetime) that works by relaying a light signal a small distance radially; ticking each time the light signal returns. Compare this to ...
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66 views

The relativity of gravity: If mass is relative how much gravity do I experience?

Now let's say the I am on a spaceship. The spaceship is not accelerating, i.e., it is not firing its rockets. Most of the ship's mass is in the back of the ship. Let's say it is moving arbitrarily ...
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Misner,Thorne, Wheeler - Exercise 2.1 : 1-form as the de Broglie wave's surface [closed]

Can anyone offer a solution (or hint) to exercise 2.1 of Misner,Thorne, Wheeler - "Gravitation", stating: "Show that equation $\textbf{p}\cdot \textbf{v}=\langle\tilde{\textbf{p}},\textbf{v}\rangle$ ...
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Unruh radiation and conservation of energy

Consider the Minkowski spacetime filled by some fields in their Minkowskian vaccum state. Now consider a Rindler observer carrying with him, say, one liter of water. According to Unruh formula, the ...
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The cause of gravity

On the subject of the cause of gravity. Firstly, if you look at the terminal velocity equations Vt=sqr root(2 x m x g/density of the medium x A projected x Cd) if you use a globe with r=1 the Volume ...
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361 views

Is it experimentally verified that the neutrinos are affected by gravity?

If neutrinos (or any other particles) wasn't affected by gravity that would contradict the general theory of relativity. I'm convinced that the postulate of the equivalence between inertial mass and ...
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1answer
24 views

Using gravity assitance or turn to return back a spacecraft

I wonder why gravity assist is not also used to return missions back to Earth? I assume the space shuttle is too expensive with its accessories and could be a money and time saving to reuse it, ...
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2answers
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If two objects have all the same conditions except different masses. Will their terminal velocity be different?

I can't seem to find a straight forward answer to this. I really just want to know if changing mass of an object affects the terminal velocity. If two objects of the same dimensions except one had ...
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2answers
52 views

How does a Black hole attract light? [duplicate]

Please no hate for lack of knowledge: I am somewhat fascinated with the subject of black holes. However, I do not understand a concept which is constantly attributed with black holes: that a black ...
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115 views

General Relativity 2-Body Closed Form

Is there a closed form solution in general relativity to the 2-body orbit problem?
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1answer
25 views

Does center of mass affect how an object falls ?

Suppose you drop an object which has tow ends, of which one is heavy and the other is pretty light. Will the object fall with its heavier end downward or with the lighter one ? Why does it happen ?
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global transformations in 3d gravity

I am currently working on proper and improper gauge transformations in 3d gravity and btz black holes. (because I have seen it defined with many different ways I will just say that with "proper"and ...
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Would a very long massive rod exhibit a large deviation from Newtonian gravity (specifically a deficit angle rather than 1/r force)?

In General Relativity the metric corresponding to an infinitely long massive rod is flat but with a deficit angle. It exhibits a very large deviation from Newtonian gravity in all regions of space in ...
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How fast does gravitational information travel? [duplicate]

Imagine two objects with equal mass in empty space attracting each other. One of these objects moves tangentially with a very high speed (lets say 0.9c). (p1 = (0, 0) p2 = (1, 0) v1 = (0, 0) v2 = (0, ...
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29 views

Gravitomagnetic railgun

Would a gravitomagnetic analogue of a railgun work as expected, in theory? Consider replacing the electric currents on each rail with mass currents. Then place a mass between the rails, moving with ...
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54 views

Is there a relation between $G$ and the age of the universe?

Here is a recording of Paul Dirac, talking about dimensionless constants and their significance. He gives some examples of such constants(ratio of the masses of an electron to a proton, the ...
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1answer
39 views

Do electrons emit radiation due to gravity [duplicate]

Do electrons accelerating in the presence of a gravitational field radiate due to this acceleration?
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3answers
119 views

Does general relativity entail singularities if there's a positive cosmological constant?

I've heard that Hawking and Penrose proved that general relativity entails singularities. But it says in the abstract of what seems to be the paper in which they proved it (The Singularities of ...
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25 views

Kater's pendulum graph

I was told that the graph of position vs period must be a straight line in Kater's pendulum, but my findings are more curved, also after searching in google graphs are like parabolas, my question is ...
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1answer
514 views

Does gravity affect quantum fluctuations? [closed]

Empty space is filled with quantum fluctuations. My question is, since space is affected by the amount of matter contained in it (based on General Relativity), does gravity affect quantum ...
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Why was general relativity needed to explain gravity?

I was thinking about this recently and I think this is a reasonable question to ask. SR can handle forces just like Newtonian physics can; the difference is that the four-force is defined a bit ...
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Master's Thesis in General Relativity [closed]

just throwing a query out to the Physics community. I'm about to embark on a master's in Gravitation, Cosmology and General Relativity and was looking for possible subjects to start researching. My ...
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2answers
100 views

If the universe is expanding will gravitational attraction eventually go to zero?

Let's assume that we prove that dark matter exists (after all, only about 4 percent of the entire universal mass is atoms, and 22% dark matter, 74% dark energy (I think I got the numbers right)). ...
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86 views

How does mass density affect gravity?

If I have two equal mass of objects, and one is less dense but spread over a larger volume, how does their gravity differ from two masses of equal mass and density? (assuming the given volumes do not ...
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1answer
67 views

Is gravity's acceleration rate - squares of all natural numbers? [duplicate]

I've seen some science\history documentary in which they made a replica of Galileo's inclined plane experiment. They rolled a ball down the plane; and it's progressed in length units each unit of ...
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2answers
46 views

Can the stress energy tensor have nonzero value in a vacuum region?

In general relativity, when solving for the schwartzchild solution, we set $T=0$. 1) Is it possible for the stress energy tensor to have nonzero value in a vacuum region? 2) Is the stress $T=0$ in ...
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1answer
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Forces that fall under gravitational forces

I was explaining the air motion in the atmosphere, so I introduced Gravity, Pressure Gradient and Coriolis Forces. Then one of the Professors asked me this question, which I couldn't answer. He said ...
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Is the stress energy tensor continuous at the interface between an object and vacuum?

The stress energy tensor has (as I understand) zero value in the region where there is no matter and non-zero value where there is matter. Suppose there is one matter object in space, now how does the ...
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1answer
62 views

Is gravity weak negative electric charge? [duplicate]

This could be true since the both have infinite range and other common properties. They both have fields.
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In discrete models of spacetime, what are some implications of the Einstein equation

We have several models of discrete spacetime. Sorkin has a causal growth dynamics, there's spin foams, Panangaden showed a correspondence between interval domains and spacetimes. I am looking for ...
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2answers
129 views

Can anyone explain me how time can bend according to Einstein in simple way? [duplicate]

I am just 16 and curious to learn about Theory of Relativity. Can any one explain it simple enough for me to understand? I read that it is bending of time-space or space-time that causes gravity. How ...
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1answer
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Is 0.1 bar (hydrostatic pressure) equivalent to 0.1 bar vacuum pressure (absolute pressure)?

Suppose we would like to test the ability of an objec to withstand the pressure under 1 meter of whater. I would like to understand how to simulate this situation using vacuum. Is the 0.1 bar (for 1 ...
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1answer
16 views

Lenghthwise center of gravity of a boat based on flotation angle

I am trying to determine the center of gravity horizontally along the length of a pontoon boat so I can properly position the load on my lift. Approximate will do. It seems like an impossible question ...
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What fills the space between the galaxies, stars and planets? [duplicate]

What fills the space between the galaxies, stars and planets with the exception of gas clouds, dust, atoms, elementary particles and electromagnetic radiation? What the authoritative opinions exist on ...
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1answer
88 views

Can gravity in principle be made to flow through a “wire”?

Electricity can be made to flow preferentially through a conductor such that a potential difference can be exploited and it can be used to do work remotely. In principle could an analogous "gravity ...
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“This Side Up” in Zero g?

I know that at a particular altitude above Earth, the effects of its gravitational pull become negligible- thus the feeling of weightlessness by astronauts. In most Sci-Fi movies, including the much ...