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3answers
158 views

Large gravitational waves

The recently detected gravitational wave at LIGO were extremely small - requiring a $1 billion interferometer to even detect its presence as it passes Earth. The gravitational constant G is small: ...
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1answer
50 views

What are the implications of the LIGO results in reference to our current Cosmological models?

I was looking for some explicit information on the implications of the LIGO results or probing eras prior to the or near to the Big Bang singularity. So, my question is therefore, what, if any, are ...
3
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0answers
93 views

Momentum transfer from gravitational wave

There has been some discussion here of the magnitude of the tidal distortion caused by a wave of the type reported on Feb. 11 2015, with the conclusion being that a tidal (distortion) effect ...
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1answer
220 views

How does LIGO remove the effects of environmental noise?

Since LIGO is dealing with readings at nanometers, events such as vehicles driving nearby, and constant (but extremely minor) tremors of the earth can cause movement with the mirrors at nanometers. ...
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0answers
24 views

How are gravitational waves generated? [duplicate]

I've been doing a bit of research in the last few minutes about gravitational waves. Now, I understand what gravity is - the curvature of space-time. What I'd like to know is how this causes waves. ...
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5answers
5k views

Would you hear a gravitational wave, if its amplitude and frequency were suitable?

If there was a source of a continuous gravitational wave at (say) 50hz, and amplitude of say a micrometer (a typical sound wave displacement, I think), and you were nearby (standing happily on a ...
3
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1answer
162 views

What effects could/can gravitational waves have on us?

Are gravitational waves something a human beeing could notice if it were powerful enough? Or would it be more like a higher dimensional force, since it would alter us in the sameway as our ...
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1answer
205 views

How can gravitational waves dissipate the energy carried by them? [duplicate]

I am not an expert on GR or gravitational waves but i have been reading about them and i wondered about where and how do these gravitational waves dump their energy? I read that the black hole ...
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2answers
307 views

Did merging Black Holes in GW150914 give up entropy and information to the gravitational waves, since they lost 3 solar masses?

Since the final Black Hole (BH) had 3 solar masses less of mass than the original binary BH, it seems the 2 BHs lost mass, and with it event surface area, entropy, and information. If that came from ...
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1answer
59 views

Did/Will gravitational wave displaced earth?

Okay, so gravitational wave is the "new" cool thing people are talking about. And my question is going to sound silly but it's completely logical. I read the Wikipedia article and grasped a bit. ...
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0answers
42 views

Gravitational waves parallel

Just an idea to illustrate the gravitational waves. This kind of analogy is proposed: When you have a rotational motion of the fluid, some small amount of the energy is radiated as a pressure ...
5
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1answer
98 views

Are there more unconfirmed GR predictions?

News says that we have finally observed "gravitational waves", one of GR's predictions. I've read about some other predictions of GR like how gravity affects the flow of time, gravitational lensing ...
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0answers
52 views

How much energy does the Earth absorb when a gravitational wave passes through it?

I understand that gravitational waves pass quite freely through massive bodies. Quoting http://www.ligo.org/science/GW-Potential.php: Gravitational waves will change astronomy because the universe ...
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4answers
198 views

Binary black hole merger viewed from inside the event horizon

How did the metric evolve inside the event horizons of the black holes whose merger caused the GW150914 signal? In principle the Schwarzchild metric of a non-rotating black hole is known inside the ...
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3answers
2k views

Could (old) LIGO have detected GW150914?

The merging black hole binary system GW150914 was detected in only 16 days of aLIGO data at a signal level that appears to be well above the detection threshold at around 5 sigma. There are no further ...
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1answer
134 views

What does the finding of gravitational waves mean for M Theory? [duplicate]

I was wondering if the finding of gravitational waves proves M theory. I know at Fermi Lab scientists were looking for gravitons in distant places in our universe so that they can prove string theory. ...
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2answers
156 views

Does the mass lost by merging black holes depend on how they merged?

We've all heard the news about the detection by gravitational waves of two black holes, one 29 solar masses and the other 36 solar masses, spiraling into each other to create a single black hole of 62 ...
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1answer
127 views

Is cancellation of gravitational waves possible?

Does such a phenomenon exist? Can gravitational waves cancel each other out?
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5answers
1k views

Do the LIGO observations constitute proof of a black hole merger, and what happened to the black holes?

Information says that the gravitational waves, recently detected by LIGO, correspond (according to Einstein theory equations) to the effect of two black holes merging (with the masses of both black ...
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3answers
145 views

Is gravitational wave a new category of wave?

Is gravitational wave a new category of wave? We know that there are 3 kinds of waves. Mechanical wave, Electromagnetic wave, Matter Wave. Since the theory of gravitational wave is confirmed, ...
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3answers
223 views

How would we estimate, ahead of time, “the chances” of LIGO spotting black holes colliding in the period that it has been operating? [duplicate]

Can anyone summarize calculations that have been done about the theoretical probability of a detectable black hole collision happening in the observable universe within the time that LIGO has been ...
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2answers
129 views

What actually is the event that we think we have detected with gravitational waves? [duplicate]

This answer shows the "event" that is creating excitement. It looks to the untrained eye like a single "blip" on a detector. It appears to last less than a second. It is, later in the answer, ...
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1answer
158 views

What are the wave characteristics for the detected gravitational wave?

I'm curious to know what the amplitude and wavelength of the detected gravitational waves are? The paper mentions some characteristics of the detection event, but not what that means for the wave ...
3
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1answer
97 views

Does gravitational waves add mass to black hole?

Due to the recent discovery of gravitational waves by LIGO I was wondering suppose a black hole stood between a gravitational wave then due to the fact that black hole can attract every thing then ...
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1answer
96 views

Why gravitational waves are not produced by objects moving at constant velocity?

Gravitational wave is produced by change in gravitational field, source. If something is moving away from me at constant speed, its gravitational field will vary. But why only accelerating bodies ...
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0answers
23 views

Numerical simulation of strong field gravitational vacuum solutions colliding

I am interested in the current state of knowledge of strong field General Relativity learned from numerical investigations of gravitational wave packets colliding with each other or black holes. If ...
3
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2answers
139 views

How well can we localize gravitational wave sources?

A recent question cited a story about the recent gravitational wave detection saying that we can use the gravitational wave sensing to find supernova earlier in their process of collapse: [with ...
2
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1answer
214 views

Is it pure luck to observe a gravitational wave?

I actually have two questions: Since only a gravitational wave that is strong enough can be detected and the GW passes by the earth at light speed, can I say that we are lucky to detect one this ...
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1answer
51 views

What does the presence of gravity waves show? [duplicate]

Is the essence of the discovery of gravity waves that we now know that gravity propagates through space at the speed of light and not instantly?
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3answers
730 views

How are the 4 km arms of LIGO measured so accurately?

The arms of the LIGO interferometer are 4 km long. Now, LIGO functions by measuring phase difference between two beams of light comming (as in Michaelson's Interferometer) to a sensitivity of ...
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1answer
319 views

Is there a “CGBR”?

The recent discovery by the LIGO made me wonder about this. We know that there exists a CMBR, Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation, a blanket of electromagnetic energy covering the universe, made by ...
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2answers
100 views

Gravitational Wave Impact

What would we see and feel if the waves were powerful enough? Do the waves influence whatever they pass through like a pressure wave would? Or would they be more transparent to the subject there ...
3
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1answer
68 views

Two naive questions about gravitational waves

My understanding of GW is that they ripple the fabric of the space-time just as accelerating charged particle emits electromagnetic radiation, accelerating massive objects produce gravitational ...
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2answers
101 views

Gravitational waves in other dimensions

I know this question is purely speculative, as we don't know if more dimensions do exist and also we do not know if gravity is indeed stronger in other dimensions (if they were to exist). But, one of ...
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1answer
166 views

Energy Conversion from Mass to Gravitational Wave

How is mass converted to gravitational wave energy by inspiralling binary black holes? Is the gravitational wave energy coming purely from the kinetic energy/gravitational potential of the two black ...
0
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1answer
75 views

What effect would GW150914 have had over a much shorter distance? [duplicate]

In the wake of the recent news of the confirmation of the existence on gravity waves, I was discussing gravitational waves with a friend, and he asked whether this could potentially lead to some kind ...
3
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1answer
161 views

How thermal noise is avoided in LIGO?

I think I have understood properly the principle of LIGO, however the sensitivity is around $10^{-18}~\rm m$ of accuracy of distortion. That looks pretty small... just starting with simpler phenomena, ...
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2answers
327 views

LIGO may have inadvertently detected the helioseismic burst from the Sun on 14 September 2015 [closed]

Here is a quote from an online article: "A gust is on the way. NOAA forecasters expect a stream of high-speed solar wind to reach Earth on Sept. 14th-15th, sparking renewed displays of high-latitude ...
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1answer
191 views

How did the scientists know two black holes collided 1.3 billion years ago?

I saw a TEDx talk the previous day about the LIGO experiment and in that video he said they are waiting for the day Jan 1st 2017 for the Ripple in Gravity caused by two black holes colliding each ...
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2answers
62 views

Is the expanding of the universe also a cause which can induce gravitational waves from mass? [duplicate]

Gravitational waves arises when mass is rotating in another mass'orbital, in explosions and of course in case of colliding black holes. But are they also created when mass is moving and speeding ...
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2answers
84 views

Are gravitational waves effected by the curvature of space time (gravitational lensing)?

I have a basic question I can't seem to find anything on (I keep hearing about how gravity waves and gravitational lensing were both predicted by Einstein). We all know about the gravitational ...
4
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1answer
305 views

How did LIGO scientists determine the source of the gravitational waves they detected? [duplicate]

I read the newspaper today and I found that LIGO had detected gravitational waves. This is from their official website: For the first time, scientists have observed ripples in the fabric of ...
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0answers
91 views

How does LIGO reduce noise below what it is detecting? [duplicate]

LIGO is designed to detect changes in length on the order of 10,000ths the scale of a proton. I know they are extremely well isolated from their surroundings, but how could we even approach isolation ...
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0answers
106 views

Are gravitational waves dissipated and what is the mechanism? [duplicate]

I was amazed by the fact that we have been able to detect gravitational waves created thousands of year before they were observed. My surprise is that any wave phenomena I know it is always ...
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0answers
89 views

How much time distortion was caused by GW150914?

I understand (at least I think I understand) that LIGO used distortion of space to detect GW150914 (one arm grew longer, the other arm grew shorter, causing interference in the returning laser-pulse ...
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2answers
94 views

What was the frequency of the gravitational wave recently detected, and why?

In one early Internet post there was a graphic that appeared to show the gravitational wave (pulse) at about 30 cps. And another video it was stated that the gravitational wave would be as high as ...
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0answers
37 views

Do gravitational waves interact with the Earth's magnetic field?

Do gravitational waves cause a minor vibration of the Earth's magnetic field, and therefore a minor (if undetectable) electrical inductance?
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2answers
177 views

Is the sensitivity of the LIGO sensitive enough to measure the “expansion of the universe”? What specifically is the numerical ratio of effects?

It would seem that LIGO measures wibbles in the metric (not manifold) of spacetime: How is it that distortions in space can be measured as distances? It would seem that the expansion of the universe ...
2
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1answer
65 views

Is there any issue/concern for a slight wavelength shift of the laser light in the LIGO experiments? [duplicate]

A friend and I were having a discussion about the LIGO experiments and were wondering if there is any issue with the laser light undergoing a wavelength shift as a result of the gravitational wave? ...
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1answer
143 views

Producing an audible sound from the gravitational waves of the GW150914 event

As is said in the latest LIGO press realease, the detected gravitational waves vary with a frequency that is audible for us. The audio one can obtain from the detected data is actually plaied during ...