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1answer
104 views

Lagrangian and grassmann numbers

Why sometimes we remember that "classical" lagrangians of fermions are constructed from grassmann numbers, while sometimes don't? For example, for Majorana's field in terms of 2-component spinors ...
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1answer
87 views

What happens to the free energy of the two-dimensional ising model with vortices?

The classical 2d Ising model has a Hamiltonian of the form: \begin{equation} H = -\sum_{m,n = 0}^{M,N} J_1 x_{m,n}x_{m+1,n} + J_2 x_{m,n}x_{m,n+1} \end{equation} The partition function for the model ...
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1answer
88 views

The correspondence between Grassmann number and 4-spinor

In canonical quantization, we view the Dirac field $\psi$ as a $4\times1$ matrix of complex number. While in path integral quantization, we view the Dirac field $\psi$ as a Grassmann number. For two ...
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1answer
67 views

Fermion propagator is not a Grassmann-odd object?

Is the following differentiation correct: $$ \frac{\delta}{\delta\eta\left(z\right)}\int d^{4}yS_{F}\left(z-y\right)\eta\left(y\right) = S_F\left(z-z\right)$$ where $\eta$ is a Grassmann-valued ...
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0answers
26 views

dual variables for lattice fermions

I am quite familiar with duality transformations for lattice spin systems (i.e. systems with global $O(n)$ symmetry) and pure gauge systems (i.e. local $SU(n)$). However, after searching for a bit, I ...
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1answer
177 views

Assumptions of the Coleman-Mandula Theorem

In the original paper All Possible Symmetries of the S-Matrix, by S. Coleman and J. Mandula, they prove their famous 'no go' theorem regarding the possible extensions of Poincaré symmetry. The ...
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1answer
177 views

Path integral as a functional determinant

In Peskin and Schroeder on pg. 304, the authors call the fermionic path integral: \begin{equation} \int {\cal D} \bar{\psi} {\cal D} \psi \exp \left[ i \int \,d^4x \bar{\psi} ( i \gamma_\mu D^\mu - m ...
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1answer
208 views

Gaussian Integral over Grassman variables

I need to evaluate two Grassmann integrals, one over "real" Grassmann variable another one over complex variables. Lets start with the real one first : The prototype we have for $n$ real Grassmann ...
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3answers
253 views

Completing the square for Grassmann variables

When working with path integrals of both bosonic and fermionic field variables, I'm a bit unsure of how to do the usual complete the square trick when an interaction between the two is concerned. Say ...
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1answer
227 views

Integrals over grassmann numbers

I want to prove an identity from Peskin&Schroeder, namely that $$\left(\prod\limits_i^{} \int d \theta^*_i d\theta_i\right) \theta_m^* \theta_l \exp(\theta_j^* B_{jk} \theta_k)=\det(B) ...
4
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1answer
272 views

Proof that eigenvalues of Fermionic creation/annihilation operators are Grassman numbers

It's stated probably in all textbooks on many-body functional integrals that operators that satisfy $$ \hat{a}^\dagger \hat{a} + \hat{a} \hat{a}^\dagger = 1 $$ must have eigenvalues that satisfy $$ ...
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1answer
103 views

Integration with Grassmann variables

How to show that $$ \int d\Psi d\bar {\Psi}e^{i \int d^{4}x\bar {\Psi} \hat {A} \Psi} = det (\hat {A})? $$ $\Psi , \bar {\Psi}$ refers to Dirac spinors (the second is $\bar {\Psi} = ...
2
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1answer
79 views

Product of Grassmann numbers

Let $\bar\theta$,$\theta$ be two Grassmann numbers. Then their product is a commuting number. If you were to integrate a function of the two $f(\bar\theta \theta)$ over $\bar\theta$,$\theta$ would it ...
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1answer
231 views

A few simple questions about Grassmann numbers: commutation relations and derivatives

I'm trying to learn about Grassmann numbers from the book "Condensed Matter Field Theory" by Altland and Simons, but I am currently encountering some difficulties. I have several smaller questions ...
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1answer
91 views

Determinant expansion

I've seen in a few textbooks now a useful looking expansion procedure for determinants, but I don't understand the details of it. Here is precisely the example I'm thinking of (Ex. 7.6). I don't ...
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1answer
217 views

Four Fermion Interactions

Given an action with a term like \begin{equation}S_{I}\sim \int\int (\psi^{\dagger}\psi)V(\psi^{\dagger}\psi)\end{equation} How do you evaluate this with a Fermionic path integral? I know the fields ...
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1answer
224 views

Grassmann fields according to Peskin and Schroeder

On page 301 in Peskin and Schroeder, they claim that a Grassman field $\psi(x)$ may be decomposed as $$\psi(x) = \sum_i c_i \phi_i(x),$$ where the $c_i$ are Grassmann numbers and the $\phi_i$ are ...
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1answer
142 views

Strange Grassmann double integration

I can unterstand why because the integration over Grassman variables has to be translational invariant too, one has $$ \int d\theta = 0 $$ and $$ \int d\theta \theta = 1 $$ but I dont see where ...
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0answers
139 views

Why are differential forms on a n-dimensional manifold a Grassmann algebra?

This is stated as an obvious example of a Grassmann algebra on page 32 in this tutorial I am trying to read, but to me it is unfortunately not so obvious. So can somebody expand this comment a bit ...
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1answer
409 views

What is the value of a quantum field?

As far as I'm aware (please correct me if I'm wrong) quantum fields are simply operators, constructed from a linear combination of creation and annihilation operators, which are defined at every point ...
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3answers
173 views

Constructing Supersymmetric Lagrangians

It is a very trivial doubt but somehow I am not able to figure it out. While constructing a supersymmetric lagrangian we always even number of fermionic fields. One reason is of course the product ...
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1answer
196 views

dimensional analysis of Grassmann integration/differentiation

There is another paradox that I need to resolve: The Berezin integration rules for Grassmann odd variables give the same result as differentiation: If $f=x+\theta\psi$ is a superfunction, the ...
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1answer
230 views

Number of Grassmann generators for Dirac field?

How many Grassmann generators are sufficient for the description of a Dirac spinor in 4 dimensions? i.e. The Dirac field is a map to $\Lambda_N$, the space of supernumbers with $N$ real Grassmann ...
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3answers
812 views

Grassmann paradox weirdness

I'm running into an annoying problem I am unable to resolve, although a friend has given me some guidance as to how the resolution might come about. Hopefully someone on here knows the answer. It is ...
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1answer
139 views

Superspace Uncertainty Principle

Do the "operator for translations in superspace" and the "position in superspace operator" follow an uncertainty principle? How "real" is superspace? Aside from being weird (and possibly just a ...
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2answers
412 views

Nature of Derivatives of Anticommuting Variables

This may be a noob question but I've tried searching about this and haven't been able to put things into the context of what I've been studying. (Dot means the usual derivative w.r.t. time) If $c$ ...
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1answer
279 views

Grassmann Variables Representation?

It might be a silly question, but I was never mathematically introduced to the topic. Is there a representation for Grassmann Variables using real field. For example, gamma matrices have a ...
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2answers
435 views

A different type of Gaussian Grassmann Integral

Let $A$ be an antisymmetric matrix. Usually, one proves that for a Grassmann integral of the type, $$\int d\psi d\theta \exp( \psi^T A \theta) = \det(A)$$ where $\psi$ and $\theta$ are vectors of ...
3
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1answer
357 views

Basic Grassmann/Berezin Integral Question

Is there a reason why $\int\! d\theta~\theta = 1$ for a Grassmann integral? Books give arguments for $\int\! d\theta = 0$ which I can follow, but not for the former one.
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1answer
356 views

What are Grassmann (even/odd) numbers used in superalgebras?

Are Grassmann numbers a concept of graded Lie algebras or is something specific to superalgebras? What are they (i.e: how are they defined, important properties, etc.)? Is there a reasonable ...
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5answers
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“Velvet way” to Grassmann numbers

In my opinion, the Grassmann number "apparatus" is one of the least intuitive things in modern physics. I remember that it took a lot of effort when I was studying this. The problem was not in the ...