A gauge theory has internal degrees of freedom that do not affect the foretold physical outcomes of the theory. The theory has a Lie group of *continuous symmetries* of these internal degrees of freedom, *i.e.* the predicted physics under any transformation in this group on the degrees of freedom. ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms

3
votes
1answer
158 views

What are type system examples of local gauge transformation- and field strength-like objects?

This is essentially a follow up motivated by this answer to my question about the gauge transformation interpretation of identity types. A field $$\psi:\mathcal M\to\mathbb C^n$$ is a section of the ...
8
votes
1answer
150 views

Complex Representation of a gauge group and a Chiral Gauge Theory

In this John Preskill et al paper, a statement is made in page 1: We will refer to a gauge theory with fermions transforming as a complex representation of the gauge group as a chiral gauge ...
9
votes
1answer
283 views

Invariance of Functional Integration Measure

Let us consider the functional integral: \begin{equation} \int \mathcal{D} A e^{iS[A]} \end{equation} where $S[A]$ is the action for $U(1)$ gauge field and \begin{equation} \mathcal{D}A\equiv ...
1
vote
1answer
174 views

Question on derivation of Ward identity

I'm currently reading these notes about the Ward identity (pages 259 - 261). I will repeat some of the steps to make the question self-contained. Let us consider a local transformation on the field ...
4
votes
1answer
174 views

About the gauge formalism in statistical quantum field theory

I would like to understand a bit more the aspects of the gauge theory in statistical field theory. In particular, I would like to understand how the replacement $\tau \rightarrow it/\hbar$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Gauge field with flat connection

Consider a gauge field $A_z^a$ with a flat connection $$F_{z{\bar z}}^a = \partial_z A_{\bar z} ^a - \partial_{\bar z} A_z^a + f_{bc}{}^a A_z^b A_{\bar z}^c = 0$$ where $f_{bc}{}^a$ is the structure ...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

Show that charge conservation $\partial_\mu J^\mu = 0$ implies global U(1) invariance?

The $U(1)$ global gauge symmetry of electromagnetism implies - via Noethers theorem - that electric charge is conserved. Actually, it implies a continuity equation: $$ \psi \rightarrow ...
11
votes
3answers
823 views

Why am I wrong about how to view gauge theory?

Edit: I know there have been some similar questions but I don't think any had quite articulated my particular confusion. If gauge symmetries are really just redundancies in our description accounting ...
0
votes
1answer
255 views

Integrating the gauge covariant derivative by parts

I was watching a set of lectures on effective field theory and the lecturer said that you can always integrate the covariant derivative by parts due to gauge symmetry. For example, if I understand ...
4
votes
0answers
90 views

Unitary gauge for non-abelian case

I'm reading Chapter 19 of Mandle and Shaw's Quantum field theory. In the first section it is explained that one can go with a $SU(2)$ followed by a $U(1)$ transformation from ...
3
votes
0answers
142 views

Does the projected spin state of the $d+id$ mean-field Hamiltonian on a triangular lattice has time-reversal(TR) symmetry?

Consider the following $d+id$ mean-field Hamiltonian for a spin-1/2 model on a triangular lattice $$H=\sum_{<ij>}(\psi_i^\dagger\chi_{ij}\psi_j+H.c.)$$, with $\chi_{ij}=\begin{pmatrix} 0 & ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

Adding stuff to the path integral (Faddeev-Popov method)

I'm wondering about the Faddeev-Popov method described in Peskin Schroeder and also on page 7 in this link. What gives them the right to simply add the Gaussian $\omega$ and thus introduce the $\xi$ ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

How to obtain Maxwell's Lagrangian from complex scalar fields?

I've looked in several books and they all show how to obtain electrical interactions by forcing local gauge invariance of any complex scalar field Lagrangian (like Klein-Gordon or Dirac). I manage to ...
4
votes
1answer
130 views

What is the constraint on the Gauge Potential in the Covariant Gauges?

One of the most common gauges in QED computations are the $R_{\xi}$ gauges obtained by adding a term \begin{equation} -\frac{(\partial_\mu A^{\mu})^2}{2\xi} \end{equation} to the Lagrangian. ...
3
votes
3answers
399 views

Multivariable Dirac Delta and Faddeev-Popov Determinant

From this mathstack page and in particular Qmechanic's answer: There exists an $n$-dimensional generalization $$\tag{1} \delta^n({\bf f}({\bf x})) ~=~\sum_{{\bf x}_{(0)}}^{{\bf f}({\bf ...
9
votes
1answer
260 views

Sign in the photon propagator

The Klein Gordon propagator is given (I use Peskin and Schroeder's conventions, if it matters...), \begin{equation} \frac{ i }{ p ^2 - m ^2 + i \epsilon } \end{equation} The photon propagator ...
5
votes
0answers
189 views

Non abelian gauge theory with charged scalar field

Suppose we have an SU(N) non abelian gauge theory coupled with a multiplet of complex scalar fields $\Phi$. The lagrangian would be $$ L= - \frac 12 \text{Tr } F_{\mu\nu}F^{\mu\nu} + |D_\mu \Phi|^2 - ...
6
votes
2answers
924 views

The phrase “Trace Anomaly” seems to be used in two different ways. What's the relation between the two?

I've seen the phrase "Trace Anomaly" refer to two seemingly different concepts, though I assume they must be related in some way I'm not seeing. The first way I've seen it used is in the manner, for ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Global anomaly for discrete groups

We know that: a global anomaly is a type of anomaly: in this particular case, it is a quantum effect that invalidates a large gauge transformations that would otherwise be preserved in the ...
3
votes
2answers
237 views

The meaning of potential in Bohm-Aharonov experiment

The Bohm-Aharonov experiment involves a magnetic field inside a cylinder which is zero outside that cylinder. Nonetheless it affects the electrons moving outside the cylinder. The explanation for this ...
2
votes
0answers
159 views

what is 't Hooft up to? [closed]

apart of the 't Hooft diagrams that you all love (and find all sort of dualities starting with them) one of the venues 't Hooft works nowadays is apparently some sort of "deterministic representation ...
3
votes
0answers
91 views

Complex scalar fields conserved charges

I'm currently studying field theory and I'm having some trouble with conserved charge given in field components. If we have a complex scalar action of a field $\phi=(\phi_1,\phi_2)^T$ that is ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

A question about the constraints in BRST-Fock theories

In BRST Symmetry in the Classical and Quantum Theories of Gauge Systems, Henneaux says the Fock representation is not applicable to an odd number of constraints. Then he goes on to say that the ...
3
votes
0answers
75 views

Why is general relativity considered to be a gauge theory? [duplicate]

I have studied the first five chapters of Carroll's book (up to the Schwarzschild solution). I see similarities to the Yang-Mill theories such as the covariant derivative to account for curvature in ...
3
votes
0answers
43 views

Quiver and Gauge theory

i want to know how to construct a quiver of a Gauge theory specified by groupe g with rank=r ?
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Non-vanishing commutator of potential and mass matrices for Majorana fermions interaction theory

Consider 2 different Majorana fermions $\Psi_{L}, \Psi_{R}$ (physically, neutrinos). In general case I can write the massive part of lagrangian of these fermions in the form $$ L_{m} = (\bar ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Twisted supermultiplets

What is a twisted supermultiplet, in a generic supersymmetric theory? Which ordinary fields belong to one of such twisted supermultiplets? I am confident with the idea of a supermultiplet or a ...
6
votes
1answer
158 views

Is the gauge fixing $\partial_\mu A^\mu + \gamma A_\mu A^\mu=0$ used in the literature and does it have a name?

In an exercise for a course on Gauge Theories, I was asked to derive the action of QED with the method by Faddeev and Popov, using the following gauge-fixing function: $$F(A) = \partial_\mu A^\mu + ...
4
votes
1answer
425 views

Classical theories and AdS/CFT

When I was editing the Physics.SE tag wiki for ads-cft, I initially wrote something on the lines of : The AdS/CFT correspondence is a special case of the holographic principle. It states that ...
3
votes
0answers
105 views

Large gauge transformations for higher p-form gauge fields

Question: What is the large gauge transformations for higher p-form gauge field on a spatial d-dimensional torus $T^d$ or a generic (compact) manifold $M$? for p=1,2,3, etc or any other integers. Is ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

Global SU(2) invariance of QED Lagrangian

I'm having problems seeing the global SU(2) invariance of the QED Lagrangian. My specific problem is seeing why \begin{equation} e^{-i a_i \sigma_i} \gamma_\mu e^{i a_i \sigma_i} = \gamma_\mu ...
6
votes
2answers
268 views

Quantum Anomalies in Non-Gauge Theories?

I'm reading about quantum anomalies in QFT and all the examples seem to arise in gauge theories. Is it true that theories without a local gauge invariance don't have quantum anomalies? I can't think ...
1
vote
3answers
344 views

Difference between $SU(2)$ and $SU(2)$ gauge transformations?

I hear this jargon all the time, so what is the difference? (Of course this is nothing special to $SU(2)$, but rather I just took it as an example)
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Gauge Invariance of the Hamiltonian of the electromagnetic field

The Hamiltonian for an electron of mass $m$ and charge $e$ in an exterior electromagnetic field is $$H=\frac{1}{2m}(p-(e/c)A)^2+e\varphi.$$ The corresponding (via canonical quantization) quantum ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Dual photon in d=3

In some papers (such as http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/9910184 and http://arxiv.org/find/all/1/all:+AND+kapustin+AND+topological+disorder/0/1/0/all/0/1) I am reading it is always referred at "the dual ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Circulation of the gauge potential around an infinitesimal loop: how to get the correct gauge field strength tensor

I've been puzzling with the problem below for more than a hour since it is misleadingly discussed in some textbooks, so I believe it deserves a solution here. Any comments are welcome. I'm trying to ...
6
votes
1answer
201 views

Gupta-Bleuler Formalism

In the Gupta-Bleuler formalism we have a problem with two states (scalar photons and longitudinal photons), because here $\langle \vec{k}_a|\vec{k}_b\rangle $ is negative or zero. However, I thought ...
0
votes
0answers
158 views

Degrees of freedom of the photon in $d=n$

It is well known that in ordinary $4$ dimension, the photon has on shell only two physical degrees of freedom. Physically this means its elicity is either $\lambda=+1$ or $\lambda=-1$ but cannot ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

$\mathcal{N}=4$ SUSY in $d=3$ versus $\mathcal{N}=2$ in $d=4$

Which is the field content of the hypermultiplet and the vector multiplet in $\mathcal{N}=4 \ d=3$ Supersymmmetry? Is it correct to state that $\mathcal{N}=4$ in $d=3$ has $8$ supercharges, (since ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

How to get a $\mathcal{N}=2$ SuperYang-Mills Lagrangian from a quiver

How can one write down the $\mathcal{N}=2$ SuperYang-Mills Lagrangian given a quiver graph? For concreteness consider the quiver $$(2)-(4)-[6]$$ where the node $(2)$ corresponds to a $U(2)$ factor ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

How can I show non-Abelian CS term is a total derivative?

I want to show:$$ Tr\left (F\tilde{F} \right )=\partial_{\mu}K^{\mu }=\partial_{\mu}\left (\varepsilon _{\mu \nu \rho \sigma }Tr\left ( F_{\nu \varrho }A_{\sigma }-\frac{2}{3}A_{\nu }A_{\rho ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Degeneracy and the unitarity of a gauge theory with a non-compact gauge group

The topological ground state degeneracy(g.s.d.) provides useful information for a topological field theory(TQFT), such as this post shows some example. To count g.s.d., it seems to be equivalent to ...
6
votes
1answer
255 views

Wightman axioms and gauge symmetries

I have a basic understanding of the Wightman axioms for QFT. I was reading the about the Mass Gap problem for simple compact gauge groups and was wondering how the gauge group is supposed to be ...
3
votes
1answer
295 views

Vector potential $A$ on a 2-sphere $S^2$ of radius $R$ with some points removed

I am preparing myself for an exam and I got stuck with the following problem. If I wanted to calculate the vector potential $A$ on a sphere (not off or in), where some points are removed, how would I ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

How does a gauge theory probe a spacetime singularity?

Within the framework of string theory, I have read in numerous articles such as the introduction of this this in which it is stated that the gauge theories living on a stack of D-branes can be used to ...
5
votes
0answers
105 views

(coordinates) Invariance/Covariance of Chern-Simons theory and Yang-Mills theory

It is known that 3D Chern-Simons(C-S) theory has no explicit metric involving in the Lagrangian density: $$ A \wedge dA + (2/3) A \wedge A \wedge A $$ while the 4D Yang-Mills(Y-M) theory has the ...
2
votes
2answers
622 views

Polarization vectors of massive and massless particles

I read from Mandl & Shaw that when quantizing massless vector particles such as photons in Lorentz gauge, there are 4 linearly independent polarization vectors (2 of them being able to "gauged ...
8
votes
2answers
348 views

How to prove quantum N=4 Super-Yang-Mills is superconformal?

I'm especially interested in elegant illuminating proofs which don't involve a lot of straightforward technical computations Also, does a non-perturbative proof exist?
2
votes
0answers
71 views

gravitational field as a spin 2 particle using gauge invariance [closed]

can someone help me prove that a gravitational field corresponds to a spin 2 particle using gauge invariance. i know about the tensor formulation of GTR and the gauge invariance in electrodynamics ...
1
vote
0answers
114 views

Why Liouville theory is interesting? [closed]

What makes Liouville theory subject to relatively intense research field?