# Tagged Questions

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### Constancy of the speed of light in the hypotenuse of the triangle in the Michelson and Morley experiment [closed]

In Michelson and Morley experiment, Michelson calculated that the total time traveled by light with respect to the stationary observer standing at ether field was $2L/c$. Here, Michelson followed ...
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### Why does galilean invariance imply that particles that start rest stay on the same line?

I'm reading Arnol'd for self study. I'm struggling with this question: "Show that any system of two particles will remain on the same line that connected them at the initial moment, if they started at ...
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### Mechanics Landau Galilean Principle

I started reading Landau's Mechanics book and was having some trouble understanding the Galilean Relativity Principle. What does Landau mean by saying space to be homogenous and isotropic and time is ...
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### Is it possible to stay up while riding a bike on a moving sidewalk without actually moving?

If I ride a bicycle on a moving sidewalk so that I am not in effect moving at all relative to the ground, will I fall over?
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### Doppler shift and Galilean relativity

Doppler shift has different forms if the observer or the source are in motion. I consider Doppler shift in the case of sound. I tried to find an answer on the non symmetry of Doppler effect, ...
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### Rational for the Principle of Relativity [closed]

When Galileo postulated his principle of relativity, it seems like quite a logical assumption. After all, velocities combine cleanly, and everyday observation seems to show that the laws of physics on ...
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### Confused on Newton's second law being invariant under relativity

I am a math student with some interests in physics. I picked up a book called "A First Course in General Relativity", and I am confused on the second page. I am assuming by notation or convention. ...
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### While jumping in a high speed train why we fall on same place? [duplicate]

while we jump inside a high speed train why do we fall on the exact place? as train is in high speed and we are jumping so we should fall backside. but this doesn't happen why?
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### Is this the reason why acceleration is said absolute?

I've seem sometimes people saying that although uniform motion on a straight line cannot be detected and hence it is not absolute, acceleration is indeed absolute in Classical Mechanics (I don't know ...
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### Galilean relativity in QM

Intro I've been trying to show that the generator of boosts can be written in operator form as can be seen here, as: $$B = \sum_i m_i x_i(t) - t \sum_i p_i$$ As a reminder the transformation ...
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### Bigger Galaxies = Faster Clocks [closed]

There are in all about 100 known galaxies with blueshifts out of the billions of galaxies in the observable universe. We have Blue-shifted galaxies are in our own local group, and are all bound to ...
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### Inertial Frames of Reference - Inertial vs. Accelerated Frames

According to Robert Resnick's book "Introduction to Special Relativity", a line states the following as the definition of an inertial frame of reference: "We define an inertial system as a frame of ...
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### Explain the centrifugal acceleration using the acceleration composition law

It's been a while since my last contact with physics, and recently i've met a probably very simple problem for which I'm trying to find a very formal explanation. In a "uniform circular motion" where ...
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### Stone dropped from a moving train

This may look like a stupid question, but it is really getting to me. Imagine a train moving with an acceleration $a$, and a person drops a stone from the window. To an observer on the ground, the ...
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### Can the use of a magnetic compass be inconsistent with Galileo's Relativity Hypothesis?

I just read Galileo's Relativity Hypothesis from this website: http://physics.ucr.edu/~wudka/Physics7/Notes_www/node47.html It states that - "any two observers moving at constant speed and direction ...
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### How to prove that “all unaccelerated frames behave likely for all isolated bodies”? [closed]

Say in an unaccelerated frame "S" a "isolated body A" moves with constancy of velocity , can we predict mathematically that any other such body B will move with same velocity in that frame.... My ...
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### Why will you float in free fall with 0 relative acceleration?

Imagine you are in an elevator that is falling freely to the surface of the earth. You begin to float. However you and the elevator have equal acceleration. Why is it that you begin to float with ...
The spacetime interval $(\Delta s)^2 = (\Delta x)^2 + (\Delta y)^2 + (\Delta z)^2 - c^2(\Delta t)^2$ is invariant under the Lorentz transformation and this isn't the case for the Galilean ...