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0
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1answer
74 views

Mass-to-light ratio and rotation curve from brightness profile

This should probably be basic but I've been looking for days and I can't find how to (I'm probably over complicating, but still). I want to calculate a rotation curve for some spiral galaxies. From ...
1
vote
2answers
124 views

Missing Matter Problem and Galactic Kinematics

This is a re-wording of an earlier problem I posted. The standard example of the Missing Mass Problem comes from the rotational profiles of galaxies. By counting up the visible matter, we extrapolate ...
4
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3answers
340 views

Why is the dark matter density profile within the solar radius (and local density) uncertain?

It seems that we know the rotation curve inside the sun's galactic orbit fairly accurately. Then wouldn't we be able to just take the derivative* of this to get the DM density profile at smaller ...
0
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1answer
57 views

Galaxy rotation curve

In calculating galaxies' rotation curve, it is assumed that masses outside the orbit has no contribution and masses inside the orbit can be deemed as if they were at the center, just like the case of ...
12
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2answers
731 views

What is a reasonably accurate but simple model of the Milky Way's gravitational field?

I am putting together a toy program which shows how stars move around in the galaxy. To run the simulation I need to know strength of the Milky Way's gravitational field at any location in it. I'm ...
0
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1answer
38 views

Relativity and Galaxy Rotation Speed

If time travels slower nearer gravity wells, why can't the galaxy rotation speeds being faster on the outer edges than the inner areas be explained by relativity? What necessitates dark matter?
1
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1answer
123 views

Galactic Rotation Speeds - Ehrenfest Paradox, Gravitational time dilation, Dark Matter - all of the above?

The observed paths and speeds of objects, part of some distant galaxy, do not match up with speed vs distance curves it seems - the observed speeds are not falling off in fact they're trending as ...
3
votes
1answer
41 views

Why is the rotation curve of a galaxy lower if measured with CO rather than H?

I have a simple question regarding galactic rotation curves. I know they are studied mostly using 21 cm emission of Hydrogen in the outer regions and with CO emissions in the inner regions, but why do ...
8
votes
5answers
527 views

What makes the stars that are farther from the nucleus of the galaxy go faster than those in the middle?

It has no sense that stars that have a bigger radius and apparently less angular speed($\omega$) goes faster than the ones near the center.
5
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2answers
285 views

How much does electromagnetic radiation contribute to dark matter?

EM radiation has a relativistic mass (see for instance, Does a photon exert a gravitational pull?), and therefore exerts a gravitational pull. Intuitively it makes sense to include EM radiation ...
2
votes
1answer
158 views

What is a flat rotation curve?

Was reading about dark matter and the distribution of it throughout the galaxy. it said "For example, if rotation curves are flat this means-" what exactly does this mean?
2
votes
1answer
53 views

How is dark matter meant to explain the faster than expected rotation of galaxies? [duplicate]

The stars on the outer edges of galaxies go around faster than they should be. How is dark matter meant to account for this? if you just add more mass wont that just give it a greater gravitational ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

What is the rotational velocity of Andromeda?

Can someone give me a reference which gives the rotation curve of the Andromeda galaxy (as well as its radius)?
2
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0answers
37 views

Milky way rotation data

Can anyone tell me where I can download sample rotation curve data for the Milky Way in csv format?
5
votes
1answer
194 views

About the hump on galaxy rotation curves

The past days I have been studying the rotation curves of disk galaxies and I am currently trying to understand how we can extract information about the dark matter of a galaxy by looking its rotation ...
8
votes
2answers
456 views

How does dark matter halo outside a galaxy help to explain galaxy rotation curve?

How does a dark matter halo outside a galaxy help to explain a galaxy rotation curve? Suppose for simplicity we use a model of a star rotating about a more massive star in a fixed circular orbit. For ...
6
votes
1answer
337 views

Does conformal gravity explain the Bullet cluster lensing effects?

Conformal gravity is an "alternative" theory of gravity, where instead of using the Einstein-Hilbert action composed of the Ricci scalar, the square of the conformal Weyl tensor is used. It was ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Formula for Rotation curves of Galaxies

To ask a more specific one for the rotation curves of elliptical galaxies, and hope from there to later understand the dynamics of spiral galaxies. Treating the galaxy as an isothermal ...
5
votes
1answer
154 views

Why doesn't the dark matter halo co-rotate with the luminous disk?

What keeps it from falling into the center if not angular momentum?
3
votes
1answer
112 views

missing dark matter?

A recent arXiv article measures the variation of gravitational potential in a local region around the solar system, and from that it tries to infer the mass density. Are there any valid ...