Massive systems held together by gravitational attraction, consisting of stellar associations, star systems, star clusters and types of interstellar clouds, stellar remnants, gasses, cosmic dust and an important but not yet completely understood component called dark matter.

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Frame dragging resulting in an orbital plane?

In astrophysics today we talked about spinning black holes, ring singularities, and frame dragging. Is this also (to some degree) the cause of the milky way being as flat as it is? Does the spin of ...
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55 views

Questions about shape of dark matter orbits in spiral galaxies

Could someone please describe how are the proposed (calculated) orbits of dark matter? Are they exactly as those of baryonic matter (i.e. spiral), or they are different from those of baryonic matter? ...
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Surface brightness

I have to compute the surface brightness as a function of the radius from the following set of data: {right ascension ($\alpha$), declination ($\delta$), magnitude (m)}. I also know the center of the ...
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66 views

Has galaxy merger and universe expansion been proven?

I understand the basic argument for hierarchical merging of galaxies during expansion of the universe. I also understand peculiar motion and the Hubble flow. So I understand what's going on with ...
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37 views

Synthesising types of galaxies using various stellar spectra

I have been given the task of synthesising an elliptical galaxy, a starburst galaxy and a spiral galaxy (considering the arms and the bulge separately and adding them) using stellar spectra which I ...
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Relation between dark matter and supermassive black holes located in the center of galaxies

This research (see link), conducted on 3000 elliptical galaxies (which are typically galaxy merger results), reports finding "distinct relationship between the mass of the dark matter halo and the ...
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286 views

Relation between isophotal radius and virial radius in spiral galaxies?

Is there any (proposed) relation between the B-band isophotal radius of a spiral galaxy and its virial radius (r_200)? If you know of such a relation, please post a reference paper.
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Rotational axes of galaxies

The spiral shape is a preferred form for galaxies due to angular momentum, and the axis of rotation indicates a locally preferable orientation for the angular momentum. Why do galaxies in Hubble ...
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31 views

Need help with determining the stellar mass using the NFW profile

My review assignment has a question that asks us to use the Navarro–Frenk–White (NFW) profile to find total mass in the galaxy using $$\rho(R)=\frac{\rho_0}{1+\frac{R}{R_c}}$$ then taking a triple ...
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62 views

Binding energy of a galaxy?

I'm a novice in physics and new to the forms, so please forgive me if this is a dumb question or if this is in the wrong section to be posted, but how would one find the gravitational binding energy ...
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56 views

Dimension of galaxy filaments

Galaxy filaments are amongst the largest known cosmic structures in the universe. They [...] form the boundaries between large voids in the universe. As their name suggests filaments are ...
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28 views

Boötes Void numbers, 2016

As a general science (hence Wikipedia!) reader, the latest information I have is that 60 galaxies have been found and counted inside the Boötes void, this of 1997. (1) What is the latest count of ...
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What sets the lower mass limit for dark matter dominated structures?

Large galaxies appear to be dominated by dark matter, as do dwarf spheroidal galaxies with masses of perhaps $10^6 M_{\odot}$. But (as far as I'm aware) there is no evidence for dark matter in ...
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63 views

Bulge-Disk decomposition in galaxies

I'm starting a new project on dark matter astrophysics in which I have to extract from some data (I will write some below) the surface brightness, to later construct the mass density profiles of de ...
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279 views

Why do galaxies collide? Reconciling dark energy and an expanding universe with the fact that some galaxies are on a collision course

My layman understanding of cosmology is: galaxies are uniformly (more or less) spread throughout the universe, per the Big Bang and the fact that in a central explosion, all dispersed points are ...
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53 views

The reason for the fading of galaxies?

Galaxies that are greater than a distance of c/H metres from Earth have recessional velocities exceeding the speed of light and begin to fade. Thus, theoretical astronomers 3 trillion years the future ...
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Where can I find data for the masses/component velocities of galaxies in the Local Group?

I am trying to run an N body simulation to see how galaxies in the Local Group gravitationally interact for my thesis, but I can't find any data for the masses of the galaxies in the Local Group, or ...
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30 views

How to determine the size of other galaxy's/The dark matter problem

From what i understand there are two methods (well as far as i know) to determine how much mass there is in a distant galaxy. First, Luminosity. By measuring the amount of light produced from a ...
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49 views

Cumulative mass & mass distribution of a disc galaxy

Hernquist has a great formula to represent the cumulative mass of a spherical galaxy (8): http://star-www.st-and.ac.uk/~hz4/contempastro/hqm.pdf 1) Is there any simple formula for disc shaped galaxy ...
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31 views

Velocity dispersion of galaxies

I couldn't find on web how can I get the velocity dispersion and velocity maps of galaxies from the 3D data cube I get from integral field spectrograph.
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192 views

Galaxies and projected radius vs arcmins

I have two sets of data (globular clusters), one for the Andromeda Galaxy and one for the Milky Way. I want to compare the distribution of globular clusters between the two galaxies according to ...
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44 views

Gravity's effects on time

So, in the movie Interstellar they say that one year by the black hole is about 35 years back on Earth (excuse any lack of accuracy in the numbers, I haven't seen the movie in over a year). Now, the ...
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40 views

How are planets distributed in elliptical galaxies?

I'm trying to figure out if planets are equally distributed in galaxies (I'm assuming they aren't) or if there is some logic behind their distribution.
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23 views

Do the arms of spiral galaxies differ based on the speed of which the galaxy is rotating?

If I were to take a circle with strings attached to it and spin it, the strings would behave differently based on how fast the circle is rotating. Do galaxies behave the same way?
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Baryonic Mass Distribution within a Galaxy

My question is related to world-famous galaxy rotation problem and famous diagrams of speed of stars against the distance from the center of the galaxy where "expected" speeds are decreasing with the ...
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57 views

How does mirror matter account for the faster than expected spin of gallaxies?

To explain dark matter, some physicists have postulated the existence of mirror matter as an alternative to WIMPs, where mirror matter particles could interact with one another in the same way as ...
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130 views

What is the equation for Lin-Shu density wave theory?

Lin-Shu density wave theory is a (very good) theory to explain the spiral arm structure of spiral galaxies. Where can I find the equations that underlie this theory? I've seen its computer ...