Massive systems held together by gravitational attraction, consisting of stellar associations, star systems, star clusters and types of interstellar clouds, stellar remnants, gasses, cosmic dust and an important but not yet completely understood component called dark matter.

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11
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6answers
662 views

How Does Hubble's Expansion Affect Two Rope-Tied Galaxies?

Suppose we have two galaxies that are sufficiently far apart so that the distance between them increases due to Hubble's expansion. If I were to connect these two galaxies with a rope, would there be ...
4
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1answer
189 views

Thought experiment: Tethered galaxies - to the extreme [duplicate]

If two rocks were tied together with a tight, absurdly long, non-elastic rope, and placed on planets at either end of Earth's observable universe - or beyond - What would happen? Is the structural ...
0
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0answers
17 views

Galaxy Cluster Data

I have a modification to MOND that appears to work much better than 'Standard' MOND at the galactic scale. I want to test this model now on larger structures. Does anyone know where I can find ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Rotating Direction of spiral galaxies [duplicate]

I am engineer working on some different mechanical tests with spiral shapes. My question are spiral galaxies trailing or facing. I have try to find out on internet but look to me that is not quite ...
0
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1answer
29 views

Good values for gravitational potential [on hold]

In the context of a project, I had to solve numerically Poisson equation with cylindrical coordinates. I put here results for z = 0 on a 3D mesh 256x256x256. Below 1 figure representing the final ...
0
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0answers
8 views

Do the arms of spiral galaxies differ based on the speed of which the galaxy is rotating?

If I were to take a circle with strings attached to it and spin it, the strings would behave differently based on how fast the circle is rotating. Do galaxies behave the same way?
1
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2answers
67 views

Before we realized that supermassive black holes were at the center of large galaxies, how did the models explain galaxies?

So, I was watching this show on Netflix about supermassive black holes. I didn't realize that astronomers were surprised to find these black holes at the center of galaxies, because I cannot imagine ...
2
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2answers
120 views

Lagrangian point or dark matter?

We know that spiral galaxies spin in a way such that we have to assume that dark matter is responsible for the extra mass required to do so. My question is, can Lagrangian points (L1 and L2) be used ...
4
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1answer
68 views

When will galaxies become unstable due to dark energy?

When will galaxies become unstable due to dark energy? What will it be like for a civilization to observe their own galaxy going through this period of instability?
0
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0answers
17 views

Baryonic Mass Distribution within a Galaxy

My question is related to world-famous galaxy rotation problem and famous diagrams of speed of stars against the distance from the center of the galaxy where "expected" speeds are decreasing with the ...
2
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1answer
19 views

Definition of a Supercluster

A group of astronomers in September 2014 redefined what classifies a supercluster. Before this, the supercluster where the Milky Way resides was the Virgo Supercluster. Now, the Virgo Supercluster ...
6
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2answers
159 views

Is most of the matter in the observable universe within galaxies?

Do we know, either through observations or through theory driven computer simulations, the location of the majority of the visible matter in the observable universe? That is, is it located within ...
8
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4answers
390 views

Shapes of galaxies

I've heard most of galaxies are spiral or ellipsoid shaped. Is it true? If true, then why they form in such shapes? How did arms of the spiral galaxies form?
31
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3answers
3k views

Why the galaxies form 2D planes (or spiral-like) instead of 3D balls (or spherical-like)?

Question: As we know, (1) the macroscopic spatial dimension of our universe is 3 dimension, and (2) gravity attracts massive objects together and the gravitational force is isotropic without ...
1
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1answer
65 views

How will the Milky Way / Andromeda combined galaxy appear in 4 billion years?

In 4 billion years, do we we have an idea of what the combined Milky Way and Andromeda galaxy pairing will look like? In particular, will the presumed black hole at the centre of our galaxy, (and I ...
1
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2answers
90 views

Is there a possibility of anti-dark matter?

Based on Galactic Gamma Ray Emission My question is simply put. Although dark matter itself is almost a complete mystery, has anything been published which postulates the existence of anti-dark ...
1
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1answer
40 views

Dark age of the universe

during the early universe and just after the habitable epoch,when the universe was finally cooled down allowing the ions to recombine into atoms, comes the Dark Ages who are currently thought to have ...
3
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2answers
62 views

Do gamma ray bursts play a role in cosmic evolution?

If gamma ray bursts were to interact with gas clouds in the early universe, might it be a relevant factor in star production?
12
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1answer
694 views

Do quasars exist today?

Are there likely to be any quasars right now, or are all the ones we're seeing old galaxies today, like the Milky Way?
5
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7answers
1k views

Is there a black hole in the centre of the Milky Way?

Is it true that the whole galaxy is actually revolving, and powered by a black hole? Has it been proven, and if it is true, how can our solar systems actually keep up the momentum to withstand the ...
1
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1answer
31 views

Galaxy bias and baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO)

I have a doubt with the concept of galaxy bias and how it affects baryon acoustic oscillations, it is supposed to mean that by measuring the distribution of galaxies we are not measuring the actual ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

What does a galaxy orbit?

Moons orbit planets, planets orbit stars, and stars orbit the center of a galaxy. So, my question is what does a galaxy orbit? The center of universe? (I know that the universe has no center)
0
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2answers
101 views

Mass-to-light ratio and rotation curve from brightness profile

This should probably be basic but I've been looking for days and I can't find how to (I'm probably over complicating, but still). I want to calculate a rotation curve for some spiral galaxies. From ...
1
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0answers
125 views

Can one model a spiral galaxy with a similar manifold to one for a whirlpool?

My question is more of a phenomenological question than literal, since the forces involved are very different. When one looks at the distortions (or wrinkles or whatever you wish to call them) in the ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Shape of galaxies [duplicate]

i want to know why galaxies are spiral in nature.. let us say there is some sort of intense mass (black hole?) at the centre of our milky way galaxy. the intense gravitaional pull is keeping evey ...
2
votes
1answer
22 views

numerical galaxy morphology classification scheme

For an assignment, I've been told to divide up the galaxies with a Virgo Cluster Catalog number into early and late-type galaxies using the GOLDMine database, http://goldmine.mib.infn.it:8080/ ...
7
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2answers
7k views

How could scientists know how far a star or galaxy is from us?

How do astronomers measure how far a star (or galaxy) is away from the earth? How would they know that it has taken 13 million years for light to travel in space before it reaches us?
3
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2answers
89 views

Olbers Paradox Solution

Olbers’ Paradox says that in an infinite universe every line of sight will end on a star. Surface brightness is independent of distance (moving a star further away makes it smaller and reduces its ...
1
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1answer
119 views

What will happen to the Earth when Milky Way and Andromeda merge?

Hypothetically, if our solar system survived into the far future and human was still around, is the merge between 2 galaxies were a disaster for lives on Earth? Were the Sun get thrown away from the ...
1
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1answer
533 views

How does color of galaxies explain their distance?

Why do distant galaxies have different colors than closer ones?
0
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2answers
48 views

What is the maximum of information in a beam of light?

If I look at the space I can see the Andromeda Galaxy as a small dot in the sky. If I look through a telescope, I can see the spiral shape. If the saw right through a huge telescope, I could see a ...
33
votes
3answers
2k views

What are galactic speeds measured against?

The Earth moves through space at 67,000 MPH. The Milky Way travels through a local group at 2,237,000 MPH. Wouldn't you need a fixed point to be able to measure velocity against? After all, compared ...
0
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0answers
19 views

Primordial galaxies and associated mass of blackholes [duplicate]

How could primordial galaxies or quasars at great redshifts like quasar ULAS J1120+0641 (detected as per when the universe was 700 mill years old) have blackholes at their centers with the mass of 2 ...
21
votes
2answers
797 views

How do spiral arms form?

Why aren't all spinning galaxies shaped as discs as my young mind would expect? I understand how the innermost parts of a galaxy spin faster than the outer parts, and that could explain why some ...
1
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1answer
90 views

Do the arms of a spiral galaxy spin around like a candy bar in long spirals?

Because the arms of a spiral galaxy have a linear center, perhaps they rotate around their center same as a candy bar spiral or a spiral of smoke? Have similar movements within galaxies been measured? ...
3
votes
5answers
6k views

Why the center of our galaxy doesn't absorb us?

Depending on the theories, the center of our galaxy is a super massive black hole, this is easy to accept as a truth, but what I couldn't simply devour is how the solar system is orbiting around it ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Tidal tails of galaxies after collision

When there is a collision of 2 disc shaped galaxies, there is a tail formation created from both the galaxies. I read here that this was due to tidal forces, but I couldn't figure out how this ...
1
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2answers
63 views

Mass of NGC 1097 Galaxy

I've been looking all over the internet for this and can't seem to find a reference. Can anyone refer me to a paper citing the mass of NGC 1097 based on luminosity?
0
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1answer
59 views

Why is the lyman alpha line asymmetric at high redshift?

If someone could explain this to me I'd be very grateful, thanks.
3
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1answer
73 views

What is the limit for the size of a galaxy?

The largest known galaxy is just 100x more massive than Milky Way. I wonder if there is some physical mechanism (some equilibrium) which limits the size of galaxies or if it is just because of limited ...
5
votes
1answer
107 views

Experimental Data for Mass Distribution of a Galaxy

My goal here is not to discuss dark matter in general. I know there are many other observational clues that hint us towards Dark matter. My goal is simply to understand this argument here a little ...
-2
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there a binary black hole system in the middle of the galaxy?

We have observed gravity effects from black holes in the center of galaxies, but galactic centers are dusty so we can’t tell if it’s one black hole or two black holes in a binary system in there. A ...
4
votes
2answers
485 views

Do green stars exists?

I asked a university lecturer why we don't observe green stars, and he said the blackbody curve averages at that frequency such that the cones in our eyes don't recognise it. I have a hunch that ...
4
votes
2answers
86 views

Distribution of dark matter in galactic halos

Often dark matter around galaxies is referred to as a 'halo'. I've seen the galactic rotation curves, but I'm having trouble visualizing how the dark matter is distributed for a typical rotating ...
6
votes
1answer
373 views

How to tell if a star is in a galaxy?

An astronomer is studying a star that appears to be in a galaxy. How does the astronomer know the star is actually in the galaxy and not just on the same line of sight as the galaxy? I'm guessing ...
0
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0answers
48 views

Has galaxy merger and universe expansion been proven?

I understand the basic argument for hierarchical merging of galaxies during expansion of the universe. I also understand peculiar motion and the Hubble flow. So I understand what's going on with ...
-2
votes
1answer
89 views

Are all galaxies we see really our Milky Way? Any possibility?

There is a possibility for our universe to be the surface volume of a (higher-dimensional) hyperspace. So if this possibility is true,then is there also a possibility that the other galaxies we see ...
6
votes
2answers
132 views

In a random direction, am I more likely to find a dwarf or giant galaxy?

First a couple of disclaimers: My title explains the idea of my question, but I will pose it slightly differently to make it less subjective. This ends up being in the style of a homework exercise ...
2
votes
1answer
356 views

Difference between Gunn Peterson trough and the Lyman Alpha Forest? Cosmological implications?

I'm having difficulty understanding the full implications of the Lyman alpha forest and its use in cosmology. My understanding is this: we detect features in the Intergalactic Medium (IGM) by very ...