Massive systems held together by gravitational attraction, consisting of stellar associations, star systems, star clusters and types of interstellar clouds, stellar remnants, gasses, cosmic dust and an important but not yet completely understood component called dark matter.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

0
votes
1answer
57 views

Why does most galaxies resemble a 2 dimensional plane? [duplicate]

Older galaxies mostly tend the revolve forming a disk. Why are the stars not revolving around the center of the galaxy like a sphere instead similar to electron in an atom?
1
vote
1answer
34 views

What is exactly the “progenitor bias”?

I am taking a course in astrophysics and my teacher mentioned different biases that are present when taking a sample of galaxies: the progenitor bias and the Malmquist bias. I understand very well the ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Why do galaxies in the Local Group not obey the Hubble law?

The way I understand it is that the galaxies in the Local Group have a gravitational attraction that causes a relative velocity inconsistent with the recessional velocity predicted in the Hubble law. ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Observationally distinguishing a galaxy of antimatter from a galaxy of matter [duplicate]

I was just wondering how, observationally, we would distinguish a distant galaxy of "normal" matter from one of antimatter. Maybe there is a simple answer but I don't see it. Once I started thinking ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Do satellite galaxies have the same proportion of dark matter as “ordinary” galaxies

My question is relatively straightforward: Do we know if satellite/ dwarf galaxies contain the same proportion of dark matter to ordinary matter as "regular" sized galaxies? The Milky Way, for ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

Do AGN produce protons that are relativistic enough to collide with the CMB and make pions?

AGN (Active Galactic Nuclei) produce protons in their jets and they are relativistic. I was reading about photo-pion production, where a proton and photon annihilate to produce a pion. Could this ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

About the use of Newtonian Relations for the movement of stars in the Galaxy [duplicate]

From a General Relativity point of view Gravity is given as the result of spacetime curvature interacting with energy-mass density. To get to the Newtonian limit one needs to take a) Non-...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Surface brightness

I have to compute the surface brightness as a function of the radius from the following set of data: {right ascension ($\alpha$), declination ($\delta$), magnitude (m)}. I also know the center of the ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

The reason for the fading of galaxies?

Galaxies that are greater than a distance of c/H metres from Earth have recessional velocities exceeding the speed of light and begin to fade. Thus, theoretical astronomers 3 trillion years the future ...
8
votes
3answers
119 views

Gross “temperature” of a globular cluster

Globular clusters can be very large, which means we can do statistics about the stars in them. And that means we can try matching their star-as-particle potential/kinetic energy distribution against ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

If matter and antimatter repel, how do we know other galaxies aren't made of antimatter? [duplicate]

Wikipedia's article on antimatter says this: There is considerable speculation as to why the observable universe is composed almost entirely of ordinary matter, as opposed to a more even mixture ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Gravity's effects on time

So, in the movie Interstellar they say that one year by the black hole is about 35 years back on Earth (excuse any lack of accuracy in the numbers, I haven't seen the movie in over a year). Now, the ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

Stars more affected by gravity of stars further away, need help understanding argument why

In the first chapter of Binney and Tremaine's "Galactic Dynamics" there is a statement that I don't yet understand. The first chapter of the book is linked here, straight from the publisher. The ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Potential of an axisymmetric disc with constant rotation velocity

I am having trouble understanding why the form of the 3D potential for a disc with a constant rotation velocity for circular orbits of stars within the disc \begin{equation} v(R) = v_0, \tag{1} \end{...
3
votes
0answers
64 views

Binding energy of a galaxy?

I'm a novice in physics and new to the forms, so please forgive me if this is a dumb question or if this is in the wrong section to be posted, but how would one find the gravitational binding energy ...
1
vote
2answers
77 views

The force causing galaxies to accelerate away from each other?

The galaxies in the universe appear to be accelerating away from each other according to the Doppler shift that is present in the light we receive from other galaxies. According to Newtonian ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

Frame dragging resulting in an orbital plane?

In astrophysics today we talked about spinning black holes, ring singularities, and frame dragging. Is this also (to some degree) the cause of the milky way being as flat as it is? Does the spin of ...
4
votes
0answers
48 views

Rotational axes of galaxies

The spiral shape is a preferred form for galaxies due to angular momentum, and the axis of rotation indicates a locally preferable orientation for the angular momentum. Why do galaxies in Hubble ...
3
votes
4answers
77 views

Structure formation: Galaxies as different entities and stars as groups

Why do stars exist in groups like galaxies rather than individual stars, and why do galaxies exist as different entities without continuity and with large intergalactic spaces?
2
votes
0answers
25 views

What sets the lower mass limit for dark matter dominated structures?

Large galaxies appear to be dominated by dark matter, as do dwarf spheroidal galaxies with masses of perhaps $10^6 M_{\odot}$. But (as far as I'm aware) there is no evidence for dark matter in ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Where can I find data for the masses/component velocities of galaxies in the Local Group?

I am trying to run an N body simulation to see how galaxies in the Local Group gravitationally interact for my thesis, but I can't find any data for the masses of the galaxies in the Local Group, or ...
5
votes
1answer
57 views

Need help with determining the total mass using the NFW profile

My review assignment has a question that asks us to use the Navarro–Frenk–White (NFW) profile to find total mass in the galaxy using $$\rho(R)=\frac{\rho_0}{1+\frac{R}{R_c}}$$ then taking a triple ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Questions about shape of dark matter orbits in spiral galaxies

Could someone please describe how are the proposed (calculated) orbits of dark matter? Are they exactly as those of baryonic matter (i.e. spiral), or they are different from those of baryonic matter? ...
-3
votes
5answers
288 views

Is dark matter really there? [closed]

Dark matter has been proposed to explain two phenomena - Uniform velocity curve of spiral galaxies Observed gravitational lensing. If something explains these two, would we still need dark matter?...
8
votes
1answer
139 views

How many galaxies could be the source of the recent LIGO detection?

The recent LIGO detection is pretty exciting, and a lot of people are asking whether there is a chance of optical detection of the black hole pair that created the signal. From a cursory reading of ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Mass and time relativity [duplicate]

In the space between galaxies in the absence of matter, would time run faster than inside a galaxy? A black hole can slow time. Is there a cosmic opposite of that effect on time? Like the following ...
0
votes
3answers
120 views

If our eyes see at the speed of light, how do we know about the current states of stars and galaxies far away?

As you guys know that we see at the speed of light, it means that we see the past of stars and galaxies. So say a star went supernova right now, how are we able to know current state of that star that ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

How to determine the size of other galaxy's/The dark matter problem

From what i understand there are two methods (well as far as i know) to determine how much mass there is in a distant galaxy. First, Luminosity. By measuring the amount of light produced from a ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

What is the limit of the deep field exploration?

The deep field exploration is quite fascinating, first the Hubble Deep Field (HDF) showing a small piece of the Univers one billion year after the Big-Bang, next the Hubble Ultra-Deep Field (HUDF), ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

How are planets distributed in elliptical galaxies?

I'm trying to figure out if planets are equally distributed in galaxies (I'm assuming they aren't) or if there is some logic behind their distribution.
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Bigger Galaxies = Faster Clocks [closed]

There are in all about 100 known galaxies with blueshifts out of the billions of galaxies in the observable universe. We have Blue-shifted galaxies are in our own local group, and are all bound to ...
2
votes
3answers
109 views

How big bang could produce later collisions

The Milky Way and the Andromeda galaxies are supposed to "collide" in 4 billion years (collide in the sense of overlapping space, but nothing is really supposed to contact anything else). Assuming: ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Visible Mass Distribution in a Galaxy [closed]

Is there any known relationship between stellar density and distance from the galactic centre? I want to know how the visible matter is distributed in the galaxy, especially at the bulge.
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Why do distant galaxies (quasars) look white in photos?

My question is inspired by this question about red shift. When viewing photos of distant galaxies, especially quasars, they are often shown as white. However, the light would have been red-shifted. ...
9
votes
3answers
247 views

Coupling between galaxy spin and central black hole spin

What is the relationship between the spin of a galaxy and the spin of its corresponding black hole? Associated questions: Do they always have the same axis of rotation? Do they always spin in the ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Eccentric binary black holes

Comparable-mass binary black hole inspirals and mergers are expected to be an important source of gravitational wave signals for current and future ground-based detectors. It is generally expected ...
8
votes
1answer
795 views

The final parsec “problem”

Many and perhaps all galaxies seem to contain supermassive black holes of about $10^7 M_\odot$ at their centres. Determining their origins is of great astrophysical interest. In what I understand to ...
3
votes
0answers
36 views

Why is the galaxy's dark matter halo a sphere instead of a disk? [duplicate]

I understand that the galaxy is disk shaped because it has a substantial total angular momentum (if that's the right term). If the dark matter halo is a sphere, does that mean that its total angular ...
2
votes
2answers
190 views

Does Newtonian physics work on a galactic scale?

I'm currently working on a simulation that aims to use Newton's Law of Gravitation to simulate how a galaxy behaves gravitationally. While I haven't gotten the simulation finished yet, I have had a ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Astrophysics of spirals [duplicate]

What accounts for the structure of spiral galaxies? I would seem that, considering gravity is proportional to distance, outer objects could not be connected in any way to inner objects (ie. a spiral) ...
40
votes
3answers
7k views

Why don't galaxies orbit each other?

Planets orbit around stars, satellites orbit around planets, even stars orbit each other. So the question is: Why don't galaxies orbit each other in general, as it's rarely observed? Is it considered ...
0
votes
3answers
207 views

What part of the Milky Way do we see?

I have seen several pictures depicting our galaxy, but I would like to clarify the following: Picture 1: Picture 2: What part of the galaxy is depicted in the first picture, which is taken from ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

How Does Rotational and Turbulent Motion Contribute to the Pressures of Dynamical Systems?

Rotational and turbulent motion can deepen a gravity well in a galaxy or galaxy cluster. In an analysis of the mass components of a large body, this would appear to be one of the components. Does it ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

How is the total mass of Andromeda determined?

I am currently attempting to use Doppler shifts on both the advancing and receding sides of the galaxy to determine the mass. I am not sure exactly how I would convert the advancement and recession ...
3
votes
2answers
153 views

Why is “gravitational” red-shift neglected in galaxy and galaxy cluster scales?

The red-shift of the light of a star in a galaxy or that of a galaxy in a cluster of galaxies is generally interpreted as how fast the star or the galaxy is moving, i.e. it is interpreted in a purely ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Cumulative mass & mass distribution of a disc galaxy

Hernquist has a great formula to represent the cumulative mass of a spherical galaxy (8): http://star-www.st-and.ac.uk/~hz4/contempastro/hqm.pdf 1) Is there any simple formula for disc shaped galaxy ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Do clocks near the centre of the galaxy run slower than clocks at the edge? [duplicate]

Does an astronaut floating in space near the center of the galaxy, where the mass density is higher (let's ignore the dark matter halo for this example) have a clock that runs slower than an astronaut ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Bulge-Disk decomposition in galaxies

I'm starting a new project on dark matter astrophysics in which I have to extract from some data (I will write some below) the surface brightness, to later construct the mass density profiles of de ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Explanation for Spiral galaxies [duplicate]

Can anyone explain to me why our galaxy is spiral and not irregular or spherical? Please be specific and if maths is required to state what you mean precisely, use it. I will understand it much better ...
0
votes
1answer
159 views

Why are galaxies flat since it's an unstable configuration in 3d? [duplicate]

I'll probably have to delete this question because someone's already asked it, but what accounts for the stable 2-d structure of spiral galaxies in three dimensional space (assuming random starting ...