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3answers
134 views

Does energy conservation not hold in fission and fusion processes?

I have read that during fission and fusion processes, there is some kind of equilibrium between the single nucleus and the disintegration products, so they are constantly being converted into each ...
0
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2answers
37 views

Is there a difference in the energy output of a nuclear fission reaction as opposed to fusion?

For example, if I split a Helium atom will I get the same amount of energy as when I fuse Hydrogen into Helium? If there is a difference, what will be the difference (in general not according to ...
2
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1answer
72 views

What is the main thermal energy source for a protostar, the contraction or the deuterium burning energy?

According to the virial theorem, when a protostar contracts, half of the gravitational potential energy is radiated and half is kept as kinetic energy of the falling material which in turn heats the ...
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1answer
36 views

What is an element's “weight” when talking about “elements heavier than iron” being formed in supernovae

I always hear that elements heavier than iron are formed in supernovae. But, what is taken as an element's weight? I had always believed that this meant any elements with an atomic number greater than ...
0
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1answer
23 views

Is there any difference between fusing and smashing particles?

Fusion reaction In fusion process, a condition is required to allow the process to take place. Temperature (energy) + close contact (overcome coulomb barrier). The process normally observed inside of ...
3
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0answers
57 views

nuclear fusion scaling with reactor size

Thinking about physics of thermonuclear fusion, I have always intuitive sense, that making fusion feasible is matter of reactor size. In other words I feel like: if the fusion reactor is big enough ...
2
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0answers
29 views

How large should an optically large fusion reactor be?

This is just theoretical consideration. I expect that size of the reactor would be impractical to build on Earth, but I'm interested how much. EDIT: perhaps it could be good for some huge spacecraft ...
2
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0answers
44 views

Nuclear fusion ignited by neutron capture

Does anybody know if there was some attempt to make a hydrogen (fusion) bomb using neutrons released from the fission primary? e.g. using $^{10}\text{B}$ hydrate as a fuel? Assuming reaction ...
2
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0answers
91 views

Calculating the minimum Lawson parameter for sustained d-d fusion

Calculate the minimum Lawson parameter for sustained deuterium-deuterium fusion in a plasma with an energy of 10 keV. I have been given the above question as part of a homework assignment and help ...
1
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0answers
72 views

Hydrogen-boron fusion

Recently I found out that Hydrogen-1 and Boron-11 together are considered a viable nuclear fuel. Fusion of Hydrogen-1 and Boron-11 produces three highly energetic Helium-4 nuclei. Basically the entire ...
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0answers
62 views

Effective Coulomb barrier for deuteron

What is the effective Coulomb barrier for a Deuterium-deuterium fusion reaction? I am seeing temperatures of about $40 \times 10^7 K$ online, but have no idea how they are getting this. If we have ...
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0answers
43 views

MHD stability - boundary conditions

In Freidberg's 'Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy,' ch. 12.4 p 311, right after deriving the Linear Force operator and momentum equation in which it is used $$ -\rho \omega^2 \boldsymbol\xi = ...
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0answers
46 views

Could deuterium saturated palladium capsules be used for inertial confinement fusion?

NIF(National Ignition Facility at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California) uses the ICF (inertial confinement fusion) approach in order to harvest fusion energy. At NIF, indirect ...
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0answers
39 views

Fusion plasma compression with liquid metal

General Fusion plans to use an imploding shockwave of molten lead to compress a magnetized plasma "spheromak" target in order to make it burn more efficiently. How come the lead does not quench the ...
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0answers
73 views

Understanding the concept of cross section

The cross section is a tiny area, measured in barns ($10^{-28} \mathrm{m^2}$), which relates to the probability of a reaction. But I have trouble interpreting that number. For example how can I ...
0
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0answers
59 views

Polarizing virtual photons to make fusion easier?

So, this is probably incredibly foolish, outlandish, etc but I figure I'd post it anyways. Basically I was thinking about how the Deuterium nuclei repel each other and how they do this by exchanging ...
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0answers
46 views

Does the plasma move in the tokamak?

I was reading about tokamaks, for usage in fusion, and it seems that the positive ions circle in one way in the toakmak, while the negative circles in another. That would make a lot of sense, as it ...
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0answers
50 views

What highest amount of energy can we get from a laser?

Can we get high energy from laser like fusion and fission reactions ? what is highest energy we can get from laser ?
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0answers
127 views

Can we use a warp bubble for nuclear fusion?

I understand NASA is now experimenting with a tweaked Alcubierre drive. Apperantly some physicists predict crazy heat (hotter than the sun) inside the warp bubble caused by Hawking radiation (recent ...