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1answer
18 views

Water behaviour under theoretical near-infinite pressure conditions

I've asked a similar question here but the answer given shows the behaviour of water under general conditions. I'd like to know what the behaviour of water is like as pressures increase towards ...
0
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2answers
48 views

Trigger supernova artificially [on hold]

Is there a way to artificially trigger a given star to be supernova? Is this theoretically possible? I would appreciate fast ways. For instance, preference will be given for ways that doesn't take ...
-1
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2answers
564 views

Quantum Mechanics and nuclear fusion

I've been told that, according to QM, when Hydrogen atoms are left together there is a non-zero probability that they spontaneously fuse (I accept this bit). I've been told further that, because of ...
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3answers
1k views

How much iron would I have to shoot into the sun to blow it up?

My understanding--though it's from a Science Channel show so I'm not sure if it is correct--is that there is a fusion reaction happening in the center of the sun. Atomic nuclei are being created and ...
5
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4answers
4k views

Where does the energy produced by fusion come from?

Fission, in layman's (or "initiate's") terms, is easy enough to understand; a large atom with a lot of protons and neutrons requires a large amount of force provided by the strong interaction to ...
2
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1answer
41 views

Questions regarding the feasibility of “Jupiter”-like fusion reactor

I was reading this post from this website: Turning Jupiter into a star It basically talks about whether fusion can or does happen in the core of Jupiter. I know Jupiter cannot become a star, but I ...
0
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1answer
61 views

Fusion reactors why does size matter?

I've been following articles about fusion recently, and with the ITER project mostly. I have noticed that their view point is they need to build a large scale reactor in order to achieve their goals. ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Proton 'Laser' ? could we get a laser-like effect? [closed]

This is a speculative question. question: Can we gain protons, by smashing a high speed proton into a hydrogen plasma? Background: I was thinking about how lasers repeatedly send the photons thru ...
4
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0answers
164 views

Are Lockheed Martin nuclear fusion claims realistic? [duplicate]

Lockheed Martin reported breakthroughs on nuclear fusion technology for energy. Are these claims scientifically realistic? The claims have been reported in the media: ...
6
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1answer
283 views

Can the High beta fusion reactor work?

Are the claims made about the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_beta_fusion_reactor realistic? Can such a small fusion reactor really work?
0
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0answers
31 views

Fusion plasma compression with liquid metal

General Fusion plans to use an imploding shockwave of molten lead to compress a magnetized plasma "spheromak" target in order to make it burn more efficiently. How come the lead does not quench the ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Would a matter-antimatter explosion cause fallout?

I know matter and antimatter annihilation release a lot of gamma rays which are considered ionizing radiation if I am not mistaken. But what if the explosion happened on the surface of the earth, ...
6
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3answers
2k views

Origin of elements heavier than Iron (Fe)

In all the discussions about how the heavy elements in the universe are forged in the guts of stars and especially during a stars death, I usually hear that once the star begins fusing lighter atoms ...
3
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1answer
118 views

Could tidal effects make matter hot enough for nuclear fusion?

There was a recent question about cosmological firewalls. Putting aside questions of entanglement and information and looking at the problem from a pure mechanical viewpoint, we know that although ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Is the E-cat by Andrea Rossi et al. for real?

Does this thing really do what they say? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EhvD4KuAEmo If it does, it looks like this will probably be the biggest breakthrough in science ever :)
5
votes
3answers
260 views

Tokamaks and the reason they are still not efficient

I'm curious about why tokamaks are inefficient as generators. In laymans terms, what is the main reason(s) tokamaks still cannot be used as generators? My limited understanding of tokamaks tells me ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Why is plasma confinement on the NIF called inertial confinement when it appears to be confined by pressure?

I've heard that unlike Tokamaks that use magnetic confinement of the plasma, the NIF project uses 'inertial' confinement. What's inertial about it? Do they spin the plasma to use angular momentum like ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Working of fusion reactor

The present type fusion reactors use the magnetic confinement technique for the production of energy. Moreover only 48% for the energy is only absorbed and converted into useful energy . Why we are ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Why doesn't fusion contradict the 1st law of thermodynamics?

I was reading up on the 1st law of thermodynamics for my Chemistry exam and I was wondering why doesn't fusion contradict the 1st law of thermodynamics? The 1st law states that The energy of an ...
3
votes
2answers
66 views

Nuclear fusion using electromagnetic fields

I was just thinking about how deuterium and tritium are charged particles and so I couldn't help but wonder why we don't use the same process used in the LHC(electromagnetic fields to accelerate ...
3
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1answer
58 views

What is relationship between Quantum tunnelling and Gravitational potential energy of stars?

Are there a direct mathematical relationship between Quantum tunnelling and Gravitational potential energy of stars? The true source of the Sun's energy was shown by Hans Bethe to be nuclear fusion ...
1
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1answer
47 views

How can fusion within the sun be possible if there is no such thing as helium-2 (2 protons, no neutrons)

As stated in the question where does the sun(or other star) get the necessary neutron in order to produce the Helium atom? and how does this process occur (explain how the neutron incorporates).
1
vote
1answer
60 views

How much fuel is needed for a constant-acceleration rocket?

My son and I have been discussing the concept of a constant-acceleration rocket, as described here and here. We're willing to assume advanced technology such as a fusion rocket, which, according to ...
2
votes
2answers
81 views

Can a laser be designed to ionize muonic atoms so as to prevent a-sticking?

Muon catalyzed fusion is currently little more than a lab curiosity today in part because of how many hydrogen nuclei can be fused before the muon is carried away by an alpha particle. ...
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9answers
10k views

Can Jupiter be ignited?

Our solar system itself contains two candidate "Earths" One is Jupiter's moon Europa and another is Saturn's moon Titan. Both of them have the problem of having at low temperature as Sun's heat ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

How long does it take plasma to radiate its heat?

Lets say we have 1 gram of plasma (Argon) at 1 million kelvin confined in a vacuum with electromagnets. If we keep the magnets on but shut down the device that heated the plasma, how long will it take ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

Why is the triple product nτT used instead of the individual three criteria?

Why is the criteria for fusion represented as a triple product nτT instead of the n,τ,T individually? i.e saying the density has to be above this value, temperature above this value? What are the ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Why is the D+T fuel inside a pellet in two distintic regions in fusion after compression

Could anyone explain why the D+T inside the pellet is in two distinct regions? And why the center is a lot less dense than the outside region? I have been trying to find answers online but i cant ...
0
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1answer
45 views

The formation of shockwave inside pellets in inertial confinement fusion

In the explanations i have read on the internet about ICF they all explain that the top layer of the pellet or the ablator is heated till it explodes and this produces a reaction force which compress ...
1
vote
1answer
151 views

Help with Modeling a Liquid Vortex. (Related to General Fusion)

I want to model liquid lead swirling in a sphere. This is connected to General Fusion’s fusion machine. A 55 million dollar, Jeff Bezos funded, 60 person company trying to change the world with ...
2
votes
4answers
193 views

Why do almost all nuclear reactions release energy?

I'm just wondering why almost all nuclear reactions release energy, in a typical way, the mass defect is transformed into energy ? Is there a nuclear reaction that gains mass (resp. energy)? or most ...
0
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0answers
58 views

Understanding the concept of cross section

The cross section is a tiny area, measured in barns ($10^{-28} \mathrm{m^2}$), which relates to the probability of a reaction. But I have trouble interpreting that number. For example how can I ...
0
votes
3answers
135 views

Is the solar energy Infinite?

Is the solar energy coming from the sun infinite and will continue to be radiated to our earth forever? (discarding any outer factors) what's the sun's fuel?
2
votes
3answers
771 views

cosmic radiation muons as a source for muon-catalyzed fusion

taking rough numbers from here and here, it seems that with natural cosmic radiation sources, we could sustain $10^6$ muon-catalyzed fusion reactions per square-meter per minute. This would be $14 ...
4
votes
1answer
156 views

Helium Fusion and the Origin of Elements

In the fifth of his Messenger Lectures Feynman mentions the fact that Carbon-12 has an energy level at 7.82 MeV. He then states that this is what enables the fusion of three Helium-4 ions into Carbon ...
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1answer
78 views

Whether nuclear physics or nuclear engineering is suitable for doing research in nuclear fusion? [closed]

I want to do research in making nuclear fusion sustainable for electrical energy production , which field I should choose? and it is worth doing research in fusion now, since many of them are saying ...
6
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2answers
407 views

When did the first carbon atom in the Universe come into existence?

I am a chemist with a passion for astrophysics and particle physics, and one of the most marvellous things I have learned in my life is the process of stellar nucleosynthesis. It saddens me how my ...
0
votes
2answers
91 views

requirements for hydrogen fusion

What are the requirements for hydrogen atoms to go through fusion? Is it a ratio of heat to pressure or are there specific heat and pressure values that must be met (per atom or per mole?) Are there ...
2
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2answers
138 views

Can Deuterium undergo a nuclear fusion without the presence of Tritium?

I've been reading about fusion fuels for a while now, and I understand that in Lithium-Deuterium fuel, the neutrons from the fission reaction bombard the Lithium to produce Tritium and the D-T ...
3
votes
2answers
214 views

Neutron generators as Fusion reactor

One way of generating neutrons is by fusing D-D or D with T. In neutron generators that work by acceleration D-ions into a solid matrix of e.g. metal and T or D (metal hydrides). Such generators can ...
8
votes
2answers
245 views

What is the difference between the KDEMO and DEMO projects?

I'm writing a paper on the future of fusion technology and I can't seem to find the difference between Europe's DEMO experiment and Korea's KDEMO except for the fact that they are both planned to ...
0
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0answers
53 views

Polarizing virtual photons to make fusion easier?

So, this is probably incredibly foolish, outlandish, etc but I figure I'd post it anyways. Basically I was thinking about how the Deuterium nuclei repel each other and how they do this by exchanging ...
0
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2answers
54 views

Energy realized in fusion and electrons?

I was doing this question about the energy released in a fusion reaction: In the mark scheme it included the mass of the electrons (for part cii) on the left and just used the mass of protons for ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Calculate the average temperature needed for hydrogen fusion reaction [duplicate]

my question is simple. How can we calculate the temperature needed in order to do the nuclear fusion things , and also the temperature after the reaction successful. If you can describe it, it ...
4
votes
1answer
92 views

Is nuclear fusion via underwater vacuum possible?

An under water explosion creates a bubbly which quickly collapses on itself. The action takes less that 1/100 of a second for bubbles less than a foot across. This creates a point of extremely ...
3
votes
2answers
205 views

Does magnetic geometry determine the scaling of a Polywell fusor?

Does magnetic geometry determine the scaling of a Polywell fusor? Forgive imprecise terminology here - by "magnetic geometry" I mean the configuration of the magnets, the configuration that creates ...
3
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2answers
158 views

How clean will first generation fusion reactors be compared to fission reactors?

Googling the topic seems to indicate that fusion reactors will produce less waste and less toxic radioactivity, but this fact never seems to be mentioned during the current debate over nuclear power. ...
16
votes
2answers
566 views

Is there a sound theoretical argument against inner-shell induced nuclear chain reactions?

There is a claim often made about cold fusion, that it is excluded theoretically. The main theoretical argument is that electronic energies are too low to overcome the Coulomb barrier, since d-d ...
1
vote
2answers
250 views

Light formed by the sun?

This is an extract from the astrophysics chapter in my book: Hydrogen atoms fuse to form helium. At the same time, lots of of gamma photons and neutrinos are produced. The photons take thousands ...
3
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1answer
61 views

pp chain gamma decay / intermediate state

Based on the first equation at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proton%E2%80%93proton_chain_reaction $$_1^{1}H+_1^{1}H \to _2^{2}He+\gamma$$ Is it correct to say that in the P-P chain two hydrogen atoms ...