The tag has no wiki summary.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
2answers
40 views

If planet like Jupiter is massive enough to hold hydrogen with its gravity is it bound to become a star?

I have been reading about Jupiter as of late and reason I am asking is if Jupiter has strong enough gravity to pull hydrogen to itself then it should be only matter of time when it will acquire enough ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Difference between fusion plasma and fluorescent lamp plasmas

How is the plasma in a compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) different from a plasma in say ITER or the sun? Why does ITER need 100MK and a CFL can work at practically room temperature (apart from the ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Are fusors a cost-effective source of helium?

It's not hard to imagine geology that didn't give us convenient concentrations of terrestrial helium, or that someday soon we'll have exhausted those natural sources. How cost-effective is existing ...
5
votes
3answers
167 views

Why does fusion stop at iron when nickel is most tightly bound?

My understanding is that stellar fusion naturally stops at iron because it is energetically unfavourable to grow the nucleus further. But iron is only the third most tightly-bound nucleus, nickel is ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

What is the lowest possible theoretical temperature that nuclear fusion can occur at?

I am not talking about the pseudo-science of so called cold fusion I am interested in what temperature you can get away with to produce fusion reaction. I was thinking in terms of micro-fusion or at ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

What is the main thermal energy source for a protostar, the contraction or the deuterium burning energy?

According to the virial theorem, when a protostar contracts, half of the gravitational potential energy is radiated and half is kept as kinetic energy of the falling material which in turn heats the ...
8
votes
2answers
133 views

Why more Fe-56 than Ni-62 as fusion product in heavy stars?

Suppose we create an Fe-56 nucleus and an Ni-62 nucleus, each from individual protons and neutrons. In the case of Ni-62, more mass per nucleon is converted to binding energy. Thus we could argue the ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Hydrogen-boron fusion

Recently I found out that Hydrogen-1 and Boron-11 together are considered a viable nuclear fuel. Fusion of Hydrogen-1 and Boron-11 produces three highly energetic Helium-4 nuclei. Basically the entire ...
10
votes
3answers
3k views

Origin of elements heavier than Iron (Fe)

In all the discussions about how the heavy elements in the universe are forged in the guts of stars and especially during a stars death, I usually hear that once the star begins fusing lighter atoms ...
3
votes
1answer
46 views

Solar Power Fusion

Would it be possible through a clever arrangement of solar dishes, lenses and mirrors etc, to create fusion at the focal point? Imagine you arrange your solar dishes, lenses and mirrors in such a ...
3
votes
0answers
39 views

How large should an optically large fusion reactor be?

This is just theoretical consideration. I expect that size of the reactor would be impractical to build on Earth, but I'm interested how much. EDIT: perhaps it could be good for some huge spacecraft ...
2
votes
2answers
143 views

Does energy conservation not hold in fission and fusion processes?

I have read that during fission and fusion processes, there is some kind of equilibrium between the single nucleus and the disintegration products, so they are constantly being converted into each ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

What is an element's “weight” when talking about “elements heavier than iron” being formed in supernovae

I always hear that elements heavier than iron are formed in supernovae. But, what is taken as an element's weight? I had always believed that this meant any elements with an atomic number greater than ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

Is an H bomb a better “fusion reactor” than the Sun's core?

A few days ago I asked about a fusion reactor design I was thinking about and got a well-founded answer by #BowlOfRed#. There is the question I posted: Another cold-fusion reactor scheme :) Is it ...
2
votes
2answers
652 views

Complete list of nuclear fusion reactions

Could anyone suggest good source of all fusion reactions and their cross section vs energy graphs, including ones which were ruled out for nuclear fusion reactors (i.e. including endothermic and ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

nuclear fusion scaling with reactor size

Thinking about physics of thermonuclear fusion, I have always intuitive sense, that making fusion feasible is matter of reactor size. In other words I feel like: if the fusion reactor is big enough ...
-1
votes
1answer
86 views

A possible way to initiate a nuclear fusion reaction without a nuclear fission trigger [closed]

A few years back I read in either Popular Science or Popular Mechanics about a new kind of high explosive that had an energy density many times higher than the most potent ones previously developed, ...
1
vote
3answers
491 views

Could the LHC be used for fusion experiments? [duplicate]

Just looking at the beam energy and peak power for the LHC, 360 MJ and petawatts, respectively, dumped in about 100 µs, would this be sufficient to do useful fusion experiments?
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Is there any difference between fusing and smashing particles?

Fusion reaction In fusion process, a condition is required to allow the process to take place. Temperature (energy) + close contact (overcome coulomb barrier). The process normally observed inside of ...
1
vote
0answers
98 views

Fusion - A List of Experimentally Achieved Beta Numbers in Magnetic Confinement [closed]

I want a list of all the beta numbers achieved in across all magnetic fusion energy devices. This is not theory, but the actual number measured experimentally. No list like this exists. The beta ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Have scientists always known that the Sun was not a fuel+air system?

Astronomy is far older than nuclear physics. So there was a long time in which fire was a reasonable explanation for the sun burning. Has any scientist figured out the sun cannot possibly be a normal ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Electric Field inorder for Fusion to occur

If I want to do D-D -> He + n fusion in an electric field - what potential would I need? So I know the coulomb barrier is at $U=k^2 \frac{e^2}{10^{-15}} = 1.44 MeV$ This is when the strong force ...
4
votes
1answer
52 views

PP Chain and CNO cycle relationship

At what temperature would the energy generation rates of the PP-Chain and CNO cycles be roughly equivalent? The dependences are so vastly different that I am wondering how and by what equations they ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Effective Coulomb barrier for deuteron

What is the effective Coulomb barrier for a Deuterium-deuterium fusion reaction? I am seeing temperatures of about $40 \times 10^7 K$ online, but have no idea how they are getting this. If we have ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Why is there such an interest in Helium-3 and Moon mining?

A simple Google search reveals dozens of articles about the clean fusion energy that can be obtained from Helium-3. As Helium-3 is highly scarce on Earth, there are many spectacular schemes for ...
0
votes
2answers
43 views

Is there a difference in the energy output of a nuclear fission reaction as opposed to fusion?

For example, if I split a Helium atom will I get the same amount of energy as when I fuse Hydrogen into Helium? If there is a difference, what will be the difference (in general not according to ...
3
votes
2answers
274 views

Neutron generators as Fusion reactor

One way of generating neutrons is by fusing D-D or D with T. In neutron generators that work by acceleration D-ions into a solid matrix of e.g. metal and T or D (metal hydrides). Such generators can ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Working of fusion reactor

The present type fusion reactors use the magnetic confinement technique for the production of energy. Moreover only 48% for the energy is only absorbed and converted into useful energy . Why we are ...
6
votes
4answers
5k views

How do you build a nuclear reactor in your garage?

When I came across this link earlier today, I was astounded. Nuclear reactors are immensely complex devices that took scientists years to develop, and are usually housed in huge facilities. The link ...
0
votes
1answer
102 views

Fusion reactors why does size matter?

I've been following articles about fusion recently, and with the ITER project mostly. I have noticed that their view point is they need to build a large scale reactor in order to achieve their goals. ...
5
votes
1answer
186 views

What types of fusion reactions happened in population III stars?

I have read that, in smaller stars, such as our Sun, the fusion reaction that takes place is a proton-proton chain, or PP chain for short. From what I have learned, in larger stars, a different ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

How often does nuclear fusion occur within the human body?

I'm just curious. I figure atoms fuse occasionally just by chance, like quantum tunneling or rogue waves. Is this true? If so, any idea how often?
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Nuclear fusion ignited by neutron capture

Does anybody know if there was some attempt to make a hydrogen (fusion) bomb using neutrons released from the fission primary? e.g. using $^{10}\text{B}$ hydrate as a fuel? Assuming reaction ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

How much potential fusion energy is in Earth's ocean?

Assuming the most efficient manner for extraction, and a ready supply of other necessary materials not mentioned herein, and given the current estimates about the volume of Earth's ocean, how much ...
3
votes
3answers
745 views

Is nuclear fusion possible on planets in our Solar system?

Apart from thermo-nuclear reactions in the Sun, (and in hydrogen bombs and other methods developed by scientists) does nuclear fusion occur naturally in the planets? If not, why? Also, do the Sun ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

What makes red giants big? [duplicate]

I read some about red giants and so far I understand red giants become exhausted of burning hydrogen in the core, so then start hydrogen burning at shell and may or may not be burning helium in the ...
2
votes
5answers
476 views

Why do almost all nuclear reactions release energy?

I'm just wondering why almost all nuclear reactions release energy, in a typical way, the mass defect is transformed into energy ? Is there a nuclear reaction that gains mass (resp. energy)? or most ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Could deuterium saturated palladium capsules be used for inertial confinement fusion?

NIF(National Ignition Facility at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California) uses the ICF (inertial confinement fusion) approach in order to harvest fusion energy. At NIF, indirect ...
4
votes
1answer
173 views

Chemical and stellar evolution in stars

I'm having an exam soon where I have to discuss/describe the follow figure: It's the first figure I have to explain, and it was on the same slide as the one below, so I'm thinking they are somewhat ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

Can open, unsafe nuclear fusion reaction burn the atmosphere?

I happened to hear people saying that the nuclear fusion bomb tests could set the atmosphere on fire. I have some serious doubts about that - but I have no facts. Nuclear fusion reaction requires ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Water behaviour under theoretical near-infinite pressure conditions

I've asked a similar question here but the answer given shows the behaviour of water under general conditions. I'd like to know what the behaviour of water is like as pressures increase towards ...
-1
votes
2answers
726 views

Quantum Mechanics and nuclear fusion

I've been told that, according to QM, when Hydrogen atoms are left together there is a non-zero probability that they spontaneously fuse (I accept this bit). I've been told further that, because of ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

How much iron would I have to shoot into the sun to blow it up?

My understanding--though it's from a Science Channel show so I'm not sure if it is correct--is that there is a fusion reaction happening in the center of the sun. Atomic nuclei are being created and ...
5
votes
4answers
7k views

Where does the energy produced by fusion come from?

Fission, in layman's (or "initiate's") terms, is easy enough to understand; a large atom with a lot of protons and neutrons requires a large amount of force provided by the strong interaction to ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Questions regarding the feasibility of “Jupiter”-like fusion reactor

I was reading this post from this website: Turning Jupiter into a star It basically talks about whether fusion can or does happen in the core of Jupiter. I know Jupiter cannot become a star, but I ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Proton 'Laser' ? could we get a laser-like effect? [closed]

This is a speculative question. question: Can we gain protons, by smashing a high speed proton into a hydrogen plasma? Background: I was thinking about how lasers repeatedly send the photons thru ...
4
votes
0answers
171 views

Are Lockheed Martin nuclear fusion claims realistic? [duplicate]

Lockheed Martin reported breakthroughs on nuclear fusion technology for energy. Are these claims scientifically realistic? The claims have been reported in the media: ...
6
votes
1answer
858 views

Can the High beta fusion reactor work?

Are the claims made about the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_beta_fusion_reactor realistic? Can such a small fusion reactor really work?
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Fusion plasma compression with liquid metal

General Fusion plans to use an imploding shockwave of molten lead to compress a magnetized plasma "spheromak" target in order to make it burn more efficiently. How come the lead does not quench the ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Would a matter-antimatter explosion cause fallout?

I know matter and antimatter annihilation release a lot of gamma rays which are considered ionizing radiation if I am not mistaken. But what if the explosion happened on the surface of the earth, ...