The resistance a surface or object encounters when moving over another.

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292 views

Why does the overhand knot jam but the figure-8 knot doesn't?

After tensioning a rope with an overhand knot in it, it is often very hard if not impossible to untie it; a figure-8 knot, on the other hand, still releases easily. Why is that so? Most "knot and ...
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56 views

Why do icebergs move perpendicular to the wind?

I know it has to do with to Coriolis force and the Ekman layer but I didn't really understand the explanation. From Wikipedia: "Ekman transport, part of Ekman motion theory first investigated in ...
4
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32 views

What is the specific source(s) of sliding kinetic friction

In simplistic (K-8) physics classes, it seems to be generally instructed that the friction between two moving surfaces is due to the unevenness of each surface and the microscopic roughness. However, ...
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23 views

Coulomb's static friction in multidimensional case - decide which mass begins to move

Consider a system of N coupled oscillators, under the effect of elastic forces, damping, dynamic and static friction and an external force; for simplicity, let's suppose $N=3$. The friction model is ...
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100 views

Can I use the reduced mass principle in a spring-damper system?

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/orbv.html#rm I want to know, if I can use the reduced mass principle to solve a two object spring-damper system. In the books and webpages that I have ...
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189 views

Is there any place you can safely skydive without a parachute?

While trying to explain to someone how a kitten walked away from a fall from a skyscraper I got to wondering if there's any place a human could do that and I find myself out of my depth. The only ...
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432 views

Why did increasing the Ackermann geometry in my race car make it faster in corners?

Ackermann geometry is used to account for the different radius arcs that the front tires follow when the steering wheel is turned from center. It's often expressed as a percentage: e.g. 25% Ackermann, ...
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14 views

Ski treadmill materials

This ski treadmill is not much of an incline, but it still allows people to ski and carve out turns. What materials have such a low coefficient of friction, yet allow higher friction at higher ...
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125 views

Friction in Lagrangian formulation

We know the Lagrange equations are: $$\frac{\partial \mathcal{L}}{\partial q_i}-\frac{d}{dt}\left(\frac{\partial \mathcal{L}}{\partial \dot{q_i}}\right)=0.$$ Then, when we add friction in there, we ...
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28 views

work done in observer frame

I had a few questions. 1) Is work done independent of the refrance frame? 2) Suppose a cart-A with rough surface is accelerating with an acceleration a and another cart-B with acceleration b. Now to ...
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86 views

Can iron filings on a magnet be removed using a stronger magnet?

After some experiments, I had some NdFeB permanent magnets "contaminated" with iron filings, sticking to it's poles surfaces/edges - you may have seen that before. There are some working ways to ...
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40 views

Friction of an object falling between two walls

I'm simplifying this problem into 2D for easier understanding. Lets say we have 2 vertical walls separated by distance x. Inside these walls I place an object that is only slightly smaller than x in ...
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407 views

Why does the mass of an object on a frictionless surface matter?

I'm given a physics problem about a climber hanging over a cliff and attached by rope to a rock on level, frictionless ice. The goal is to find the acceleration of the pair. After working out the net ...
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27 views

A more rigid explanation of “path of least resistance”

In order to try to understand the centripetal force and more specifically how it works for cars, I watched this YouTube video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bB6R1rx5bOA The video offers a good ...
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81 views

How do whitening toothbrushes work?

Certain "whitening" toothbrushes are sold and I was wondering about the mechanisms behind the tooth whitening process. I suspect this is related to the shape and arrangement of the fibres, probably ...
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45 views

Friction effects on ball motion direction when crossing surfaces edges

For a ball rolling from a high friction coefficient surface to an adjacent low friction coefficient surface. When the ball crosses the boundary at an angle, I believe it changes angle of velocity, ...
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214 views

Is it possible to increase the electromagnetic repulsion between two particles?

Given the fact that the force stopping me falling through the ground is the electromagnetic repulsion between the electrons in my feet and the ground, would it be possible to increase this repulsive ...
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113 views

Is there quantitative theory of cutting with edge or blade

I wonder if there is some simple theory of what determine efficiency ( speed, energy end force required ) of cutting by edge ( blade , knife, sword ) At least something phenomenological like in ...
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171 views

Is there any role of steering in turning?

I am aware of the practical requirement of turning the steering wheel to turn a car while going on a straight and even curved road. But in the proofs of turning of car on leveled or banked curves, ...
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118 views

Finding kinetic friction coefficient

A box is thrown up an incline with degree $\alpha$. the kinetic-friction coefficient is $\mu_k$. the body returns back to its start point. a. prove ...
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715 views

Forces on two boxes

This is a problem from my problem sheet but we haven't yet covered the material or received our books. There is a small box of mass $m_{1}$ resting on a plank, of mass $m_{2}$ and length $L$, which ...
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195 views

Friction From an Object On-Top of a Sliding Object

Consider a block $A$ lying on a flat and frictionless table, and a block $B$ lying on top of block $A$. A horizontal force $F$ is applied to block $A$. If there is no friction between blocks $A$ and ...
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77 views

Modeling of exact stick-slip-friction using Linear complementarity problems (LCP)

Within my master's thesis, I try to model a machine elements and have to model the exact slipping and exact sticking between the bodies. So I noticed that such problems can be formulated as a LCP. ...
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60 views

Modeling Acoustic Lubrication

I thought about posting this question in the Biology StackExchange site but really it is just the application of my question that applies to biology not the core of the question itself. Can anyone ...
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0answers
575 views

What is the angle of the string with the vertical?

A heavy uniform sphere of radius $a$ has a light inextensible string attached to a point on its surface. The other end of the string is fixed to a point on a rough vertical wall. The sphere ...
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1k views

FPS to MKS usage issues

I'm currently taking a high school physics class and we're doing friction problems now. I've been doing the ones that use MKS perfectly well, but when the problems start to use the FPS system, I'm ...
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297 views

Stoke's Drag Constant

I'm trying to calculate Stoke's drag constant using the equation found here. The system I wish to calculate it for is a mass oscillating vertically on a spring through air. The temperature is 25 ...
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15 views

Friction Loop Formulation

I am not a physics guy so I am sorry if my question is too dumb. I want to know if we have two bodies in contact with each other, we often see the force and some displacement in form of a friction ...
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54 views

Dissipative forces and reversible processes

A book that I have contains the following lines: For a process to be reversible, the dissipative forces such as viscosity and friction should be absent. My question is why?
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31 views

How to derive friction laws?

How do I derive the laws: $$F_s = \mu_s N, F_k = \mu_k N$$ For static and kinetic friction? It was one of the very first things I was ever taught in a physics lesson, and yet to this day I still ...
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47 views

Stokes' law and settling particle speed

What are the forces that are exerted when a particle is dragged by air flow in a tube and settles within some distance? Does Stokes' law calculate the net force, taking into consideration of all these ...
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0answers
41 views

Pulley Friction

Why is the frictional force of a rotating pulley 0? For example, consider two masses and a string that links those masses passing through a pulley. Why do we not account for the frictional force of ...
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27 views

Friction between needle and bearing

I have a question about friction and its effect on materials. Please forgive my long description of the problem. I have made a Device that is designed to slowly oscillate a magnetically suspended ...
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28 views

How does magnetic field gets generated by friction between high temperature molten metallic cores?

I was watching "Strip the cosmos" show on Discovery science channel last day and they explained that earth produces magnetic field due to rubbing of the two concentric cores, both the molten metal ...
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91 views

Does reducing the surface area between 2 objects reduce friction?

I am 3d printing a system where a gear like object is compressed against similar sized plates on both sides. However, for the first prototype there is too much grinding, making rotation difficult. I ...
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44 views

Will charge transfer without friction

I know rubbing two objects of different materials together will result in a negative charge on whichever material has a higher electron affinity. However, I was wondering if a negatively charged ...
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27 views

Rolling drag and action-reaction forces

I do not understand the two factors acting on the car during driving, they are Rolling drag which it is rolling resistance and action-reaction forces. If the Rolling friction reduces the the car ...
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45 views

Paradoxical Friction When Frying Eggs

I cook scrambled eggs for breakfast in an 8-inch diameter non-stick frying pan with sloping sides (approx 45 degrees). I cook the eggs in a lot of butter and bacon grease that is melted firest, so ...
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49 views

Force acting on a wheel of a two-wheeled self balancing bot

Proceeding further with my work on a self-balancing bot as posted here: http://bit.ly/1FfI6LK I've gotten stuck at the following equation: n = Gear ratio $K_t$ = DC motor torque constant $i_l$ = DC ...
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94 views

Drag coefficient of a rectangular prism

How do you find the drag coefficient, specifically for a rectangular prism-shaped body? What other factors must be taken into consideration when calculating this value?
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50 views

Free body driagram of box and plate with a friction force on a smooth surface

On a smooth surface we have a plate of 40 kg and on that plate a a box of 10 kg. Between the plate and the box there is a ...
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66 views

Static Friction on Windmill?

If I know the wind speed applied to the windmill, and the time it takes to start moving, is there any way to calculate the static friction?? Also is there any way to calculate the force of the wind? ...
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30 views

Dependence of kinetic friction on relative velocity

While I was reading my book I came across a line that tells that there is slight dependence of kinetic friction on velocity of relative motion of the bodies. Can anyone tell me how is this so?
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34 views

Frictional loss of matter

How do we account for the loss of matter from an object due to friction ? Is it simply a phenomenon or result of any other process ? Eg :The loss of matter from the rubber tyre
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126 views

Space elevator: a Earth rotation brake model

I read this article regarding the space elevator. A very long carbon nanotubes string, running from the Earth surface into the vacuum of the space. Tension and friction, an enormous quantity of ...
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53 views

Help with incline plane intuition?

I am doing a simple project for a self-learn class with a friend to understand physics better over the summer. We slide down a hill on a tarp on an ice-block and then half way down, we hit grass and ...
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535 views

Why friction force is force of constraint?

My understanding about constraint force is that it is a force which limits the geometry of particle's motion. For example, situations such as the particle trapped in a track or limited in domain can ...
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2k views

Damping ratio and damping coefficient of two objects connected by spring

There are two objects m1 and m2 connected by a spring and a viscous damper (e.g car body and wheel connected by spring) From wiki: $\zeta ={c \over 2{\sqrt {mk}}}$ ζ is damping ratio, c is damping ...
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468 views

Work done by rolling vs skidding friction force

Two identical bicycles having equal weight riders are traveling along a level road adjacent to each other with the same non-zero velocity. Bike A, (the "skidder"), applies the rear brake strongly ...
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111 views

What allows for more traction: Rubber or skin?

Suppose I am on a soccer field running, and the field is composed of grass and soil. I also own a pair of shoes in the shape of feet, so when I am put them on, it's really just rubber protection. I ...