The resistance a surface or object encounters when moving over another.

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+100

Showing that a mass moves a half cycle

Consider a mass $m$ at position $x(t)$ on a rough horizontal table attached to the origin by a spring with constant $k$ (restoring force $-kx$) and with a dry friction force $f$ $$\begin{cases} ...
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1answer
23 views

Consistent method for finding direction of static friction

I am having trouble coming up with a consistent method of determining the direction of static friction. So far the best I have come up with is: it should oppose the relative acceleration the contact ...
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1answer
52 views

Why don't things balance after they stop spinning?

When I spin a penny, I spin it on its "edge" (circumference). So why is it that when the penny inevitably stops spinning, it never comes to rest on its edge, instead falling onto one of its faces? It ...
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2answers
50 views

Kinetic friction with no force on an object

We've learnt that friction is the opposition of force and that friction appears the instant a force is applied on an object i.e when an object is at rest (with no force acting on it) then there is no ...
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2answers
28 views

Why are tensions in the pulley different when the pulley has a mass or moment of inertia?

When two blocks are connected by a string passing over a pulley whose moment of inertia is given (means pulley is not massless) then why does the string not have same tensions?
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4answers
79 views

Why spinning a pen makes it easier to remove it from the stand?

I have a ballpoint pen stand on my desk. The pens are held inside their caps with the point down, like this one (but not as fancy): If I try to simply pull up one pen, the friction between cap and ...
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0answers
24 views

Three blocks on inclined plane problem [on hold]

I came across this problem on physicsgalaxy.com. My approach: Found limiting friction between 30 kg and 50 kg as 72 N. Found limiting friction between 50 kg and 40 kg as 256 N. Now P+50 sin(37) ...
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2answers
47 views

Will the gravitational pull of air affect the falling rate of an object?

After looking at this question: Don't heavier objects actually fall faster because they exert their own gravity? A thought occurred to me that due to the increased gravitational pull of the ...
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1answer
44 views

How can we account for a friction force changing sign in a conservation of energy equation?

I want to solve a simple mechanical problem whereby three forces act upon an object. $F_1 = (10 - x)$ N $F_2 = -3 N$ (friction force) $F_3 = -10x$ N So at $x$ = 0 we see that $F_1$ + $F_2$ + $F_3$ ...
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6answers
3k views

Conical train wheels

I've been reading about how the conical shape of train wheels helps trains round turns without a differential. For those who are unfamiliar with the idea, the conical shape allows the wheels to shift ...
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3answers
53 views

Velocity and acceleration with variable friction

If you have a body on a table,with a velocity $u_0$, going from a non friction area to a friction area, how do I find the function for velocity and acceleration due to the variable friction force(T). ...
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0answers
23 views

A problem from the Rudolf Ortvay Competition in Physics [closed]

PROBLEM STATEMENT: A uniform circular disc is kept face down on a table which has a uniform friction coefficient.It is pushed in such a way that there is translational as well as rotational motion of ...
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1answer
34 views

Question based on friction force [closed]

How will you solve this question using high school physics? It is based on friction force (as you can see, obviously). I have problem determining the direction of friction.
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1answer
40 views

What is force of static and kinetic friction? [closed]

While I am asking more than one question in this thread they are all small concept tests that you can answer with a yes or no, and is all related to me understanding kinetic and static friction. ...
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3answers
58 views

A block sliding down a ramp lab (with friction), I keep getting a higher final energy than initial

A block of 55 g is sliding down a ramp of 35 degrees of inclination. The hypotenuse of the ramp is 63 cm and the height is 36 cm. vi = 0 as the block starts at rest. I did 3 trials of letting the ...
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6answers
1k views

Why is friction force negative in ice skater problem?

A 68.5 kg skater moving initially at 2.40m/s on rough horizontal ice comes to rest uniformly in 3.52s due to friction from the ice. What force does friction exert on the skater? I am not really ...
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14answers
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Is it possible to walk in a friction-less world?

Is it possible to walk in a frictionless world. I think you won't be able to walk because walking depends on friction acting on your feet. I think about it like an ice rink because when you try to ...
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1answer
18 views

How is inertia related to friction?

Inertia is the tendency for moving object to continue to move at constant velocity. My book says "in order to initiate motion in an object, inertia must be overcome to start the movement." But that ...
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1answer
49 views

Work done by friction on a ball flying through air [closed]

A baseball of mass 145 g leaves a pitcher’s hand at 150km/hr, but due to constant air resistance, it arrives at home plate 20.0m away traveling at 145km/hr Assume that the magnitude of the ball’s ...
3
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1answer
300 views

Rolling a ball into a cone; what should the forces overall be?

This is my solution to finding angular displacement/velocity/acceleration on cone so far. Consider a cone, with an apex of half-angle $\psi$ pointing down, and a height of $h$. If I roll a ball into ...
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1answer
25 views

Does a propeller being pushed through the air have more friction if free to spin?

I just passed a boat being pulled on a trailer and noticed the propeller spinning in the wind. I began considering the possibility that a propeller free to spin might cause less friction against the ...
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2answers
89 views

Damping Constant for a Ball Rolling in a Bowl

How would you find the damping constant of a ball rolling without slipping in half of a sphere? I know how to find the period of the oscillation, but how would I find the damping constant ...
2
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1answer
105 views

What determines the speed required to pull a table cloth?

I was watching this show "Street Genius" on National Geographic and the host Tim Shaw demonstrated an experiment about Inertia, What he did was, He tied one end of a table cloth to a car through a ...
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3answers
59 views

How to apply Newton's first law to moving object?

I'm new to many forces, such as gravity and friction, and I don't really know how they work. I'm trying to simulate a ball bouncing with a program, and it travels at a constant speed horizontally. I ...
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5answers
5k views

Water pressure calculation for a volume of water at a given height

I'm looking to create a rain harvesting system. I have a 275 gallon IBC tote that is 48" x 40" x 46". I have an adapter for a 3/4 garden hose at the bottom of the IBC tote. I'm trying to figure out ...
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1answer
379 views

Walking and Friction

If walking is a result of the reaction to a kick backwards to the ground (reaction being friction), it appears that it should be true that the kick will have to be less than the kinetic friction ...
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2answers
74 views

A confusion regarding friction

Suppose there is a block which is being pulled by two forces A,B in opposite direction(as shown in figure). If we have no information regarding the forces $A$ and $B$, can we tell whether there is any ...
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1answer
314 views

Block Sliding Down a Plane (Perpendicular Velocity)

I'm having trouble understand the concepts for this problem. Here's the problem: A block is placed on a plane inclined at angle $\theta$. The coefficient of friction between the block and the ...
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1answer
51 views

How does a skater moves by pushing sideways?

Take a look at this video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EmMf91AVUXc or take a look at the following screenshot. As you can see, the skater pushes almost perpendicular to the direction of movement ...
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3answers
375 views

Why friction is zero when wheel slip is zero? [duplicate]

From most graph, when the tire doesn't slip, then the friction is zero, for example see the below image Why there is no friction when there is no slip? As the car stand still on slope, there is no ...
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2answers
728 views

Does body weight affect the speed when going downhill on a mountain bike?

We know heavier objects fall faster when dropped at certain height. I was wondering if I am going downhill on my mountain bike without any peddling, will I travel faster or slower because I am fat?
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1answer
46 views

Friction as a Non-conservative force

Intuitively, one can find friction to be a non-conservative force. How can one prove that it is non-conservative?
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3answers
42 views

Frictional forces apposing motion

Please could someone help with some physics about resistive forces that would slow a ball down which is rolling across a floor. I have found conflicting bits of information about the effect friction ...
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5answers
1k views

Would a three wheeled vehicle be faster than a four wheeled vehicle of the same weight?

If I have a four wheeled vehicle (small wooden block with metal nail axles and plastic wheels) and apply a force X to it, would it be made faster by keeping one wheel off the ground in order to reduce ...
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1answer
38 views

What is the best way to calculate speeds at other points in a venturi-tube when knowing one?

I and a friend have made a venturi tube trough which water flows at a low speed. The flow is therefore laminar. We measured the static pressure using some piëzometers at the points 1,2 and 3. We know ...
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2answers
37 views

Does rolling friction depend on area of contact?

We know that forces of static or kinetic friction do not depend upon the area of contact of the two surfaces, is it applicable to rolling friction as well?
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0answers
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Why is $f_\mu=-\mu |<w, -v>|\tau$

Given a point-like object $M$ with weight $w$ traveling down a curve $\gamma$ with constant gravity experiencing a frictional force $f_\mu$. Let $v$ denote the unit normal vector to $\gamma$ at $M$. ...
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2answers
1k views

Different directions of frictional force when objects are rolling

My textbook has two instances of rolling bodies (smooth rolling). In the first, the body is rolling on the horizontal floor with some acceleration of its centre of mass. In this case, the book says ...
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4answers
925 views

Does stopping the same bike and rider at the same velocity with the front brake require less energy than the back brake?

It's the same body made by the rider and the bike moving at the same speed. So, even though braking on the front/back alters the normal forces on the opposite wheels thus creating more friction with ...
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3answers
5k views

Does friction decrease as objects move faster against each other?

I was told that the faster two objects move against each other, the less the friction between them would be… compared to if they were moving slower. So does friction decrease when the body is moving ...
3
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1answer
125 views

Is it possible to eliminate Van der Waals interactions?

I came to know that the friction force actually depends on the surface contact area due to weak interactions (adhesion due to Van der Waals forces) between the atoms of both materials increasing in ...
3
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3answers
436 views

Would this box on the floor rotate based on friction?

There is a floor that friction is proportional to its velocity (like $F=-kv$) and there is a box with its width as $l$ and its height as $h$. (you may assume that $l$ is longer than $h$). It is on the ...
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1answer
34 views

Are coefficients of friction invariant by switching the materials?

I don't have the ability to make the experiment to answer these questions : Let $A$ and $B$ be two materials. Is the static coefficient of friction of $A$ on $B$ equal to the static coefficient of ...
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1answer
112 views

Inclined plane, circular motion and the friction

Suppose we have a cylinder on an inclined plane of mass $m$ and radius $R$ moving without sliding (so that $\varepsilon = a/R$). Why is the friction $F$ causing the circular motion sometimes lower ...
0
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1answer
34 views

Work done by friction on a body?

I know that when a body slides over a surface, the work done by friction is not stored as potential energy in the body. It is dissipated in the form of heat. But why is it not stored as potential ...
2
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1answer
174 views

Heuristic equation for Friction force between materials

I'm programming a game where different types of objects will be sliding over different types of terrains (Top-down in two dimensions). At my current level of physics education we are given the ...
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2answers
44 views

Why is sliding friction more than rolling friction? [duplicate]

Frictional force doesn't depend on area of contact. So why is co efficient of rolling friction less than coefficient of sliding friction?
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0answers
25 views

Flow Rate Calculation from a drain tank through a pipe [duplicate]

I want to know how to calculate the flowrate (Q) of a drain tank flowing through a pipe (see the figure below) All I know is that Q=Velocity(V) x Area (A) V= sqrt(2*g*H)=sqrt(2*9.81*10)=14m/s. I ...
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1answer
186 views

Sliding ruler on table top

I've got a standard foot-long flat plastic ruler (about an inch wide) and a desk with a smooth formica-like surface. When idly passing time reading on the computer, I will pick up one side of the ...
3
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2answers
171 views

Conceptual rolling

If you could roll a ball down a slope with friction, we would all know which direction the ball is rolling. However, say we have a frictionless slope and we roll the ball in the opposite direction and ...