The resistance a surface or object encounters when moving over another.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
0answers
18 views

Quick question on rotational motion

This is a quick one. (AP Physics B 1977): A box of mass M, held in place by friction, rides on the flatbed of a truck which is traveling with constant speed $v$. The truck is in on unbanked circular ...
23
votes
3answers
2k views

Why doesn't a fly fall off the wall?

Pretty simple question, but not an obvious answer at least not to me. I mean you can't just place a dead fly on the wall and expect it to stay there, he will fall off due to gravity. At first I ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Why does friction produce heat?

What causes two objects sliding against each other to produce heat? Why don't they generate visible light or something else?
1
vote
3answers
70 views

When only part of the surface an object is in contact with has friction, what is the normal force I should use?

I have the following exercise: A uniform rod of mass $M$ is given a horizontal velocity $v$ on a rough track as shown in the figure. The surface is rough on the right side of the origin $O$ and ...
0
votes
2answers
3k views

The direction of frictional force in smooth rolling motion

I want to ask about the direction of frictional force in smooth rolling motion which means the rolling object doesn't slide on the surface. Here is the first case, the wheel rolls to the right so the ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

How does the rolling resistance of sticky tires scale with speed?

If I have a wheel that has a soft tire that sticks to the ground, will the rolling resistance (not the traction of the wheel, I mean how much force it takes to keep it rolling at the same speed) scale ...
3
votes
3answers
88 views

Is static friction the only force causing a car to move (without sliding)?

A car is moving without sliding means that the friction between wheels and the ground is static friction. This is the force causing an object to move forward, therefore, its direction is the same as ...
1
vote
3answers
302 views

Finding the acceleration of a mass/pulley system without knowing the direction of the displacement

I have the following question: I noticed that if I solve for the acceleration assuming that the acceleration is occuring to the left, I get the equation: $\displaystyle a = ...
2
votes
7answers
23k views

Water pressure calculation for a volume of water at a given height

I'm looking to create a rain harvesting system. I have a 275 gallon IBC tote that is 48" x 40" x 46". I have an adapter for a 3/4 garden hose at the bottom of the IBC tote. I'm trying to figure out ...
1
vote
2answers
35 views

Why does a ball eventually stop?

I was wondering, if the force of friction with the ground does not make any work on the ball and just give it the necessary torque to rotate (hence the consideration of static friction coefficient in ...
3
votes
3answers
31 views

Why does a pot start rotating when coffee is stirred inside?

I usually make Turkish coffee as my morning coffee. I have a small somewhat rounded pot with handle on one side. I noticed that when I pour water in and start stirring, pot has a tendency to start ...
-1
votes
1answer
55 views

Circular motion and inclined friction [on hold]

I'm given the following picture: A car with the mass m passes the top of a hill with the height H. The coefficient of friction is $µ$. The speed of the car is $v_0$ in the moment of braking. ...
0
votes
2answers
41 views

Difference between stiffness and damping?

I understand stiffness as the extent to which an object (e.g. a mass spring) resists deformation from an applied force, or the rigidity of an object. And I understand damping as the energy ...
2
votes
1answer
254 views

Heuristic equation for Friction force between materials

I'm programming a game where different types of objects will be sliding over different types of terrains (Top-down in two dimensions). At my current level of physics education we are given the ...
-2
votes
0answers
35 views

What is $T_1$ and what is $T_2$ in Capstan law? [on hold]

How do I determine which force is which (T1 or T2) in the Capstan law? In case there is no rotation and in case there is rotation of the capstan.
0
votes
2answers
26 views

Will kinetic friction change when normal force and coefficient of friction remains the same?

Based on common knowledge, a car can do uniform motion in any velocity when the applied force(by engine) do not exceed the maximum kinetic force of friction which can be calculated by: $$\ F_f = \mu_k ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

The instability of dry friction

Based on Newton Dynamics, the kinetic force of friction of any moving object can be found by using formula, $$F_f = \mu_k F_N $$ This means that if $\mu_k$ and $\ F_N$ remains constant, the ...
3
votes
0answers
27 views

Can't identify static and kinetic friction regions

EDIT:I would like to say thank you to those who have commented so far trying to help me. It is really appreciated!! In a project, I am analysing the frictional behaviour of different specimen on a ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

How to calculate torque required? [closed]

Here's my problem diagram: I am working on a hobby project in which a motor is required to rotate a pulley that is connected to a pendulum as shown in the image. The maximum torque, Horsepower and ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Pendulum with Viscous and Frictional Damping

I am trying to model a pendulum with both viscous and frictional (Coulomb) damping. The problem is that the viscous damping only occurs in one direction because I am modeling a dashpot that only has ...
1
vote
1answer
14 views

Do dimples reduce laminar drag across a surface?

My question is about laminar flow across a smooth surface. I have read about how the eddy currents, caused by dimples, at the surface help a blunt object travel through the air with less drag as in a ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Friction of a scissor [closed]

How can the friction by a scissor blade be related to its angle? To be more specific this is the question that I came across. A scissor is used to cut a wire of circular cross section and ...
6
votes
1answer
581 views

Lagrangian and Hamiltonian EOM with dissipative force

I am trying to write the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian for the forced Harmonic oscillator before quantizing it to get to the quantum picture. For EOM $$m\ddot{q}+\beta\dot{q}+kq=f(t),$$ I write the ...
0
votes
1answer
231 views

Inclined plane, circular motion and the friction

Suppose we have a cylinder on an inclined plane of mass $m$ and radius $R$ moving without sliding (so that $\varepsilon = a/R$). Why is the friction $F$ causing the circular motion sometimes lower ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Problem involving Energy Method and Non-conservative Forces [closed]

I've got a problem in my physics I class that's got me stuck at the moment. A box is placed onto an angled plane so that it compresses a spring. When released, how far up the plane does the box go? ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

When to consider friction as an impulsive force?

Suppose a ball obliquely strikes a rough horizontal surface then it experiences a frictional impulse and conservation of linear momentum cannot be done on the horizontal direction. Now consider ...
2
votes
3answers
127 views

Where does the energy go when engine braking?

If you're in gear in a car and not accelerating, the car slows down faster than it would from just air resistance and tire deformation. In normal braking, the energy is turned into heat from the brake ...
1
vote
2answers
31 views

How can you tell if the work done by a force is negative?

This is kind of confusing to me. I'm guessing that it's specific to the problem. Is the work done by friction always negative? Is the work done by gravity always negative? Spring as well? It seems ...
3
votes
2answers
266 views

Sliding ruler on table top

I've got a standard foot-long flat plastic ruler (about an inch wide) and a desk with a smooth formica-like surface. When idly passing time reading on the computer, I will pick up one side of the ...
0
votes
1answer
208 views

We cannot solve this inclined plane problem, right?

We drag a sledge along a snow-covered hillside with constant speed. Distance is 150m. The time it takes to reach the top is 300 secs. The sledge is 12kg. And the coefficient of friction $\mu$ = 0.04. ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Can a 2 HP motor move a 1,000 lbs flat-bottom boat across a flat material surface? [migrated]

There is a small 13' long x 6' wide, 1,000 lbs (total weight of everything) all-fiberglass white pontoon boat with dual flat-bottom fiberglass pontoons. (Each flat pontoon bottom is 2' in width, with ...
6
votes
5answers
142 views

A conceptual doubt regarding Forced Oscillations and Resonance

While studying about the Resonance and Forced Oscillations, I came across a graph in my textbook that is given below:- Now, the author writes As the amount of damping increases, the peak shifts ...
1
vote
1answer
188 views

How can angular velocity be constant even when there is a torque by friction?

A cylinder at rest lying on a rough ground is given an impulse which imparts a translational velocity (no angular velocity) to it. The question goes ahead with finding time after which rolling starts ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Friction forces on stack of blocks

Consider a block sliding on a surface, with friction between the two. The friction force will be equal to $\mu N$, where $N$ is the normal reaction force, which is usually equal to $mg$, where, $m$ is ...
3
votes
1answer
578 views

Rolling a ball into a cone; what should the forces overall be?

This is my solution to finding angular displacement/velocity/acceleration on cone so far. Consider a cone, with an apex of half-angle $\psi$ pointing down, and a height of $h$. If I roll a ball into ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Angular Acceleration of a Pendulum

I am trying to work out the mathematics behind the design of an old mechanical brake tester. The device sits in the passenger foot well of a vehicle and tests the brake efficiency. The device is ...
11
votes
7answers
1k views

Why doesn't an object, despite having a non-zero potential energy stored in it, fall by itself from the elevation?

When an object is at a certain height, it has some energy stored in it as we have done some work on it to get it to that height. So when it already has energy, then why doesn't it fall off from the ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Increasing frictional force without increasing normal force

Is it possible to achieve 10N of frictional force while only having 1N of normal force, using a coefficient of friction no greater than 1? My grade 11 physics teacher is asking us to do this. He ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Rheological Definition of Friction

I was listening to a record at our university about friction and its rheological definition. For the first moment I thought that its the normal definition Friction is the force resisting the ...
0
votes
1answer
157 views

Explanation about friction force directions of two moving bodies in contact

can someone explain me why in this scenario (picture below) we have a friction force Ftr12 in the same direction as movement (left part of the picture, case 1 ) and how these directions of friction ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

Work done by friction on a body?

I know that when a body slides over a surface, the work done by friction is not stored as potential energy in the body. It is dissipated in the form of heat. But why is it not stored as potential ...
6
votes
3answers
10k views

why making a surface “super” smooth increases the coefficient of friction?

I read that: If you take a rough surface and make it smooth, the coefficient of friction decreases. But if you make it super smooth, then the coefficient of friction increases. How come?
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Force conversion in a barrel cam-follower mechanism

A barrel cam-follower mechanism consists of a (cylindrical) barrel with a cam track, a cam-follower (roller) inside of the track, a fork connected to the cam-follower and a guide along which the fork ...
1
vote
0answers
9 views

pulley friction difference between static and sliding surfaces

the pulley friction question for static cases is T2/T1=e^μθ. When the surfaces between the belt and the wheel slide, how can we determine the friction? Is it the same friction? Is there a different ...
0
votes
2answers
30 views

Why does limiting friction have to act when a block tied to a wall is pulled?

A block lying on a rough surface, is connected to a wall by a mass less, inextensible string and an unknown amount of force is applied to the block opposite to the side of the wall. Now, if it is ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Understanding role of friction in block on block problems

Consider two blocks stacked on top of one another. There is friction between the blocks but there is no friction between the lower block and the table. So the only frictional force that tends to ...
0
votes
2answers
189 views

Damping Constant for a Ball Rolling in a Bowl

How would you find the damping constant of a ball rolling without slipping in half of a sphere? I know how to find the period of the oscillation, but how would I find the damping constant ...
0
votes
1answer
151 views

Consistent method for finding direction of static friction

I am having trouble coming up with a consistent method of determining the direction of static friction. So far the best I have come up with is: it should oppose the relative acceleration the contact ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

Different directions of frictional force when objects are rolling

My textbook has two instances of rolling bodies (smooth rolling). In the first, the body is rolling on the horizontal floor with some acceleration of its centre of mass. In this case, the book says ...