The resistance a surface or object encounters when moving over another.

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1answer
24 views

Erosion effect from Coriolis force in a South-to-North water channel?

Imagine we could build a channel (like those cool ones in some countries) but very, very long, parallel to a meridian (ie South-North direction).. The channel would contain water, which would ...
1
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1answer
26 views

Pseudoforce and friction: confusion

Consider the following situation. A block of mass $M$ is resting on a rough horizontal ground, and a frame is moving towards the right horizontally with an acceleration $a$. Suppose the coefficient of ...
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2answers
1k views

Finding max height of a mass launched by a spring?

I have the following problem on my homework. The actual problem has numbers, but I figure using symbolic notation will help me understand the concept in the long run. A block of mass $M$ is launched ...
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5answers
137 views

Who does work while walking?

While walking the work done by friction is zero. But who does the work, actually? How someone is getting displaced? This situation also arises when someone climbs without slipping or is climbing a ...
2
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1answer
75 views

Heuristic equation for Friction force between materials

I'm programming a game where different types of objects will be sliding over different types of terrains (Top-down in two dimensions). At my current level of physics education we are given the ...
0
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1answer
24 views

Why is there a static frictional force on an object that rolls without slipping?

It is clear that if a frictional force must exist on an object that rolls without slipping, it must a static frictional force because the contact point of the object with the ground does not move. I ...
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0answers
27 views

A Nutcracker problem [closed]

Consider a nutcracker, with a ball-shaped nut like shown in the figure: I want to find the minimal coefficient of friction, $\mu _{min}$ so that the nut would not slip between the two levers. So, we ...
0
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0answers
25 views

A triangle in static position [closed]

Consider the following: Find the normal force the wall is exerting on the trianlge, given that the triangle is unifrom in its mass with weight $W$, its lengths are $a$ and $b$ as indicated and there ...
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2answers
20 views

A statics problem to find minimal friction

consider the following: I need to find the minimal coeeficient of friction $\mu _{min}$ so that both recatngle boxes would remain static. The lower angle in the triangle is $2\alpha$ as indicated. I ...
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3answers
2k views

The direction of friction for a car wheel

In this particular example shown the image below (from engineering dynamics - Meriam), I do not figure out why the direction of friction is in direction of the translation of the car? Or I just ...
1
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1answer
72 views

Is static friction an impulsive force?

For example: let's consider a static sphere on an horizontal rough surface. I apply an impulse $J$ parallel to the ground and in the middle of the sphere. If, like my book says, the friction is not an ...
1
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1answer
61 views

How does static friction increase with increase in the applied force?

My book says that 'Between surface of contact between two bodies there are contact forces applied between each other (they are equal in magnitude but opposite in direction,obeying Newton's 3rd law) ...
0
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2answers
65 views

Physical interpretation of initial conditions for damped mass-spring system

I have background in pure mathematics so my question is about physical meaning. If we consider equation for damped mass-spring system, it is linear ordinary second order differential equation. So to ...
2
votes
2answers
221 views

Approximating Rolling/Sliding in 2D Shape

I'm trying to find more information on how a 2D shape (could be defined by a function, such as ellipse, or by a polygon) will roll across a surface. The shape could be nearly circular or quite ...
2
votes
1answer
189 views

How is circular motion possible on a banked road when there is no Friction?

It is given here that the maximum safe speed of a vehicle on a banked road having coefficient of friction $0$, is $V =\sqrt{R g \tan \theta}$, where $\theta$ is the angle of banking. I can't ...
3
votes
4answers
218 views

Would a three wheeled vehicle be faster than a four wheeled vehicle of the same weight?

If I have a four wheeled vehicle (small wooden block with metal nail axles and plastic wheels) and apply a force X to it, would it be made faster by keeping one wheel off the ground in order to reduce ...
4
votes
1answer
167 views

If friction disregard area, why the direction you drag a long object matters?

I am talking here about dry friction between solid objects, for example a ruler and a table, not anything lubricated or fluid. I noticed that with a ruler and a table for example, if you drag the ...
1
vote
2answers
32 views

Finding coefficient of friction between block and plane [closed]

An inclined plane makes angle $\theta$ with horizontal. Upper half plane is perfectly smooth where as lower half is rough. The block of mass m starts sliding from top. If the block again comes to rest ...
2
votes
1answer
187 views

Push a box in a plane with friction. How to deal with the rotation?

Suppose I have a box (say, length-1m, width-1m, height-0.5m) on the plane with friction. I can apply a horizontal force in on the surface of the box. If the force doesn't pass through the center of ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Modeling a stool with three legs pushed on one leg

If a stool with three legs is pushed (horizontally) on one leg in the direction of the axis passing through the other two legs, it starts both moving and rotating. Is it correct to assume 1/3 of ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

Sliding ruler on table top

I've got a standard foot-long flat plastic ruler (about an inch wide) and a desk with a smooth formica-like surface. When idly passing time reading on the computer, I will pick up one side of the ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Moving wedge and pulley system

A wedge of mass $M$ rests on a rough horizontal surface with coefficient of static friction $\mu$. The face of the wedge is a smooth plane inclined at an angle $ \alpha$ to the horizontal. A mass ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Angular Velocity after a frictional impulse

I am modelling 2D physics collision into simulations. In Physics for Game Programmers, Grant Palmer book, the velocity Vn1 after collision is mentioned to be independent of the friction coeff. ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Does distance traveled by a vehicle after its engine has been switched off depend on its mass at all?

A vehicle moving with some velocity on a rough horizontal road finally comes to rest after its engine has been turned off. Intuitively, it seems a vehicle with greater mass would stop first because it ...
9
votes
3answers
415 views

What is the physics of a spinning coin?

When we spin a coin on a table, we observe 2 things: It slows down and stops after sometime. It does not stay at just one point on the table but its point of contact with table changes with time. ...
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0answers
21 views

Inclined plane problem with friction [closed]

A block of mass 6.0 kg slides from rest at a height of 2.0 m down to a horizontal surface where it passes over a 1.5 m rough patch. After crossing this patch it climbs up another incline which is at ...
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0answers
22 views

Static Friction on a Circular Road [duplicate]

I was recently brushing up on my dynamics, when I saw the interpretation of how a car moves in a circular road. Apparently, the car can stay in a circle due to static friction acting inwards. But I ...
0
votes
1answer
169 views

Damping Coefficient for a Hydraulic-Controlled Door

I am not very good with physics terms, so please treat me as an ignorant. I am trying to calculate a damping coefficient dynamically for a hydraulic-controlled door that opens and closes due to ...
3
votes
0answers
41 views

How to get rotation speed after disk-disk collision?

Assume two circular disks A and B collide. They have both initial linear momentum and angular momentum. If their surface has no friction, their angular velocity does not change after collision, so I ...
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0answers
38 views

How do whitening toothbrushes work?

Certain "whitening" toothbrushes are sold and I was wondering about the mechanisms behind the tooth whitening process. I suspect this is related to the shape and arrangement of the fibres, probably ...
2
votes
2answers
262 views

Would this box on the floor rotate based on friction?

There is a floor that friction is proportional to its velocity (like $F=-kv$) and there is a box with its width as $l$ and its height as $h$. (you may assume that $l$ is longer than $h$). It is on the ...
2
votes
4answers
65 views

Turning on a straight, unbanked, frictionless road

I was learning about circular motion when this question struck me: In real life situations we are able to take a turn along a circular arc with our bike because friction provides us the necessary ...
4
votes
5answers
442 views

Forces other than the fundamental interactions, e.g. friction

Forgive me for the silly question, but I just don't get it. I just completed an elementary course in mechanics, and I am curious to know what I am about to ask. We have, all year, dealt with many ...
0
votes
1answer
159 views

Block Sliding Down a Plane (Perpendicular Velocity)

I'm having trouble understand the concepts for this problem. Here's the problem: A block is placed on a plane inclined at angle $\theta$. The coefficient of friction between the block and the ...
2
votes
2answers
69 views

Materials with directional friction property?

At the macroscopic level a simple metal file or rasp creates a large amount of friction in one direction and a much smaller amount in the opposit direction. Shark skin displays the same properties due ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Why do we take small steps while walking on ice?

When we walk on ice we should take small steps. Small steps ensure: a.)larger friction. b.)small friction. c.)larger normal force. d.)smaller normal force. The correct ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

How much more efficient is a road bike than a mountain bike? [closed]

What would be a good estimate on the difference of efficiency between a road bike and a mountain bike? A number of links cite all the usual reasons: thinner tires, better aerodynamics... But I'm ...
35
votes
6answers
5k views

How can the Earth keep spinning with a liquid core?

In regards to the 'conservation of angular momentum' being the explanation of why celestial objects spin... If you fill a ball or any other container with a liquid and try to spin it, you will not ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Lifting frictional force and relative values for kinetic vs static friction

My physics textbook says that friction mainly arises due to intermolecular attraction between atoms of the objects in contact and clashes between peaks are only significant for rough surfaces. I was ...
0
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2answers
35 views

Work done by a frictional force on a cylinder

A cylinder of mass $m$ and radius $R$, is rolled on surface with coefficient of kinetic friction $\mu_{k}$ about the axis passing through the center and parallel to the surface, with initial ...
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vote
2answers
70 views

Friction fire lighting

Having watched a few youtube guides on making a fire by friction, namely the spindle and fireboard method, I've heard many of the instructors talk about how the shape of the spindle at its ends should ...
9
votes
1answer
190 views

What makes a wrist-energized gyroscope rotate faster?

I'm considering a wrist-energized gyroscope, shown below (after my daughter let it fall and it broke open). That one was sold as Roller Ball, but variants are known as Powerball, DynaBee, Dynaball, ...
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vote
3answers
242 views

Why is using Newton's First Law failing me?

A factory worker pushes a 29.7kg crate a distance of 5.0m along a level floor at constant velocity by pushing downward at an angle of 32$^\circ$ below the horizontal. The coefficient of kinetic ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

What force counteracts friction when a block is pulled?

Firstly, I understand and apologize that this is more of a physics question than a math question. I noticed that when I pulled a book out from under a pack of gum, the gum stayed largely in place (it ...
7
votes
3answers
946 views

What determines whether a pool ball will bouce backwards after colliding with another pool ball?

I'm no knowledgeable pool player, but I've noticed that sometimes when the cue ball hits another pool ball, they roll together; and sometimes the cue ball bounces back. And I have a very, very rough ...
1
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0answers
28 views

Friction effects on ball motion direction when crossing surfaces edges

For a ball rolling from a high friction coefficient surface to an adjacent low friction coefficient surface. When the ball crosses the boundary at an angle, I believe it changes angle of velocity, ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

How to calculate energy to start movement?

So let me try to explain a little bit. Lets say I have a robot on wheels. I want this robot to push a block. Lets say the force to produce in order to move that block is 100N. How much energy will I ...
0
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0answers
29 views

Help with incline plane intuition?

I am doing a simple project for a self-learn class with a friend to understand physics better over the summer. We slide down a hill on a tarp on an ice-block and then half way down, we hit grass and ...
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vote
0answers
113 views

Is there any place you can safely skydive without a parachute?

While trying to explain to someone how a kitten walked away from a fall from a skyscraper I got to wondering if there's any place a human could do that and I find myself out of my depth. The only ...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

Does kinetic friction increase as speed increases? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Does the force of kinetic friction increase with the relative speed of the objects involved? If not, why not? Layman alert...I last did physics in high school, and am ...