The resistance a surface or object encounters when moving over another.

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M1 vs M2 on a frictionless surface

I was wondering, if I had a frictionless surface and I had an M1 that was 100kg and an M2 that was 1kg and I pushed each separately with an equal force F would they move at the same speed or am I ...
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1answer
831 views

Rope wrapped around a cylinder

If a rope is wrapped aound a cylinder what is the relationship between the amount of wrap and the ability to resist slipping off of the cylinder? An example would be if I had a 180 degree wrap and ...
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1answer
8k views

Torque Required For a Motor to Move an Object on Wheels?

I've been attempting to calculate how much torque a motor needs to produce in order to start a stationary object on wheels moving. (The torque is being applied to the rear 2 wheels, the front 2 are on ...
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1answer
198 views

Distance a curveball travels?

I've seen some discussions regarding the movement of a spinning object, say a curveball. However, all have been largely qualitative. I was wondering if anyone has seen or worked through a ...
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2answers
2k views

Rolling resistance and static friction

I am a bit confused about the relation between rolling resistance and static friction. I have often heard that it is the static friction that lets the wheel roll. Consider the following two cases: ...
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1answer
2k views

Two problems with free body diagrams. Contradictions (solutions are provided)

This problem is similar, but also different question from my previous question. They are both unfortunately long. Problem/Solution #1 ! ! Quick Concept Check a) Could someone briefly explain to me ...
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0answers
175 views

Why does the overhand knot jam but the figure-8 knot doesn't?

After tensioning a rope with an overhand knot in it, it is often very hard if not impossible to untie it; a figure-8 knot, on the other hand, still releases easily. Why is that so? Most "knot and ...
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1answer
393 views

Thermal energy generated due to loss in kinetic energy when observed from two different frames of reference

A body is moving with a velocity $v$ with respect to a frame of reference $S_1$. It bumps into a very heavy object and comes to rest instantaneously, its kinetic energy $$\frac{1}{2}mv^2$$ as ...
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2answers
4k views

Does a car use friction to move?

When a car's engine injects fuel into the cylinder chambers, the reaction creates a force that generates rotational momentum to the shaft and over the transmission, it translates that power to the ...
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1answer
1k views

Magnetic fields and friction

If I was to pass a metal object through a magnetic field would there be any friction?
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464 views

How to calculate total distance and time a puck will move?

To simulate a puck's movement, I use the following model (please restrain from discussing the model, it makes the simulation look the way I want it to) and would like to know how to calculate the ...
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2answers
165 views

If a puck on ice deccelarates, is its speed “v = v0 - t * a” or is it “v = v0 -k * v0”?

I've been wondering about a puck sliding on ice or a puck in an air hockey table game. If a puck is hit and we start watching it as soon as it has reached its maximum speed and starts becoming slower, ...
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0answers
683 views

FPS to MKS usage issues

I'm currently taking a high school physics class and we're doing friction problems now. I've been doing the ones that use MKS perfectly well, but when the problems start to use the FPS system, I'm ...
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2answers
475 views

Friction between air and a tube

I would like to know how I could estimate the friction caused by air flowing at a speed of 1000 km/h in a tube. The tube could be made out of any material, which makes it possible to calculate, ...
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8answers
772 views

How would you improve braking capability on a hovercraft? [closed]

Pretty much letting my mind free-wheel. Assume a fleet of air-supported hover-craft were to replace cars/etc on the streets. Assume also that the present traffic-signals/pedestrian rules remain ...
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2answers
880 views

Why are there both Static and Kinetic Friction?

When dragging an object, there is a greater start-up force than the force it takes to keep it moving. Why is this? Why are there two different values for friction?
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3answers
428 views

Braking distances on a rainy road

I am curious to find the braking distance for a car on a road. In attempting to find this out, I found that the braking distance for a car (on a flat road) is $$ d = \frac{v^2}{2\mu g} $$ where ...
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4answers
3k views

Dependence of Friction on Area

Is friction really independent of area? The friction force, $f_s = \mu_s N$. The equation says that friction only depends on the normal force, which is $ N = W = mg$, and nature of sliding surface, ...
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2answers
4k views

why making a surface “super” smooth increases the coefficient of friction?

I read that: If you take a rough surface and make it smooth, the coefficient of friction decreases. But if you make it super smooth, then the coefficient of friction increases. How come?
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4answers
410 views

Whats wrong with this perpetual machine?

Consider a cube of mass M resting on a rough surface such that the coefficient of friction between the cube and the surface is K. So in order to just slide the cube I need to apply a minimum force of ...
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2answers
435 views

Linear motion with and without Friction

Could we still use Newtonian mechanics in a frictionless world?
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0answers
601 views

Physics tension question [closed]

Two blocks are pulled across a frictionless surface by a $240\ N$ force, as shown in the diagram below: $60\ kg$ - - - cord - - - $20\ kg$ → $240\ N$. If the blocks are accelerating at $3\ m/s^2$ what ...
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2answers
1k views

Hydrostatic friction: why do water droplets stay at rest on an inclined glass surface?

Tjis is a non-expert question on a (seemingly simple) text-book topic. The question is about "hydrostatic friction", defined as follows. Consider a drop of water resting on a flat surface. If the ...
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2answers
1k views

Is the wind's force on a stationary object proportional to $v^2$?

I am on a boat docked at Cape Charles, VA, about 30 or 40 miles from the center of Hurricane Irene. This understandably got me thinking about the force of wind on the boat. Since air friction is ...
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1answer
606 views

Physics needed to build a top down billiards game [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How are these balls reflected after they hit each other? I was wondering what sort of physics equations would I need in order to build a top down billiards game? I tried ...
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7answers
4k views

Simple friction formula for a car

I am making a 2D driving video game, and I would like to know the "simple" formula for calculating the friction force between the car and the road. I have read lots of friction diagrams involving ...
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1answer
932 views

Is gecko-like friction Coulombic? What is the highest known Coulombic $\mu_s$ for any combination of surfaces?

Materials with large coefficients of static friction would be cool and useful. Rubber on rough surfaces typically has $\mu_s\sim1-2$. When people talk about examples with very high friction, often ...
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4answers
2k views

On a bicycle, why does my back tyre wear so much more quickly than the front?

This question is cross-posted from Bicycles.SE, but it is really one for those that know a bit about physics. Why does the back tyre of a bicycle wear out quicker than the front tyre? I have my ...
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1answer
1k views

finding angular velocity and regular velocity when bouncing off a surface with friction

Take the game of pong as a simple example. When you hit the ball with a paddle that has a frictional surface, the ball will spin as well as change direction according to the coefficient of kinetic ...
5
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1answer
406 views

What happens when two smooth surfaces touch?

I am wondering what will be the physics to explain how two neutral, chemically nonreactive objects stick. I know that using van der Waals formalism, we can treat neutral body electrodynamic forces and ...
2
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1answer
3k views

calculating thermal energy [exam prep]

I'm preparing for a grade 11 physics exam but having trouble with a question: a 19.9kg mass slides in a straight 28.8m line experiencing friction with a coefficient of 0.105, how much thermal energy ...
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2answers
479 views

Why does my bicycle brakes squeak in the morning?

Every morning, when I ride my bicycle, there is a very loud squeak coming from the brakes. I have an aluminum rim (I think that they are of the sprint type) and rubber pad brakes. A couple of brake ...
2
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3answers
2k views

Why does soap make shaving with razor less painful?

The lubricant is needed only on the hair surface? How can the blade cut the slippery surface? Why does soap make shaving with razor less painful?
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2answers
2k views

Wheel moving without sliding

Suppose we have a wheel moving on an horizontal surface, with constant velocity $v$, without sliding. This latter condition implies that the wheel rotates around its centre with angular speed $\omega ...
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0answers
272 views

Stoke's Drag Constant

I'm trying to calculate Stoke's drag constant using the equation found here. The system I wish to calculate it for is a mass oscillating vertically on a spring through air. The temperature is 25 ...
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3answers
2k views

Terminal Velocity

Let Suppose a bullet of 2 gram is falling with the speed of 200km/h. Now how can we know the time after which it gains it terminal velocity. Also when it gain its terminal velocity the force of ...
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4answers
915 views

Why does a rotating tire use the static, rather than the dynamic coefficient of friction?

The explanation I have heard of the difference between static and dynamic friction is that static friction is stronger because bonds form when one object is put on top of another object and these have ...
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2answers
1k views

Investigating damped Harmonic Motion in a Spring?

I'm going to conduct an investigation into the dampening of a spring. Essentially, what specific factors could be investigated? Currently I'm planning to investigate the effect of changing the mass ...
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3answers
2k views

Static Friction - Only thing that can accelerate a train?

I'm a computer programmer that never studied physics in school and now it's coming back to bite me a bit in some of the stuff I'm being asked to program. I'm trying to self study some physics and ...
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5answers
4k views

Why are bicycle pedal threads' handedness left on the left and right on the right?

I understand the reason that bicycle pedals are oppositely threaded on either side. What I don't understand is why it works because I'm missing something. Take the right pedal for example. It's ...
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2answers
5k views

Grip of the train wheels

How do the wheels of a train have sufficient grip on a metal track? I mean both of the surfaces are smooth (and not flexible) and it is okay if there is no inclination, but how about on an inclined ...
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3answers
2k views

Best inflation pressure of car tire in the rain- higher, same, lower than normal?

If I am driving a car in the rain, and want to increase the available traction, should I: Increase pressure in the tires Decrease pressure Leave the pressure set to optimum dry pressure Increase or ...
2
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1answer
794 views

Does ABS cause a force that resists turning a car into a corner?

ABS systems work by allowing a tire to continue to rotate rather than "locking-up" (stop turning) due to loss of traction with the road surface. A rotating tire can influence the direction of the ...
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4answers
1k views

Why does a tire produce more traction when sliding slightly?

It is well known in racing that driving the car on the ideal "slip angle" of the tire where it is crabbing slightly from the pointed direction produces more cornering speed than a lower slip angle or ...
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4answers
7k views

Where's the best place to add weight to a Pinewood Derby car?

A little background: a Pinewood Derby car is a small wooden car that races down an inclined track, powered only by gravity. You are allowed to add weight to the car up to a certain limit. Here is a ...
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2answers
10k views

Does the force of kinetic friction increase with the relative speed of the objects involved? If not, why not?

Does the force of kinetic friction increase with the relative speed of the objects involved? I have heard and read that the answer is no. This is counter intuitive, and is a big part of why the ...
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1answer
285 views

How much friction is caused by a 10x10 cm window on the side of an airplane?

Say that the airplane is going in 1000 km/h. On the side of the airplane, there is a 10x10 cm window. How much friction would this window cause. For the sake of the calculation, imagine that the ...
10
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3answers
1k views

Why does a curling rock curl?

In the game of curling, players "curl" a granite "rock" (of precise size and roughly a flattened cylinder) down a "sheet" of ice towards a target; the "rock" will curve in its path in the direction of ...
3
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1answer
539 views

Does the friction force change directions with a change in reference frame?

In a basic friction problem with Block A sliding on top of Block B, the direction of the friction force is usually explained as being simply the opposite of the direction of motion. So if Block A is ...
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5answers
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Can the coefficient of static friction be less than that of kinetic friction?

I was recently wondering what would happen if the force sliding two surfaces against each other were somehow weaker than kinetic friction but stronger than static friction. Since the sliding force is ...