The resistance a surface or object encounters when moving over another.

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Friction-Newtonian Mechanics

Here we are having two blocks of mass $2~\rm kg$ and $4~\rm kg$ on an inclined angle with angle of inclination being $30~\circ.$ The block of mass 2 kg has a coefficient of friction $\mu_1=0.2$ and ...
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306 views

What prevents a natural fibers rope from untwisting when it is elongated?

I don't understand why a rope doesn't untwist when an attempt is made to increase its length. It seems counter-intuitive to me, because untwisting would allow the rope to increase its length, but in ...
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88 views

Why is it harder to open the cap on a bottle than to close it tightly?

In my experience it's harder to turn the tap off a bottle than to put it tightly on. Why?
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143 views

Why spinning a pen makes it easier to remove it from the stand?

I have a ballpoint pen stand on my desk. The pens are held inside their caps with the point down, like this one (but not as fancy): If I try to simply pull up one pen, the friction between cap and ...
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718 views

Period of a simple pendulum accounting for friction

The period of a simple pendulum is $$T=2\pi\sqrt{\ell/g},$$ but no where in there do I see that it accounts for friction. Does it somehow account for friction, and if not, how could you do that?
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How can we minimize the coefficient of static/kinetic friction?

Static frictional force depends on the coefficient of static friction; kinetic frictional force depends on the coefficient of kinetic friction. To minimize friction, one of two things could happen: ...
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204 views

Distinction between torque and force

Distinction between Torque and Force. Consider a case when a cylinder is rolling down a rough inclined plane. While analysing its motion, we consider the force applied by the friction and the ...
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1answer
4k views

How does static friction increase with increase in the applied force?

My book says that 'Between surface of contact between two bodies there are contact forces applied between each other (they are equal in magnitude but opposite in direction,obeying Newton's 3rd law) ...
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1k views

How does rolling resistance of rail wheel depend on diameter?

Freight train is more efficient than truck due to lower rolling resistance. And I wonder which one has lower rolling resistance<>, small diameter or larger one or it doesn't not depend on diameter ...
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7k views

Is water considered a substance with low friction or high friction?

Like, for example, rubber is a substance with high friction, as an object with neither high or low friction would easily stop on it, and wouldn't skid. Ice is considered an object with low friction, ...
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94 views

How is frictional force dependent on normal reaction?

It is a general concept that horizontal forces can only influence physical quantities along horizontal direction; similarly vertical force can produce acceleration etc. only along vertical direction. ...
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69 views

An object is accelerating on a rough surface with frictional force of 10N. Is the friction doing any work on the object?

This question might look stupid to some but I am in great confusion. An object, say a box, is moving on a surface with some velocity v and is accelerating. It means that the force applied by the box ...
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58 views

Why does an ice hockey stick, when thrown on ice always rotate and translate together before coming to rest? Why not only rotate or only translate?

When a hockey stick is thrown on ice it simultaneously rotates and translates before stopping. Friction probably plays the main role here, along with the shape of the stick. I think maybe it is due to ...
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144 views

Why do objects move when you apply a force that's equal in magnitude to the friction? [duplicate]

If the friction on an object is 200 N and you apply 200 N, it seems, the forces should immediately cancel each other out since the friction and your applied force go in opposite directions, leaving ...
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286 views

Which of these two forces is stronger: static friction or kinetic friction? [duplicate]

Which of these two forces is stronger: The force of static friction or the force of kinetic friction? I am having a hard time understanding this concept of friction, so please explain your answer!
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1answer
137 views

When will the pringles can fall?

When I'm pushing a tall, cylindrical object stood on its end (like a Pringles can) I can push it near its bottom, and it will slide forwards, or push it near the top, and it will topple over. So, ...
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99 views

Theoretical Question about a Frictionless Rope

This is kind of ridiculous to imagine, but say a person could somehow tie a frictionless rope into a knot. After making the loop and everything, and tightening the knot, technically the knot would ...
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262 views

Confusions in the 'Adhesion Theory of friction.'

While reading about the Adhesion theory of friction on this site, I came to some points which I couldn't understand. I have highlighted them: ...Adhesion approach is based on the partial ...
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342 views

Finding coefficient of friction between block and plane [closed]

An inclined plane makes angle $\theta$ with horizontal. Upper half plane is perfectly smooth where as lower half is rough. The block of mass m starts sliding from top. If the block again comes to rest ...
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3answers
669 views

Why friction is zero when wheel slip is zero? [duplicate]

From most graph, when the tire doesn't slip, then the friction is zero, for example see the below image Why there is no friction when there is no slip? As the car stand still on slope, there is no ...
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6k views

Direction of force of friction?

I know that friction opposes the direction of the velocity, but the problem is when I don't know what the direction of the velocity is. When I'm drawing a FBD for complex systems with ramps and ...
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3answers
847 views

What stops the car?

Centre of mass of a system cannot change its state of motion, unless there is an external force acting on it. Yet the internal force of brakes can bring a car to rest. Then what stops the car?
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1answer
752 views

What is the friction between cylinder and wall (ground)?

A hollow cylinder (radius $R$) is rolling against the wall at angular speed $\omega$. The coefficient of friction between the cylinder and the wall(ground) is $\mu$. After how many rotations the ...
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5k views

Is it possible to find out the distance traveled by a car if the force applied on it is given?

Say you have car which produces $F$ amount of force which is transferred to the wheels directly. Now assuming that there is air friction which is causing a retarding force proportional to the ...
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1k views

What forces act on a person sitting in a chair with wheels when they push off another stationary object

What is slowing me down when I push off my desk? What are the "Major" contributors? and Does how hard I push with one hand (or with two hands) make a significant difference?
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Terminal Velocity

Let Suppose a bullet of 2 gram is falling with the speed of 200km/h. Now how can we know the time after which it gains it terminal velocity. Also when it gain its terminal velocity the force of ...
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60 views

Will there be friction?

Is there friction between rough surfaces only (figure below)? If we have two perfectly (mathematically) smooth surfaces, will there be friction between them (figure below)?
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75 views

Understanding Newton's Laws of Motion

I'm having difficulty understand Newton's laws of motion in practice, and how to model true dynamic systems. There are two examples below, where I cannot quite figure out what the true forces and ...
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1answer
61 views

How I think about rolling [closed]

Below, I have written how I think about rolling. I wish to know if my idea as to how it works is correct. Consider a rigid ball on a plane which has considerable friction. If you push the ball ...
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39 views

Dynamical friction force

Let we have a ladder leaning on the wall. Initially we hold the ladder and as soon as we release it the ladder starts to slide. My question: during the slide, are the friction forces at both ends ...
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198 views

Free body diagram for two masses on inclined plane with frictions

I'm a bit confused about free body diagrams on inclined planes with frictions. Consider the situation in the picture, where $A$ and $B$ slide togheter on a inclined plane and I want to find a force (...
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1answer
63 views

Rotational equilibrium Paradox

A block of mass M and height h is moving on a rough surface of coifficent of friction 0.5 .The block is moving with a velocity v at some instant. if we balance the torque due to frictional force and ...
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367 views

How does this spool have an angular acceleration opposite to its acceleration?

Consider this spool. It rests on a rough horizontal force. The green lines are the ground, and a line parallel to the ground. The spool is pulled without sliding by the thread (with tension T), with ...
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3answers
52 views

The formula for the kinetic friction on inclined surface

I'm confused about the formula for the force of friction on inclined surface. It says that $f$ (force of friction) = $\mu N$ (where $\mu$ is the coefficient of the friction). Is: $$f = mg\cos(a)\...
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153 views

Frictional forces apposing motion

Please could someone help with some physics about resistive forces that would slow a ball down which is rolling across a floor. I have found conflicting bits of information about the effect friction ...
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266 views

Work done by friction on car

David Morin, in "Introduction to Classical Mechanics" says that friction does not exert a force on a car because the ground is fixed but that KE of the car is changing to internal kinetic energy in ...
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548 views

Can there be friction unless the objects in contact are not acted upon by an external force?

The definition of friction I read from The book, General Physics written by Henry Crew is that, The resistance which either one of the body offers to the motion is called force of friction". If it is ...
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184 views

If the force of friction is 20 N for a moving body does acceleration increase with the increase of the mass?

A body is moving and the only force acting on it is the force of friction. If we put another body on this moving body somehow the force of friction will increase; does its acceleration change?
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802 views

Can a thrown egg chip (or break) a car windshield?

Is it possible to throw an egg with such speed that a car windshield will chip (just like with stone chips?) I have searched around for existing research in the area and have found that the impact ...
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926 views

Inclined pulley with unknown hanging mass: when won't the system accelerate?

We have an inclined pulley with angle of $30° $ a block with mass of $10 kg$ placed upon it and It is attached by a rope over a pulley to a mass of $M_A$ which hangs vertically. If $μ_s=0.4$ and $μ_k=...
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460 views

What forces cause the centripetal acceleration in circular motion on a merry-go-round?

Suppose you stand on a merry-go-round spinning at $f$ revolutions per second and you are $R$ meters from the center. What forces act on you? If you were tied to a rope like in Fig 2 you would follow ...
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1answer
76 views

Why is it that friction apparently decreases with speed? [duplicate]

Whilst thinking of a trick where a magician pulls a tablecloth directly from under a full set dinner (a classic) I wondered why friction doesn't increase as speed does. I get that they use a pretty ...
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159 views

Friction because of Earth's rotation

Is there some force of friction that acts on bodies due to rotation of Earth?. We all know earth is an non inertial frame. If there is some frictional force is there some way to prove it?. What I mean ...
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234 views

What force counteracts friction when a block is pulled?

Firstly, I understand and apologize that this is more of a physics question than a math question. I noticed that when I pulled a book out from under a pack of gum, the gum stayed largely in place (it ...
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1answer
251 views

How to identify whether the friction is kinetic or static?

The body 'A' is moving forward with certain acceleration over the ground. The ground applies a kinetic friction force on 'A' in backward direction to oppose the relative motion. The block 'A' also ...
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1answer
2k views

How is circular motion possible on a banked road when there is no Friction?

It is given here that the maximum safe speed of a vehicle on a banked road having coefficient of friction $0$, is $V =\sqrt{R g \tan \theta}$, where $\theta$ is the angle of banking. I can't ...
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509 views

Why does a car bonnet (hood) rise when you connect the clutch with a brake on?

Is the rotational force to overcome the brakes moved to the opposite effect of moving the car chassis, until the brake is released?
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244 views

Energy of a damped oscillator

$$ E=\frac{1}{2}m\left(\frac{dx}{dt}\right)^2+\frac{1}{2}m\omega_0^2x^2. $$ This is the equation for the energy of a oscillator. The second term is the potential energy. Now, my question is, will ...
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117 views

Shaking water inside bowl causes waves but why does the water stabilize?

Suppose you shake water inside a container, then at first the waves goes up and down strongly but they gradually dissipate. What makes them dissipate?
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721 views

Does anti-lock braking system (ABS) perform reverse rotation sometimes?

In cartoons we can see, how vehicles brake by rotating wheels reverse. Will this be helpful sometimes in real situations? I know that the main tactics of ABS is to maintain tractive contact. But may ...