The resistance a surface or object encounters when moving over another.

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1answer
4k views

Calculate work done in an inclined plane [closed]

How can you calculate the work done by a force (of unknown quantity) exerted on a 10kg block on an inclined plane. The force is pointing upwards and parallel to the incline (which is inclined 30 ...
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2answers
2k views

Euler-Lagrange equations and friction forces

We can derive Lagrange equations supposing that the virtual work of a system is zero. $$\delta W=\sum_i (\mathbf{F}_i-\dot {\mathbf{p}_i})\delta \mathbf{r}_i=\sum_i ...
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0answers
104 views

Is there any role of steering in turning?

I am aware of the practical requirement of turning the steering wheel to turn a car while going on a straight and even curved road. But in the proofs of turning of car on leveled or banked curves, ...
2
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3answers
291 views

Angular Velocity after a frictional impulse [duplicate]

I am modelling 2D physics collision into simulations. In Physics for Game Programmers, Grant Palmer book, the velocity Vn1 after collision is mentioned to be independent of the friction coeff. ...
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1answer
91 views

Forces: why are the theta's equal?

I found this figure in my physics book, the task says that the incline got a angle of theta. How do figure out that the gravity and the y-axis got the same angle as the incline? There is no ...
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1answer
3k views

Is it possible to find the coefficient of friction without frictional force? [closed]

I am working on the following problem: The braking acceleration for a car based on data in a driver’s handbook is –12.2 m/s2. If the car has a mass of 925 kg, find the frictional force and state the ...
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1answer
151 views

What is the frictional force of this car? [closed]

The breaking acceleration for a car is $-12.2\frac{m}{s^2}$. The car has a mass of 925kg. I want to find the frictional force. Here is what I have so far: $$\Sigma\vec{F} = m\vec{a}$$ $$\Sigma\vec{F} ...
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2answers
111 views

Position with respect to time with friction

I'm interested in equations of motion when friction is present for a little graphical side project I am working on. I'm really rusty with physics, so I apologize if this is a basic question or doesn't ...
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2answers
2k views

Direction of force of friction?

I know that friction opposes the direction of the velocity, but the problem is when I don't know what the direction of the velocity is. When I'm drawing a FBD for complex systems with ramps and ...
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5answers
1k views

Would a three wheeled vehicle be faster than a four wheeled vehicle of the same weight?

If I have a four wheeled vehicle (small wooden block with metal nail axles and plastic wheels) and apply a force X to it, would it be made faster by keeping one wheel off the ground in order to reduce ...
3
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1answer
97 views

Where did the energy come from?

Suppose there are two slopes. Imagine its just small slope and can be placed on your floor. One slope is made of a very smooth material and another which provides a lot of friction for example made ...
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2answers
1k views

Friction on an object moving with momentum over a surface

I'm familiar with the equations for friction for a static object and an object moving at steady speed over a surface from high school physics. But we never learned how an object moving only due to ...
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2answers
3k views

What is the direction of static friction?

Note: My question is duplicate of the following Direction of friction when a car turns Why does friction cause a car to turn? I've gone through many related questions especially the first. As ...
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1answer
312 views

Block Sliding Down a Plane (Perpendicular Velocity)

I'm having trouble understand the concepts for this problem. Here's the problem: A block is placed on a plane inclined at angle $\theta$. The coefficient of friction between the block and the ...
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3answers
232 views

What stops the car?

Centre of mass of a system cannot change its state of motion, unless there is an external force acting on it. Yet the internal force of brakes can bring a car to rest. Then what stops the car?
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2answers
159 views

Friction acting on mass on string

Assume we have some stationary point mass that would slide, if not for some coefficient of friction, along a light, inextensible string, attached to two points at different heights. Considering ...
4
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1answer
270 views

If friction disregard area, why the direction you drag a long object matters?

I am talking here about dry friction between solid objects, for example a ruler and a table, not anything lubricated or fluid. I noticed that with a ruler and a table for example, if you drag the ...
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0answers
364 views

Work done by rolling vs skidding friction force

Two identical bicycles having equal weight riders are traveling along a level road adjacent to each other with the same non-zero velocity. Bike A, (the "skidder"), applies the rear brake strongly ...
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1answer
74 views

Find the force used to press a book against a leaned desk so it doesn't slip

I know there are several threads concerning this issue, but none of it helped me, so I decided to open a new one. So, the task is to find a force $F_{\mathrm{push}}$ on a desk which is leaned for an ...
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1answer
200 views

How do I find angular and linear velocity after normal force and “infinite” friction force?

Look at this picture: http://i.imgur.com/mY8ShkV.png Here we have a ball resting on top of a platform (the contact point is marked red). I know the normal vector (marked green). I also know the mass, ...
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2answers
1k views

Why is static friction called self adjusting force? [closed]

Explain what is limiting force of static friction.
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2answers
305 views

Stick and slip motion: mass and spring inside a box model

I am trying to determine a set of differential equation which can describe the motion of a mechanical system as below. Here, at the bottom we have a plate, and a box on top of it. Inside the box, ...
2
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3answers
437 views

Ideally speaking, will a rolling disk with no slipping come to a stop because of friction from the ground?

Consider a rotating disk on a horizontal plane with static friction. The contact point of the disk with the plane has null instantaneous velocity. Assuming the center of the disk has fixed $v_0$ ...
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1answer
577 views

Using Lagrange's Equations with Generalized forces

I am a bit confused on how this works. For instance if I wanted to look at an object moving in 2 dimensions only subject to gravity (and assuming that the potential is just mgy), I get that my ...
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1answer
88 views

Shaking water inside bowl causes waves but why does the water stabilize?

Suppose you shake water inside a container, then at first the waves goes up and down strongly but they gradually dissipate. What makes them dissipate?
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3answers
1k views

What is the physics of a spinning coin?

When we spin a coin on a table, we observe 2 things: It slows down and stops after sometime. It does not stay at just one point on the table but its point of contact with table changes with time. ...
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4answers
329 views

Rolling motion of an accelerated body

I recently read in a book that static friction is zero for a rolling body, and this explains why it doesn't slow down the rolling body. However, if static friction is zero, how does the body grip the ...
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3answers
2k views

Why doesn't static friction decelerate a rolling body?

I know that static friction isn't the cause of deceleration of a rolling body. But if static friction is the only force in the horizontal direction, then shouldn't there be some acceleration produced ...
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1answer
107 views

friction between 2 bodies [closed]

There is a plank on which a block is kept. the block is given some velocity. Now if there is friction between block and plank it will act opposite to it's velocity for sure. but the plank is free to ...
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0answers
89 views

What allows for more traction: Rubber or skin?

Suppose I am on a soccer field running, and the field is composed of grass and soil. I also own a pair of shoes in the shape of feet, so when I am put them on, it's really just rubber protection. I ...
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0answers
103 views

Finding kinetic friction coefficient

A box is thrown up an incline with degree $\alpha$. the kinetic-friction coefficient is $\mu_k$. the body returns back to its start point. a. prove ...
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2answers
330 views

Conservation of Angular Momentum and linear velocity

I have a problem where a cylinder is moving on a horizontal surface, starting with velocity $v_0$. It is given that its radius is $10\text{cm}$, its mass is $200\text g$ and the coefficient of ...
0
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2answers
1k views

Direction of friction when a car turns

When a ball moves to the right, friction acts to oppose the motion, in other words, to the left. However, when a car travels around a bend, the friction acts in the perpendicular direction to the ...
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2answers
250 views

How is it possible to move something without completely lifting it?

For example, let's assume a chair here: It can be "slid" across the force if we use minimal upwards force, but not enough to actually "lift" the chair. Why should it move? Here's a better example: I ...
3
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1answer
186 views

Sliding ruler on table top

I've got a standard foot-long flat plastic ruler (about an inch wide) and a desk with a smooth formica-like surface. When idly passing time reading on the computer, I will pick up one side of the ...
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0answers
64 views

What is the work done by friction on an arbitrary curve? [closed]

Here is the question, I have a particle with mass of $m$ moving on an arbitrary curve $y=y(x)$ with friction coefficient $\mu$. Force $F$ is applied to the particle with the equation, $\vec{F}= ...
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2answers
482 views

Does anti-lock braking system (ABS) perform reverse rotation sometimes?

In cartoons we can see, how vehicles brake by rotating wheels reverse. Will this be helpful sometimes in real situations? I know that the main tactics of ABS is to maintain tractive contact. But may ...
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1answer
9k views

Rope tension between two objects [closed]

Let me explain the picture just to make sure. Object with mass 2 kg is being pulled with a force of F = 14.4 N. The whole system has an acceleration of a = 2.8 m/s^2. The friction coefficient ...
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1answer
295 views

Why does the fluid inside a cup not spin when the cup is spinning, but starts to spin when the cup stops spinning?

How come when I spin a cup with water in it, the water does not spin, but the moment I stop spinning the cup, the water starts spinning the other way?
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3answers
120 views

$P\sin(\alpha)$ and not $\sin(\alpha)/P$?

Why is the force parallel to the surface that pushes the object $P \sin(\alpha)$ and not $\frac{\sin(\alpha)}{P}$? I didn't understand when they showed me it. can someone give me an answer in full ...
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3answers
5k views

Does the contact area affect friction forces?

I recall studying a law of friction some years ago, in engineering school. All I remember is that when first approximation was taken, the popular $f=k \times N$ was derived. What could that be? Or if ...
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1answer
379 views

Walking and Friction

If walking is a result of the reaction to a kick backwards to the ground (reaction being friction), it appears that it should be true that the kick will have to be less than the kinetic friction ...
0
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1answer
807 views

Direction of friction in case of a rolling sphere

Suppose a ball rolls on a ground .obviously it is friction that helps to develop the required torque.Hence I find the direction of friction by pointing out the direction of rolling of the ball. But is ...
1
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1answer
127 views

Is the trajectory of the Moon around the Earth stable? [duplicate]

I understand how mathematically is possible to have one object with elliptical or circular orbit around another object in space. so can I think of it as a limit cycle? If yes, then is it stable or ...
0
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1answer
119 views

Interpretation of Free Damped Vibrations

I'm studying vibrations; so I'm using Beer-Johnston-Cornwell Dynamics book. I am worry about the equation for Underdamped Vibration, which in the book it is: $$x_{(t)}=x_0e^{-\lambda ...
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3answers
753 views

Why does a bicycle come to rest after travelling a distance?

According to Newton's law of motion, an object that is in motion will not change its velocity unless an external force acts upon it. In the case of a bicycle, if it is in motion with a certain ...
2
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0answers
546 views

Loop-the-Loop with Friction [closed]

Let's consider a track that begins vertically becomes a 450 degree loop, and level off. (See diagram) We drop a block from height $H$ that falls and goes around the loop. Ignoring air resistance, ...
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2answers
4k views

Finding max height of a mass launched by a spring?

I have the following problem on my homework. The actual problem has numbers, but I figure using symbolic notation will help me understand the concept in the long run. A block of mass $M$ is launched ...
3
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3answers
559 views

How can a block which is not receiving the direct force have a greater acceleration?

I solved it like this: $$F(\text{st max})=5\text{ N}$$ For the top block, $$\begin{align} 6\text{ N} - 5\text{ N} &= 1a \\ a &= 1\ \mathrm{m/s^2} \end{align}$$ For the lower block, the ...
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1answer
91 views

intuition behind Coulomb's friction force

I would like to know why dry frictional force does not depend on speed(assuming that the heat generated by friction is small so it does not alter the coefficient of friction). Let me explain how I ...