The resistance a surface or object encounters when moving over another.

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15 views

Sliding Wine Glass [duplicate]

Earlier today, I came across a strange phenomenon involving a just-washed wine glass and a countertop. The gist of it is: when you place a warm wine glass upside-down on the wet countertop, it starts ...
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2answers
49 views

Simultaneous: static friction and acceleration

I need help thinking about two events happening simultaneously. I have a heavy block on a surface with static and kinetic coefficients of friction, though they are unknown. The block is connected to ...
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1answer
38 views

Circular Motion and Simulated Gravity

People have proposed that a spinning cylindrical shape could be used to simulate gravity. Will gravity be simulated if the cylinder is frictionless? My brain can't seem to wrap around the idea that ...
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1answer
72 views

The role of mass in the tablecloth trick

Apologies if this has already been answered, but I have a question about the role of mass in the classic tablecloth trick, where the demonstrator pulls the tablecloth out from underneath a set of ...
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1answer
34 views

Using resultant vectors to calculate how long it takes to travel a distance [closed]

A box of books weighing $320 \;\mathrm{N}$ is shoved across the floor of an apartment by a force of $569 \;\mathrm{N}$ exerted downward at an angle of $36.5^\circ$ below the horizontal. The ...
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5answers
1k views

Zero gravity means zero friction?

The frictional force acting on a body placed on a horizontal plane is $F=\mu{R}$ where $R$ is the normal reaction and is equal to weight of a body in this case. And $\mu$ is the coefficient of ...
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1answer
137 views

If a body slides down a frictionless inclined plane what will be the net normal force?

If a body(m) slides down a frictionless inclined plane (M), will the net normal force between the ground and the inclined plane be (M+m)g ? I feel it should be less than (M+m)g. This is because one ...
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1answer
31 views

How to develop the static and kinetic friction formula? [duplicate]

How do you end up with the formula for Amontons' first law of friction? ($F_s = \mu_s \times N$) or ($F_k = \mu_k \times N$). I know how to use the formula. Now I need to know how to get to it.
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2answers
48 views

Static vs. kinetic friction and the “normal-force” considered

Consider two cases. First, we have a box that a person applies a force to (say to the right). The force of friction (static) is then directed to the left. Second, say that the box is moving at ...
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4answers
140 views

Is cause of this equilibrium - tension or friction?

This is a very odd problem which I have. As you can see in the diagram, the string is taut. So, if there was no friction you could clearly say that tension is balancing it or if there was no tension ...
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2answers
55 views

Why does a block 2 on a oscillating block 1 start sliding at the maximum acceleration?

A block of mass $ m_{1} $ is oscillating horizontally with another block on it of mass $ m_{2} $. There's friction "k" between both blocks, so the thing is why the second mass starts sliding at the ...
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3answers
211 views

Terminal velocity and distance traveled with constant but limited power

I'm trying to model how far to move an object over time according to a power applied resisted by friction. So maybe... an object accelerates at a certain rate until the power provided can no longer ...
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4answers
59 views

Why consider only $x$ component of accelerating block pulled by cord at an angle?

A $5 \, \text{kg}$ block is pulled along a horizontal frictionless floor by a cord that exerts a force $F=12 \, \text{N}$ at an angle $\theta = 25 \, \text{deg}$ above horizontal. What is ...
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2answers
132 views

At what wind speed does wind chill's conductive cooling exactly cancel out the compressive heating of the air?

At relatively slow wind speeds such as 15mph, wind chill drains heat from an object as it flows past, and this conductive cooling effect seems to increase as the wind speed increases. However, at very ...
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0answers
46 views

What is the specific source(s) of sliding kinetic friction

In simplistic (K-8) physics classes, it seems to be generally instructed that the friction between two moving surfaces is due to the unevenness of each surface and the microscopic roughness. However, ...
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0answers
23 views

The confusion regarding friction [duplicate]

I have read that friction is caused due to electrical force of attraction between the two surfaces. Rougher the surface, the number of contact points is less. Therefore I think on smoothing the ...
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1answer
151 views

Block being pulled from rest on a frictional surface [closed]

An initially stationary block of mass $m$ has a force, $F = 0.500mg$, applied to it at an upward angle $θ = 20˚$ above the horizontal. What is the acceleration of the block if the frictional ...
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1answer
108 views

What is the force that stops a rotating wheel eventually? [duplicate]

Assuming a car is traveling on a road. At some point, the driver stops accelerating the car, so it travels some distance and then stops. Since the car's wheels are round and are rotating without ...
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1answer
49 views

Definition of unit of force [closed]

As we know $1\ \mathrm{N}$ is the force which can accelerate $1\ \mathrm{kg}$ mass with $1\ \mathrm{m/s^2}$ acceleration. But for which surface is this definition given? I mean a $1\ \mathrm{kg}$ ...
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1answer
177 views

What does the free body diagram for mass 1 look like?

In this situation: Enough tension is applied towards the right on $m_2$ so that $m_1$ starts sliding backwards. I am confused about what the free body diagram for $m_1$ looks like. Here is my ...
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1answer
38 views

The Frictional Anomaly [duplicate]

Its a question I have read in a book, that, When two surfaces are polished, the frictional coefficient decreases. But if the surfaces are made highly smooth, the frictional coefficient increases ...
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0answers
141 views

Can iron filings on a magnet be removed using a stronger magnet?

After some experiments, I had some NdFeB permanent magnets "contaminated" with iron filings, sticking to it's poles surfaces/edges - you may have seen that before. There are some working ways to ...
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1answer
82 views

Circular motion with friction (time dependent velocity)

I am trying to understand how circular motion problems can be solved when we introduce friction as a variable in them. As i understand this problem, the centripetal force, which points towards the ...
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1answer
103 views

Measuring friction coefficient with a inclined plane. Beetle problem

I want to measure friction coefficient between a beetle and an inclined plane (angle of inclination $\theta$). As we all know, friction coefficient $\mu$ is given with: $\mu=tg \rho$, where $\rho$ is ...
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2answers
121 views

Is friction a function of surface area? What is the microscopic workings of friction?

I know the friction is given by the following equation $$\mu F_N=F_f$$ which tells me friction is independent of surface area, but how do I characterize it as such if I want to add surface area into ...
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1answer
53 views

What is the difference between damping and friction?

What is the difference between damping and friction? Both of them slows down any moving system. So whats the conceptual difference between them?
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1answer
102 views

Air friction at supersonic velocities

I know that if an object moves in the air, it can experience two types of drag, laminar and turbulent. For instance, I have a meteor of ideal spherical shape falling from edge of space, say, 100 km up ...
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0answers
55 views

Friction of an object falling between two walls

I'm simplifying this problem into 2D for easier understanding. Lets say we have 2 vertical walls separated by distance x. Inside these walls I place an object that is only slightly smaller than x in ...
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2answers
493 views

Positive work done by friction

Can work done by friction be positive? Please explain with an example. Is the work done by friction on a moving car positive?
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0answers
34 views

Theoretical Friction [closed]

What is the theoretical basis behind friction and other dissipating forces? For example, how is friction defined in Lagrangian mechanics? I heard about something called the Rayleigh dissipation ...
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2answers
126 views

How far would the car skid when brakes are applied? [closed]

Suppose that a car skids $15$m if it is moving at $50$km/h when the brakes are applied. Assuming that the car has the same constant deceleration, how far, in meters, will it skid if it is moving at ...
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3answers
70 views

Kayaking against the wind is faster than with wind in my back? [closed]

Today I was kayaking on a lake. I noticed that there is not very strong, but noticeable wind. There were also currents, all going in one direction, probably caused by wind. One more thing I realized ...
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2answers
221 views

Temperature rise during friction

Why does the temperature increase when the load increases during friction? Why does the temperature increase when the contact time increases during friction?
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2answers
521 views

Block over a Block Problem. [closed]

This a block placed on block problem. In this problem, A block with mass 40 kg in placed on a block of 60kg which lies on a frictionless surface. The coefficient of friction between 40kg mass and 60kg ...
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1answer
89 views

Time taken for sliding mass to fall down [closed]

Figure shows a small block of mass m kept at the left end of a larger block of mass M and length l. The system can slide on a horizontal road. The system is started towards right with an intial ...
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3answers
6k views

Push a Boeing 737 on ice: Did this guy have a chance? [closed]

In this video an airport worker (in blue) tries to prevent a Boeing 737 from sliding on ice in heavy winds: Did he even have a chance? On one side of the argument, the airplane is sliding due to ...
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1answer
100 views

Rolling down an arbitrary hill with friction

I had in mind this physical situation of a point mass rolling down a hill of some arbitrary shape ($y=y(x)$, for instance a parabola about $x=0$), with a peculiar friction force whose "expended work" ...
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1answer
110 views

When you smooth-en a surface at microscopic level, friction increases. Why?

When I was learning a chapter related to Static electricity, my teacher had mentioned that when you rub your comb with DRY hair specifically, static electricity is generated due to friction. Further ...
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2answers
252 views

Direction of frictional force [closed]

How will I find the direction of frictional force for any kind of motion of a moving object?
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2answers
94 views

How does friction act on a body, if only 2 regions on it are rough? [closed]

While tackling an Olympiad question, it came to my mind that friction need not act in the same direction at all points on a body. I thought of using integration to evaluate the net frictional force, ...
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1answer
122 views

Why friction force peak just before the object moving?

This diagram shows the amplitude of friction force of a typical contact-surface object. The friction force increases as we apply an internal force until it reach a maximum value just right before ...
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0answers
113 views

Does reducing the surface area between 2 objects reduce friction?

I am 3d printing a system where a gear like object is compressed against similar sized plates on both sides. However, for the first prototype there is too much grinding, making rotation difficult. I ...
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0answers
59 views

Will charge transfer without friction

I know rubbing two objects of different materials together will result in a negative charge on whichever material has a higher electron affinity. However, I was wondering if a negatively charged ...
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4answers
373 views

Why Do Objects move?

Let's imagine a block resting on horizontal table. When We apply a force which is greater than frictional force it moves. But why does this happen? Why can't friction withstand any force? As we know ...
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2answers
61 views

With friction, does the path followed from A to B affect energy transfer?

Consider I have a roller coaster that can travel across one of three paths, all of which are half circles of the same size. The half circle is an arch that starts vertically up, and ends vertically ...
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1answer
189 views

How can angular velocity be constant even when there is a torque by friction?

A cylinder at rest lying on a rough ground is given an impulse which imparts a translational velocity (no angular velocity) to it. The question goes ahead with finding time after which rolling starts ...
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1answer
2k views

Why does friction produce heat?

What causes two objects sliding against each other to produce heat? Why don't they generate visible light or something else?
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0answers
62 views

Friction related question [closed]

A uniform chain of mass $M$ and length $L$ is hanging from the table. The chain is in limiting equilibrium when length $l$ of chain overhangs. It is slightly disturbed from this position. Find the ...
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1answer
101 views

How to calculate torque needed to rotate a ring held captive between two parts with a known compression force?

I'm wondering how to find the torque needed to rotate a ring that is held captive between two plates with a known friction coefficient, radius, and compression force. I'm assuming that the mass of the ...
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6answers
6k views

Can a Skydiver Land On a Large Slide and Survive?

Please forgive my lack of artistic ability, but here's my question: Consider that a skydiver, without using his parachute, were to fall exactly parallel to a giant curved slide that starts at ...